In 1547 the 16 year old Ivan the Terrible, son to the Grand Duke of Muscowy, was wed to the Tsardom of Russia. This notion he borrowed from the Rus state which was destroyed by the Tatar Invasion of 1237. He would proceed to annex the Khanates of Astrakhan, Kazan and Sibir leaving only Crimea of what was left from the Golden Horde.
In 1721 Peter the Great proclaimed himself the Emperor of Russia to celebrate his victory in the Great Northern War. The Russian Empire thus entered European politics at the expense of the Kingdom of Sweden.
The last date on this map, 1725, is the year of his death.
“… The next poor idiot to hit the Russian throne was Michael Romanov, whose descendants held onto it with an iron fist until the Communists shot them. The Romanov dynasty was uneventful until Peter the Great, who decided to copy the west and forced all the nobles to shave and learn French. He also pwned the Church. Everybody hated him. His grandson was a drunk and let his wife Catherine rule the country. She was called ‘The Great,’ too. This is because Russian historieans aren’t very imaginative. They could have called her 'Catherine the Slut.’”
Russia, Denmark, Norway, Poland, Lithuania, and Saxony composed the anti-Sweden coalition, it’s led by Russia. They don’t like the fact that Sweden is the major power in the Baltic Sea area…
(We have angered them all?!)
We are now building defenses, and we have managed to keep at least Saxony out, but there are just too many of them! England and Netherlands this time on our side are our allies, but they don’t really want to take part to this.
On the contrary, the collectivisation of Soviet agriculture meant the ending of systematic famines, which had been happening for centuries under tsardom. The last major famine to struck the Soviet Union was in 1946-1947 as a result of a severe drought and the destruction left behind by Nazi Germany.
Monarchies around the world - IV. Balkans - 27. Tsardom of Bulgaria
Established: 1908 Status: Deposed (1946) Royal house: Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin Claimant: Simeon II (b. June 16th, 1937), traditionally styled His Majesty The Tsar of Bulgaria, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony (since 1943); married DoñaMargarita Gómez-Acevo y Cejuela on January 21st, 1962; with issue Heir: Boris, styled HRH The Crown Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Turnovo, Duke of Saxony, his grandson (b. October 12, 1997) Succession laws: Agnatic primogeniture Highest order: Order of Ss. Cyril and Methodius Faith: Bulgarian Orthodox Crown jewels: Bulgarian Crown Jewels Website: His Majesty King Simeon II
Monarchies around the world - II. Eastern Europe - 25. Russian Empire
Established: 1547 (Tsardom of Russia) 1721 (Russian Empire) Status: Deposed (1917) Royal house: Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov / House of Leiningen / House of Karadordevic (disputed) Claimants:
- Vladimirovich line (Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov male line, descent from Grand Prince Vladimir Alexandrovich) Maria (b. December 23th, 1953), styled Her Imperial Highness The Grand Princess of Russia (since 1992); married HRH Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia on September 22th, 1976, divorced in 1985, with issue
- House of Leiningen/Vladimirovich line (descent from Grand Princess Maria Kirillovna, daughter of Grand Prince Kirill Vladimirovich) - Karl Emich of Leiningen (b. June 12th, 1952), styled Nicholas Kirillovich/Nicholas III (since 2014); third marriage to Countess Isabelle von und zu Egloffstein on September 8th, 2007, with issue
If Grand Princess Maria’s claim is not to be considered, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov is extinct in its dynastic male line.
Alternative succession exists, if Grand Prince Kirill’s actions in 1917 are deemed to have forfeited his and his descendants’ place in the line of succession. Potential claimants could include:
- House of Karađorđević (descent from Grand Princess Elena Vladimirovna, granddaughter of Alexander II) HRH Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (b. August 13th, 1924), married HRH Princess Maria Pia of Italy on February 12th, 1955, with issue
- House of Romania (descent from Grand Princess Maria Alexandrovna, daughter of Alexander II) HM Michael I, King of the Romanians
- House of Karađorđević (descent from Grand Princess Maria Alexandrovna, daughter of Alexander II) Alexander, HRH The Crown Prince of Yuguslavia (b. July 17th, 1945), second marriage to Katherine Batis on September 20th, 1985; with issue from his first marriage to HIH Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza
The position of claimant requires belonging to the Orthodox faith (Fundamental Laws, Section I, Chapter 7 ‘On Faith’, Article 63), and being a child from a dynastic marriage (Fundamental Laws, Section I, Chapter Two ‘On the order of succession to the throne’, Article 36 / Section II, Chapter Three ‘On marriage’, Article 188).
- Vladimirovich male line: Georgy,styled HI&RH Grand Prince Georgy Mikhailovich of Russia, Prince of Prussia (b. March 13th, 1981)
- House of Leiningen: -
- House of Karađorđević (I): HRH Prince Dimitrije of Yugoslavia, son of Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia and Princess Maria Pia of Italy (b. June 18th, 1958)
- House of Romania: Crown Princess Margareta, daughter of Michael I of Romania and Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma
- House of Karađorđević (II): Petar, HRH The Hereditary Prince of Yuguslavia (b. February 5th, 1980), son of Crown Prince Alexander and Maria of Orléans-Braganza