tolpuddle martyrs

On This Day: April 21

World Fish Migration Day

  • 1792: Tiradentes, a Brazilian revolutionary influenced by Rousseau and American Revolution, executed for leading independence movement.
  • 1834: 30,000 march protesting imprisonment of Tolpuddle Martyrs, who unionized to protect their wages.
  • 1841: Anselmo Lorenzo is born in Toledo, Spain. He was a defining figure in the early Spanish Anarchist movement, earning the often quoted sobriquet “the grandfather of Spanish anarchism,” in the words of Murray Bookchin; “his contribution to the spread of Anarchist ideas in Barcelona and Andalusia over the decades was enormous”.
  • 1856: Stonemasons and building workers in Melbourne achieve an eight-hour day, the first organized workers in the world to achieve an 8-hour day, with no loss of pay.
  • 1879: Birth of Raden Ayu Kartini a prominent pioneer in the area of women’s rights for Indonesians.
  • 1894: Start of the US national eight-week Bituminous Coal Miners’ strike.
  • 1898: Errico Malatesta and others stood trial for criminal conspiracy in Italy.
  • 1908: Anarchist poet Carlos Pezoa Véliz dies in Santiago, Chile.
  • 1913: André Soudy, a member of the Bonnot Gang, was executed.
  • 1921: Police fire on IWW-organised striking miners at Neversweat mine in Butte, Montana. Two are killed and thirteen are wounded.
  • 1939: Birth of Helen Prejean. She was an activist against the Death Penalty.
  • 1972: During the Quebec general strike, the Quebec government passed Bill 19 into law, forcing the unionised workers back to work, and banned fundamental trade union rights for a period of two years.
  • 1989: In Beijing about 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate reform leader Hu Yaobang leading to democracy protests.
  • 1997: 2,500 Goodyear Tire United Steelworkers union workers start three week strike in plants across US for job security, wages and benefits
  • 2003: Death of Nina Simone, singer, songwriter, musician and civil rights activist.
  • 2011: Shanghai truck drivers enter second day of protest against inflation.
  • 2013: Death of Leopold Engleitner an Austrian conscientious objector, Jehovah’s Witness and Holocaust survivor.