tombs of nobles

The Conceptualisation of Death and the Afterlife in ancient Egypt

Death was very much present in and a part of ancient Egyptian daily life. From an Egyptian religious point of view, ultimate death, or non-existence, was the worst fate imaginable. Avoiding this fate was the common thread in funerary culture throughout the history of ancient Egypt. To a Western mind this may seem an “obsession” with death, while in reality it was rather a preoccupation with life in all its forms. Although the ancient Egyptian concepts of the afterlife were subject to change over the course of its roughly 6 millennia of history, I’ll attempt to give you a “quick and dirty” overview below. (Though to be honest, I doubt I can keep this below 2,000 words.) I’ll tackle Pharaonic history – that is to say, the period roughly between 2700 and 1000 BC, since that is my area of expertise.

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A sakura tree on 鰐塚古墳WANIZUKA KOHUN (wanizuka  ancient tomb)

古墳 is a old tomb where emperors,the nobles or   influential persons at that district are berried. Sometimes it take a shape like a mound.
WANIZUKA KOHUN is located in Nirasaki City, Yamanashi Pref. In front of 武田八幡神社 (TAKEDA HACHIMAN shrine), you can see the gentle slope going down.So from the shrine you can see rural landscape. In that scenery you would find a huge and beautiful cherry tree. There is a mound, and on it you will find the tree. (Sorry, I visited this tree long long ago, so the quality of photos is very poor. I took its photos in spring and summer more than 15 years ago )This shrine was established in A.D.822, and later Takeda family, a famous samurai leader, worshiped this shrine.

About 武田TAKEDA family and sakura and tomb I have other episodes.
to be continued ,,,(^-^) 


Userhat recieves offerings, alongside his wife and Mother.

Userhat, a commoner of the 19th Dynasty, had a most unusual position, apparently with grave responsibilities. He was called Neferhabef, “First prophet of the Royal Ka of Tuthmosis I”. Of course in ancient Egypt, the Ka was a person’s soul. Actually, this means that he served in the cult temple of Tuthmosis I, probably “the Mansion of the Ka of Aakheperkare, as the Temple of Thutmosis was named. He actually served during the reigns of Ramesses I and Seti I. We know that his mother and father were Khensem and Tausert, that he had another wife named Shepset (Hatshepsut), along with two other wives and probably one son and one daughter. The names of the second two wives, however, were obliterated from his tomb, TT 51, in the area know as the Tombs of the Nobles on the West Bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes). This tomb is not to be confused with an apparent other Userhat who occupied tomb number 56.

Hassan Fathy -  Gouache for New Gourna, 1945-47

“As an architect’s plans are all line drawings, I thought that I could place against my design drawings of the flora and fauna of the district, done simply, like Ancient Egyptian drawings, and I was certain that these pictures of palm tree or cow as seen in the Tombs of the Nobles would set off the honesty or show up the falsity of the buildings.”

Hassan Fathy

No more noble aspirations. No more crystal castles. No more elavation. Without practice, they all lead nowhere, the same nowhere I’m residing in without them, just worse for that bitter flavour of missing out on something that was never even within my reach. Fuck that.

A pottery figure of an ancestor, from the Zapotec culture (circa 200 BCE to 800 CE). Offering vessels like this one have been found in the tombs of high-ranking Zapotec lords and noblewomen in the Oaxaca Valley in Mexico. Zapotec nobles were buried in tombs set around the central plaza of their capital at Monte Albán, which was founded in the 500s BCE and flourished between the 200s and 600s CE. This imposing site was located on the top of a hill with views of the Oaxaca Valley and surrounding mountains. The non-noble Zapotec population, whose work fed and enriched the nobles, at its height numbered around 25,000. They lived on the terraced slopes in the valley below the mountain.

Royal ancestor worship was the focus of Zapotec belief and ceremonial practice and the powerful figures depicted on offering vessels are thought to represent these ancestors, rather than deities. Ancestry was very, very important to the Zapotec as power and wealth were passed on using genealogy and ancestral lines, similar to the European monarchies we were all taught about in history class. One way archaeologists know ancestry was important was the finding of many figurines of ancestors, like this one. They have been found inside noble tombs, positioned alongside bodies, as well as in niches in the walls. Figurines have also been found buried in the floors of ceremonial centers, seemingly as offerings. This particular example has an interesting chest ornament: a glyph or sculpted symbol of a day in the 260-day Zapotec ritual calendar. (image © Trustees of the British Museum)