toothed whales

At 19, I read a sentence that re-terraformed my head: “The level of matter in the universe has been constant since the Big Bang.”
In all the aeons we have lost nothing, we have gained nothing - not a speck, not a grain, not a breath. The universe is simply a sealed, twisting kaleidoscope that has reordered itself a trillion trillion trillion times over.
Each baby, then, is a unique collision - a cocktail, a remix - of all that has come before: made from molecules of Napoleon and stardust and comets and whale tooth; colloidal mercury and Cleopatra’s breath: and with the same darkness that is between the stars between, and inside, our own atoms.
When you know this, you suddenly see the crowded top deck of the bus, in the rain, as a miracle: this collection of people is by way of a starburst constellation. Families are bright, irregular-shaped nebulae. Finding a person you love is like galaxies colliding. We are all peculiar, unrepeatable, perambulating micro-universes - we have never been before and we will never be again. Oh God, the sheer exuberant, unlikely face of our existences. The honour of being alive. They will never be able to make you again. Don’t you dare waste a second of it thinking something better will happen when it ends. Don’t you dare
—  Caitlin Moran
2

When ye Old Testament ocean god is as pissed off with the world above as you are. Archie finds a kindred spirit but whether it’s a wise idea combining both their rage to reclaim the sea is from the despoiling of mainlanders…..questionable. 

Headcanon says that he met Kyogre once upon a time as a child and mistook it for a large and very friendly Wailord.
Wailmer and Wailord in Pacifilog culture as seen as ‘Kyogre’s Children’ and are sacred animals. Trainers can commune with them and if they see fit, invite one onto their team via battling or other methods, but the people of Pacifilog will take 0.000% of your shit if you hurt or try to force these creatures to do anything they don’t want. 
If a Wailmer comes with you, it’s because they want to. 

When Archie finds religion in prison, he digs into that memory of communing with Kyogre as a child, studies old text and comes across one describing Primal Reversion, and the rest is Hoenn History. 

I liked the idea of Primal Reversion literally reversing Kyogre who under normal conditions is based off an Orca/modern tooth whale, into a Basilosaurus/primitive whale. 

Archie’s old gods don’t fuck around.

anonymous asked:

Does the word "shellfish" annoy you since shellfish aren't fish? Does it bother you when people call orcas "killer whales" when they're dolphins? Because it bothers me even though I only have a high school level understanding of Biology I wanted to know if it was just me...

Hmm I think I used to, but now not so much, and I’ll tell you why.

Common or colloquial names vary so much within and between localities and languages that we shouldn’t expect the same kind of stringency we hold to real scientific names and groupings. The point of a name is to convey information, and in certain contexts an informal and not necessarily biologically accurate common name is suitable to convey relevant information to a wide group of people within a certain locality. Bird common names are particularly bad, for example an american blackbird is not closely related to the eurasian blackbird at all, and in addition there are about 26 (not necessarily related) species called blackbirds found in the Americas. However, if you are sitting in your garden in the UK and you hear a blackbird, you don’t need to differentiate between that and the 26 American birds to know that what you are hearing is Turdus merula. Common names are perfectly acceptable in the right context. 

Now, shellfish is a handy and historically well established culinary term for basically any edible marine invertebrate. I don’t think it would be necessary to have to start saying bivalve chowder, linguine with marine invertebrates, or decapod tempura just for the sake of scientific accuracy. The term is specific to English too - in latin based languages such as French, Spanish, and Italian etc., the same group of animals are referred to under the umbrella term of “Fruits of the Sea”. We know they are not fruits, and I’m sure (or I at least hope) that most people know that “shellfish” are not actually fish, however, as the title of my favourite podcast goes, there’s No Such Thing As A Fish - this is because the group of animals that we would call fish, is a paraphyletic group - which in terms of biological semantics, doesn’t exist.

 Basically, a paraphyletic group is a group of organisms including the latest common ancestor, but not including all descendants. Below in yellow are the groups that we would typically refer to as “fish”, however this excludes amphibians, and other land vertebrates etc., which are nested in the fish family tree. In fact, humans are more closely related to ray finned fish (such as salmon etc.) than ray finned fish are to sharks, yet the term fish removes this information. 

The proper, monophyletic groupings (ancestor and all descendants), which retains such information are displayed below for contrast, but you don’t need to say that you are going Osteichthyes-ing when you are going on a fishing trip. 

We basically use the word fish to refer to non air-breathing marine vertebrates with that share general habitats and ecologies, which is a useful word to have. For example don’t need to have a different, scientifically accurate term for overfishing for each fishy group, that would weaken the meaning of terminology for the action of overfishing, and make conservation policy and public outreach more difficult. Overfishing as a word is easy to understand, and in this context, it gets the job done, whether you are a biologist, a policy maker, a fisherman, or an average joe. 

SO scientifically, even the word fish to begin with is problematic! But such semantics aren’t necessary for everyday life, and thus the word fish still has value. It’s widespread usage is simply historical leftover from when the word fish basically meant anything living in the sea (shellfish, starfish, jellyfish) -  even the word dolphin comes from the latin for fish with a womb, which leads me onto your next example…

And guess what, there’s no such thing as a dolphin - yes, it is yet again another paraphyletic group. The common term dolphin excludes porpoises and other small toothed whales which are nested within classical dolphin groups, i.e. the superfamily, Delphinoidea. 

But, like fish, dolphin is still a handy term to refer to a specific type of cetacean, so it’s not going to stop being used. 

The important thing to remember is that all dolphins are whales. There are two major sub orders within Cetacea, the Mysticeti, or baleen whales such as humpback, blue, grey, minke etc. - i.e what we would typically think of as whales. However, there are also the Odontoceti, the toothed whales, which includes sperm whales, beaked whales, river dolphins, oceanic dolphins, porpoises, beluga whales, and narwhals. If the term whale is understood not to include dolphins then it becomes a paraphyletic group. Even though an Orca is part of the oceanic Dolphin family Delphinidae (which also includes bottle nosed dolphins, common dolphins etc.), it is still technically a whale. ADDITIONALLY the name killer whale may be due to a mistranslation of their 18th century Spanish name, asesina-ballenas which literally translates as whale killer as indeed, Orcas will hunt baleen whales. 

Anyway the point is, at the end of the day, if the right information is conveyed by a common or informal name within the context of day to day life, scientific semantics are unnecessary. Lol, following that logic to the extreme would mean that the name seahorse is wrong. Of course it would be cool if people knew more about cetacean taxonomy, or took an interest in marine invertebrates, but I don’t think that enforcing correct nomenclature is central to doing that. Most of the time these terms are simply just the name for a thing, disassociated from any greater meaning - I would still use the words shellfish in a restaurant, or the word starfish or jellyfish etc. and I am currently studying marine invertebrates!

And hey, then next time those terms come up in conversation you could always use that opportunity to crack open a few fun facts about how orcas are part of the dolphin family, and that all dolphins are whales, or that the prawn and clam on your plate are not related to each other, or to that can of tuna in your cupboard.

Did you know dolphins are actually toothed whales? 

All whales are generally divided into two groups, baleen whales and toothed whales, with the latter category including dolphins and porpoises. Common dolphins like this one can be spotted in several national marine sanctuaries, including Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, where this one was photographed. 

What’s your favorite kind of dolphin?  

(Photo: Laura Howes)

hallo yes!

friend orca is dolphin- but friend dolphin is whale!

really proper word is “cetacean.” basically goes like this.

here we have big famly. lotta cousins n friends! but whale famly not actually “family” when talking taxonomy! whale famly bigger than taxonomic family!

now you see that word “order” up there? basic phylogeny goes Kingdom>Phylum>Class>Order>Family>Genus>Species. help to remember: king phillip came over from germany swimming!  (actually, cetacea is an infraorder- whale friends in order artiodactyla- but that little confusing. important idea is that you see that friend whale and friend dolphin and friend porpoise all in same group!) 

now some whales, they have the baleen. but other whales? they have ‘em the teef. they allll a group call Odontoceti, which mean “tooth whale.” word dolphin means “whale in taxonomic family Delphinidae.” still whale! whale not one family, whale one order. to be whale, need be in cetacea, so all dolphin technically whale, but not all whale technically dolphin. hope makes sense! 

(I mean, if it doesn’t make sense I can go into more detail in actual grammatical sense, but this was fun.)

panthpuma89  asked:

maybe some facts about whales and crabs if you don't mind? I love your blog:)

Thank you!

There are 2 types of whales: toothed and baleen.  The fluke (or tail fin) is distinct to each species and is also sometimes used for individual identification. There are photographic databases with each fluke so professionals can keep track of individuals year after year. The smallest cetacean is Maui’s Dolphin which maxes out at 4ft

***Edit*** My bad I was doing this quickly here’s the smallest cetacean and they are highly endangered. Sorry about that.

Crabs are invertebrates (no backbone). Crabs can be as small as the pea crab which is only a few millimeters wide to the Japanese spider crab which can have a leg span up to 4 meters (about 13 feet). You can tell the difference between males and females by the shape of their abdomen.

nature.com
Fossil of oldest known baleen-whale relative unearthed in Peru
Skeleton from South America enables palaeontologists to piece together the puzzle of baleen-whale evolution.

The discovery of a whale fossil dating back to 36.4 million years ago has filled in a gaping hole in the evolution of baleen whales, a group that includes humpbacks (Megaptera novaeangliae) and blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus). The creature, named Mystacodon selenensis, is the oldest baleen-whale relative yet found.

The skeleton displays traits that place it firmly as the first baleen-whale relative known to emerge after an ancient group of whale ancestors called basilosaurids split into two: one branch led to the toothed whales, which include sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) and dolphins, and the other to baleen whales. Researchers reported their findings on 11 May in Current Biology1.

“This is the fossil that we’ve been waiting for,” says Nick Pyenson, a palaeontologist at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC. Whale fossils from this time period can answer a lot of questions that researchers have about the origins of living whale lineages, he says. They include the appearance of the earliest baleen whale ancestors.

Continue Reading.

LARGEST BALEEN WHALE MASS STRANDING IN SOUTHERN CHILE RELATED TO TOXIC ALGAL BLOOM

In March 2015, by far the largest reported mass mortality of baleen whales took place in a gulf in Southern Chile. At that moment, researchers discovered 367 dead whales, from the sector of Gulf of Penas and Puerto Natales, in Magallanes region.  

In May the scientific journal PeerJ published the final study on the mass stranding event, most of them sei whale (Balaenoptera boreal), whale species which is endangered. According to the research, led by Vreni Häussermann, the event was related to the proliferation of toxic algae during the El Niño phenomenon.

While large mass mortality events are well known for toothed whales, they have been rare in baleen whales due to their less gregarious behavior. Although in most cases the cause of mortality has not been conclusively identified, some baleen whale mortality events have been linked to bio-oceanographic conditions 

According to the study if the frequency and magnitude of mass mortality events increase due to climate change this would have a significant impact on the local population and threaten the recovery of this endangered species, which in the Southern Hemisphere was reduced by whaling from about 100,000 to 24,000 individuals by 1980.

  • Photo: SERNAPESCA
  • Reference:  Häussermann et al. 2017. Largest baleen whale mass mortality during strong El Niño event is likely related to harmful toxic algal bloom. PeerJ
instagram

Orcas!!! Video captured in Monterey Bay courtesy of Wildlife and Adventure Photographer and Videographer, Slater Moore @slatermoorephotography - Love watching the Orcas swim as a pod!! 🌊🌊🌊 Killer whales, or Orcas (Orcinus orca) are cetaceans. They are the largest dolphins in the world, called ‘whales’ because of their size. Orcas have mostly black skin with white patches.They are found in all the world’s oceans, from the cold of the Arctic to the tropical seas. They are easy to identify because of their distinctive white and black colouring.

Like all toothed whales, they are carnivores. They hunt in family groups called 'pods’. Members of the pod work together to surround their prey. Killer whales eat many different kinds of prey, such as sharks, seals, dolphins, penguins. There are several different types of Orca, each of which has different living and prey habits. They do not interbreed and seems to be subspecies or even separate species. Their behaviour and hunting techniques also differ.

Killer whales are the largest living members of the dolphin family. Males typically range from 6 to 8 metres long and weigh in excess of 6 tonnes. Females are smaller, generally ranging from 5 to 7m and weighing about 3 to 4 t. The largest male killer whale on record was 9.8 metres, weighing over 10 tonnes, while the largest female was 8.5m, weighing 7.5 t. Calves at birth weigh about 180 kilograms (400 lb) and are about 2.4 metres (7.9 ft) long. The killer whale’s large size and strength make it among the fastest marine mammals, able to reach speeds in excess of 30 knots (56 km/hr)

#Orca #SaveTheSRKW #SouthernResidentKillerWhales #SaveOurCetaceans #WildAndFree #Earthlings #NationsUnderwater #Communities #Families #NoToCaptivity #Conservation #Education #NakaweWarriors (at Monterey Bay, Ca)

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Nomen

das Meer, die See - sea
der Pazifik, der pazifische Ozean - the Pacific (Ocean)
der Atlantik, der atlantische Ozean - the Atlantic (Ocean)
die Nordsee - the North Sea
die Ostsee - the Baltic Sea
das Mittelmeer - the Mediterranean Sea
die Küste - coast
die Insel - island
die Welle - wave
der Strand - beach
die Klippe - cliff
die Gezeiten (f Pl.) - tides
die Flut - high tide
die Ebbe - low tide
die Dünen (f Pl.) - dunes
der Sand - sand
das Wasser - water
das Salzwasser - salty water
die Möwe - seagull
die Qualle - jellyfish
der Fisch - fish
der Krebs - crab
die Schnecke - snail
die Muschel - seashell
der Hai - shark
der Haifischzahn - shark tooth
der Wal - whale
der Delfin - dolphin
das Schiff - ship
das Boot - boat

Verben

schwimmen - to swim
tauchen - to dive
surfen - to surf
segeln - to sail
Boot fahren - to boat
sich sonnen - to sunbathe
rauschen - to rush
anbranden - to surge

Adjektive

blau - blue
türkis - turquoise
grün - green
grau - grey
salzig - salty
nass - wet
sandig - sandy
windig - windy
stürmisch - stormy
klar (Wasser) - clear (water)
trüb (Wasser) - murky (water)

Genießt die Ferien :)

At 19, I read a sentence that re-terraformed my head: “The level of matter in the universe has been constant since the Big Bang.”
In all the aeons we have lost nothing, we have gained nothing - not a speck, not a grain, not a breath. The universe is simply a sealed, twisting kaleidoscope that has reordered itself a trillion trillion trillion times over.
Each baby, then, is a unique collision - a cocktail, a remix - of all that has come before: made from molecules of Napoleon and stardust and comets and whale tooth; colloidal mercury and Cleopatra’s breath: and with the same darkness that is between the stars between, and inside, our own atoms.
When you know this, you suddenly see the crowded top deck of the bus, in the rain, as a miracle: this collection of people is by way of a starburst constellation. Families are bright, irregular-shaped nebulae. Finding a person you love is like galaxies colliding. We are all peculiar, unrepeatable, perambulating micro-universes - we have never been before and we will never be again. Oh God, the sheer exuberant, unlikely fact of our existences. The honour of being alive. They will never be able to make you again. Don’t you dare waste a second of it thinking something better will happen when it ends. Don’t you dare.
—  Caitlin Moran
On Science and Craft

I told @ei-lena I would do this post (herein, Rant), so here it is:


I get told, often and repeatedly, that science has nothing to do with Craft. Whenever I point out how a scientific fact correlates with, and indeed even explains some aspects of, a magical property (be it an herb, a stone, or other ingredient), I am gently admonished that, while said fact is “interesting”, it has no place in a Pagan environment. Or sometimes, the admonishment is not so gentle.

I’ve been called stupid, blasphemous, brain-washed. And not by ancient crones, bent cackling over a cauldron! By people ranging from my parents’ age (Fifties), all the way down the age spectrum to children, a decade younger than I am! People who’ll happily take advantage of explainable science to have witchy apps on their smart phones, electric votives in place of candles, a french press or coffee maker to create potions (Things that would have been considered impossible less than a century ago), but refuse to acknowledge certain aspects of magic simply being a science we don’t quite understand yet. As if having a molecular explanation for a power makes it less.

Understanding that a chemical compound comprised of trinitrotoluene being exposed to a sudden electrical charge causes a massive explosion does not lessen the devastation of that explosion!

Understanding that the crystalline structure of certain stones means they transmute energy away from or towards the source of that energy doesn’t lessen the property of that stone!

A perfect example happened to me just a few days ago. I have an antique piece of scrimshaw, and a shard of fossilized dinosaur bone. The scrimshaw was made from the tooth of a sperm whale, the bone shard appears to be from a shattered bone of a large predator (species unknown). I was searching everywhere to find what kind of Craft aspects these two pieces could provide, but I found nothing, so I went to a chat room specifically geared towards pagans etc. to ask for opinions.

Overwhelmingly, the initial reaction was that I was a horrible person for owning scrimshaw, and that by purchasing it, I might as well have killed the whale myself.

First, let me remind everyone: This is an ANTIQUE. Could be a hundred years old for all I know, I bought it in an antique store because it was SCREAMING for me to take it. I have a deep love and respect for whales, and I hate what I know must have been done to this poor creature, but leaving it there was not going to undo what had been done LONG BEFORE I WAS BORN, and the pendant CHOSE me.

I was then told, in no uncertain, bitchy tones, that ivory of any kind had absolutely NO magical properties, except for whatever was left of the animal’s spirit that remained.

Now, don’t get me wrong, I’m very aware that this tooth still contains something of the animal’s spirit. I feel him looming over me whenever I touch it, at first an angry presence, but then a guarding one. I could write novels of what I experience when touching this tooth, but that would stray too far from the topic. Other than the overwhelming persona that remains very much alive within this tooth though, I feel other properties, within the structure of the ivory itself. I asked if it was possible that, since ivory is mostly calcium, if it could have similar properties to other stones that have a very high calcium structure. Again, I was shot down, in incredibly bitchy tones and words, saying that no product of an animal could have magical properties. I then presented the question regarding my fossil piece, suggesting that, since all the organic materials have been replaced with minerals, perhaps it would have the same properties as the stone around it? I was then told that, “That’s not how magic works”.

If a fossilized bone is now molecularly identical with, say, a piece of granite, why would that fossil not have similar properties to granite that has always been granite?

Take opalized ammonite. Sure, plenty of witches I’ve met agree that opalized ammonite has similar properties to Opal. Because, gee, it’s a fossil created under the same conditions that opal is created. But I have also met plenty of witches who insist ammonite has no mystical aspects, that it’s only use is to look pretty. Where do you get your logic?!

I have asked about using shed Shark’s Teeth as wand tips, and was told that, while it would be aesthetically pleasing, it would have no impact on the wand itself, since bones and teeth have no magical properties.

But again, Shark Ivory. Calcium based substance. Theoretically, it should have similar properties to say, Calcite, Limestone, or Marble. Hell, it seems generally acknowledged that pearls have magical properties.. Pearls are, not only mostly calcium, but they are an animal by-product, as much as teeth and bone! So, scientifically speaking, if calcite and marble have magical properties, then so should teeth and bone!

And sure, one could argue that that was an isolated incident, that a group of people sharing archaic beliefs or moral prejudices ganged up on me because I was an outsider who somehow offended their sensibilities. But that doesn’t explain all the times that I’ve tried becoming active in other pagan communities in three different cities, and at one point, whenever I’ve suggested using scientific fact or theory to enhance the Craft, I was told some variation of, “You’re ruining it”.

Again, ENHANCE the Craft. Not rationalize it, not disprove it, not replace it. ENHANCE.

Understanding how something works will only HELP you use it better! Yes, I know, the science we understand in this day and age still cannot explain many things in the Craft, but the science we DO know doesn’t cancel it out, either!

Witches everywhere I have been have treated me like some kind of pariah because I’ve been interested in the science behind why this stuff works. I suggested magnetic polarity between atmosphere and earth as the ‘fuel’ behind pendulum work and dowsing. Was told by a matronly baby boomer witch that I was overthinking it. I theorized that tarot and rune stones work for divination because of primal genetic memory from a time when our ancestors painted their stories on cave walls, I was told by a superior witch who knew so much more than I did that divination was a gift from the gods and that I shouldn’t question it so much, or it wouldn’t work for me. When I thought out loud that the structure of the soil plants were grown in probably changed the properties of those plants in subtle ways, since plants absorb so much of their nutrients from that soil, I was snapped at that, I wasn’t a Green Witch, so I shouldn’t talk about things I don’t understand.

This isn’t how we should be! We should embrace the sciences we DO understand! Knowing the shapes and strengths of a crystal’s structure will help you utilize the crystal to a fuller potential, AND help you in Cleansing it properly! Because, guess what? If you don’t understand that the structural makeup of that particular crystal is mostly sodium or alkali. you’re not going to know that cleansing it in water will destroy it! BECAUSE SCIENCE.

tl;dr: To understand is not to weaken. Too often, modern witches willfully lose themselves in the dark, screaming “Science is blasphemy!” when knowledge should be embraced.

For those who don’t want to read, and want a short-short version, here’s some of the main claims:

1. Of the 8 trainers shown, one had zero experience with killer whales, the one included the most had only one year’s experience, and the most experienced trainer is pro-SeaWorld but made to look like an idiot. Several were either fired because of reckless behavior, violence towards animals or demoted from Shamu Stadium.
2. Becoming a trainer is not as easy as they make it seem.
3. SeaWorld had nothing to do with the Penn Cove capture that was talked about.
4. There is nothing proving that whales can be under a “psychosis”, and even less, that Tilikum was.
5. Tilikum was not the instigator/leader in killing Keltie.
6. Killer whales have attacked and injured people in the wild.
7. They do not live “50-100 years or more” on average. They do not live “similar to human lifespans”.
8. Whales do not have higher intelligence or higher ability to feel emotions than humans.
9. Tilikum was not isolated.
10. Kalina and Takara were not the tiny newborns shown in the clips, when they were moved.
11. Katina and Kasatka were not “screaming” (whales can’t even scream) when their daughters were moved. The whole scene with “a scientist brought in to analyze the vocals” was completely made up by a man who didn’t even work there at the time.
12. Dorsal collapse does not happen at “less than 1%” in the wild.
13. SeaWorld’s whales are not a “random collection of whales” that have been “thrown together and don’t understand each other”.
14. Rakes are not a sign of “hyper-aggression”. It is completely normal behavior in all toothed whales.
15. There has never been “a lot of killing” - not a single whale has been killed by another whale in captivity.
16. They do not swim “100 miles every day” in the wild.
17. Tilikum is not used as a “breeding machine”, and artificial insemination is not used to “get his sperm into as many females as possible across their parks” - he only ever sired two calves through AI.
18. SeaWorld did not blame Dawn - Blackfish however, clearly did.
19. Tilikum was not killing because he’s “frustrated and psychotic” - he killed because he’s a top predator who, unlike all the other whales, wasn’t trained to have humans in the water with him at an early age.
20. Blackfish doesn’t know themselves what image they’re trying to portray. First they say killer whales are naturally “incredibly friendly and intuitively want to be your companion”, showing the clip of a lost calf who only had humans for company (and thus acted like no wild whale would naturally), then they say SeaWorld is lying and trying to make money off of this “image of killer whales as cute and cuddly”.
21. And also, A) they say Tilikum is “nuts” because of his treatment at Sealand and SeaWorld, then B) they say it’s his genes, he should never be bred from, then C) they say it’s not all Tilikum, all killer whales are ticking time bombs!
22. Tilikum was not “floating lifeless in a pool”, and he was not lonely or isolated. He wa not confined to a “little jail cell”.
23. The whales are not “really bored”, they’re not “forced to perform” in “a circus environment”, and a seapen wouldn’t solve a thing, it’s a romantic idea that in reality would only create problems.

And here’s everything that’s true in Blackfish (but I strongly urge EVERYONE to read the circumstances of these points below, rather than just grabbing and running with it):

1. The captures happened (duh).
2. Tilikum came from the North Atlantic in 1983.
3. Tilikum went to Sealand of the Pacific in Canada.
4. The module was real, and as far as I know (I’ve seen nothing contradicting this), the food deprivation (at Sealand) and females bullying him was as well.
5. The whales killed trainer Keltie Byrne.
6. Killer whales have a “matriarchal society”.
7. Sealand closed after that incident, and Tilikum and the other whales (Haida 2, Nootka 4 and Kyuquot) were sold to SeaWorld.
8. Kalina was moved from her mother at the age of 4.
9. Takara was moved from her mother (but she was nowhere near a calf).
10. 100% of adult males (so far) have had collapsed dorsal fins.
11. Kandu 5 broke her upper jaw and bled to death.
12. John Sillick was crushed under Orky 2 (whose name is not mentioned).
13. Orkid and Splash pulled Tamarie in and broke her arm.
14. Kasatka pulled Ken Peters under - I shouldn’t even have to write this, the footage is right there.
15. Daniel Dukes was found dead in Tilikum’s pool one morning, with bite marks all over him and genitals eaten.
16. Four young orcas were sent over (not sold, as some like to say) to Loro Parque.
17. Keto (whose name is not mentioned) killed Alexis Martinez at Loro Parque.
18.
Tilikum pulled Dawn in and caused her death.
19.
SeaWorld declined participating in the film (if you were SeaWorld, would you have said yes?).

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

1. Opening scene

Read more…

At 19, I read a sentence that re-terraformed my head: ‘The level of matter in the universe has been constant since the Big Bang.’ In all the aeons we have lost nothing, we have gained nothing - not a speck, not a grain, not a breath. The universe is simply a sealed, twisting kaleidoscope that has reordered itself a trillion trillion trillion times over. Each baby, then, is a unique collision - a cocktail, a remix - of all that has come before: made from molecules of Napoleon and stardust and comets and whale tooth; colloidal mercury and Cleopatra’s breath: and with the same darkness that is between the stars between, and inside, our own atoms. When you know this, you suddenly see the crowded top deck of the bus, in the rain, as a miracle: this collection of people is by way of a starburst constellation. Families are bright, irregular-shaped nebulae. Finding a person you love is like galaxies colliding. We are all peculiar, unrepeatable, perambulating micro-universes - we have never been before and we will never be again. Oh God, the sheer exuberant, unlikely face of our existences. The honour of being alive. They will never be able to make you again. Don’t you dare waste a second of it thinking something better will happen when it ends. Don’t you dare.
—  Caitlin Moran (via @wizdomly)