tri system

Quebec Education System

(This is going to be long, bear with me)

Canada’s education system is for the most part really similar to the States’. But, since education is a provincial thing, some provinces *ahem*QUEBEC*ahem* have a very different system. So I’ll try to explain it briefly:

The school year usually goes from mid- to late-August and ends towards the end of June. The date varies, but all schools are out before June 24, which is the Fête Nationale (kinda like Quebec Day, if you will). It’s mandatory between the ages of 6 and 16.

BEFORE ELEMENTARY

School isn’t mandatory before Grade 1 but students can attend prematernelle (Pre-Kindergarten) if they turn 4 years old before September 30. Sometimes it is offered in an actually primary school, or in a daycare. If it is offered in an actual school, the pre-K students have to have their own separate building instead of sharing with the rest of the elementary students.

Maternelle (Kindergarten) is also not mandatory, but the majority (98%) of parents send their kids to Kindergarten anyways. Usually, it’s in the same school the kids will be attending for elementary. To be able to go to Kindergarten, the kid has to be 5 years old by September 30.

ELEMENTARY

Also known as primary school, it goes from Grade 1 to 6. Towards the end of primary (in grade 4 and 6), students have to pass ministry exams for French, English and Math. Grades in primary school are usually marked in percentages.

HIGH SCHOOL

High school is commonly known in French as le secondaire (Secondary school). Unlike in the States and the rest of Canada, high school lasts for five years, from Sec. 1 to 5 (grades 7 to 11). There are no middle schools in the province, and students typically attend the same school for five years. Some high schools offer IB programs and AP classes, but not all. In the last two years of high school, students present ministry exams for History, Science, and Math (Sec. 4), and English and French (Sec. 5). The result of these tests, along with part of the grades of those two years are used to determine whether or not they get accepted into cegep. Grades in high school are usually marked in percentages.

CEGEP

Cegep is Quebec’s own little invention that is a pain in the ass if you want to study outside the province. The name was originally an acronym for Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel (General and professional teaching schools, is the closest English translation), but it has since then become a word of its own. Cegeps are all public, although there are some private schools that serve the same function, and were implemented in the late 1960s.

It can last two or three years, and it basically prepares students for university. There are two types of cegep paths: pre-university, which is two years, or career programs, which are three. Students can choose what they want to study, with the most common programs being social science, science, and communications. As the names suggest, pre-university programs are designed for students wishing to continue their studies in university, while career programs usually don’t require further studies. In some cases, however, students in career programs can continue on to university if they wish to do so. Aside from program-related courses, students need to take common classes: English, French, Phys Ed., Humanities, and a complimentary class (basically a class outside your program, for example, a physics class is you’re studying social science).

Cegep has a grading system similar to a GPA called the R score (or Cote R in French), but with a scale going from 0 to 50. However, most students get a score between 15 and 38. Just to give an idea of the value of the numbers, students need at least at 35 R score to get into medicine and law. The R score can’t be calculated by any one individual, as it requires information that isn’t available to everyone: a student’s grades, the class average, standard deviation, as well as past grades from high school, etc. It is calculated by the Ministry of Education, and is the subject of many complaints by people who do not find it is a fair way to evaluate students.

UNIVERSITY

Like high school, university in Quebec is shorter than in other parts of Canada and the States. In fact, most people can complete their bachelor’s degree in three years. Students from other provinces and countries, however, have four years of university, as they did not go to cegep. If a Quebec student wishes to go study in another province, they can choose to do one year of cegep to make up for their lack of Grade 12, and then do four years of university, or they can complete their cegep studies and do three years, as their cegep courses are usually equivalent to introduction courses in other universities.

Admission to university is very often ONLY based on a student’s R score. Unlike in the States, where the application process can be very long, in Quebec, applying to a university can be done in an evening (no joke, I applied to three in about three hours). Few programs, such as law and medicine, require letters of intent and recommendations from teachers. More artistic programs may require a portfolio. Most of the time, all the university requires is a transcript of the student’s grade, which is provided by the cegep. The deadline for applications is almost always March 1, but students that apply earlier can receive their acceptance letter before that date.

McGill University is without a doubt the most famous one in the province, however, Quebec boasts a wide variety of universities. In fact, just this year, Montreal (the biggest city of the province) has been named the best student city in the world. It has six universities, the highest in North America, and two of the three English universities are located there. 

LANGUAGE

Since the 1970s, Quebec has a law regulating the language of education. It’s officially known as the Charter of the French Language, but everyone calls it Bill 101 (Loi 101). In fact, Bill 101 regulates the use of the French language in all aspects, not just education, but we’ll focus on the part that concerns education for now. This law only applies to permanent residents and citizens and it states that everyone must attend French school UNLESS:

  • Their mother or father has completed the majority of their studies in Canada in English;
  • The student has completed the majority of their studies in English in another Canadian province.

The main reason for this law is that, prior to the 1970s, many immigrants would choose to send their children to English schools instead of French ones because they thought it was more convenient to learn English than French. However, the government did not like that, and after several attempts at restricting people’s ability to choose, they announced that the only official language of the province was French and instated the Bill 101.

However, it is worth noting that this law only applies to primary and secondary education. Students can choose to study in either English or French in cegep and university. In 2013, there were attempts to extend the law until cegep, but it fortunately never passed.

Aside from Bill 101, learning a second language is mandatory in elementary and high school. In French schools, the second language is English, and vice versa. Previously, English was taught starting in Grade 3, but, if I’m not mistaken, it now starts in Grade 1. Some schools offer different levels of English classes for students that may have a higher level than others. For example, some students from Francophone families will not speak a word of English before attending elementary, and therefore are placed in the lowest level, while other students, such as Anglophones and some immigrants might already speak it at home and will be placed in a higher level. In English schools, French is taught much more intensively, and it is common for students to study several subjects in French. As a results, Anglophone children are among the most bilingual in the province. The teaching of a second language is mandatory until the end of cegep.

Curiously, many parents with the possibility to send their children to English schools do not, as they believe that their children will be more proficient in both languages if they study one at school and practice the other at home. This however, has led to some English schools closing their doors due to a lack of students.

RELIGION

Until fairly recently, many schools taught religion as a class. Usually, this meant that Catholic students would have a class about religion, while the rest of the students had an ethics class. This was changed in 2008, when the ministry implemented ERC classes (Ethical and Religious Cultures) in primary and secondary schools. However, some religious schools remain, all of the private.


NOTE: I know the proper term for the schools are francophone schools (not French) and anglophone schools (not English). However, it’s easier to read this way, so I left it like that. 

Please let me know if I missed something! :)

Do you want to start getting your shit together, but don’t know where to start? Are you overwhelmed by the options for planners you can use? Or have you tried using a planning system before but struggled to find something that works for you? If so, here’s a lil crash course on planning methods I put together. I’ll go through the basics of different planning strategies, then introduce some digital and analog tools you can use to organise your tasks. This post will be followed by a few guides to specific planning systems - bullet journaling and analog planners are a couple of systems I hope to cover! Hope you guys enjoy this first post on my journal blog, and (shameless self promo here) you should also check out my main studyblr @moleskinestudies :)

  1. Basics Of Effective Planning

No matter what type of planner I use, I find that some basic principles are essential to staying organised. These basics make sure that your planner is effective and actually keeps you organised, rather than becoming a burden to keep up with or taking more time than it saves you. Here’s what I’ve learnt so far:

  • A

2.   Basic Planning Elements

3.   Intro To Planner Types

its been so long but im still trying to figure out how you could go from “i love you” to “i don’t care about you anymore” in such a short amount of time

Giveaway prize for the wonderful @copperjellyroll, who requested her Guild Wars 2 OC Diatus and had the patience of a hundred saints while I went around taking pictures of bark and figuring out how to paint leaves for the first time in my life.

seriously why people always wanna talk about how patriarchy affects men

like how do you hear something like “you throw like a girl!” and not realize that while one boy is being teased, literally the entire female sex is being told they suck at physical activity.

how can you look at that and just want to say “see! patriarchy hurts boys!!” No it doesn’t, not systemically. It tries to train them into actually being stronger than women, meaner to women. It teaches them that weak, and stupid are Girl things, and therefore all things girls do are stupid, inferior to things Boys do. How you want to look at that and say “yes, and look how that can hurt boys’ feelings!!” ???

Like no. i don’t wanna talk about boys. I don’t want to hear how their feelings got hurt when they got called a girl, as if their feelings getting hurt somehow overshadows the fact that being female is a shame, an insult, a curse. And I don’t understand why someone would want to make a boy’s feelings a priority in feminism. It’s a side effect, one that can be easily fixed if men wanted to fix it. They could start standing up for women, the women and girls in their life, they could teach their sons that women are not inferior, that the people who use ‘girl’ as an insult are in the wrong. 

But for some reason it has become feminism’s job, women’s job, to take care of boys’ and men’s feelings and comfort them. Just like always. Color me shocked.

6

“You think so?” Luke asked, looking up at Han sadly as he fiddled with the hem of his robe. “…You think.. You think we could'a had a chance– somewhere, out there?”
“Yeah.. Of course.” Han pursed his lips when he saw the younger swallow heavily. “The Galaxy… is a big place.” 
“What do you think it would have been like..?”
“I dunno–” They both flinched when Leia called for Han. “I dont like thinkin’ about it, kid.”

6

CHANMI: I didn’t know [they] got close like that. It seems like when Mina-unnie was in a slump, that Hyejeong-unnie was a big help to her…

There are way too many religious extremist villains and not enough characters saying “Oh, you wanna play that game with ME? Well I’m religious too and here’s the 50039032 ways in which you’re wrong, let’s go through our religious text verse by verse, also you’re taking everything out of context to justify your bad behavior which is also condemned by the very thing you’re using to justify yourself.” 

come on. 

can we look at this for a sec….

alright the next scene comes

hate to break this to you guys but…Sora went into the forest alone at night without her digimon to collect woods….and you are not slightly bit worried that she didn’t return back and it could be dangerous. THEY ARE SLEEPING….AHHHH…..I know Taichi and Yamato went looking for her what about the rest of the group….THEY ARE SLEEPING LIKE IT IS A NORMAL THING.

Yeah…Taichi….may I remind you that the bond between Sora and Piyomon is broken somehow :)

Mimi…hate to break this to you but Sora was crying too :)


*sigh* guys remember when Sora disappeared from the group in Adventure….and everyone was losing their shit….they ALL went looking for her….great times

2

Klance Aesthetic: Starfighter AU

“I’ve always been the best,if you slow me down don’t think I won’t leave you behind. But if you can keep up…I’ll show you something nice.”


Forced together by military command, Navigator Lance ‘Pisces’ McClain is paired with the notorious fighter Keith 'Aries’ Kogane who has next to no concept of 'respect’. Between using their starfighter Leonis to waste Galra fleets and nightly reoccuring power struggles, Lance begins to notice increasingly odd behaviour from his partner the closer they get to attacking the Galran Central Command System. He tries to ignore it, tries to make up probably excuses, he really does. After all, 'keep your friends close but your enemies closer’ is just a stupid Earth saying, right?

Ft. Commander Alfor, Lead Fighter Shiro, Lead Navigator Allura, Navigator Pidge, and Fighter Hunk.
2

This is a scene from @darkavengerz fic Zugzwang which I’d definitely recommend to anyone who likes Jazz and Prowl, amazing dialogue, and an intriguing plot!

It started with a cup of coffee, or more precisely, a hot beverage. Seven years later came fries, the now infamous eggplant and friends. Sandwich lovers waited for their time to come, while begrudgingly sending another drumstick, wishing it were barbecue.

Food and drinks account for just 82 of around 2,000 emojis approved by the Unicode Consortium, the official body that regulates what emojis are added and their appearance, ensuring they work on different devices. On Twitter, millions of pizza slices have been sent, but there is still no sausage, no chips and a dearth of vegetables if you decide to live on an emoji-only diet.

How hard is it to create a more culturally diverse menu of emoji? Harder than you think, argue design experts and those familiar with Unicode’s systems.

“I tried designing a hummus emoji and that did not go well,” says Jennifer 8. Lee, a former New York Times journalist and co-founder of literary studio Plympton, whose campaign for a dumpling emoji now sees her sitting on a Unicode sub-committee.

“It has to be visually distinctive as a food: Falafel would just be little brown balls. A lot of Indian foods like chaat or dosa are also hard — it has to be something that is iconic enough to make it through the process,” Lee says.

A Brief History Of Food Emoji: Why You Won’t Find Hummus On Your Phone

GIF: Joy Ho/NPR