Changes to city design can have 'significant' impact on health: study - Deccan Herald
Case studies in major cities across the world including London, Boston and New Delhi suggest that changes to city design and transport can have “significant” impact on health including reductions in non-communicable diseases which India is presently reeling under.
A new Series, published in ‘The Lancet’ quantifies the health gains that could be achieved if cities incentivised a shift from private car use to cycling and walking and promoted a compact city model.
“These changes could achieve significant reductions in non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes as well as increasing physical activity and reducing pollution.
"City planning was key to cutting infectious disease outbreaks in the 19th century through improved sanitation, housing and separating residential and industrial areas.
"Today, there is a real opportunity for city planning to reduce non-communicable diseases and road trauma and to promote health and wellbeing more broadly,” he said.
The authors identify key interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling and public transport use, while reducing private car use. These also include having shops and services within walking distance, a mix of employment and housing across the city, reducing the availability and increasing the cost of parking amongst others.