Ocellated Torpedo - Torpedo torpedo
Also commonly known as Common Torpedo, or Eyed Electric Ray, Torpedo torpedo (Torpediniformes - Torpedinidae) is a species of electric ray, which occurs in the eastern Atlantic, including Mediterranean Sea, inhabiting on soft bottoms, typically in inshore locations although it is occasionally observed in deeper waters.
This ray more commonly reaches lengths of 30 cm (male) and 39 cm (female). They feed primarily on benthic bony fish, and occasionally eat crustaceans. Ocellated torpedos can use its pair of large electric organs to stun prey and deter threats. Each organ is comprised of 400-500 columns that contain jelly-filled disks referred to as “electroplaques”. These columns work together and are capable of discharging up to 200 volts either singly or in bursts.
The genus name, Torpedo, comes from the Latin word torpidus, meaning numbness in reference to the effect of the electric organ. The electric shock from the common torpedo is quite strong but is not life-threatening to humans. In fact, due to the local anesthetic properties of electrical discharges from torpedo fish, described by the ancient Greeks with the word ‘narke’, since 153 AD, the Roman physician Scribonius Largus advised his patients to stand on moist, live torpedo fish to cure any type of gout.