Harmonograph, H. Irwine Whitty, 1893

“The facts that musical notes are due to regular air-pulses, and that the pitch of the note depends on the frequency with which these pulses succeed each other, are too well known to require any extended notice. But although these phenomena and their laws have been known for a very long time, Chladni, late in the last century, was the first who discovered that there was a connection between sound and form.”

source here

Tone/Attitude Words

accusatory -charging of wrong doing apathetic-indifferent due to lack of energy or concern awe-solemn wonder bitter-exhibiting strong animosity as a result of pain or grief cynical-questions the basic sincerity and goodness of people condescension; condescending-a feeling of superiority callous-unfeeling, insensitive to feelings of others contemplative-studying, thinking, reflecting on an issue critical-finding fault choleric-hot-tempered, easily angered contemptuous-showing or feeling that something is worthless or lacks respect caustic-intense use of sarcasm; stinging, biting conventional-lacking spontaneity, originality, and individuality disdainful-scornful didactic-author attempts to educate or instruct the reader derisive-ridiculing, mocking earnest-intense, a sincere state of mind erudite-learned, polished, scholarly fanciful-using the imagination forthright -directly frank without hesitation gloomy-darkness, sadness, rejection haughty-proud and vain to the point of arrogance indignant-marked by anger aroused by injustice intimate-very familiar judgmental-authoritative and often having critical opinions jovial-happy lyrical-expressing a poet’s inner feelings; emotional; full of images; song-like matter-of-fact–accepting of conditions; not fanciful or emotional mocking-treating with contempt or ridicule morose-gloomy, sullen, surly, despondent malicious-purposely hurtful objective-an unbiased view-able to leave personal judgments aside optimistic-hopeful, cheerful obsequious-polite and obedient in order to gain something patronizing-air of condescension pessimistic-seeing the worst side of things; no hope quizzical-odd, eccentric, amusing ribald-offensive in speech or gesture reverent-treating a subject with honor and respect ridiculing-slightly contemptuous banter; making fun of reflective-illustrating innermost thoughts and emotions sarcastic-sneering, caustic sardonic-scornfully and bitterly sarcastic satiric-ridiculing to show weakness in order to make a point, teach sincere-without deceit or pretense; genuine solemn-deeply earnest, tending  sanguineous -optimistic, cheerful whimsical-odd, strange, fantastic; fun

*Exactly* How to Create and Control Tone

I’m going to be honest, tone is something I struggle with in my writing. In some scenes, it can be a huge stumbling block for me. I get how it works, but sometimes I just can’t find it. Those days are over (hopefully) because now I have a post (this one) written out that explains it to myself, which will be better and more accurate than trying to pull it from my head when I’m already confused. So if you’ve had trouble with tone, no worries, this article nails it all down.

I’m going to cover what tone is, how to create it, how to keep control of it, what to do if your tone goes sour, and how to actually change or juggle tones in a scene. I’ll also talk about how the right tone will let you get away with just about anything.

Maybe you are like how I use to be: thinking that tone isn’t really something you need to worry yourself over. It’ll just happen, you think. You’ll just write your story and whatever the tone is, is whatever the tone is. It’s what came naturally.

It’s not that this attitude is wrong–I’ve seen plenty of published writing where the author couldn’t have paid tone any mind–it’s that you are cutting yourself and your writing short by ignoring tone. Maybe you already have great writing skills. Cool. But you can make them better by paying attention and mastering the element of tone.

I used to lump tone and voice together. While they overlap and play off each other, they aren’t the same thing. To understand voice better and how it works,  go visit my article on how to create it (remember, what the character thinks/says + how she thinks/says it = voice). Tone is different.

Tone has to do with feelings. It’s the attitude the author, narrator, or viewpoint character has in the passage. You can have a sympathetic tone, a humorous tone, an arrogant tone, or a sarcastic tone.

There are really three components that create tone.

Creating and Controlling Tone

Consistent (Emotional) Beats 

“Beat” can be a somewhat ambiguous term in the writing world–like so many others. But here, today in this post, “beat” means a small, tiny, little moment in a story. It can be a line of dialogue, an action your character takes, or a description, for example. It’s that tiny, little moment or micro-concept in a story. It can be as short as a few words. When I say “emotional beat,” a mean a beat the evokes a specific emotion. A humor beat. A sympathetic beat. A romance beat. Here is what a romantic beat might look like:

As she handed him the snow globe, their fingers accidentally touched.

In order to create the right tone you want, you need the right beats. You need at least three beats of that tone to establish that tone, then you just need enough to keep it going.

So if we are going to go with creating a romantic tone, you’d want to add a few more romantic beats, preferably each one carrying more intensity. So somewhere in the opening of our scene, we might add these beats:

He wanted to run his hand through her hair.

She stared deep into his eyes.

They were so close, he could count her freckles.

Three beats establish the tone. If you need to sustain that tone throughout the scene, you’ll need to continue putting beats in that speak to that tone. If you want to keep the scene romantic, you need to continue feeding in romantic beats. Just make sure there is some variety or increased intensity so it doesn’t become stale. For example, you wouldn’t want kissing to be the only beat you use for a romantic tone. After the first three kisses, it’s going to lose its impact, unless you can vary and twist the kisses so that each one feels fresh. Don’t forget that the setting can add to the sense of romance too. That could give you some variety to pull from. Other than physicality, conversation and internal understanding can be romantic too.

An emotional beat can either be:

1. a micro-concept (meaning the beat’s content/concept) of that tone


2. some content rendered in a way that evokes those emotions



How Content Creates Tone 

So the first option has to do with content. It’s easier to create romantic micro-concepts when the content of the scene itself is set-up for them. If I need a scene to feel romantic, it will be easier to do that if my characters are alone at a beautiful outlook than if they are driving a garbage truck together. Yeah, the latter can still be done, but you are going to have to work at least twice as hard to create the romantic beats you need in order to have a romantic tone, because not only is a garbage truck not romantic, it actually takes away from any kind romantic moment you have, so you have to work extra hard to compensate that. If you have a scene that you want to feel eerie, it’ll probably be better to try to set it in a cemetery, morgue, or abandoned house, than a grocery store, arcade, or fast food place.

Keep reading

How To Write in a Conversational Tone – A Step-by-Step Guide
Remember the time in high school when your teachers taught you how to write in a conversational style? No? Of course not. Because it has never happened. And yet, in the online world, writing in a conversational tone seems to be the key that unlocks the hearts of your readers. In the previous post, I talked about seven mistakes that dehumanize your writing. Today, I’d like to dig deeper into the process of humanizing your brand through writing in a conversational tone.

Sundays are best spend doing fun projects, or relaxing and stretching your body with fun, easy workouts. Here’s a little sneak peak into my latest Stretch & Tone workout routines.
1. One leg bicycle x 20 reps on each leg
2. Crab leg swing to plank leg extended hip stretch x 10 reps on each leg
3. Swiss ball combo x 5 sets

It’s going to be a short but sweet little session. If that leaves you hungry for more, then do the full routine with more exercises in the ZGYM (at ZuzkaLight.com) see you there! 😜♥️ have great rest of the weekend.
#workout #video #exercise #stretch #tone #fatburn #abs #sixpack #zuzkalight #zgym #workoutmotivation #fitness #fitnessmotivation

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