Earth is the ultimate ocean planet (that we know of), but it turns out that our solar system has water in some surprising places, with five ocean-bearing moons and potentially several more worlds with their own oceans.
There are signs that Mars and Venus once had oceans, but something catastrophic may have wiped them out. Earth’s natural force field – our magnetosphere – acts like shield against the erosive force of the solar wind.
3. Earth, the Original Ocean World
The search for life beyond Earth relies, in large part, on understanding our home planet. Among the newest Earth ocean explorers us the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System, or CYGNSS–a constellation of microsatellites that will make detailed measurements of wind speeds over Earth’s oceans to help understand hurricanes. The spacecraft have moved into their science operations phase.
Scientists expected Saturn’s moon Enceladus to be a tiny, solid chunk of ice and rock. But, not long after arriving at Saturn, our Cassini spacecraft made a series of incremental discoveries, eventually confirming that a global subsurface ocean is venting into space, with signs of hydrothermal activity.
6. Why Ocean Worlds Matter
“The question of whether or not life exists beyond Earth, the question of whether or not biology works beyond our home planet, is one of humanity’s oldest and yet unanswered questions. And for the first time in the history of humanity, we have the tools and technology and capability to potentially answer this question. And, we know where to go to find it. Jupiter’s ocean world Europa.” - Kevin Hand, NASA Astrobiologist
7. More Alien Oceans
Scientists think Jupiter’s giant moons Ganymede and Callisto also hide oceans beneath their surfaces. Elsewhere in the solar system, scientists hope to look for hidden oceans on far-flung worlds from Ceres in the main asteroid belt to Pluto in the Kuiper Belt.
Saturn’s moon Titan not only has liquid hydrocarbon seas on its surface. It also shows signs of a global, subsurface saltwater ocean–making the giant moon a place to possibly look for life as we know it and life as we don’t know it … yet.
We invite everyone to help us celebrate Earth Day 2017 by virtually adopting a piece of Earth as seen from space. Your personalized adoption certificate will feature data from our Earth-observing satellites for a randomly assigned location, much of it ocean (it is 70 percent of the Earth’s surface after all!). Print it and share it, then explore other locations with our interactive map and get even more Earth science data from NASA’s Worldview website.
We believe in a new kind of computing. Simple, affordable, fun. Where anyone, anywhere can create with technology. The Computer Kit comes with everything you need, including a Raspberry Pi 3, step-by-step story book and hours of coding challenges. Our kit is trusted by over 700 schools worldwide.
love angels demons and death
are my mysterious inspirations as I realize
we are all just divine creative tools
alienated by technology lonesome souls
but despite all odds still magnificent
and splendid humans.
chin up, magic will be tomorrow back in your heart.
On the amorality of technology: “tools are just tools”
“Hand on my heart, I would say [technology is] neither bringing people closer together nor creating boundaries. I think it’s in human nature to both isolate yourself and to merge, and the tools are just tools. I look at farms in Iceland 150 years ago, there’d be five farms and they weren’t exactly experts in communication and they’d be snowed in and meet people twice a year… I’m exaggerating but, civilization has done a good job of bringing people together. It’s like anything, like sugar, how are you going to treat it ? You know the feeling if you’re on Facebook for too long ? You feel like trash, you stand up and it’s like what did I just do there ? But it’s a feeling ; it’s not a formula to it. That’s with every technology or tool, the nuclear bomb, or the man who discovered fire, or made the first knife. First you’re like, wow amazing, then you have to debate the morality of it and that’s part of being human. These subject matters don’t come with the tools, it’s not in the manual—it’s something we have to work out. I also see texts, especially from kids in their teens, who are really intimate and close. My generation was different. I also see amazing things.”
No, they don’t get sick of books. A lot of them have always been, and probably always will be, readers. They love discussing all things books both in and out of the library.
But they DO get annoyed when people say things like “All you do is read books all day, must be nice!” They’re ALSO collecting materials (books, movies, databases, etc.), providing programming for all ages and hopefully all demographics, going out into the community to show how the library can benefit them, teaching classes, etc.
It’s not uncommon to find ~surprises~ inside returned books — food, mold, and a few soaking wet books. They also see books with pages ripped out, weird stains on pages, and just completely ruined books. TAKE CARE OF YOUR SHIT.
Catching people in the act of fulfilling the ~sexy librarian fantasy~ isn’t as common as you’d think. They’ve definitely caught and broken up a few makeout sessions. It comes with the territory, especially if you have hidden corners and comfortable furniture. But nothing more extreme than that. However, they’ve heard that happens more frequently in libraries on college campuses.
They don’t really mind if books are a little overdue. However, it’s annoying when a book is WAY overdue. What’s worse is when patrons straight-up deny even checking a book out. C’mon, dude, let’s not make this awkward. Just secretly return it in the night drop and no one will say anything.
Despite what the media portrays, they are not constantly shushing people all day. They really only monitor the noise level in designated quiet areas. In those places, they do have to shush people sometimes, which isn’t fun. Libraries are incredibly multifaceted spaces that reflect their communities and no longer places where everyone is told to “Shhhh!” But they really don’t like scolding anyone, TBH.
And they don’t get annoyed when patrons are loud in the non-quiet areas. Public libraries have a lot of loud programs (ex: children’s programs are almost always loud), so it comes with the territory. Libraries are more than what people used to think of them as. There are science experiments and movies and music and lots of other awesome stuff going on in them!
They love giving recommendations, so don’t be afraid to ask. They love giving book recommendations (or what us library-types call a “reader’s advisory”). It’s honestly one of their favorite parts of the job. If you’re looking for a new book to read, ask your librarian!
A big challenge for librarians in public libraries is providing fun, resourceful things on a tight budget. Having a limited or small budget and wanting to provide ALL THE THINGS is difficult. Thankfully, librarians are resourceful and pretty badass in their desire to promote knowledge and open access to information for all.
Nothing beats finding out they’ve helped someone succeed. Once they had a regular patron pass his nursing exam that he had been coming to the library daily for months to study for. He asked them to read the computer screen that showed he passed. That was a great thing to be a part of, albeit from a distance, as just providing a safe, comfortable place and the technology and tools for him to study.
They really do love helping people. That could be helping a child find books that will encourage their love to read, showing someone how to use computers to help them gain job skills, or providing tools on helping someone go back to school or where to go for somewhere safe and warm to sleep for the night.
They also *LOVE* hosting events for the community. Seeing the community get involved and enjoy the programs is a big thing for a lot of them. Also, they usually put on programs that they’d want to attend, so it’s a double win!
They’re not terribly offended with the nerd stereotype. Mostly, librarians are rebels and justice warriors with really good searching and organizing skills.
They don’t mind trying their best to help you find a book based on only the cover, but it does help if you have more information. It’s not easy, but they try.
They appreciate when patrons do nice things for them, but the main way to keep your favorite library going is letting your local government know. They’ve received thank-you notes, flowers, etc., and they always appreciate them, but they also try to tell people to support your librarians by using your library and letting your local government know that you love the library and want to see more money go toward purchasing items and bringing in new resources.