tribes of britain

Silver Iceni Coin from the time of Boudicca, Britain, Late 1st Century BC

This is a  “face/horse” type coin. It shows a  Celticized head facing right; a branch behind. On the reverse, a horse prances right; a wheel above and a lozenge below. 

Boudicca was queen of the Iceni tribe, a Celtic tribe of Britain, who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire.

The Iceni began producing coins c. 10 BC. They were a distinctive adaptation of the Gallo-Belgic “face/horse” design, and in some early issues, most numerous near Norwich, the horse was replaced with a boar. Some coins are inscribed ECENI, making them the only coin-producing group to use their tribal name on coins.

 

Eating brains helped Papua New Guinea tribe resist disease

Research involving a former brain-eating tribe from Papua New Guinea is helping scientists better understand mad cow disease and other so-called prion conditions and may also offer insights into Parkinson’s and dementia.

People of the Fore tribe, studied by scientists from Britain and Papua New Guinea, have developed genetic resistance to a mad cow-like disease called kuru, which was spread mostly by the now abandoned ritual of eating relatives’ brains at funerals.

Experts say the cannibalistic practice led to a major epidemic of kuru prion disease among the Fore people, which at its height in the late 1950s caused the death of up to 2% of the population each year.

In findings published in the scientific journal Nature, the researchers said they had identified the specific prion resistance gene – and found that it also protects against all other forms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).

“This is a striking example of Darwinian evolution in humans, the epidemic of prion disease selecting a single genetic change that provided complete protection against an invariably fatal dementia,” said John Collinge of the Institute of Neurology’s prion unit at University College London, which co-led the work.

Papua New Guinea Photograph: Lloyd Jones/AAP Image

I have never been this angry at something

Adults:
Celtic (left) and Germania (right)

Why do people use the word “Celtic” or “Celt” to name a representation of something that never existed? At least Germania was a place you could find on a map, though it wasn’t politically united and the tribes living within the territory didn’t think of each other as one people. Some Romans did use the name “Celtica” to refer to the land of the Celts but I’ve never seen anyone use that name, even though it would make more for sense for a Celtica to exist rather than a Celtic or Celt.

Babies from left to right:
Austria, Prussia, Switzerland, Germany, (down row) France, Norway, Sweden, (upper row) Spain, North Italy, England

Some facts:
Despite common belief as well as several “ancestor stories”, England does descend from Celtic as much as Germany does from Germania: namely not at all.

On what claims? There were Celts on England’s lands and even though a Celtic culture isn’t visible in most of England anymore, you cannot erase the archaeological evidence that Celts did live there once.

Celtic owned the land that was later inherited by Germany, Prussia, Austria, Switzerland and the northern parts of France (his upper body, which leans on Celtics leg).

Firstly, Celts are believed to have inhabited the southern part of Germany and the left side of the Rhine and beyond back then. Prussia was never inhabited by Celts, they didn’t reach that far. And no, all of France was inhabited by Celts. What are you on about with only the northern parts? Who lived in the rest according to you?

Historians are still discussing about the exact involvment of the Netherlands and Belgium, but couldn’t completly agree or disagree with the theory that they might have been part of the celtic tribes that mainly covered north-west europe or if they had been independent (or even still been unsettled at that time).

This is no longer such a big discussion? Also the chances of Netherlands and Belgium managing to remain unsettled by the time of Iron Age? That is very unrealistic to assume this. We know that the Romans created the province Belgica because Belgic tribes used to live there, alongside Germanic tribes outside the province. Belgium gets her name from the Belgae (Belgic Gauls) who lived in some parts of her modern territory. Netherlands seems to have been inhabited by Germanic tribes.

Germania on the other side owned a lot more land, being Spain, South France (his lower body, which sits on Germanias foot), North Italy, but also nothern countries like England and the nordics (Norway and Sweden are absolutly sure, about the involvement of the others is a simliar discussion as about the Netherlands and Belgium).

What are you on about? Germania never extended to Spain, south France and North Italy. THIS is Germania:

Explain to me where you see Germania being in south France or Spain or North Italy! You’re confusing Germanic tribes and Germania. If Visigoths went to Spain and Ostrogoths went to North Italy, that does not mean Germania extended his territories till there. It only means that Visigoths and Ostrogoths were present in those countries and established kingdoms, but these kingdoms didn’t belong to Germania!  

The great trouble and reason for the later mix ups was, that both Celtic and Germania were very keen upon gaining more land by wandering around. They left traces in most countries of Europe and since they earned and lost land constantly, it is sometimes hard to pin down, if they had been residents or just short “visitors” to certain places. The countries above are only secured, because they actually contain at least a few permanent, 100% identified villages of the said ancestor.

Oh yes because that is the only way we decide if Celtic or Germanic tribes were present in an area. It’s not like we look at other things like coins, pottery or tombs and we don’t search for inscriptions on rocks. We only search for villages, villages that can be easily destroyed or lost to the elements. It may help with knowing if Celts were permanently settled in some areas but the survival of villages is very delicate. You can’t even always tell if Celts were there if you just find traces of a village and nothing else to suggest what kind of people lived in that village once. 

Another, maybe random, fact is that England isn’t “related” to Ireland and Scottland because of this. Ireland, Scottland and England had early been cultivated by people that had wandered there before Britain became a island (~7000 B.C.).

You know that is not a cut-off date, we might have dates where we can tell that humans were definitely around by this point, but many people migrated to Great Britain before and after that date, also long after Great Britain became an island. People had boats, are you really suggesting those people were so primitive that boats were beyond their capacities?

When the germanics came (~4000 B.C.), they were able to repress the people back into the parts of Scottland and Ireland and overtake the now free land, making the people that live in England today having other ancestors then the people of Ireland and Scottland.

Where the hell are you getting your dates from? “Germanics” have NEVER been recorded arriving in Great Britain in 4000 BC, I don’t think a Germanic culture even existed by this time. Where is your information coming from?!  Also love how people continue to believe that all the people living in England were so easily pushed into other countries and the lands were emptied, do you know how physically impossible it would have been to do that?! Anglo-Saxons came in low numbers after the Romans left, you really think they could’ve kicked out all the Celts from England??

Also, the fact that many people in Scottland and Ireland tend to belief that they have celtic ancestors is because Celtic came to that part of Britain around 4000 B.C. and cultivated the land beside them, mixing with them after some time (but they didn’t, in the deeper sense, came to excistence through them).

Excuse me but CELTS DIDN’T EXIST IN 4000 BC, THAT IS MUCH TOO EARLY, THEY WERE OF THE IRON AGE.

I also made England obviously older then the baby countries.
That is because the germanic people that lived in England had trouble keeping up with the other tribes, due to Britain being a island and with having constant fights with scottish and irish tribes that kept them occupied.

…no, England had to deal with Welsh and other Brythonic tribes mostly. Scottish tribes didn’t exist at the same time when Anglo-Saxons were settling Great Britain and Irish tribes had better things to do than constantly hassling England.

Keep reading

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Queen Boudicca, the Warrior Queen, Part I — Violations

In 43 AD legions of the Roman Empire conducted the first successful invasion of Britain, with the intent of occupying and pacifying the island into a Roman Province.  There had been previous Roman expeditions into Britain, such as those led by Julius Caesar and Augustus, but this invasion would establish the first permanent Roman presence in Britain.  Over the next few decades the various Celtic tribes of Britain would fall to the might of the Roman Army.

In order to survive, many British kingdoms and tribes became client kingdoms of the Roman Empire.  Client kings declared themselves subordinate allies of the Roman Empire and in return were permitted to maintain their sovereignty.  One Roman client kingdom was the Kingdom of the Iceni, centered in what is now Norfolk County and ruled by a man named Prasutagus.  Prasutagus’ wife and queen was a woman named Boudicca, who according to Roman history Cassius Dio was an tall, strong, and attractive woman with flaming red hair and an intense gaze.  Together the two ruled the Iceni Kingdom in peace while raising two daughters, 

In the year 60 AD King Prasutagus unexpectedly died.  According to the terms of his will, Boudicca inherited his Kingdom and became ruler of the Iceni.   However, the Romans were a patriarchal society and did not legally recognize female inheritance. The Roman Promagistrate of Britain, Catus Decianus, declared Prasutagus’ will null and void, and declared Iceni lands annexed by the Roman Empire. Worse yet he declared several gifts of money to the Iceni from the Emperor to be loans, rather than gifts, and declared the Iceni default on their supposed debts.

A force of Roman soldiers, debt collectors, and tax collectors were sent by Decianus to Iceni lands to take possession of the kingdom, with orders to collect all money and valuables, and disarm the Iceni people.  They went from door to door, person to person, taking weapons, gold, silver, and jewels.  When Boudicca tried to intervene as Queen of the Iceni, she was brutally flogged by the Roman soldiers as the Iceni people watched.  Then to further humiliate Boudicca and the Iceni, they raped her two daughters.

The Romans believed their cruel and brutal treatment of Boudicca would quell the Iceni into become subservient subjects of the Empire.  Instead it only motivated Boudicca into exacting even bloodier revenge.  As soon as Boudicca recovered from her wounds, she began to plot what would become the Iceni Rebellion.

To be continued… 

ROMAN BRITAIN AU (King Arthur inspired)
Because there are too many oriental jötnar

Picts (from Latin “painted”) were Celtic tribes of the northern Britain. It’s said that they used woad and other natural pigments to paint themselves blue and held against the rule of the great Roman Empire with other Celts. The Brits and the Romans lived happily in the southern Britain, while the Picts were left to their own devices north of the Hadrian’s wall.

Thor is a high-ranking military officer of the Roman Army, with his small group of friends and warriors always by his side. While on patrol in the North, they encounter a Pict called Loki, a warrior druid with mixed feelings of curiosity and hate towards the people claiming his homeland as theirs.

Very Rare Stater of the Ambiani, Northeast Gaul, 2nd Century BC

Obverse: Celticized bust of Apollo left, wearing broad wreath and drapery with linear designs. Reverse: Celticized Nike driving quadriga left; star and ornaments in field, rosette-like device and two pellets-in-annulets below; zigzag pattern in exergue.

The Ambiani were a Celtic speaking Belgic people in the valley of the Samara (modern Somme) and their chief town was Samarobriva, later called Ambiani and Civitas Ambianensium. They were among the people who took part in the great insurrection against the Romans, which is described in the seventh book of Caesar’s Gallic War.

The Ambiani were consummate minters and Ambianic coinage has been found throughout the territories of the Belgic tribes, including the Belgae of Britain. There is some evidence from coins that bear a stag on one side and a betorced head on the obverse that the Ambiani were followers of the god Cernunnos (horned God). A few Ambiani coins have been found along the south coast of the West Country possibly as the result of trade across the English channel.

Hollis

‘Hollis’ is connected to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain, and refers to the field of holly the Hollis family lived next to, thus deriving their name from the Old English word for holly.


This piece is also known as “Elise your hair color is really hard to pinpoint and even harder to paint around holly leaves. But I love drawing you anyway.”

Also, for shits and giggles I looked up the meaning of holly according to Victorian flower language, and it represents defense as well as domestic happiness.

@anamatics answered a question recently about where Laura was born and raised, and said that book!Laura was half English, half Austrian, which reminded me that a while back I’d looked up the meaning of Hollis. (And Ellen’s answer cleared up my confusion about Hollis being an English name.)

(Sidenote: Even with the gloriousness that is CarmillaZero coming soon, there’s a lot we don’t know about Laura–not to mention the other characters–and probably will never know if we don’t keep campaigning to #SAVECARMILLA.)

Please do not remove caption/credit.