Then I decided: I must forget Laotian. Forget the French I was educated in. Forget Hmong! I must think only in English, only about learning American ways. I struggled along OK in the daytime, but I dreamt every night in Hmong or Lao. It took me three years to dream in English, and those dreams, too, are about the refugee camps, about running away from my country.
— Tony Vang, executive director of the Lao Family Community in Fresno, CA