tolpuddle martyrs

On This Day: March 18
  • 1834: The six Tolpuddle Martyrs, agricultural workers from Dorset, England, are sentenced to deportation for forming a union.
  • 1844: Mikelis Avlichos is born in Lixouri, Greece.
  • 1848: Major demonstration in Berlin leads to barricades and the beginning of the 1848 March revolution.
  • 1871: The people of Paris rise up and seize control, forming the Paris Commune
  • 1898: Matilda Joslyn Gage died. Campaigner for women’s suffrage, Native American rights and abolition of slavery.
  • 1904: Margaret Tucker an Australian campaigner for indigenous rights and founder of the Australian Aborigines’ League is born.
  • 1915: Public demonstration outside the German Reichstag in Berlin against war-induced inflation.
  • 1916: Stockholm Youth League of socialists organises an anti-war conference.
  • 1921: Red Army crushes sailor revolt at Kronstadt Navel Base, Russia.
  • 1922: Rev Fred Shuttlesworth is born. Civil Rights activist central to anti-racist struggle in Birmingham Alabama and Freedom Rides.
  • 1922: In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience.
  • 1937: Police evicted striking retail clerks occupying a New York Woolworth’s for the 40-hour week.
  • 1953: Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist, was born.
  • 1970: US postal strike begins, one of largest wildcat strikes in US history involving over 200,000 workers.
  • 1990: The first and only free elections in the German Democratic Republic take place after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
  • 1992: A referendum in South Africa abolished apartheid.
  • 1996: OPP riot squad attack and beat peaceful OPSEU pickets at the Whitney Block garage ramp at Queen’s Park in Toronto.
  • 2001: Activists run a conference to set up a New Zealand branch of the Peoples Global Action (PGA), an international anti-globalisation network. Initiated by Aotearoa Educators and Committee for the Establishment of Civilisation, the conference involved Tino Rangatiratanga activists who had been involved in PGA at a global level since February 1998.
  • 2005: 2005 Quebec Student Strike: The École des Hautes Études Commerciales de Montréal and McGill University undergraduates Students’ Society of McGill University joined the strike for 24 symbolic hours.