Scattered around the shore of, on the islands of, and even in the Crystal Palace lake, is a collection of large, strange-looking concrete statues. In 1853, with the relocation of the Crystal Palace building from Hyde Park to Sydenham Hill, extensive remodelling of the surrounding land was underway. As part of this, the artist Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins was commissioned to build life-sized models of extinct animals.
Originally planning to create sculptures of just mammals, Hawkins later joined with palaeontologist Sir Richard Owen to also build models of dinosaurs, to educate visitors in this relatively new field of study (the word dinosaur had only been coined 11 years earlier by Owen). The models included creatures from a wide range of eras, with Dicynodonts, Ichthyosaurs, Iguanodons, a Mosasaurus, Plesiosaurs, a Megalosaurus, Irish Elk, and a Megatherium among those on display, as well as a model limestone cliff to illustrate how fossils were dated at the time.
When made, the sculptures were designed to the latest scientific knowledge – but given the lack of fossil evidence available for some of the creatures, some are hilariously wrong by modern standards. Iguanodon is depicted as an obese, quadrupedal version of its namesake, with a large horn on its nose – nowadays the dinosaur is known to have been bipedal, the nose horn actually a thumb spike.
The statues were in poorly looked after for many years, first overgrown by vegetation, then the mammals in particular were damaged by wear and tear after some were moved following a restoration in the 1950s. In 2007 the sculptures became Grade 1 listed, and a programme of restoration is underway, to bring the statues back to their full, scientifically inaccurate glory.
What would happen to the military and police force in a solarpunk society? What about jails/prisons? How might a solarpunk society defend itself?
I have a rough answer to this, but my friend Chelsea has a lot of experience in direct prison abolition activism, so I’ve asked her to take a look at this ask and respond. Here’s what she wrote:
underlying assumption here is that military and police are necessary for
society to function. But that’s not really the case. The military-industrial
complex and prison-industrial
complex uphold the intertwined structures of white supremacy,
hetero-patriarchy, and capitalism. As I understand it, solarpunk is an attempt
to create alternatives to these systems of violence.
to the military, its role in the US is to defend the nation from real or
potential threats, both internal and external. It enacts unspeakable violence
on any perceived threats. For the last 100+ years of US history, the military
has been the muscle of US imperialism. (And this is the case for other past and
present empires/ colonizers.)
Jacobin article summarizes the violence enacted by the US military, and why
it should be abolished: (1) US imperialism breeds racism; (2) the military is
anti-feminist; (3) US militarism is bad for American workers and for the
planet; (4) the US military is global capitalism’s police; and (5) the military
is no humanitarian force, although US military interventions are often
explained away with language about humanitarian efforts.
I am more
knowledgeable about the prison-industrial complex, so I’m going to move on to
In the US,
we use prisons and jails to hide away, punish, and obliterate people we have
labeled as “criminals.” Crime and criminality are socially constructed and
historically variable (so it is different in different times and places; I am a
US historian, so this is where my experience is coming from).
19th century, the system of jails/prisons in the US has served to identify and
“reform” non-normative bodies and behaviors. Today, it has become system of
punishment that targets and destroys people who experience intersecting
oppressions based on race, gender, disability, and class—on a massive scale.
We may be
able to find an approach that encompasses harm reduction and restorative justice,
which are increasingly used today to eliminate the perceived need for state
violence. Activists that I worked with in western MA have been fighting against
the construction of new jails. The Massachusetts Statewide Harm Reduction
Coalition (SHaRC) emphasizes the need to “deconstruct” the ideology of prisons,
and to “reconstruct” viable community alternatives.
We need to
rethink the role of jails/prisons, and realize that our communities are best
served by harm prevention/reduction and restorative justice alternatives,
including equitable access to affordable housing, food, job opportunities,
childcare, quality education, and healthcare.
understand solarpunk, restorative justice would have to be a core part of
solarpunk society. This would be part of wide-ranging efforts to decriminalize
criminalized communities, to end environmental racism, and to dismantle white
supremacist violence (institutional and otherwise).
States of Incarceration: www.statesofincarceration.org
(this is a national public memory project that I worked on; it features a
website and national traveling exhibit about lots of histories of incarceration
in the US)
Throwback to 2014, when we went on tour with our friend Eric Ayotte, The Gadabout Film Festival and with our travelling exhibition - Structures - a publication on the wall. We transformed spaces into art galleries, cinemas, and music venues. We were in Maastricht, Enschede, Munster, Hanover, Berlin, Dresden, Krakow, Budapest, Vienna, Erlangen, Saarbrücken, Mannheim, Paris, Brighton and London.
Penguins are some of the most common birds in the Antarctic. They live in colonies of tens or even hundreds of thousands of birds and survive in the harshest of conditions—it is no wonder that penguins are a symbol of Antarctica. Only four of the 17 known species of penguins breed on the Antarctic continent itself: Adelie, Emperor, Chinstrap, and Gentoo Penguins. Most other species live in other regions, ranging from subantarctic to tropical.
Early Antarctic explorers initially thought penguins were feathered fish because they were flightless, and superbly adapted to their marine environment. Penguins manuever underwater with great skill, and have massive pectoral muscles to propel them at speeds up to 25 miles per hour. To withstand the harsh conditions of the Antarctic, their bodies are insulated by a thick layer of blubber and a dense network of waterproof plumage.
See footage of Antarctic penguins in the immersive dome installation, Beneath the Ice, now playing in the Milstein Hall of Ocean Life, free for Members or with Museum Admission. Learn more.
Image: Diorama in traveling exhibition, Race to the End of the Earth, D.Finnin
Seattle from Atop the Space Needle 2 by billrock54 Via Flickr: Seattle is a celebration of all the wondrous things life has to offer.Free spirits,free thinker,innovators,freaks,artists abound here.Great,food,history,culture,health,fitness,art are all here for the visitor to enjoy.To steal a phase,Seattle has it all.
Seattle doesn’t march to a different beat,it is the beat,I hear it calling me now.
in an au where vlad wasnt aggressively vengeful toward jack or futilely obsessed with maddie, but instead chose to move on with his life, it’s entirely likely that he never would have held the 20th college reunion and thus never would have met danny
danny never had his archrival, so he progressed at something like a normal rate, eventually finding his teachers in the Far Frozen and learning about things like duplication and his core powers from them. he lives as normal a life as he can, between the fights he has with other ghosts, spending time with tucker and sam, and eventually his college education. sometimes he wonders about the existence of other halfas, but has come to the conclusion that he’s glad nobody else had to go through the pain of his initial transformation.
vlad remained focused on his companies and, to a lesser extent, his own private ghostly research. he performs tests on willing (and occasionally unwilling) ghosts and compares them to the tests he runs on himself, trying to discern the strengths and weaknesses of a halfa. sometimes he wishes for a different test subject, but wouldn’t wish that life on anyone. being the only one of his kind, he thinks, is more a blessing than a curse.
unaware of each others’ existence, they discover their immortality separately.
“Wish You Were Here…“ : Travels Around the World is an exciting exhibit where you can discover exotic destinations through our travel literature! From the snows of the Arctic to the deserts of Arabia, you can sail the seas or traverse new lands. Begin your summer adventures with us!
Our new summer hours are Monday-Friday 8:00AM-4:30PM and by appointment. Contact us for more information or check out our website jsnoelcollection.org for more information about the collection!
At the crossroads of art and science, Beautiful Brain presents Nobel Laureate Santiago Ramón y Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience through his groundbreaking artistic brain imagery.
Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934) was the father of modern neuroscience and an exceptional artist. He devoted his life to the anatomy of the brain, the body’s most complex and mysterious organ. His superhuman feats of visualization, based on fanatically precise techniques and countless hours at the microscope, resulted in some of the most remarkable illustrations in the history of science. Beautiful Brain presents a selection of his exquisite drawings of brain cells, brain regions, and neural circuits with accessible descriptive commentary.
These drawings are explored from multiple perspectives: Larry W. Swanson describes Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience; Lyndel King and Eric Himmel explore his artistic roots and achievement; Eric A. Newman provides commentary on the drawings; and Janet M. Dubinsky describes contemporary neuroscience imaging techniques. This book is the companion to a traveling exhibition opening at the Weisman Art Museum in Minneapolis in February 2017, marking the first time that many of these works, which are housed at the Instituto Cajal in Madrid, have been seen outside of Spain.
Beautiful Brain showcases Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience, explores his artistic roots and achievement, and looks at his work in relation to contemporary neuroscience imaging, appealing to general readers and professionals alike.
In addition to their fantastic live animal habitats, Lowry Park Zoo has this DOPE traveling dinosaur exhibit right now. The older animatronics are “naked” but the more recently-built dinos are feathered. Little me would have flipped her shit! Current me still did, let’s be honest.
As for the duel with Hamilton, Burr almost never showed any remorse. Soon after returning to America, he visited his aunt, Rhoda Edwards, who worried about his immortal soul and warned him, “You have committed a great many sins against God and you killed that great and good man, Colonel Hamilton. I beseech you to repent and fly to the blood and righteousness of the Redeemer for pardon.” Burr found this rather quaint: “Oh, aunt, don’t feel too badly,” he replied. “We shall both meet in heaven.” One day, Burr was walking down Nassau Street in New York when Chancellor James Kent happened to see him. Kent lost all control, swooped down on Burr, and started flailing at him with his cane. “You are a scoundrel, sir!” Kent shouted. “A scoundrel!” His legendary aplomb intact, Burr tipped his hat and said, “The opinions of the learned Chancellor are always entitled to the highest consideration.” Then he bowed and walked away. Burr never lost his sense of humor about having killed Hamilton and made facetious references to “my friend Hamilton, whom I shot.” Once, in the Boston Athenaeum, Burr paused to admire a bust of Hamilton. “There was the poetry,” he said, tracing creases in Hamilton’s face with his finger. Another time, Burr paused at a tavern to refresh his horses and wandered over to a traveling waxworks exhibition. He suddenly came upon a tableau that represented him and Hamilton in the duel. Underneath ran this verse: “O Burr, O Burr, what has thou done? / Thou hast shooted dead great Hamilton. / You hid behind a bunch of thistle, / And shooted him dead with a great hoss pistol.” In relating the story, Burr roared with laughter. Only once did Burr betray any misgivings about killing Hamilton. While reading the scene in Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy in which the tenderhearted Uncle Toby picks up a fly and delicately places it outside a window instead of killing it, Burr is said to have remarked, “Had I read Sterne more and Voltaire less, I should have known the world was wide enough for Hamilton and me.