to equivalence class

anonymous asked:

Could you do IDW Perceptor, Prowl, Brainstorm, and Ratchet finding out their human s/o is pregnant with their baby head canons please? I hope this isn't breaking any rules.

( Melly’s Mod Notes: You didn’t break any rules at all, lovely anon! No need to fret over that and aaaaaah this is adorable I love babies and family dynamics so much. Thank you for sending in this request!! )


✦ He automatically asks to see any tests or results to prove this statement. Then he triple checks them, confers with some experts, and then runs his own version of a pregnancy test to be sure. This takes three days to complete and involves a lot of peeing on the human’s end and they’re tired and want to rest. Perceptor please. In the end the science is impossible to deny- They are pregnant.

✦ This is new frontier for anyone and he is not interested in his human getting hurt. He wants to be a sire, he really does, but one can never be too careful in preparation. Will do his research on how to look after a pregnant human and what they need to do so they and their child are healthy and happy. He won’t force them to do anything they don’t like. Will try to backup his suggestions and course of action with SCIENCE to make them see reason.

✦ Does his best to be supportive during the birthing process, coaching his human and letting them hold their hand so tight that they actually dent the metal of his servo and digits. It still leaves a mark on him though - The screaming, the look of pain and discomfort on his human’s face, the occasional look of worry and doubt Ratchet and First Aid give to each other when the delivery starts to get difficult. He later on starts drawing up schematics and begins making inventions so future couples have a easier time during delivery.

✦ Their baby is a very active one, always wiggling about and need some stimulation be it noise or colour. As a result the lab is both the best and worst place for the child so Perceptor and/or the human need to keep a sharp eye on them if their bundle of joy makes a visit to their sire. Brainstorm more or less gives himself the role of godfather when the human explains the concept to him. Neither they nor Percy were actually planning to give that to him but okay Stormy, if you wanna. Now Perceptor has to go through every single one of the toys and gifts to make sure he’s disarmed them.

✦ The human will need to deal with him being overprotective of them and the baby for the first few years. He knows that others will know sooner or later and some may want to get their hands on the first hybrid of a Cybertronian and human for nefarious purposes. As a result every time the baby wakes up crying, his old Wrecker-instincts kick in and he has his sniper rifle at the ready. Perceptor. Perceptor no. Perceptor please. The baby- The baby just wants a bottle of energon. Yes they are sure. No you don’t need to do a security sweep of the home Perceptor please stay in bed.


✦ Attempting to tell Prowl that they’re pregnant will only result in him going, ‘Pffft!’ because it’s not possible for a Cybertronian and human to have a child. The biological differences are too great. Did Rodimus tell them to try and pull this prank on him because it shows the lack of effort he usually gives. The human, after scolding Prowl for speaking like that to someone who isn’t around, will need to force him to come along with them to the medbay when they go get a check up from Ratchet to confirm this. He’s just stunned. Enough for his police sirens to go off in shock and shave off fifty vorns out of a nearby Velocity.

✦ He is very meticulous in his research and do his best to be supportive of his human during pregnancy and delivery since this is a taxing expreience to go through. Very quiet and calm during the birth for which Ratchet is grateful for during the bumpier parts of the process. That isn’t too say he’s tense. Inside this poor ‘bot is freaking out and one can see the signs if they look closely enough. His door wings flutter in anxiety when a particular contraction causes his human to scream out in pain and he needs to keep his calm from keeping his sirens blasting. He’s scared and unsure and angry over the fact he’s scared and unsure but he will not be forced out of the room. His human and his baby need him.

✦ There was an agreement between Prowl and the human that the baby will have a Cybertonian name and a human name so it’s easier for his human when filing documents and papers and the like. The human, naturally, picks the human name and the name is a variation of a detective character from a popular mystery series that they’re a fan of. The Cybertronian name is still work-in-progress because Prowl no you can’t just call the sparkling Prowl 2.0 sTOP.

✦ A surprisingly happy family now that Prowl has something to focus his energies on that isn’t planning strategies and clandestine plots. The baby seems so serious and stern despite being a squishy bean so he gets a lot of teasing from his human that there can be no doubt that this is his child. The baby is a quick learner too, mostly through visual aid and by copying the actions of their sire and creator. (His human does to pull him aside one day and have a Talk about body language. Apparently the baby does Very Rude Door Wing Gestures whenever they’re around Optimus now.)

✦ He knows he doesn’t have the best reputation with… um… with everyone he comes across thanks to things he had done in the past. At first he was fine with it because he got things done. Now that he has a family he loves and cherishes… the idea that someone will harm his human and their child because of him keeps him up at night. He’ll do whatever it takes to protect the two and the human will need to make sure he doesn’t tip over the edge when doing so. The baby still needs their sire after all.


✦ Falls very, very quiet when told the news. His human wouldn’t lie about something like this, not something serious as this, so he’s at a loss for words. All he does for the next few minutes is simply stare at their face and then, ever so slowly, allow his optics to draft down and rest on their stomach. Having children wasn’t really a topic they talked a lot about in the past so his human is nervous about how he’ll take it. When the silence has gone on long enough that the human is worried he’s unhappy with the turn of events, they find themselves being gently scooped up into his hands. He removes his faceplate and presses his lips, gently as he can, against their stomach. What he says next is in a rush of static and in Cybertronian. The human knows enough of the language to know he’s saying, ‘Thank you thank you thank you thank you thank you-‘

✦ On cloud nine during the pregnancy, all bundle of nerves and hopes. Will get it in his processor that he needs to build everything for the baby since the baby only deserves the best. I do mean everything. The crib? Building that. The mobile? Building that? The pacifier? Oh he’s definitely building that because he thinks he can double it as a force field generator! It’s cute and then suddenly Brainstorm no you cannot install a gun in that.

✦ Ratchet absolutely threw several wrenches at him during the delivery. Poor Brainstorm may have researched what happens during a delivery and even watched a few videos of it. He learns quickly that watching it and experiencing it firsthand is different. Very different. He is an absolute mess when his human starts to scream in pain and it gets to the point he will get kicked out of the delivery room if he distracts his human or Ratchet too much. Like that’ll stop him though. He’ll try to get back in there, always holding on to a new invention he had just made to try and make the process easier on his human. It is always unstable and has never been tested before. So many wrenches are thrown. So many.

✦ Their baby is so cute? Like ‘Rodimus-please-give-back-our-child-now’ cute??? Biggest blue optics ever seen on a sparkling and loves nuzzling against a friendly ‘bot. An absolute angel with how they’re cuddly and affection, quiet and unassuming. The baby can communicate through beeps and boops that only Brainstorm and, oddly enough, Cyclonus understand. Sometimes Brainstorm forgets that their little beeper should not be allowed dangerous chemicals or tools. His human will need to remind him of this or be in the lab with him if he has their child for the day. Babies and laser pens do not mix.

✦ Now and then, the human will wake up in the middle of the night cycle because they hear their baby’s sleepy beeps and it’s so close too. It doesn’t take them long to realise that Brainstorm had taken their baby out of their crib and is now cradling both them and their child against his chassis. He does it so often that they end up making a little nest on top of his chassis and let their baby rest there so they’re more comfortable. Before he goes to sleep, Brainstorm stares up at the ceiling, listening to the even breathing of his human and the occasional beep of his baby. He tries not to cry as he quietly thanks Primus or whatever deity is out there to allow him to have this.


✦ He finds out even before his human does. It occurs when doing a routine check up on them and asks how they’re doing lately, have they been eating well, have there been any problems. When they begin to talk and all signs point to that, Ratchet- He. He stares at them for a few seconds before asking if he can do a few more tests. That’s how the couple find out and, frankly, he’s surprised he could even get his human pregnant given how old he is.

✦ Levelheaded and calm during the upcoming months and does his best to ease the discomfort his human will go through. Honestly it’s everyone else around the two who are nervous for the baby’s arrival. Ultra Magnus is going through the Autobot Code as if that’ll have the answer to what’s going on. Swerve is trying to give Ratchet advice he’s gleaned from all his shows and movies. (And the advice is surprisingly good too.) Velocity and First Aid are doing delivery drills so they’re ready for the inevitable. He’ll be thankful for the help when the child does arrive and he needs a babysitter. Right now he’s going to throw a wrench at the next person who tries to suggest him something.

✦ Drift is always suggesting something to the two. Never once has a wrench been thrown at him since Ratchet and Drift are friends and Ratchet cares for him. The most that happens is grumbling and trying to shoo Drift away when he insists ‘five more minutes!’ of listening to the baby’s heartbeat. When Ratchet and his human approach Drift to be the godfather of their child in the final months of the pregnancy, Drift ends up crying and hugs the couple.

✦ The calmest one out of all the four when it comes to the day of the birth rolls around. He’s seen worse things in his career as chief medical officer and knows that that is something both he and his human want. They’ll endure this, he knows they can. In fact he maybe trying to coach First Aid and Velocity during the delivery if a hiccup occurs and the two are at a lost of what to do. Admirable and all but his human will end up swatting him now and then because can he please focus on them? For a few minutes? Hello??

✦ A caring father, a great dad. When the baby is placed in his arms shortly after birth, reality finally hits him that he’s a father. It’s no longer a little fantasy he indulges in himself now and then. It’s no longer a ‘maybe’ or ‘next time’ in the far off future. It’s now and he has to collect himself so he doesn’t cry. Tries to spend much time as possible with them, not wanting to miss a second of it. No one makes fun of him if he enters the medbay and is wearing a baby carrier. That usually means his human is too busy or he wanted to bring his little one with him to work. First Aid and Velocity love these days because they get to spend time with their little nurse-in-training.

Studyblr Introduction

hello! this is long overdue but here is my introduction to the studyblr community!

⋯about me

⇾ i’m aricia

⇾ taurus, infj and slytherin pride!

⇾ left-handed

⇾ chinese singaporean that can’t speak chinese to save my life

⇾ main blog @ruishii​  (i follow there)


⇾ badminton

⇾ piano

⇾  in the dance competition team 

⇾  baritone saxophonist that really wanted to play soprano

⇾ piano

⇾  the best recorder player you would ever know

⋯ academics

this year is my streaming year, and i want to take pure science + pure humanities + additional mathematics ( i think the equivalent of honors class in the states?)

⇾ would probably take pure literature and elective history

⇾ i realise this all sounds weird because my country’s education system is different oh well

⇾ i’m interested in law and psychology, not sure which to major in though!

⇾  love me some english and literature mmmm

reasons for starting a studyblr

⇾ i want to get motivated and stop procrastinating

⇾ the community seems so friendly and welcoming, with everyone ready to help each out. i want to be a part of that too!

⇾ i want to learn how to make prettier notes as well haha

a few studyblrs that inspired me

@yumicademy @procrastinationlikeapro @cardiacstvdies @studyquill @studylustre @theologianstudies @potterstudy @piiess @imperialstudy @eintsein @nerdastically @studyblr @elkstudies

anonymous asked:

semi general hcs? show me watchu got

- He’s a rocker at heart. His casual clothes consist of bandanas, leather jackets, frayed jeans and mud caked combat boots. Personally, Semi thinks he looks pretty metal, but still gets picked on by Tendou. Tendou though, wears anime t-shirts and sweatpants, so Semi’s always quick to call him out for being quite the hypocrite.

- Semi, in general, is pretty self conscious on how he looks. He’s always preening with his hair, adjusting his collar and checking himself in mirrors. To anyone who doesn’t know him, it might come off as vanity, but he’s always on edge on whether or not he looks presentable.

- He has a soft spot for small dogs. He found himself sitting in his neighbor’s driveway for thirty minutes cuddling with their elderly Shih Tzu one summer. He scared himself once he realized exactly what he was doing, but to his luck, nobody caught him in the act.

- Him and Ushijima have an inside joke where, anytime someone on the team does something either, obnoxious, pretentious or ridiculous, they’ll stare up at a lonesome volleyball lodged in the gym ceiling. They refer to it is as the “Office Camera”, based off of an American sitcom they both like.

- Every month or so, he’ll recolor his dip-dye. Black is his most reliable color, but every so often he’ll dye it dark blue or purple. Sometimes, if he’s in a good mood, he’ll let his s/o pick out the color dye. Nine times out of ten, it’s usually something obscure, like pink or mint green, so his s/o’s opinion is disregarded anyways.

- He’s always wanted to date a pastel. He likes the way their aesthetic would contrast against his.

- He’s existential to the point where it’s obnoxious. Heaven forbid he ever utter the words “oblivion” or “death”, because from there, he just spirals downwards. Sometimes he finds himself writing poetry at one in the morning, thinking it’s the deepest, most profound thing his mind has ever conjured up, but wakes up the next morning to read it and find that it’s complete and utter garbage.

- Foreign rock from the 80’s is Semi’s go-to. He has no idea what any of them are saying, but he finds Queen, Guns n’ Roses, Bon Jovi and Black Sabbath to be incredible. One time, he hit his head against his desk whilst headbanging and gave himself a nosebleed to “We Will Rock You”. Whoops.

- His masculinity is either hyper or non existent, and nowhere in between. He refuses to drink Fiji water because it has a flower on the bottle, but has taken up more than several dares to wear lingerie or a skirt… or both.

- He always seems to be putting himself down in one way or another. Every since Shirabu replaced him as Shiratorizawa’s official setter, his inferiority complex started kicking in. At this point, every time he messes up on something, even if it’s the most insignificant thing in the world, he finds himself saying something along the lines of, “figures I can’t do this right… just like everything else.” He always sees himself lesser than everyone, and needs to figure out that even if he isn’t the best person, he needs to be the best Semi he can be.

- He’s the type of person who never gets cold. He once walked outside in nothing but a t-shirt and jeans in °15 F weather, and wound up being fine. Tendou, however, gets very cold very easily, and finds himself dying inside every time he catches Semi outside in summer clothes during the winter.

- He’s tried to pick up an instrument in the past, but never found himself understanding any of the concepts. Although, he’s pretty decent on the drums.

- He got into Shiratorizawa due to a sports scholarship, and if it werent for that, he wouldn’t be in Shiratorizawa at all. He’s realized at this point that he’s not all that smart, but he doesn’t really let that get him down. Shiratorizawa is insanely strict, and being in class one at Shiratorizawa is the equivalent to being in class three or four in any other school. Lucky for him, though, he has a few good friends in class five who always help him out in exchange for access to watch their volleyball practices. (Not everyone’s allowed to come and watch them, the gym doors are always locked. Although, the coach is rather indifferent if one of the boys brings along a couple of friends to watch them practice. As long as they’re quiet, that is.)

- He puts so much salt on his food to the point where it’s definitely not healthy. His mother used to nag to him about high blood pressure all the time, but now that he lives in a dorm he ignores it.

- He’s good at keeping everyone in line, but himself. When it comes to his friends, he knows exactly what to say to get them out of a slump, or encourage them. Although, when Semi finds himself in any negative situation, he just thinks, “Oh well. Time to die now.” and books.

Berlin gives celebrity welcome to 2 giant pandas from China

BERLIN — Two giant pandas — Meng Meng and Jiao Qing — received a celebrity welcome Saturday in Berlin from the German capital’s mayor and the Chinese ambassador after they safely weathered a long flight from China.

Meng Meng and Jiao Qing flew the animal equivalent of first class, getting royal treatment on their 12-hour-flight from Chengdu in southwestern China. Their entourage included a Berlin veterinarian, two Chinese zookeepers and a bunch of journalists.

“They slept a bit, munched on their bamboo and nibbled on some cookies,” veterinarian Andreas Ochs told reporters at Berlin’s Schoenefeld airport shortly after the arrival. Medication for motion sickness was not needed.

“They did just fine,” he said.

The German capital is going nuts over the impossibly cute bears, who will be presented to the public at Berlin Zoo on July 6. Chancellor Angela Merkel and Chinese President Xi Jinping are also expected to visit the new animal stars ahead of the Group of 20 summit in Germany in early July.

“It was my personal wish to come and welcome our new residents,” Mayor Michael Mueller said. “We are delighted that Berlin has gained another fantastic attraction with these bears.”

Jiao Qing, which means “darling,” is a 7-year-old male and weighs 108 kilograms (238 pounds). Female Meng Meng, which translates as “sweet dream,” is three years old and weighs 77 kilograms (169 pounds).

The pandas were taken from the airport to the zoo with police protection so they didn’t have to stop at any red lights. They also brought their own food on the plane — one metric ton of bamboo from China. Once they’ve chewed up all of that, the zoo will start importing special bamboo from the Netherlands.

The furry couple will move into a ritzy new nine-million-euro ($10 million) compound, furbished with Chinese-style pavilions, red lanterns, a climbing area and a mountain landscape. They will be the only pandas in the country, the German news agency dpa reported.

Expectations are high the two will have babies soon, even though Ochs warned that Meng Meng is not yet sexually mature.

The arrival of the black-and-white bears was preceded by yearslong bilateral negotiations, since giant pandas are unique to China and sent abroad as diplomatic envoys.

“In China, pandas are regarded as a national treasure,” Chinese ambassador Shi Mingde said. “Therefore the breeding and conservation of these animals is a top priority for us.”

The pandas will be on loan from China for 15 years — a deal for which the Asian country is charging 1 million euros ($1.1 million) each year, dpa reported.

Berlin’s last panda, Bao Bao, was sent in 1980 as a gift from then-Chinese leader Hua Guofeng to West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt. Bao Bao died in 2012.

Berlin’s most famous zoo animal, the polar bear Knut, died of a sudden illness in 2011.


Follow Kirsten Grieshaber on Twitter at

Kirsten Grieshaber, The Associated Press

I love Rishi for a lot of reasons. It’s my favourite planet in SWtoR. The pirates, the pirate clothes, the narrow wooden suspension bridges, the tropical paradise landscape, the overwhelming contact with players from the opposite faction…

And yet the little detail that makes me the happiest? The trainers. Some delightful asshole decided that each pair of equivalent class trainers for Empire and Republic should share a tent

And most of them are well-behaved. The Smuggler and Imperial Agent have long discourses. The Jedi Consular and Sith Inquisitor just flat-out ignore each other, as do the Bounty Hunter and Trooper.

And then there’s these assholes:

like who thought this was a good idea

Seriously though because I need to give them cookies, I’m laughing so hard.


I have since thought more upon this and realized something else. Look at the colors of their lightsabers. Is it just me, or is the Knight using the reddish one and the Warrior using the yellow one?

I’m pretty sure it’s not just me. Which got me to thinking ‘but why?’

What if they stole one another’s lightsabers

Like they can’t kill each other for whatever reason and they’re stuck in the same confined 100 square feet 24/7, and at one point one of them steals the other’s lightsaber in a fit of pique or as safety insurance. And the other one was like ‘well two can play at that game you little kark’

And now they’re waving their stolen lightsabers at each other because neither one of them is going to be the first one to give it back

and like

Imagine them heckling each other whenever one of them gets a student, obnoxiously disrupting the other person’s lessons.

Imagine the Sith Warrior bidding a student farewell by saying ‘Remember,peace is a liewhile smirking and watching the Jedi Knight’s eye twitch.

Just imagine these assholes


Mercedes 220S/SE, equivalent to today’s E-class coupe.

Truly classic, but could’ve stood larger wheels… 13″ was small even for the late 50′s.

‘Life is Strange’ game idea

Set six months after the events of ‘Life Is Strange: Before The Storm’, you play as Blackwell’s resident cool nerd, Steph Gingrich, as she navigates the secrets of Arcadia Bay and low-key investigates the nefarious dealings of the Prescott Foundation for the school newspaper with her best friend, Mikey North.

With his brother Drew in jail for his involvement dealing drugs for Damon Merrick, and his father still homeless and without a job thanks to Sean Prescott, Mikey is temporarily living with Steph and her supportive father. Blackwell Academy has just started offering several new courses including a photography class run by new teacher, Mark Jefferson, but the game would deliberately focus on the minor characters from the other games, so as to tell the bigger story of Arcadia Bay rather than just a continuation of the Chloe/Rachel/Max story. Other featured characters could include Justin, Trevor, Juliet, Alyssa, Luke, Brooke, Dana, Kate, Samuel, Daniel, Samantha, Nathan, Warren, Ms Grant, Sean Prescott, and new characters like Anthony North (Mikey’s dad), Steph’s little brother, and father, Alistair (voiced by Matthew Mercer), Steph’s new Tillamook girlfriend, Mara, whose older sister runs the local tattoo parlour, and the art teacher at Blackwell.

As well as following a central mystery narrative the episodes would feature:

  • D&D campaign mini-games with Alistair, Mikey & others, set in the ‘Peaceable Kingdoms of Arcadia’, mirroring the story/people in the town.
  • Quests to deliver Steph’s bootleg DVD orders to various characters for her side business, as a way of getting information about the central plot.
  • Ideal spots to sit and ‘SKETCH’ people/places as practice for class (the equivalent to the optional ‘PHOTO’ & ‘GRAFFITI’ collectible easter eggs.)
  • Discussion of the concept of ‘Arcadia’ (a spiritual utopia in nature) as depicted both in Renaissance art and Greek Mythology, as part of Steph’s research for her art class assignment.
  • Further exploration into the Native American culture and imagery on the edges of the other games, including reference to the Tillamook Story of the Thunderbird and Whale, which supposedly reflects a large earthquake that occurred in the region in 1700.
  • As well as old familiar locations, new places like Steph’s house, the art classroom, the local skate park, tattoo parlour & other shops in town.
  • Lots of film, comic and pop culture references.
Karate: Retracing Our Steps.

Most of us know about how Funakoshi is the fatherof modern day Karate, and that he was responsible for sending Karate teachersto the west and other parts of the world to teach. But who did he learn from? And in turn, who did they learn from? and so on. Well, I decided to do a little backtracking on this, as far back as possible, hoping to find the Chinese monks.

Now, we know that Bodhidharma, a Hindu monk, is said to be the one who started passing around the art of self defense to young, homeless children, during his travels through China, where he decided to stay and  open up a monastery for these young kids, whom he called Shaolin, and many years later, monks from the Shaolin, spread their art and knowledge on their travels. Some of these monks went to the Ryukyu Islands, where they taught their art called Chuan Fa (Kenpo in Japanese).

This is where I want to try to backtrack to. There’s some info on each of the masters mentioned here, but I want to encourage everyone to research each one, or those who interest you most, so that you guys can learn more about who they were and what they did. For this reason, I’m not posting links either. Can’t make it too easy now. =]

Starting back from Gichin Funakoshi’s teachers: Anko Itosu and Anko Azato.

Anko Azato (1827 – 1906) - Not much is known about him. Whatever information can be found is based on Funakoshi’s descriptions of him. Azato was described by Funakoshi as “One of Okinawa’s greatest experts in the art of Karate”. According to Funakoshi, Azato was also a skilled Archer and horse rider, an adept in the art of Jigen Ryu Kendo, and was an exceptional scholar.

Anko Itosu (1831 – 1915) was small in stature, very shy and introverted in his youth. As an adult, he was secretary to the last king of Okinawa, before the Japanese abolished the Okinawan monarchy in 1879.

He began his study in the art of Tode (Karate today) under Nagahama city’s Chikudun Pechin (Okinawan term for the scholar-officials class of the former Ryukyu Kingdom (modern-day Okinawa), the class equivalent of the Japanese Samurai.), but was later on taught, alongside Azato, by Sokon Matsumura.

Itosu helped introduce Karate into Okinawa’s schools. In 1905, he was a teacher of Tode at the First Junior Prefectural High School, where he developed the method of teaching techniques that are still used to this day, by creating the five Pinan, or Heian, so that the students could learn in an easier manner, as he felt that the old forms were too difficult for children. He’s also credited with breaking down the Naihanchi, or Tekki, into the three forms that we know today. In 1908, he wrote the “Tode Jukun” (Ten Precepts of Karate) in a letter to the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of War in Japan, in order to gain their attention. 

The letter with the precepts read as follows:

Karate did not develop from Buddhism or Confucianism. In the past the Shorin-ryu school and the Shorei-ryu school were brought to Okinawa from China. Both of these schools have strong points, which I will now mention before there are too many changes:

1. Karate is not merely practiced for your own benefit; it can be used to protect one’s family or master. It is not intended to be used against a single assailant but instead as a way of avoiding a fight should one be confronted by a villain or ruffian.

2. The purpose of karate is to make the muscles and bones hard as rock and to use the hands and legs as spears.

If children were to begin training in Tang Te (Chinese Hand) while in elementary school, then they will be well suited for military service. Remember the words attributed to the Duke of Wellington after he defeated Napoleon: “The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton.”

3. Karate cannot be quickly learned. Like a slow moving bull, it eventually travels a thousand miles. If one trains diligently every day, then in three or four years one will come to understand karate. Those who train in this fashion will discover karate.

4. In karate, training of the hands and feet are important, so one must be thoroughly trained on the makiwara. In order to do this, drop your shoulders, open your lungs, take hold of your strength, grip the floor with your feet, and sink your energy into your lower abdomen. Practice using each arm one to two hundred times each day.

5. When one practices the stances of Tang Te, be sure to keep your back straight, lower your shoulders, put strength in your legs, stand firmly, and drop your energy into your lower abdomen.

6. Practice each of the techniques of karate repeatedly, the use of which is passed by word of mouth. Learn the explanations well, and decide when and in what manner to apply them when needed. Enter, counter, release is the rule of releasing hand (torite).

7. You must decide if karate is for your health or to aid your duty.

8. When you train, do so as if on the battlefield. Your eyes should glare, shoulders drop, and body harden. You should always train with intensity and spirit, and in this way you will naturally be ready.

9. One must not over-train; this will cause you to lose the energy in your lower abdomen and will be harmful to your body. Your face and eyes will turn red. Train wisely.

10. In the past, masters of karate have enjoyed long lives. Karate aids in developing the bones and muscles. It helps the digestion as well as the circulation.

If karate should be introduced beginning in the elementary schools, then we will produce many men each capable of defeating ten assailants.

I further believe this can be done by having all students at the Okinawa Teachers’ College practice karate. In this way, after graduation, they can teach at the elementary schools at which they have been taught. I believe this will be a great benefit to our nation and our military. It is my hope you will seriously consider my suggestion.

 - Anko Itosu, October 1908

This letter was influential in the spread of karate.

Itosu’s style, Shorin Ryu, became known as Itosu Ryu, in recognition of his skills, mastery, and role as teacher.

Sokon Matsumura (1797 - 1889) began his study of Tode under the guidance of Sakugawa Kanga. Matsumura had reputation as an expert martial artist, even as a young man. He was recruited into the service of the royal family of the Ryukyu Kingdom in 1816. He became the chief martial arts instructor and bodyguard for the Okinawan King, and later served in the same role for the last two Okinawan kings. Matsumura traveled to China. While he was in China, he studied Chuan Fa at the Shaolin Monastery, and later brought what he learned, back to Okinawa, helped to further develop karate, and was later known as the “Forefather of Shorin Ryu”, as he went on to develop the Shuri-Te which later developed into Shorin Ryu Karate.

Side note: In 1818, Matsumura Married Yonamine Chiru, who was also a martial arts expert, and it was said that she would lift up 130 pound sacks of rice, to sweep the floor underneath. It was also said that  she wouldn’t marry anyone who couldn’t defeat her. Supposedly, time and again, men tried, but failed. She married Matsumura, although it isn’t known if they ever did fight.

Sakugawa Kanga (also known as Tode Sakugawa) (1733 - 1815) was a martial arts master, who played a major role in the development of Te, the precursor to modern day Karate. Sakugawa trained under the monk, Peichin Takahara, beginning in 1750, for six years, after which Takahara sent Sakugawa to train under Kusanku, a Chinese master in the art of Chuan Fa, for six more years. It is said that he combined Chuan Fa with his first master’s style, forming what became known as Okinawa-te. After his training under Kusanku, he began teaching the art. He was so recognized as an expert that he was given the name To-de Sakugawa (Sakugawa “Chinese Hand”) by Takahara. He is considered to be the “Father of Okinawan Karate”, and his Okinawa-te became the base for his most famous student’s (Matsumura) Shuri-Te. Sakugawa passed down to his students the kata Kusanku, said to be one of Okinawa’s oldest kata, and developed the Bo kata, Sakugawa no Kon.

Peichin Takahara (1683 - 1760) was a Buddhist monk, mapmaker and astronomer, belonging to an upper class family from Shuri. The word Peichin isn’t a name, but a title similar to that of “Knight” given to some regents of the Court of Shuri. Takahara was known as a martial arts expert, he was highly respected as a great warrior, and his teacher was Chatan Yara. Takahara regarded the martial arts as a way of life, and is attributed to have been the first to explain the principles of Do (Way):

1. Ijo - Compassion, Humility and Modesty.

2. Fo - Seriousness, Devotion and Dedication.

3. Katsu - Deep understanding of techniques and forms.

Kusanku (Kwang Shang Fu) (1670 - 1762) was a Chinese martial arts master, who learned the art of Chuan Fa in China from a Shaolin Monk. He is credited as having an influence on practically every martial arts derived from Karate. Around 1756, Kusanku was sent, as an ambassador of the Qing Dynasty, to Okinawa, where he lived in Kanemura, near the city of Naha. During his stay in Okinawa, he instructed Sakugawa Kanga from 1756 to 1762, the year he died. After his death, Sakugawa developed, and named, the kata Kusanku, in honor of his teacher.

Chatan Yara (1668 - 1756) was known as being one of the first to spread the art of Te throughout Okinawa. At the age of 12, Yara’s parent’s sent him to China to study the Chinese language and martial arts. During his time in China, he mastered the use of the Bo and Sai while studying under the guidance of his teacher, Wong Chung-Yoh. In 1700, he returned to Shuri. Shortly after, he assisted a woman who was being harassed by a Samurai. After avoiding the Samurai’s attack, Yara took an oar from a nearby boat and used it as a weapon. He successfully disarmed and killed the Samurai. Hearing of this daring rescue, local officials recruited Yara to teach martial arts to the locals for the purpose of self defense.

Wong Chung-Yoh (1630 - ????) Very little is known about this man. He was a teacher of a martial art style called Xing Yi Quan, also known as Hsing. His school was located in Fuzhou, in the Fukien Province in China. His most notable student, who produced the lineage for modern Karate, was Chatan Yara.


Up to here, Gichin Funakoshi’s direct lineage is over, or seems to be, at least by what I’ve been able to trace back. But remember, there were other masters that aren’t as notable as the ones mentioned here, not to mention their students. So this is in no way saying that these are the ones and only, but it is more than clear that all karate styles come from the same root, the Chinese martial art, Chuan Fa.


Another master from Okinawa worth mentioning:

Matsu Higa Peichin (1640 - 1720) was a legendary martial artist who influenced the development of Karate and Kobudo, especially in the art of the Bo (staff). He was a student of the Chinese emissary, Wanshu, who taught him Chuan Fa. Legend states that Matsu Higa, with his Bo, stood up to the head-hunters of Formosa, and to Japanese pirates from the north, and never lost a battle. His contributions live on in several weapons kata, especially for Tonfa, Sai, and Bo: Matsu Higa no Tonfa, Matsu Higa no Sai and Matsu Higa no Kon.

Wanshu (Wang) (1621 - 1689) - Wang was the leader of an ambassadorial mission from China, sent by the Qing government in 1683 to the village of Tomari. He was a diplomat, poet, calligrapher, and a martial artist of Shaolin White Crane. He is credited with having taught Chaun Fa to the gentry of Tomari. The kata Wanshu was either created by Wang, or his students developed it in his honor. Whichever the case, this kata is practiced to this day in many styles of karate under the name Wanshu, Anshu, Unsu and Empi (Gichin Funakoshi renamed it Empi for use in his school). The two main versions of this kata are Matsumura’s and Itosu’s versions. This kata is also practiced in various Korean styles such as Tang Soo Do and Soo Bak Do. They also have veried names for this kata: Wangshū, Wang Shu, or Yun Bi in Korean. This kata is often reserved for advanced students, because of its difficulty.


So in the end, my friends, there’s no absolute Way. Remember that next time somebody tells you about how their styles are the only truth.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this post! =] 

Old Anitami, Part Two: Noun Classes

<<Previous: Orthography, Phonology, and Phonotactics

I initially wanted to spend only one week on nouns, but this is long enough as is, and now it looks like I might have to split up cases into two posts. So, noun classes! These categories mostly aren’t productive in modern Anitami, but we still have all the morphosyntactic residue left over.  It’s one of my favorite things to teach, at least to Anitami speakers, since it taps into a set of patterns we’re all vaguely aware of but don’t really have a solid grammatical explanation for.

There are five classes in total: animate, inanimate, human, abstract, and miscellaneous (which isn’t quite accurate, but I’ll get to that when I get to it). [ooc: amentans are not human, this is a translation convention]. Each one has a characteristic affix which appears in every case except the nominative, and a few have characteristic prefixes as well. Pronouns must agree with class, as well as object-markers on verbs (which are optional), the mandatory subject-markers need not. They’d all be class 1 or 3 in any case.

Class 1: Animate. This one is fairly straightforward – animate things all have some sort of internal vital force. The words for person (one of the few “human” words that isn’t in the human class), all animals, and ghosts and other supernatural beings are all prototypical examples. Fire, and by extension computers in modern Anitami (literally fire-ensouled things) are animate, but not other electrical appliances. The words for heart, lungs, brain, stomach, and blood are animate, but not other organs. A couple of virulently fast-growing species of plants are animate, but I can’t recall any off the top of my head.

The stem ending for this class is –(a)nen.  If the noun ends in a vowel, the a will usually drop out. The remaining vowel may shift around depending on additional case endings.

Vocabulary: Fila, human; Laman, animal; Halmi, fish; Anno, snake; Kisa, fire. Particular animals names are often prefixed with na- (as in Nalinwi, cat), and birds names are often prefixed with e- (Emala, owl), but these fall away in compounds. These would decline as Filanen-, Lamannen-, Kisanen-, etc.

Class 2: Inanimate. Even more self-explanatory than class 1. Inanimate nouns are concrete, tangible objects, which are not, even by metonymic extension, alive. This is also the default class for loanwords after about the middle of the classical period, even if they’re semantically abstract or animate, but this is mostly only relevant to technical or religious vocabulary. There are plenty of weird other weird exceptions, but they’ll all be covered as they come up in the other classes. It should probably go without saying, but classes are morphologically fixed and don’t vary with the particular semantic context. In a play about a walking, talking rock, the rock would still be grammatically inanimate.

The stem suffix for this class (i/a)l, depending on vowel harmony.

Vocabulary: Talla, tree; Ert, seed; Lothe, flower; Kalka, glass; Alash, stone; Kaimat, house; Maen, bread. Tallal, Ertil, Lothil, Kalkal, etc.

Class 3: Human. This class covers all caste names, all professions names with a couple of exceptions, the words for child, man, woman, etc., all family relationships, etc. – anything that a human being, and only a human being, could be.

The stem suffix for this class is –(a)nath.

Many nouns in this class end in the agentive suffix –mi (Kisantami, Lamenelmi, etc.), which roughly means a person who does/is x, and also shows up pretty frequently in personal names. It’s also the source of my favorite example of rebracketing in any language! As most of you probably know, the people who first spoke the language we now know as Anitami called themselves the Anaita. The word for a person form this group was, naturally, Anaitami (Anaita-mi). Later on, -mi ceased to be productive and lost its particular meaning, along with the other personalizing suffix (–li, meaning a person similar to x, also still found in personal names). Both began to merge semantically with –i, the class 5 stem ending (in that both indicate a particular instance of a large thing, but see my notes on class 5 nouns). Later still, the Anaita establish a nation, and contemporary speakers naturally break down their demonym as, not Anaita-mi, but Anaitam-i. Those of you who were paying attention last week will remember that Anaitam contains an illegal stress, therefore it must reduce, and it does – to Anitam.

Vocabulary: Alasi, singer; Aven, judge; Pallan, builder; Tis, actor.

Class 4: Abstract. Here, things start to get a little more complicated. Class 4 is defined as “abstract” in every grammar textbook, but it really has to do with collectivity. (I can’t claim any credit for this concept, or for my understand of class 5 nouns. I got it all from my first Oahkar professor, of all people, who’s actually Anitami and generally pretty fascinating).

The core abstract nouns – childhood, age, peace, war, guilt, contentment (and all emotional states), wisdom, talent, etc. – can be thought of as a kind of summation over a lot of specific instances of a thing. By identifying a shared property over series of specific things (children, time periods, attractive people, whatever), you arrive at the abstract, or collective, noun.

For the same reason, all gerunds are grammatically class 4. In this sense, they’re conceptualized as the summation of a bunch of individual instances of the verb they derive from – I enjoy eating, I need to practice swimming, reading helps one learn Anitami, etc. all imply repeated, habitual action. Nominalized adjectives (e.g. the poor, the rich, the beautiful) are almost all class 4.

Human collectives are also all class 4, with the exception of caste names, even if they’re arguably concrete. The words for family, nation, language, and ethnicity are class 4, and the names of all individual nations and languages and ethnicities gain a class 4 stem suffix as they decline. This is one of the few features of the noun class system that’s still productive in modern Anitami!

Concrete nouns that inherently refer to a something with a large number of smaller parts are often, though not always, class 4. The classic examples are hair, fur, feathers, dust, grass, and snow. Inclusions in this category aren’t consistent, and it’s best to just look up a list if you’re confused about whether a particular noun is class 4 or class 2.   Of course, this is utterly bizarre if you’re conceptualizing class 4 as abstract nouns, but it makes perfect sense when you think about it in terms of collectivity.

The stem suffix for this class is –(ik)at. This class includes an unusual number of words which include the stem in their nominative form; unlike the other classes, the first two characters don’t reduplicate. Estikat, but Peikatat, etc.

Vocabulary: Estik, knowledge; Menal, goodness; Peikat, strength; Yahai, childhood; Waln, fur.

Class 5: Miscellaneous. Not miscellaneous! The textbooks are wrong! Class 5 can see like a catchall, until you realize that the central metaphor involved in instantiation. Nouns in this class are individual instances of more comprehensive objects or processes. The most central examples are deverbal nouns – words which derive from verbs but behave grammatically as nouns – that refer to particular events or actions. Scratch (from “to scratch”), song (from “to sing”), promise,  reading (in the sense of “this passage has multiple readings,” or “he gave a reading of his poetry”), etc. Note that this only applies to nouns that are actually derived from verbs, and not nouns that sound similar to verbs because they share an etymological root. As with class 4, inclusions in this category really can’t be derived from first principles, and it’s always safer to consult a list.

Also by a similar process to class 4, singular things that ordinarily occur in groups are usually class 5. A blade of grass, a speck of dust, a snowflake, a puzzle piece, etc. Many class 5 nouns in this category don’t have class 4 equivalents, though, and vice versa.  By analogy, many partial, broken, or otherwise incomplete things are class 5 – fragment, shard, unfortunately lots of words for physical disabilities, etc. Adding the class 5 ending to other nouns is a really old-fashioned way of denoting that it’s broken.

Approaching the metaphor from another angle, things that are made are frequently class 5.  The idea is that they’re the material instantiation of an abstract idea, or in the case of more utilitarian objects, one example of a form that’s repeatedly instantiated. Painting, sculpture, carving (for more than one reason) are class 5. The words for characteristically earthenware utensils (like bowl) are class 5, but not the words for characteristically metal ones (knife). It’s not entirely clear why, but the leading theory is that it has something to do with the metalworking process inherently requiring more people.

All words for units of measure are class 5, and units of time are considered particularly paradigmatic. Finally, the words for ambassador and foreigner are class 5 – the only human words that aren’t class 3 – because they represent “instances” of a foreign people. Demonyms are also class 5, for the same reason.

All class 5 words end in –i in the nominative. The stem suffix is –min.

Vocabulary: Walni, bowl; Neloti, reading; Halti, scratch; Fayali, year; Lossi, snowflake.

Next: Case >> 

Juvia Lockser pt 2 (or, we can’t argue that Gruvia isn’t unhealthy at this point)

Gruvia is hands down the most controversial semi-canon pairing in Fairy Tail, and given the nature of the ship it’s fairly easy to see why.There’s really no problem with liking Gruvia in its current form, and there’s equally no problem with disliking Gruvia either. In my personal opinion, the problem starts becoming evident when the argument is made that Gruvia in its current form is healthy, or normal, or even the ideal romantic situation. This is simply not true. Given the nature of this essay, I’d like to state that while this isn’t intended to be anti-Juvia, it is anti-Gruvia and technically anti-the way Gruvia’s written and Juvia’s role in it, so anyone not wishing to read such content is advised to step away. Since this is part of my Juvia series, I’ll be focusing on why Gruvia is unhealthy for Juvia, and I may retread to focus on why it’s unhealthy for Gray later…

In addition: I’d like to thank everyone that liked, reblogged, messaged and followed me following the first part of this series. I love all of you, and I really hope this essay meets your standards! Given that the next part might take a while, I’m also open to suggestion as to what my next topic should be! 

Keep reading

~fun~ chinese vocab

these are just some words my teacher taught us recently

黄色电影 huángsè diànyǐng lit. yellow movie, pretty much means a movie is an “adult” film

side note: porn in Chinese is 三级片 sān jí piàn, which lit. translates to third-class movie

红色歌曲 hóngsè gēqǔ lit. red song, used to describe a communist song

(戴)绿帽子 (dài) lǜmàozi lit. (to wear) a green hat, it means cuckold or to be cuckolded

白领 báilǐng white collar

蓝领 lánlǐng blue collar

黑手党 hēishǒu dǎng the mafia(in China they also say 黑社会 hēishèhuì, which can mean organized crime syndicate)

红二代 hóng èr dài this is used to describe someone who is a second generation political elite, for example xi jinping’s father was PM of china, and now xi is president, so xi is 红二代。George W. Bush would also be 红二代

富二代 fù èr dài this describes someone whose parent(s) are rich and have passed the money down. 富二代 didn’t do anything in particular to earn their money, so some examples would be Paris Hilton and Donald Trump with his father’s small loan of a million dollars

黑(心)hēi (xīn) if you call someone 黑 or 黑心, you’re calling them ruthless or cut-throat. it’s used a lot to describe business people

土豪 tǔháo if someone is a 土豪, then they’re the kind of person who really showy about their money. the best english equivalent my class came up with was bougie

Fatesona 30 Day Challenge

Day Four: In clothes from the Kingdom they’re not from~

(click for a better view/zoom in)

AYYY I MANAGE TO GET THIS UP TODAY~! I didn’t think I would because b-day stuff going on. xDD; I wasn’t sure whether to draw a Nohrian class or casual clothes, so I drew both! Nohrian reclass for me would be Mercenary~ I believe it’s equivalent base class of the Samurai class from Hoshido~

I tried to squeeze as many Nohrian Fatesonas as I could on this day! Featuring the beautiful fatesonas of @jisunshines@belowtheraedar, @mellalyss, @tacticianwinter, @miu-draws, @seliaxlexias, and @ywrki~!


It is no accident that the most effective public expression of gay mourning for the generations lost to AIDS, the NAMES Project Quilt, took the form of a homely, humble artifact—and of a feminine (that is, devalued) cultural production characteristic of the rural working class: the American equivalent of the peasant class to which black-clad Italian widows belong. The Quilt took care not to aspire to the dignity or grandeur of a conventional (heroic, masculine) funerary monument. Instead, it positively courted an appearance of unseriousness, even of laughable triviality (albeit on a vast scale), thereby both anticipating and preempting potential deprecation.
Public expressions of grief for the death of gay lovers tend to come off as a bad imitation, a spoof, or at most an appropriation of heterosexual pathos, and thus an unintended tribute to it. The Fire Island Italian widows, occupying as they already did the cultural space of parody—of the fake, the derivative, the out of place, the disallowed, the unserious, had only one way to impose their grief publicly, and that was by embracing the social devaluation of their feelings through a parodic, exaggerated, melodramatic, self-mocking, grotesque, explicitly role-playing, stylized performance.
Through drag, in short.
—  David M. Halperin. How to be Gay. 2012.

I finally realized why I find the idea of JK’s new idea of the American magical school so implausible on top of being offensive and that is: cultural setting. There is no way culture would not have had an effect on how magic and magical societies –and even history of countries like the US – would have been shaped with the existence of magic in the world.

I mostly have the Temeraire series by Naomi Novik (a white female American) to thank for this train of thought. If you don’t know it, it’s basically a series about the Napoleonic Wars from the point of view of a British officer– with one major difference: the existence of dragons (as sentient beings). And in the first book, everything seems pretty much the same in this AU world as ours, with England being a world power, ruling and colonizing the world, etc. Except, I think Novik realized that this didn’t make sense - or maybe she planned it - but in book two we start to see that the existence of dragons has made a huge difference in the way things have developed around the world. (P.S. I’m not saying Novik is perfect, just that I appreciated that the dragons made the difference in the world.)

I don’t want to spoil it entirely for those who want to read the series, but a few major things were: the dragon corps in England had to start accepting women into their ranks, because the biggest and the baddest dragons would only accept female riders,  by end of series, one of the top military figures is a woman. Slave trade exists but as the series progresses the nations of Africa band together and destroy every single slave port along the coast of Africa and then sail across the world to the slave nations and wage war to get their people back - and if their people are dead - they demand their descendants. It’s more complex than that and there are a lot of politics but I’m summarizing here. The Incan civilization is alive and thriving. Novik doesn’t go into much detail - but she hints that while the colonization of North America started, it is radically different and in fact - Native Americans appear to be part of established country and in full power and there is even a Native American president - again, I don’t know how it’s supposed to work, but there it is. The development and colonization of Australia is also very different. 

But now J.K. is telling us that the existence of magic did not have made a major difference in the creation of nations in Harry Potter’s world. Well, I guess the UK magical world does make sense if you take their cultural and historical treatment of magic (in our own world). The witch burnings and persecution were real, their stories and mythologies are filled with good Christian knights fighting evil dragons and witches. It makes sense that the witches and wizards and magical creatures in the UK and Europe would hide their world and want nothing to do the Muggle society because of the development of the religious zeal that swept the continent and spurred massive persecution that pushed all the magic into hiding. But then look at the cultures and mythologies of other nations? Inca, Aztec, Native American tribes, Caribbean islands, Brazil, India, African nations and countries as they were before colonization. Magic is a part of their mythologies, and it is often revered, worshiped, and even used and practiced in the open society. They had no reason to hide magic, because in some shape or form it was accepted. 

And then JK comes along and says that witches and wizards don’t care about race or color or whatever else - which is complete bullshit considering the entire conflict with blood purity in HP was equivalent to class and race and ethnicity purgings of Hitler during WWII. And yet somehow, in the same breath she tells us that their world is the same as  ours. That magic made no difference in this world, even in cultures where it is accepted. That Native Americans allowed the colonists to run them over. That India and other colonies allowed the British to invade and kill them by thousands? Are you telling me that the Inca and the Aztec’s would not have used all the magic in their arsenal to fight off the Spanish? Are you telling me that the African tribes would have continued to allow their families to be stolen and sold into slavery? Even if those things managed to take root because of element of surprise (which is how that happened in Novik’s world), I doubt very much the the magical societies in those nations would have allowed their countries to be taken over and their people and history wiped out. To suggest that is not only insensitive and offensive, it’s extremely narrow minded from an literally perspective as well.

Actually now that I think about it… what about even other white cultures… like the Irish, with their proud history and their rich magical stories and folklore. I mean, even in our society the Irish are still seen as a bit of a … ‘magical’ folk. I doubt that in HP’s world they would have bothered hiding… I think magic would have been accepted as part of their society. Even when religion comes about. Their history with the English is so violent and ugly. Are you telling me that the magical Irish society would have allowed themselves to be fully integrated into the British one? Unless they were overwhelmed by the British magical forces? But we know the British magical society would not have involved themselves. We know nothing of this.

Maybe J.K. Rowling didn’t think of this in the grander scheme of things when she began to write Harry Potter because really we never did get a glimpse of any other magical societies except European ones. It was perfect in that moment and while we wanted more, it made sense in that one moment of history. All the information we learn about foreign magical worlds and their development was always post-canon. Yet somehow, the more we learn the more disappointing this world becomes. The fact that even after nearly a decade of writing and developing this world, she is somehow saying the world would still be same as it always was… that magic made no difference in history, saved no one… it’s just… it’s just makes it all so unoriginal and boring. 

Grappling With Fate (Lily/James, FIC)

A/N: Because I never write fics for/about birthdays, I decided to have a go. So in honor of my beloved James…fic. (Also, thanks to Daily Horoscope for this ACTUAL Aries horoscope from yesterday. You couldn’t have made it easier.)

When one was born at approximately 6:27 a.m. on 27 March 1960, one was born under the rising sign of Aries, with your moon dipping in at 6 degrees, and Mercury coming round at 12. Jupiter edged toward Capricorn and Saturn joined in as well, with your N. Node rounding it out at a solid 24 Virgo.

Or possibly that was all entirely wrong. At this point, James honestly couldn’t tell one way or another.

Buggering, useless Divination.

He stared down at the corner common room table he’d now properly buried beneath endless piles of textbooks and star charts and class notes that really ought’ve been more helpful than they were presently proving. Not for the first time, James contemplated how—why—in the name of all that was magical he’d made it to Year 6 without dropping this dragon-dung equivalent of a class. He’d never understood it. He’d never wanted to. And while, yes, he supposed some credence ought to be given to the fact that a majority of the time he could make shite up fifteen minutes before the assignment was due and still manage a respectable Exceeds Expectations, that particular trick was certainly not helping him now. Star charts, he’d quickly discovered, were rather bullshite immune. There was a right answer, and a wrong answer, and James had a feeling he was languishing rather pathetically in that latter portion. Worse, he didn’t quite know how to rouse himself out of it.

With much careful deliberation, James dropped his forehead against the book-laden study table, and seriously considered beginning to rhythmically thump.

Bugger, bugger, bugger.

“What are you doing?”

Keep reading