In 1547 the 16 year old Ivan the Terrible, son to the Grand Duke of Muscowy, was wed to the Tsardom of Russia. This notion he borrowed from the Rus state which was destroyed by the Tatar Invasion of 1237. He would proceed to annex the Khanates of Astrakhan, Kazan and Sibir leaving only Crimea of what was left from the Golden Horde.
In 1721 Peter the Great proclaimed himself the Emperor of Russia to celebrate his victory in the Great Northern War. The Russian Empire thus entered European politics at the expense of the Kingdom of Sweden.
The last date on this map, 1725, is the year of his death.
“… The next poor idiot to hit the Russian throne was Michael Romanov, whose descendants held onto it with an iron fist until the Communists shot them. The Romanov dynasty was uneventful until Peter the Great, who decided to copy the west and forced all the nobles to shave and learn French. He also pwned the Church. Everybody hated him. His grandson was a drunk and let his wife Catherine rule the country. She was called ‘The Great,’ too. This is because Russian historieans aren’t very imaginative. They could have called her 'Catherine the Slut.’”
Russia, Denmark, Norway, Poland, Lithuania, and Saxony composed the anti-Sweden coalition, it’s led by Russia. They don’t like the fact that Sweden is the major power in the Baltic Sea area…
(We have angered them all?!)
We are now building defenses, and we have managed to keep at least Saxony out, but there are just too many of them! England and Netherlands this time on our side are our allies, but they don’t really want to take part to this.
On the contrary, the collectivisation of Soviet agriculture meant the ending of systematic famines, which had been happening for centuries under tsardom. The last major famine to struck the Soviet Union was in 1946-1947 as a result of a severe drought and the destruction left behind by Nazi Germany.
night I was reading Russian folklore and came across a gem called “the man who
was a fist” or something like that. It started off with a fire breathing, steel
haired bear that devoured all of a Tsardom, so the Tsar hid his son and
daughter on top of a massive poll with five years of supplies. Then, the Tsar
sells his kids out to the bear and a calf rescues them and drowns the bear. So
then the calf tells the siblings to eat him then use his bones to generate a “fist
sized man.” Then the man like brutally murders this house of robbers, but the
girl falls in love with the robber leader’s corpse, revives him, then plots to
kill her brother. So he finds out and asks for a final bath and traps his
sister and the fist guy ties her to a poll naked to for a few years to be
devoured by mosquitoes. In the meantime, the fist guy tells the brother to
marry a warrior woman after defeating her in battle. Then the woman apparently
tries choking him so the fist guy beats the shit out of her and tells her to
obey her husband. Then the sister is given a second chance but clearly didn’t
learn her lesson because she tried killing her brother with a rotten tooth????
So the brother ties his sister to a horse and spreads her body across a wheat
field. Then the story suddenly changes to first person and states “I was there
and drank mead and beer; all the drink drained down my moustache, but nothing
got into my mouth” with absolutely no context and it just ends. No explanation,
no moral learned, it just ends like that.
Monarchies around the world - IV. Balkans - 27. Tsardom of Bulgaria
Established: 1908 Status: Deposed (1946) Royal house: Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin Claimant: Simeon II (b. June 16th, 1937), traditionally styled His Majesty The Tsar of Bulgaria, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony (since 1943); married DoñaMargarita Gómez-Acevo y Cejuela on January 21st, 1962; with issue Heir: Boris, styled HRH The Crown Prince of Bulgaria, Prince of Turnovo, Duke of Saxony, his grandson (b. October 12, 1997) Succession laws: Agnatic primogeniture Highest order: Order of Ss. Cyril and Methodius Faith: Bulgarian Orthodox Crown jewels: Bulgarian Crown Jewels Website: His Majesty King Simeon II
Monarchies around the world - II. Eastern Europe - 25. Russian Empire
Established: 1547 (Tsardom of Russia) 1721 (Russian Empire) Status: Deposed (1917) Royal house: Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov / House of Leiningen / House of Karadordevic (disputed) Claimants:
- Vladimirovich line (Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov male line, descent from Grand Prince Vladimir Alexandrovich) Maria (b. December 23th, 1953), styled Her Imperial Highness The Grand Princess of Russia (since 1992); married HRH Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia on September 22th, 1976, divorced in 1985, with issue
- House of Leiningen/Vladimirovich line (descent from Grand Princess Maria Kirillovna, daughter of Grand Prince Kirill Vladimirovich) - Karl Emich of Leiningen (b. June 12th, 1952), styled Nicholas Kirillovich/Nicholas III (since 2014); third marriage to Countess Isabelle von und zu Egloffstein on September 8th, 2007, with issue
If Grand Princess Maria’s claim is not to be considered, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov is extinct in its dynastic male line.
Alternative succession exists, if Grand Prince Kirill’s actions in 1917 are deemed to have forfeited his and his descendants’ place in the line of succession. Potential claimants could include:
- House of Karađorđević (descent from Grand Princess Elena Vladimirovna, granddaughter of Alexander II) HRH Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (b. August 13th, 1924), married HRH Princess Maria Pia of Italy on February 12th, 1955, with issue
- House of Romania (descent from Grand Princess Maria Alexandrovna, daughter of Alexander II) HM Michael I, King of the Romanians
- House of Karađorđević (descent from Grand Princess Maria Alexandrovna, daughter of Alexander II) Alexander, HRH The Crown Prince of Yuguslavia (b. July 17th, 1945), second marriage to Katherine Batis on September 20th, 1985; with issue from his first marriage to HIH Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza
The position of claimant requires belonging to the Orthodox faith (Fundamental Laws, Section I, Chapter 7 ‘On Faith’, Article 63), and being a child from a dynastic marriage (Fundamental Laws, Section I, Chapter Two ‘On the order of succession to the throne’, Article 36 / Section II, Chapter Three ‘On marriage’, Article 188).
- Vladimirovich male line: Georgy,styled HI&RH Grand Prince Georgy Mikhailovich of Russia, Prince of Prussia (b. March 13th, 1981)
- House of Leiningen: -
- House of Karađorđević (I): HRH Prince Dimitrije of Yugoslavia, son of Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia and Princess Maria Pia of Italy (b. June 18th, 1958)
- House of Romania: Crown Princess Margareta, daughter of Michael I of Romania and Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma
- House of Karađorđević (II): Petar, HRH The Hereditary Prince of Yuguslavia (b. February 5th, 1980), son of Crown Prince Alexander and Maria of Orléans-Braganza
Ivan can still remember back when he was small. He’d started as a little settlement that eventually grew into the Grand Duchy of Moscow (Muscovy) after essentially absorbing the duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal. He remained small for a very long period of time until Ivan the Terrible kicked off his development with the founding of the Tsardom of Muscovy (or the Tsardom of Russia depending on who you ask). He still remained relatively small, but that was the beginning of his territorial expansion and physical growth.
While being called ‘backwater’ had been part of his existence since the time he was founded ages ago, Ivan can still remember the struggle of being too small and weak to fight back against invaders and aggressive neighbors. While he tries not to carry those grudges into the here and now since the vast majority of grievances from then are long since forgiven, occasionally a nerve gets pushed.
January 1 Protestant Western Europe (except England) starts using the Gregorian calendar
January 1 (Julian) – Tsardom of Russia begins numbering its calendar from the birth of Christ (Anno Domini) instead of since the Creation (Anno Mundi).
January 26 (approx. 9 p.m.) – Cascadia earthquake: One of the largest earthquakes known ruptures the Cascadia subduction zone offshore from Vancouver Island spreading along more than 600 miles (966 km) of North America’s West Coast to Cape Mendocino in northern California. The magnitude of the earthquake is estimated as between 8.7 and 9.2. Houses in First Nations of Canada communities on Vancouver Island collapse and an entire village on its west coast is destroyed with no survivors. The earthquake triggers an Orphan Tsunami which hits Japan approximately 10 hours later and is recorded as flooding fields and washing away houses.
February 3 – The ‘Lesser Great Fire’ destroys a substantial part of central Edinburgh, Scotland.
February 12 – The Great Northern War begins with a joint invasion of Swedish territory in Germany and Latvia by Denmark and Poland/Saxony. Sweden has control of the Baltic Sea and holds territory that includes Finland, Estonia, Latvia and parts of northern Germany. To challenge its power, an alliance is formed between Tsar Peter I of Russia, KingFrederick IV of Denmark and Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony. Sweden’s ruler is the militaristic Charles XII, known as the “Swedish Meteor”.
February 27 – Island of New Britain discovered by William Dampier in the western Pacific.
March 1 (Gregorian) – Protestant Germany and Denmark–Norway adopt the Gregorian calendar.
March 1 (Swedish), March 11 (Gregorian), February 29 (Julian) – Swedish calendar adopted.
March 25 – Treaty of London signed between France, England and Holland.
April – Fire destroys many buildings in Gondar, the capital of Ethiopia, including two in the palace complex.
May 5 - William Penn begins monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation.
July 11 – The Prussian Academy of Sciences is founded with Gottfried Leibniz as president.
Summer – Charles XII of Sweden counter-attacks his enemies by invading Zealand (Denmark), assisted by an Anglo-Dutch naval squadron under Sir George Rooke, rapidly compelling the Danes to submit to peace.
August 18 (August 8 OS) – Peace of Travendal concluded between the Swedish Empire, Denmark-Norway and Holstein-Gottorp in Traventhal. On the same day, Augustus II, King of Poland, and Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, enter the war against Sweden.
Late summer – A Russian army invades Swedish Estonia and besieges the town of Narva.
November 15 – Louis XIV accepts the Spanish crown on behalf of his grandson Philip of Anjou, who becomes Philip V of Spain (to 1746), thus triggering the War of the Spanish Succession in 1701.
November 18 – Battle of Olkieniki, Lithuanian Civil War: victory for the anti-Sapieha coalition.
November 23 – Pope Clement XI succeeds Pope Innocent XII as the 243rd pope.
November 30 (November 19 OS; November 20 Swedish calendar) – Battle of Narva in Estonia. Having led his army of 8,000 on a forced march from Denmark to Estonia, Charles XII of Sweden routs the huge Russian army at Narva.
Mission San Xavier del Bac is founded in New Spain near Tucson, as a Spanish Roman Catholic mission.
An inventory made for the Medici family of Florence is the first documentary evidence for a piano, invented by their instrument keeper Bartolommeo Cristofori.
An English translation of the novel Don Quixote, “translated from the original by many hands and published by Peter Motteux”, begins publication in London. While popular among readers, it will eventually come to be known as one of the worst translations of the novel, totally betraying the spirit of Miguel de Cervantes’s masterpiece.
Lions become extinct in Libya.
Nam tiến: southward expansion of the territory of Vietnam to cover the entire Indochina Peninsula.