tools & technology

Solar System: Things to Know This Week

Earth is the ultimate ocean planet (that we know of), but it turns out that our solar system has water in some surprising places, with five ocean-bearing moons and potentially several more worlds with their own oceans. 

1. The Original “Alien Ocean”

Our Galileo spacecraft (1989-2003) detected the first evidence of an ocean beyond Earth under the ice of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa.

2. Lost Oceans

There are signs that Mars and Venus once had oceans, but something catastrophic may have wiped them out. Earth’s natural force field – our magnetosphere – acts like shield against the erosive force of the solar wind.

3. Earth, the Original Ocean World

The search for life beyond Earth relies, in large part, on understanding our home planet. Among the newest Earth ocean explorers us the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System, or CYGNSS–a constellation of microsatellites that will make detailed measurements of wind speeds over Earth’s oceans to help understand hurricanes. The spacecraft have moved into their science operations phase.

4. Sister Ships

It’s fitting the first mission to explore an alien ocean is named in honor of fast-sailing clipper ships of old. Our Europa Clipper spacecraft will seek signs of habitability on Jupiter’s moon Europa.

5. Game Changer

Scientists expected Saturn’s moon Enceladus to be a tiny, solid chunk of ice and rock. But, not long after arriving at Saturn, our Cassini spacecraft made a series of incremental discoveries, eventually confirming that a global subsurface ocean is venting into space, with signs of hydrothermal activity.

6. Why Ocean Worlds Matter

“The question of whether or not life exists beyond Earth, the question of whether or not biology works beyond our home planet, is one of humanity’s oldest and yet unanswered questions. And for the first time in the history of humanity, we have the tools and technology and capability to potentially answer this question. And, we know where to go to find it. Jupiter’s ocean world Europa.” - Kevin Hand, NASA Astrobiologist

7. More Alien Oceans

Scientists think Jupiter’s giant moons Ganymede and Callisto also hide oceans beneath their surfaces. Elsewhere in the solar system, scientists hope to look for hidden oceans on far-flung worlds from Ceres in the main asteroid belt to Pluto in the Kuiper Belt.

8. Cold Faithful(s)?

Thanks to our Cassini orbiter we know the tiny moon Enceladus is venting its ocean into space in a towering, beautiful plume. The Hubble Space Telescope also has seen tantalizing hints of plumes on Jupiter’s moon Europa. Plumes are useful because they provide samples of ocean chemistry for oceans that could be miles below the surface and difficult for spacecraft to reach. It’s like they’re giving out free samples!

9. Titanic Seas and Ocean

Saturn’s moon Titan not only has liquid hydrocarbon seas on its surface. It also shows signs of a global, subsurface saltwater ocean–making the giant moon a place to possibly look for life as we know it and life as we don’t know it … yet.

10. Oceans Beyond

Several of the thousands of planets discovered beyond our solar system orbit their stars in zones where liquid surface water is possible–including Proxima-b, a rocky planet orbiting the star nearest to our own.

BONUS: Adopt a bit of YOUR Ocean World

We invite everyone to help us celebrate Earth Day 2017 by virtually adopting a piece of Earth as seen from space. Your personalized adoption certificate will feature data from our Earth-observing satellites for a randomly assigned location, much of it ocean (it is 70 percent of the Earth’s surface after all!). Print it and share it, then explore other locations with our interactive map and get even more Earth science data from NASA’s Worldview website.

Visit go.nasa.gov/adopt to adopt your piece of the planet today!

Discover more lists of 10 things to know about our solar system HERE.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

The Planets in a Natal Chart

The Sun

  • The Ego
  • The Sense of self
  • Self Identity
  • Vitality (Health)
  • Consciousness
  • Self Expression
  • Your inner core
  • Recognition
  • The Father/Authority figure/Males
  • Creative expression
  • Confidence

The Moon

  • The inner self
  • Your emotional state
  • What you need to feel happy, safe, and secure
  • Your automatic reactions/responses
  • Instincts
  • Receptivity
  • Habits
  • Childhood experiences
  • How you nurture others
  • How you wish to be nurtured
  • Moods
  • The mother/women
  • The public
  • Food/drink
  • Domestic affairs
  • Family
  • The Home
  • Fertility
  • Clothing

Mercury

  • Communication/Speech
  • Thought process and cognitive thinking
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Comprehension
  • Assortment and understanding of information
  • Short distance travel (under an hour from home location)
  • Reasoning and logic
  • Eloquence
  • Perception
  • Memory
  • Youth
  • Legal documents
  • Books
  • Technology
  • Communication tools and devices (from a phone to a pen)

Venus

  • What you love
  • How you love
  • How you attract (who and what you want)
  • Beauty and aesthetics
  • Art, music and fashionable clothing + jewellery
  • Charisma and sociability
  • Female sexual energy (sensual)
  • Harmony and charm
  • Pleasurable food
  • Pleasurable intercourse
  • Dancing
  • Poetry (combined with Mercury)
  • Singing
  • Cosmetics and hair products  
  • Money and wealth
  • Women/females
  • Values

Mars

  • Energy and drive
  • Will power
  • The act of sex
  • Passion
  • Physical vitality
  • Aggression
  • Men/males
  • Sexuality
  • Lust
  • Action
  • Male sexual energy (sexual)
  • Impatience
  • Sharp instruments
  • Weapons
  • War
  • Quarrels

Jupiter

  • Expansion
  • Optimism
  • Luck
  • Wealth
  • Prosperity
  • Higher learning and knowledge
  • Good fortune
  • Faith
  • Philosophy
  • Excess
  • Distant travel (over an hour from home)
  • Generosity
  • Cornucopia
  • Religion
  • Happiness

Saturn

  • Blocks and delays
  • Time
  • Maturity
  • Authority figures
  • The elderly
  • Difficulties
  • Fears
  • Limitation, control and consolidation
  • Boundaries
  • Building things (either physically or metaphorically)
  • Goals and ambitions
  • Discipline and direction
  • Wisdom
  • Denial and hardship
  • Responsibility
  • Restriction
  • Karma
  • The father (more so than the sun as it is opposite the moon)

Uranus

  • Chaos
  • Eccentricity
  • Rebellion
  • Changed
  • Originally and invention
  • Unpredictability
  • Non-conformity
  • Higher intelligence
  • Intuition
  • Change and liberation
  • Genius
  • Technology and electricity
  • Metaphysics
  • Science
  • Sci-fi
  • The future
  • Astrology

Neptune

  • Psychic power
  • Dreams
  • Illusion and delusion
  • Mysticism
  • Fine art and music
  • Dance and acting
  • Confusion
  • Photography and film
  • No boundaries
  • Inspiration
  • Ecstasy
  • Romance
  • Enlightenment
  • Addiction
  • Glamour
  • Impressionability
  • Savour, victim and martyrdom
  • Drugs, alcohol and poisons
  • The ocean
  • Weakness
  • Thieves and lies
  • Platonic love
  • Charity
  • Religion
  • Sacrifice
  • Meditation
  • The unconscious
  • Compassion
  • Abnormalities
  • Secrets
  • Suffering and victimisation

Pluto

  • Obsession
  • Possession
  • Birth, death and transformation
  • Destruction
  • Total control
  • Power
  • Abuse
  • Regeneration
  • Elimination
  • Taboo
  • Pollution
  • Compulsion
  • The deep unconscious mind (the dark side of it)
  • Decay
  • Psychology and psychoanalysis
  • Extremes
  • Intensity
  • Research
  • Drastic changes
  • Crime
  • Violence
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Black magic
  • Occult
  • Witchcraft
  • Deep connective sex
  • Passionate and animalistic sex
  • Pure lust
  • Blind passion
  • Horror and deep psychotic fears

©ellie-mae-astrology Tumblr

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Kano Computer Kit

We believe in a new kind of computing. Simple, affordable, fun. Where anyone, anywhere can create with technology. The Computer Kit comes with everything you need, including a Raspberry Pi 3, step-by-step story book and hours of coding challenges. Our kit is trusted by over 700 schools worldwide.

On the amorality of technology: “tools are just tools”

“Hand on my heart, I would say [technology is] neither bringing people closer together nor creating boundaries. I think it’s in human nature to both isolate yourself and to merge, and the tools are just tools. I look at farms in Iceland 150 years ago, there’d be five farms and they weren’t exactly experts in communication and they’d be snowed in and meet people twice a year… I’m exaggerating but, civilization has done a good job of bringing people together. It’s like anything, like sugar, how are you going to treat it ? You know the feeling if you’re on Facebook for too long ? You feel like trash, you stand up and it’s like what did I just do there ? But it’s a feeling ; it’s not a formula to it. That’s with every technology or tool, the nuclear bomb, or the man who discovered fire, or made the first knife. First you’re like, wow amazing, then you have to debate the morality of it and that’s part of being human. These subject matters don’t come with the tools, it’s not in the manual—it’s something we have to work out. I also see texts, especially from kids in their teens, who are really intimate and close. My generation was different. I also see amazing things.”

Björk, Noisey (2017)

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Multi Tool Utility iPhone Case

This product is a real multi functional case which adds new value to the fact that our phone is one of the things which is always with us. So why not add a whole lot of functionality to it.

~secrets that librarians will never tell you~
  • No, they don’t get sick of books. A lot of them have always been, and probably always will be, readers. They love discussing all things books both in and out of the library.
  • But they DO get annoyed when people say things like “All you do is read books all day, must be nice!” They’re ALSO collecting materials (books, movies, databases, etc.), providing programming for all ages and hopefully all demographics, going out into the community to show how the library can benefit them, teaching classes, etc.
  • It’s not uncommon to find ~surprises~ inside returned books — food, mold, and a few soaking wet books. They also see books with pages ripped out, weird stains on pages, and just completely ruined books. TAKE CARE OF YOUR SHIT.
  • Catching people in the act of fulfilling the ~sexy librarian fantasy~ isn’t as common as you’d think. They’ve definitely caught and broken up a few makeout sessions. It comes with the territory, especially if you have hidden corners and comfortable furniture. But nothing more extreme than that. However, they’ve heard that happens more frequently in libraries on college campuses.
  • They don’t really mind if books are a little overdue. However, it’s annoying when a book is WAY overdue. What’s worse is when patrons straight-up deny even checking a book out. C’mon, dude, let’s not make this awkward. Just secretly return it in the night drop and no one will say anything.
  • Despite what the media portrays, they are not constantly shushing people all day. They really only monitor the noise level in designated quiet areas. In those places, they do have to shush people sometimes, which isn’t fun. Libraries are incredibly multifaceted spaces that reflect their communities and no longer places where everyone is told to “Shhhh!” But they really don’t like scolding anyone, TBH.
  • And they don’t get annoyed when patrons are loud in the non-quiet areas. Public libraries have a lot of loud programs (ex: children’s programs are almost always loud), so it comes with the territory. Libraries are more than what people used to think of them as. There are science experiments and movies and music and lots of other awesome stuff going on in them!
  • They love giving recommendations, so don’t be afraid to ask. They love giving book recommendations (or what us library-types call a “reader’s advisory”). It’s honestly one of their favorite parts of the job. If you’re looking for a new book to read, ask your librarian!
  • A big challenge for librarians in public libraries is providing fun, resourceful things on a tight budget. Having a limited or small budget and wanting to provide ALL THE THINGS is difficult. Thankfully, librarians are resourceful and pretty badass in their desire to promote knowledge and open access to information for all.
  • Nothing beats finding out they’ve helped someone succeed. Once they had a regular patron pass his nursing exam that he had been coming to the library daily for months to study for. He asked them to read the computer screen that showed he passed. That was a great thing to be a part of, albeit from a distance, as just providing a safe, comfortable place and the technology and tools for him to study.
  • They really do love helping people. That could be helping a child find books that will encourage their love to read, showing someone how to use computers to help them gain job skills, or providing tools on helping someone go back to school or where to go for somewhere safe and warm to sleep for the night.
  • They also *LOVE* hosting events for the community. Seeing the community get involved and enjoy the programs is a big thing for a lot of them. Also, they usually put on programs that they’d want to attend, so it’s a double win!
  • They’re not terribly offended with the nerd stereotype. Mostly, librarians are rebels and justice warriors with really good searching and organizing skills.
  • They don’t mind trying their best to help you find a book based on only the cover, but it does help if you have more information. It’s not easy, but they try.
  • They appreciate when patrons do nice things for them, but the main way to keep your favorite library going is letting your local government know. They’ve received thank-you notes, flowers, etc., and they always appreciate them, but they also try to tell people to support your librarians by using your library and letting your local government know that you love the library and want to see more money go toward purchasing items and bringing in new resources.
Headcanon: Dating Bruce Wayne.

▫ you would never thought that you would date Bruce Wayne

▪ because before you know about his life as Batman and all the other stuff he was a complete asshole for you

▪ always doing parties, having many girls over and being cocksure of himself

▪ but when you get to know him there’s so much more than the arrogant billionaire

▫ being Bruce’s companion at parties

▪ the press is talking/writing only about you because: Bruce Wayne always was alone at parties, so what makes this woman/man so special to bring them with him?

▫ also being with him at public events from Wayne Enterprises

▪ first he wasn’t really convinced about the idea of you being with him because he wanted to keep work and his lovelife apart

▪ but he realized that if he’s with you he’s quiet nice and it gives more confidents at bad days

▫ Alfred being really happy that there’s finally a light in Bruce’s life

▪ he tells you some embarrasing stories of Bruce

▪ you sometimes sass at Bruce together (which makes Bruce even more grumpy than he already is)

▪ even when Alfred was a little wary first, you both are now really good friends and you can always count on him

▫ Bruce getting easily jealous

▪ even when he’s the one who all the girls want

▫ you find out that he’s Batman

▪ either you get in some way in the Batcave or it’s just a feeling that puts all the hints together

▪ no matter how you find out it’s never from himself, he never tells you that he’s Batman because he’s too afraid of the consequences that can happen

▪ so when you ask him if he’s Batman, he doesn’t even deny it because you didn’t ask him jokenly, instead you’re deadserious

▪ you both would talk the whole night long, of course would you be angry and disappointed since he didn’t told you it, but when he explained why he kept this secret you understand a little

▫ so you start helpeing him and Alfred with the Batman stuff, even tho he doesn’t want it

▪ Alfred introduces you to all the tools, technology and weapons and how you can communicate with Bruce

▪ what becomes your ‘job’ from the team, while Alfred and Lucius are busy with the other things

▫ Bruce always buying you expensive stuff

▪ sometimes for a reason like as excuse because he’s always away because of the crime at the moment, but then he gives it to you on just a regular day

▫ being with the ‘real’ Bruce Wayne

▪ the Bruce who’s caring, full of love for the humanity and would do anything for justice

youtube

How cool is this? A very clear way to explain how vital (literally) effective compressions are in perfusing the brain, and why deep, continuous compressions save lives.