Chilena Codelco anuncia plan para licitar la exploración de litio
Santiago de Chile, 25 ene (EFE).- La minera estatal chilena Codelco, la mayor productora mundial de cobre, anunció hoy un plan para licitar y explorar el litio en dos salares del norte del país austral.
“Esta es la hora de implementar medidas concretas en el corto plazo que tracen la ruta para la gobernanza de los salares y para dar un uso inteligente y sustentable del litio en Chile”, dijo la presidenta Michelle Bachelet, que asistió al anuncio en una ceremonia celebrada en la sede de Codelco.
La minera solamente anunció la existencia de un calendario para la licitación y la exploración del litio en los salares de Maricunga y Pedernales, en la región de Atacama, aunque no dio más detalles del plan.
El plan para abrir la licitación de la exploración del mineral forma parte de un conjunto de medidas elaboradas por la Comisión Nacional del Litio, que apuntan principalmente a establecer un nuevo marco regulatorio que defina las formas de explotación y su relación con la comunidad.
“Una de las primeras definiciones que adoptamos fue acoger el llamado de la comisión de reafirmar el carácter estratégico del litio, propiedad de todos los chilenos y chilenas, y mantener su condición de material no concesible”, dijo Bachelet.
La mandataria precisó que esto no significa cerrar las puertas de la explotación del litio a las empresas privadas, e instó a cooperar de manera “justa y confiable”.
Una de las posibilidades que se barajan en que Codelco sea socio de la corporación que se cree para explotar sus posesiones de litio si se determina la viabilidad económica del proyecto.
Chile es el segundo productor mundial de litio, y tiene junto a Argentina y Bolivia las mayores reservas del mineral no metálico, usado en la elaboración de baterías y en la industria energética.
Además se prevé que la demanda se incremente en los próximos años para usar el litio en reactores de fusión nuclear, baterías de alta capacidad para vehículos eléctricos y aleaciones de aluminio y litio, señaló el gobierno chileno.
En 2012, el gobierno del entonces presidente Sebastián Piñera anuló una polémica licitación de la explotación del litio porque la empresa adjudicataria, la Sociedad Química y Minera de Chile (SQM), mantenía litigios con el Estado.
Pablo Wagner, que en esa época era subsecretario de Minería y lideró la licitación, renunció tras el fallido proceso y actualmente está imputado por un caso de corrupción política y empresarial en el que están involucrados los dueños del banco de inversión Penta. EFE
It was weird, but Cassandra often felt that she was being watched. Alright, not her exactly–Tracen–but Cassandra was stuck to her side often enough that it felt like someone was watching her, too. Ever since a little after her return, and the subsequent memories that slowly came back, Cassandra was hesitant to leave her side. At first, the opposite was true. Cassandra could not stand to be by Tracen, couldn’t bare to look at her and see a blank stare looking back at her. She almost preferred her dead.
But this was better–some memories? Some friendliness? Maybe she could even allow her to go somewhere by herself (Tracen often scoffed at the idea of this tiny chaperone, but Cassandra was silently adamant and tried not to let it bother her.) Which would make this the perfect time to investigate the figure that Cassandra swore had been following them around for the previous four days.
They were in the mall, wandering around, darting into stores and feeling like normal teenagers, normal sisters, Cassandra dared to think–when Cassandra felt eyes on her and glanced around. “Be right back,” sis, the last word remained unspoken.
She weaved, walked around, surveyed, watched her sister look and shop around, knowing that she was able to handle herself–probably even better than Cassandra–but still worried. Tracen was gone for the majority of her life, and Cassandra didn’t know if she could survive Tracen being taken way from her again, not when she just got her back, not when Tracen was just within her fingertips.
Her eyes narrowed at a shape that felt vaguely familiar–much taller than herself, dark hair, generally conspicuously inconspicuous, hands deep in pockets and sticking to just outside of her eyesight. This had to be it. Cassandra quietly approached as his attention was on Tracen, but he was clearly alert, as she only barely got the jump on him. It was probably obvious when she disappeared from her sister’s side. “Who the hell are you?” She struggled, her arm held tightly by his hand, him having caught it right before impact. “Get the hell off of me,” she grunted, trying to shake it away. Cassandra: resident idiot who gets herself killed for people who barely remember her. A+. Ryder would be so proud.
“Have I entered an alternate universe or did you really just crack a smile for me?”
“What? Am I not allowed to now?” He asked, the smirk still on his face. Wesley gave Andrina a lot of credit for making him feel things, but not nearly enough to Genesis or even Tracen. Andrina got him fired up, made him feel wild, but with Genesis, there was this clam he’s never felt either, one where smiles started to come more naturally. Genesis was one of his best friends and zer made him… happy. “I can stop.” he teased. “I’ll just go back to frowning all the time and you’ll just have to wonder if I can smile…”
Wesley looked over to her, wordless. How? He wanted to ask. How in the hell could anything be worse then this? He felt… too many things. There was his throbbing in his head as his brain was overloading. He didn’t want to think anymore. Drowning his thoughts out with alcohol with Tracen seemed the only logical thing to do. Again. wordlessly, he held out his hand, demanding more wine. She poured it for him and he took a big gulp. It was dry and bitter, just like his relationship and his future.