treaty of lisbon


United Kingdom plans to formally trigger Brexit on March 29

  • Nine months after formally voting to leave the European Union, the United Kingdom has officially set a date to make Brexit official.
  • A spokesperson for British Prime Minister Theresa May said Monday that the country’s government plans to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty on March 29 in order to formally begin the process of leaving the bloc of political and economic allies, according to the BBC.
  • If talks on the country’s exit terms go smoothly, the BBC reported, the U.K. could be out as early as 2019. Read more (3/20/17 11 AM)

i know everyone is panicking rn and i am too but i’d just like to emphasize that the referendum is not actually legally binding in any way. the government is not legally required to act on the result. it’s basically just a very fancy opinion poll.

while the pressure to respect the vote of the people and the democratic process will be intense, the results were so incredibly polarizing (especially since scotland and northern ireland unequivocally voted remain and the leave result is literally solely england’s fault), and the consequences would be so devastating that there is a definitive chance the government could elect not to invoke article 50 of the lisbon treaty anyway.

they are very likely not gonna ignore it outright but they might take the issue to a parliamentary vote instead, which ironically could be argued for as the kind of parliamentary sovereignty leave voters complained brussel is taking away from the uk. if this should happen, MPs are majority pro EU and would very likely vote to remain.

considering the pound has had its worst drop since 1985 and is still freefalling and the international stock markets were already reporting fatal crashes while a leave win was just projected, not even sure, the horrific economic effects leaving the eu would have should become clear quickly and might sober up quite a few people who didn’t (or didn’t want to) realize how catastrophic the result would be.
Brexit is a middle finger from the baby boomers to young people like me
The people who overwhelmingly voted to leave the EU will not have to face its long-term consequences.
By Jack Lennard

The United Kingdom has voted to leave the European Union, 52 percent to 48 percent.

I am broken by this result. As a young person, I cannot help but feel betrayed. In fact, it’s somewhat hard not to take it a little bit personally.

Let’s look at the voter demographics. The “Leave” vote was overwhelmingly carried by those over the age of 65, whereas 72 percent of those who were aged 18 to 24 voted to “Remain.” Why does this matter? Surely, in a referendum, every vote is equal, and the will of the people carries regardless of the demographic?

Well, there is some truth to that. But that doesn’t mean every UK voter will suffer the same consequences.

The process of the UK leaving the European Union would not be complete until late 2018 at the very earliest, assuming Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty is triggered when a new prime minister is appointed in the autumn of this year. Even then, that’s just the basic settlement — trade deals and movement regulations could take decades to hammer out.

My generation will not enjoy the free movement to 27 different countries and the workers’ rights that rescued Britain from the “sick man of Europe” era of the 1970s

(continue reading)

anonymous asked:

I think it's worth remembering for people who are worried at the moment that we are currently still in the EU. Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty has to be invoked before we begin leave negotiations, and that hasn't happened yet. And once it is it could take two years for those negotiations to wrap up - so other than immediate economic impact we won't have to go through changes overnight, and we will probably have prior warning. I wanted to remain, but it's worth keeping calm for now.

anonymous asked:

As a complete idiot re: foreign news I don't really ~get what's happening, but how do you feel about the brexit?

Oh lord almighty.

(Warning: if ranty politics posts are not your thing, or you don’t care about the EU referendum or anything of that nature, I would stop reading now.)

Honestly, I don’t even know where to begin with this shitshow. Let me see if I can make an analogy for you. Let’s say a Republican president called for a vote on whether or not America should leave NATO or the UN or another major international organization it had been part of for most of the post-WWII world, as part of a strategy for vote-grubbing among the far right of his base. There hadn’t been an explicit call for it beforehand, but the right wing made it into one, the president went with it to get votes from the Tea Party faction in Congress, and the campaign immediately became about ugly, dog-whistle politics, nationalism, thinly veiled racism, fear of those Scary Immigrants, and supposedly the “economy.” Democrats and Republicans are split on whether they support it or not. The Republican president and the Democratic Speaker of the House both campaign for Remain, but there is no consensus on how to do it or how to actually educate the public on why this is happening (because as I said, vote-grubbing ploy among the right wing). The Leave campaign plays on the usual scapegoats people turn to when the economy is bad: immigrants, foreigners, people who are Not American (or in this case, Not British). Most scientists, educators, and economists warn that this is a terrible idea. They are dismissed as “just trying to scare us into obeying Big Brother ™.” Nobody thinks it will actually happen.

Then it does.

Now you have the equivalent of the Republican president resigning, the Democratic Speaker of the House facing a no confidence vote, the dollar crashing, Alaska and Texas want to secede (because Scotland and Northern Ireland both voted overwhelmingly for Remain and will probably have new independence referendums, thus likely breaking up the UK) the country is in complete political meltdown, no semblance of a coherent opposition party or actual plan to implement it, the likelihood of the lunatic fringe stepping into the President’s office (ie if George W. Bush resigned just so Trump could take over) and crashing knockdown effects on the entire global economy. (Oh yeah, and a Democratic senator/Labour MP got shot and killed for saying we should stay.) When, once again, this in no way actually needed to happen. David Cameron (UK prime minister who just resigned) essentially gambled the UK’s entire future on courting the right wing (UKIP/Nigel Farage/Boris Johnson), evidently thought the referendum would be a bluff, we’d vote to Remain, and then he could say that he gave it due diligence and they would march in step with him. Except no, Brexit actually passed. So Cameron’s bluff just basically politically blew up the entire country.

Nice going, Dave.

Every astute political commentator has already picked up on this, but the irony is ludicrous that Great Britain colonized most of the world, ran one of the longest-lasting (and most notoriously brutal) imperialist regimes, and now is actively destroying itself over the fear that, gasp, we had 183,000 immigrants come to the country last year. (I am not making that figure up; that is literally the number that caused this panic. One hundred and eighty-three thousand). Karma is a bitch, apparently. And the sad thing is, people treated this like an opinion on the status quo, which sucks, because hey, in case anyone hasn’t noticed, the global economy is a massively and ridiculously rigged carnival shell game designed to benefit the super-rich and systematically and completely defraud those who are already the poorest. Of course people are fed up with that shit. So…. the Brexit campaigners spun it into “let’s blame the immigrants. They’re what’s wrong with the country. And the immigrants are because of the EU. We can’t control our own borders and keep them out. Also, the Poles are taking all your jobs.”

Now, I’m not saying the EU is perfect, or the best way to go about everything it wanted to do. There were justified reasons for wanting a renegotiation or reconsideration of how Britain operated within that system. But we basically want all the perks of being a member (access to the European Economic Area/single market/trade/freedom of movement) with none of the costs. The Leave campaign claimed there would be £350 million extra a week to “fund the National Health Service” that we were supposedly paying to the EU and getting nothing back in return. Wonder of wonders, they’re already admitting that was a total lie and no, there’s not actually that money. It played on people’s worst instincts and forced them into isolationism and economic self-sabotage. It baffles me, literally completely fucking BAFFLES ME, how Brexiters could dismiss warnings of the economic impact of leaving the EU as just scare tactics, when they were the ones running the identity-politics, dog-whistle, “you will die because ISIS will kill you if we don’t get out of the EU” campaign. And yeah. The pound hit a 30-year low overnight. So… clearly no physical costs at all.


Obviously, as an American living in the UK, this is different for me. The one fucking grim bright side is that now hey, my money will be worth more. But if the only benefit is that the economy tanked in re: an international currency, that is BAD. If the European far-right/neo-Nazis and fucking ISIS are applauding the result, maybe that’s a hint this was a BAD GODDAMN IDEA? I still want to stay here when I’m done with my Ph.D. But since the new political movement that the far right nurtured into existence apparently doesn’t take such a great view of immigrants, I don’t know what my chances of that will be now. Common-sense immigration regulations are the LAST thing I expect to actually come of this, even after that was ostensibly what the campaign was about: “regaining control of our borders” (again, because of that super scary 183,000 extra people coming in, and a net migration of something like 300,000 – that is, counting people who moved here and who moved abroad). Once again. This is coming from the longest-running colonial empire on earth.


Also, the facts are that older and less educated voters were the ones in favor of Brexit. Younger and college-educated voters were overwhelmingly against it. And yet, we’re the ones that get stuck with it. If I do get to stay here, this is the country that my future children would have. And frankly, it makes me never want to hear another goddamn word about how millennials are a “lazy” and “entitled” generation destroying the world, when the only reason I still have any hope for the future is that everyone my age thinks this is a terrible fucking idea, and that maybe, just maybe we can survive the older generation and, again, their ludicrously rigged carnival barker game of an economy that has only been working for the super-rich, long enough to actually save the world before it goes completely to hell. That’s why people voted for Brexit: they thought they were complaining about the fact that most of the global population is screwed by the current global economy. Instead – surprise!!! – it does absolutely nothing to address that actual issue, and gives rise to a backward politics, not a forward one. It says a depressing lot that I trust the EU leaders who insist they’ll find a positive solution despite this setback, far more than I trust anything from any UK politician of any stripe. It makes a Trump presidency eminently possible, if this is the political instinct that people are operating from, and that scares the shit out of me. And that’s what people are reacting against – a corrupt and self-serving political system – by further enabling the corrupt and self-serving political system that created this mess in the first place.

My best friend in England, someone who has been a wonderful friend to me for a long time, is a Lithuanian immigrant who lives here because of the EU. What the hell happens to her? She gets to stay. Probably. Who knows?

Basically from here, the UK can trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which gives us two years to negotiate an exit from the EU and a new trade agreement. That means two years of economic uncertainty and likely recession. That will be the responsibility of the new Prime Minister – almost certainly someone from the Leave campaign, which as I said was the breeding ground of a lot of right-wing wackos and Nigel Farage (the UK version of Trump). It could still theoretically be blocked in Parliament or by a coalition of Remain MPs from the Tory (Republican) and Labour (Democrat) parties, but this is not very likely and would probably be political suicide since the referendum was by popular vote and anyone opposing it would have a target painted on their back for “going against the will of the people.” And basically, the UK has also lost all shred of ability to complain if (God fucking forbid) Trump then gets elected in November.

I’m going to cross my fingers and hope this somehow fucking works out. Maybe the Leave campaigners are right and Britain can really do better out of this. For everyone’s sake, let’s hope so. But right now, it’s a giant flaming shitshow mess, I’m upset and angry and depressed about what this means for the world and for the country I love and made my adopted homeland, and I don’t know what the hell is going to happen now.

anonymous asked:

Hello Zoe! Can you explain to me what's the fuzz all about Brexit (in layman's term pls)? What's your stand in this issue?

Most of the posts you will see online are angry at the outcome of the EU referendum, so I’m assuming you’re asking why everyone is upset? I’m not an expert but this is what I’ve gathered so far…

Here are a few (of many reasons) why people think that leaving the EU will be bad for the UK, and for the EU. 

1. Cultural diversity is something that makes the UK what it is, and as someone who has lived in London I can say that the reason why so many talented and valuable people immigrate to London (/ the UK in general) is because they believe that it is a welcoming place (or was on its way to becoming one) for immigrants. The diverse culture is also a reason why people go to study at universities in the UK, and why they are such great institutions in the first place through embracing a global view. Modern Britain is a result of immigration. Immigrants have contributed much more to the UK than what many argue they have taken away financially. In this day and age, it has ceased to be the norm for people to  define themselves by a single country or homeland; many people simply identify as European and the referendum outcome has sadly failed to reflect that. 

2. The Free Movement of People is enshrined in EU law and gives many people an opportunity to work in the UK (and vice versa, for British nationals to work in other Member States). For example, the NHS (public healthcare) workforce is ¼ people from other Member States…this part scares me especially. Although leaving the EU doesn’t mean EU nationals will not be able to work in the UK, it will definitely not make it any easier, and leaves a lot of futures uncertain. 

3. Some people who argue for Brexit base their assertions on ‘British Sovereignity’, which is ridiculous and archaic. The referendum was a pivotal moment to show solidarity over hostility, and I’m shocked that sovereignty is even an argument…its kind of another way of saying ‘Make Britain Great Again’. 

4. A lot of positive environmental policies in the UK are the result of being in the EU, such as regulations to do with air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. The EU provides Member States with a legal framework to implement policies (waste management and toxic substances to name a few more) and I don’t have to explain why this is a good thing. 

5. Leaving the EU could trigger a recession. Today, the pound dropped to the lowest its been in the last 30(? I believe) years. Many argue that the older generations (who mostly voted to leave the EU) have voted to leave behind a mess for the younger generation (who mostly voted to remain) to clean up. This is especially important given graduates and people under 30 will be statistically more heavily impacted by a recession. Furthermore, leaving the EU will not happen overnight; by Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon the UK must give a 2 year notice period during which the terms of exit and plans for the future will be sorted out, and it may take up to a decade for renegotiations to bear fruit; this will lead to a stand still or ‘limbo’ period and diminish remaining confidence in the UK market. 

6. Regarding the GCC, many argue that Brexit will shift attention from the Middle East peace process to trade in the MENA region to boost the unstable UK economy (which we see evidence of today). Read more about this point here

7. As a student especially interested in Intellectual Property law, Brexit would probably result in a lot of administrative complexities; the UK would have to figure out its path with regards to EU unitary patent (UPS) and trademark (EUTM) schemes that would have made life a lot easier by granting protection for all EU Member States via a simplified process. Other areas of law such as competition and employment are based on legislation heavily derived from EU law, and this is going to be a tumultuous process to say the least. 

I hope this makes it a bit easier…keep in mind that there are also many other valid reasons why people want to leave, but I’m with the ‘remain’ side hence the focus on the above points. You can search them up online if you want to know more. 

anonymous asked:

I'm sorry if this question seems dumb, I'm not familiar with EU and UK laws but about BREXIT, is it possible for the UK to rejoin EU?

hi anon, it is indeed perfectly possible legally. there’s nothing in the Lisbon Treaty that says you can’t ever go back in.

but politically i think we would need a clear mandate that a majority of the UK wants to go back in (another referendum or election of a government that campaigned on re-entering the EU) + there might be other hurdles as the membership of a new state has to be approved by existing members. the UK might not be able to get back the same arrangement it got when it joined the first time. and obviously the EU doesn’t want to make it so easy for states to skip in and out esp after this? so practically speaking, imo it wasn’t a total exaggeration that it’s a once-in-a-lifetime decision.