to equivalence class

Berlin gives celebrity welcome to 2 giant pandas from China

BERLIN — Two giant pandas — Meng Meng and Jiao Qing — received a celebrity welcome Saturday in Berlin from the German capital’s mayor and the Chinese ambassador after they safely weathered a long flight from China.

Meng Meng and Jiao Qing flew the animal equivalent of first class, getting royal treatment on their 12-hour-flight from Chengdu in southwestern China. Their entourage included a Berlin veterinarian, two Chinese zookeepers and a bunch of journalists.

“They slept a bit, munched on their bamboo and nibbled on some cookies,” veterinarian Andreas Ochs told reporters at Berlin’s Schoenefeld airport shortly after the arrival. Medication for motion sickness was not needed.

“They did just fine,” he said.

The German capital is going nuts over the impossibly cute bears, who will be presented to the public at Berlin Zoo on July 6. Chancellor Angela Merkel and Chinese President Xi Jinping are also expected to visit the new animal stars ahead of the Group of 20 summit in Germany in early July.

“It was my personal wish to come and welcome our new residents,” Mayor Michael Mueller said. “We are delighted that Berlin has gained another fantastic attraction with these bears.”

Jiao Qing, which means “darling,” is a 7-year-old male and weighs 108 kilograms (238 pounds). Female Meng Meng, which translates as “sweet dream,” is three years old and weighs 77 kilograms (169 pounds).

The pandas were taken from the airport to the zoo with police protection so they didn’t have to stop at any red lights. They also brought their own food on the plane — one metric ton of bamboo from China. Once they’ve chewed up all of that, the zoo will start importing special bamboo from the Netherlands.

The furry couple will move into a ritzy new nine-million-euro ($10 million) compound, furbished with Chinese-style pavilions, red lanterns, a climbing area and a mountain landscape. They will be the only pandas in the country, the German news agency dpa reported.

Expectations are high the two will have babies soon, even though Ochs warned that Meng Meng is not yet sexually mature.

The arrival of the black-and-white bears was preceded by yearslong bilateral negotiations, since giant pandas are unique to China and sent abroad as diplomatic envoys.

“In China, pandas are regarded as a national treasure,” Chinese ambassador Shi Mingde said. “Therefore the breeding and conservation of these animals is a top priority for us.”

The pandas will be on loan from China for 15 years — a deal for which the Asian country is charging 1 million euros ($1.1 million) each year, dpa reported.

Berlin’s last panda, Bao Bao, was sent in 1980 as a gift from then-Chinese leader Hua Guofeng to West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt. Bao Bao died in 2012.

Berlin’s most famous zoo animal, the polar bear Knut, died of a sudden illness in 2011.


Follow Kirsten Grieshaber on Twitter at

Kirsten Grieshaber, The Associated Press

anonymous asked:

semi general hcs? show me watchu got

- He’s a rocker at heart. His casual clothes consist of bandanas, leather jackets, frayed jeans and mud caked combat boots. Personally, Semi thinks he looks pretty metal, but still gets picked on by Tendou. Tendou though, wears anime t-shirts and sweatpants, so Semi’s always quick to call him out for being quite the hypocrite.

- Semi, in general, is pretty self conscious on how he looks. He’s always preening with his hair, adjusting his collar and checking himself in mirrors. To anyone who doesn’t know him, it might come off as vanity, but he’s always on edge on whether or not he looks presentable.

- He has a soft spot for small dogs. He found himself sitting in his neighbor’s driveway for thirty minutes cuddling with their elderly Shih Tzu one summer. He scared himself once he realized exactly what he was doing, but to his luck, nobody caught him in the act.

- Him and Ushijima have an inside joke where, anytime someone on the team does something either, obnoxious, pretentious or ridiculous, they’ll stare up at a lonesome volleyball lodged in the gym ceiling. They refer to it is as the “Office Camera”, based off of an American sitcom they both like.

- Every month or so, he’ll recolor his dip-dye. Black is his most reliable color, but every so often he’ll dye it dark blue or purple. Sometimes, if he’s in a good mood, he’ll let his s/o pick out the color dye. Nine times out of ten, it’s usually something obscure, like pink or mint green, so his s/o’s opinion is disregarded anyways.

- He’s always wanted to date a pastel. He likes the way their aesthetic would contrast against his.

- He’s existential to the point where it’s obnoxious. Heaven forbid he ever utter the words “oblivion” or “death”, because from there, he just spirals downwards. Sometimes he finds himself writing poetry at one in the morning, thinking it’s the deepest, most profound thing his mind has ever conjured up, but wakes up the next morning to read it and find that it’s complete and utter garbage.

- Foreign rock from the 80’s is Semi’s go-to. He has no idea what any of them are saying, but he finds Queen, Guns n’ Roses, Bon Jovi and Black Sabbath to be incredible. One time, he hit his head against his desk whilst headbanging and gave himself a nosebleed to “We Will Rock You”. Whoops.

- His masculinity is either hyper or non existent, and nowhere in between. He refuses to drink Fiji water because it has a flower on the bottle, but has taken up more than several dares to wear lingerie or a skirt… or both.

- He always seems to be putting himself down in one way or another. Every since Shirabu replaced him as Shiratorizawa’s official setter, his inferiority complex started kicking in. At this point, every time he messes up on something, even if it’s the most insignificant thing in the world, he finds himself saying something along the lines of, “figures I can’t do this right… just like everything else.” He always sees himself lesser than everyone, and needs to figure out that even if he isn’t the best person, he needs to be the best Semi he can be.

- He’s the type of person who never gets cold. He once walked outside in nothing but a t-shirt and jeans in °15 F weather, and wound up being fine. Tendou, however, gets very cold very easily, and finds himself dying inside every time he catches Semi outside in summer clothes during the winter.

- He’s tried to pick up an instrument in the past, but never found himself understanding any of the concepts. Although, he’s pretty decent on the drums.

- He got into Shiratorizawa due to a sports scholarship, and if it werent for that, he wouldn’t be in Shiratorizawa at all. He’s realized at this point that he’s not all that smart, but he doesn’t really let that get him down. Shiratorizawa is insanely strict, and being in class one at Shiratorizawa is the equivalent to being in class three or four in any other school. Lucky for him, though, he has a few good friends in class five who always help him out in exchange for access to watch their volleyball practices. (Not everyone’s allowed to come and watch them, the gym doors are always locked. Although, the coach is rather indifferent if one of the boys brings along a couple of friends to watch them practice. As long as they’re quiet, that is.)

- He puts so much salt on his food to the point where it’s definitely not healthy. His mother used to nag to him about high blood pressure all the time, but now that he lives in a dorm he ignores it.

- He’s good at keeping everyone in line, but himself. When it comes to his friends, he knows exactly what to say to get them out of a slump, or encourage them. Although, when Semi finds himself in any negative situation, he just thinks, “Oh well. Time to die now.” and books.

anonymous asked:

UK degrees only need to be 3 years because in comparison to the US education system we leave secondary school at a higher level than they do. The first year of a lot of American degrees will cover a level understanding of the topic before moving on.

i have no idea if this is true or not, i know that in america their degrees have more breadth and they get to cover a wider range of topics whereas in the uk its a lot more focussed so i guess the extra year means they can get to the same level on whatever theyre majoring in? idk 

I love Rishi for a lot of reasons. It’s my favourite planet in SWtoR. The pirates, the pirate clothes, the narrow wooden suspension bridges, the tropical paradise landscape, the overwhelming contact with players from the opposite faction…

And yet the little detail that makes me the happiest? The trainers. Some delightful asshole decided that each pair of equivalent class trainers for Empire and Republic should share a tent

And most of them are well-behaved. The Smuggler and Imperial Agent have long discourses. The Jedi Consular and Sith Inquisitor just flat-out ignore each other, as do the Bounty Hunter and Trooper.

And then there’s these assholes:

like who thought this was a good idea

Seriously though because I need to give them cookies, I’m laughing so hard.


I have since thought more upon this and realized something else. Look at the colors of their lightsabers. Is it just me, or is the Knight using the reddish one and the Warrior using the yellow one?

I’m pretty sure it’s not just me. Which got me to thinking ‘but why?’

What if they stole one another’s lightsabers

Like they can’t kill each other for whatever reason and they’re stuck in the same confined 100 square feet 24/7, and at one point one of them steals the other’s lightsaber in a fit of pique or as safety insurance. And the other one was like ‘well two can play at that game you little kark’

And now they’re waving their stolen lightsabers at each other because neither one of them is going to be the first one to give it back

and like

Imagine them heckling each other whenever one of them gets a student, obnoxiously disrupting the other person’s lessons.

Imagine the Sith Warrior bidding a student farewell by saying ‘Remember,peace is a liewhile smirking and watching the Jedi Knight’s eye twitch.

Just imagine these assholes

~fun~ chinese vocab

these are just some words my teacher taught us recently

黄色电影 huángsè diànyǐng lit. yellow movie, pretty much means a movie is an “adult” film

side note: porn in Chinese is 三级片 sān jí piàn, which lit. translates to third-class movie

红色歌曲 hóngsè gēqǔ lit. red song, used to describe a communist song

(戴)绿帽子 (dài) lǜmàozi lit. (to wear) a green hat, it means cuckold or to be cuckolded

白领 báilǐng white collar

蓝领 lánlǐng blue collar

黑手党 hēishǒu dǎng the mafia(in China they also say 黑社会 hēishèhuì, which can mean organized crime syndicate)

红二代 hóng èr dài this is used to describe someone who is a second generation political elite, for example xi jinping’s father was PM of china, and now xi is president, so xi is 红二代。George W. Bush would also be 红二代

富二代 fù èr dài this describes someone whose parent(s) are rich and have passed the money down. 富二代 didn’t do anything in particular to earn their money, so some examples would be Paris Hilton and Donald Trump with his father’s small loan of a million dollars

黑(心)hēi (xīn) if you call someone 黑 or 黑心, you’re calling them ruthless or cut-throat. it’s used a lot to describe business people

土豪 tǔháo if someone is a 土豪, then they’re the kind of person who really showy about their money. the best english equivalent my class came up with was bougie

Karate: Retracing Our Steps.

Most of us know about how Funakoshi is the fatherof modern day Karate, and that he was responsible for sending Karate teachersto the west and other parts of the world to teach. But who did he learn from? And in turn, who did they learn from? and so on. Well, I decided to do a little backtracking on this, as far back as possible, hoping to find the Chinese monks.

Now, we know that Bodhidharma, a Hindu monk, is said to be the one who started passing around the art of self defense to young, homeless children, during his travels through China, where he decided to stay and  open up a monastery for these young kids, whom he called Shaolin, and many years later, monks from the Shaolin, spread their art and knowledge on their travels. Some of these monks went to the Ryukyu Islands, where they taught their art called Chuan Fa (Kenpo in Japanese).

This is where I want to try to backtrack to. There’s some info on each of the masters mentioned here, but I want to encourage everyone to research each one, or those who interest you most, so that you guys can learn more about who they were and what they did. For this reason, I’m not posting links either. Can’t make it too easy now. =]

Starting back from Gichin Funakoshi’s teachers: Anko Itosu and Anko Azato.

Anko Azato (1827 – 1906) - Not much is known about him. Whatever information can be found is based on Funakoshi’s descriptions of him. Azato was described by Funakoshi as “One of Okinawa’s greatest experts in the art of Karate”. According to Funakoshi, Azato was also a skilled Archer and horse rider, an adept in the art of Jigen Ryu Kendo, and was an exceptional scholar.

Anko Itosu (1831 – 1915) was small in stature, very shy and introverted in his youth. As an adult, he was secretary to the last king of Okinawa, before the Japanese abolished the Okinawan monarchy in 1879.

He began his study in the art of Tode (Karate today) under Nagahama city’s Chikudun Pechin (Okinawan term for the scholar-officials class of the former Ryukyu Kingdom (modern-day Okinawa), the class equivalent of the Japanese Samurai.), but was later on taught, alongside Azato, by Sokon Matsumura.

Itosu helped introduce Karate into Okinawa’s schools. In 1905, he was a teacher of Tode at the First Junior Prefectural High School, where he developed the method of teaching techniques that are still used to this day, by creating the five Pinan, or Heian, so that the students could learn in an easier manner, as he felt that the old forms were too difficult for children. He’s also credited with breaking down the Naihanchi, or Tekki, into the three forms that we know today. In 1908, he wrote the “Tode Jukun” (Ten Precepts of Karate) in a letter to the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of War in Japan, in order to gain their attention. 

The letter with the precepts read as follows:

Karate did not develop from Buddhism or Confucianism. In the past the Shorin-ryu school and the Shorei-ryu school were brought to Okinawa from China. Both of these schools have strong points, which I will now mention before there are too many changes:

1. Karate is not merely practiced for your own benefit; it can be used to protect one’s family or master. It is not intended to be used against a single assailant but instead as a way of avoiding a fight should one be confronted by a villain or ruffian.

2. The purpose of karate is to make the muscles and bones hard as rock and to use the hands and legs as spears.

If children were to begin training in Tang Te (Chinese Hand) while in elementary school, then they will be well suited for military service. Remember the words attributed to the Duke of Wellington after he defeated Napoleon: “The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton.”

3. Karate cannot be quickly learned. Like a slow moving bull, it eventually travels a thousand miles. If one trains diligently every day, then in three or four years one will come to understand karate. Those who train in this fashion will discover karate.

4. In karate, training of the hands and feet are important, so one must be thoroughly trained on the makiwara. In order to do this, drop your shoulders, open your lungs, take hold of your strength, grip the floor with your feet, and sink your energy into your lower abdomen. Practice using each arm one to two hundred times each day.

5. When one practices the stances of Tang Te, be sure to keep your back straight, lower your shoulders, put strength in your legs, stand firmly, and drop your energy into your lower abdomen.

6. Practice each of the techniques of karate repeatedly, the use of which is passed by word of mouth. Learn the explanations well, and decide when and in what manner to apply them when needed. Enter, counter, release is the rule of releasing hand (torite).

7. You must decide if karate is for your health or to aid your duty.

8. When you train, do so as if on the battlefield. Your eyes should glare, shoulders drop, and body harden. You should always train with intensity and spirit, and in this way you will naturally be ready.

9. One must not over-train; this will cause you to lose the energy in your lower abdomen and will be harmful to your body. Your face and eyes will turn red. Train wisely.

10. In the past, masters of karate have enjoyed long lives. Karate aids in developing the bones and muscles. It helps the digestion as well as the circulation.

If karate should be introduced beginning in the elementary schools, then we will produce many men each capable of defeating ten assailants.

I further believe this can be done by having all students at the Okinawa Teachers’ College practice karate. In this way, after graduation, they can teach at the elementary schools at which they have been taught. I believe this will be a great benefit to our nation and our military. It is my hope you will seriously consider my suggestion.

 - Anko Itosu, October 1908

This letter was influential in the spread of karate.

Itosu’s style, Shorin Ryu, became known as Itosu Ryu, in recognition of his skills, mastery, and role as teacher.

Sokon Matsumura (1797 - 1889) began his study of Tode under the guidance of Sakugawa Kanga. Matsumura had reputation as an expert martial artist, even as a young man. He was recruited into the service of the royal family of the Ryukyu Kingdom in 1816. He became the chief martial arts instructor and bodyguard for the Okinawan King, and later served in the same role for the last two Okinawan kings. Matsumura traveled to China. While he was in China, he studied Chuan Fa at the Shaolin Monastery, and later brought what he learned, back to Okinawa, helped to further develop karate, and was later known as the “Forefather of Shorin Ryu”, as he went on to develop the Shuri-Te which later developed into Shorin Ryu Karate.

Side note: In 1818, Matsumura Married Yonamine Chiru, who was also a martial arts expert, and it was said that she would lift up 130 pound sacks of rice, to sweep the floor underneath. It was also said that  she wouldn’t marry anyone who couldn’t defeat her. Supposedly, time and again, men tried, but failed. She married Matsumura, although it isn’t known if they ever did fight.

Sakugawa Kanga (also known as Tode Sakugawa) (1733 - 1815) was a martial arts master, who played a major role in the development of Te, the precursor to modern day Karate. Sakugawa trained under the monk, Peichin Takahara, beginning in 1750, for six years, after which Takahara sent Sakugawa to train under Kusanku, a Chinese master in the art of Chuan Fa, for six more years. It is said that he combined Chuan Fa with his first master’s style, forming what became known as Okinawa-te. After his training under Kusanku, he began teaching the art. He was so recognized as an expert that he was given the name To-de Sakugawa (Sakugawa “Chinese Hand”) by Takahara. He is considered to be the “Father of Okinawan Karate”, and his Okinawa-te became the base for his most famous student’s (Matsumura) Shuri-Te. Sakugawa passed down to his students the kata Kusanku, said to be one of Okinawa’s oldest kata, and developed the Bo kata, Sakugawa no Kon.

Peichin Takahara (1683 - 1760) was a Buddhist monk, mapmaker and astronomer, belonging to an upper class family from Shuri. The word Peichin isn’t a name, but a title similar to that of “Knight” given to some regents of the Court of Shuri. Takahara was known as a martial arts expert, he was highly respected as a great warrior, and his teacher was Chatan Yara. Takahara regarded the martial arts as a way of life, and is attributed to have been the first to explain the principles of Do (Way):

1. Ijo - Compassion, Humility and Modesty.

2. Fo - Seriousness, Devotion and Dedication.

3. Katsu - Deep understanding of techniques and forms.

Kusanku (Kwang Shang Fu) (1670 - 1762) was a Chinese martial arts master, who learned the art of Chuan Fa in China from a Shaolin Monk. He is credited as having an influence on practically every martial arts derived from Karate. Around 1756, Kusanku was sent, as an ambassador of the Qing Dynasty, to Okinawa, where he lived in Kanemura, near the city of Naha. During his stay in Okinawa, he instructed Sakugawa Kanga from 1756 to 1762, the year he died. After his death, Sakugawa developed, and named, the kata Kusanku, in honor of his teacher.

Chatan Yara (1668 - 1756) was known as being one of the first to spread the art of Te throughout Okinawa. At the age of 12, Yara’s parent’s sent him to China to study the Chinese language and martial arts. During his time in China, he mastered the use of the Bo and Sai while studying under the guidance of his teacher, Wong Chung-Yoh. In 1700, he returned to Shuri. Shortly after, he assisted a woman who was being harassed by a Samurai. After avoiding the Samurai’s attack, Yara took an oar from a nearby boat and used it as a weapon. He successfully disarmed and killed the Samurai. Hearing of this daring rescue, local officials recruited Yara to teach martial arts to the locals for the purpose of self defense.

Wong Chung-Yoh (1630 - ????) Very little is known about this man. He was a teacher of a martial art style called Xing Yi Quan, also known as Hsing. His school was located in Fuzhou, in the Fukien Province in China. His most notable student, who produced the lineage for modern Karate, was Chatan Yara.


Up to here, Gichin Funakoshi’s direct lineage is over, or seems to be, at least by what I’ve been able to trace back. But remember, there were other masters that aren’t as notable as the ones mentioned here, not to mention their students. So this is in no way saying that these are the ones and only, but it is more than clear that all karate styles come from the same root, the Chinese martial art, Chuan Fa.


Another master from Okinawa worth mentioning:

Matsu Higa Peichin (1640 - 1720) was a legendary martial artist who influenced the development of Karate and Kobudo, especially in the art of the Bo (staff). He was a student of the Chinese emissary, Wanshu, who taught him Chuan Fa. Legend states that Matsu Higa, with his Bo, stood up to the head-hunters of Formosa, and to Japanese pirates from the north, and never lost a battle. His contributions live on in several weapons kata, especially for Tonfa, Sai, and Bo: Matsu Higa no Tonfa, Matsu Higa no Sai and Matsu Higa no Kon.

Wanshu (Wang) (1621 - 1689) - Wang was the leader of an ambassadorial mission from China, sent by the Qing government in 1683 to the village of Tomari. He was a diplomat, poet, calligrapher, and a martial artist of Shaolin White Crane. He is credited with having taught Chaun Fa to the gentry of Tomari. The kata Wanshu was either created by Wang, or his students developed it in his honor. Whichever the case, this kata is practiced to this day in many styles of karate under the name Wanshu, Anshu, Unsu and Empi (Gichin Funakoshi renamed it Empi for use in his school). The two main versions of this kata are Matsumura’s and Itosu’s versions. This kata is also practiced in various Korean styles such as Tang Soo Do and Soo Bak Do. They also have veried names for this kata: Wangshū, Wang Shu, or Yun Bi in Korean. This kata is often reserved for advanced students, because of its difficulty.


So in the end, my friends, there’s no absolute Way. Remember that next time somebody tells you about how their styles are the only truth.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this post! =] 

Hyperimaginaries don’t commute with ultraproducts

A (finitary) hyperimaginary is a quotient of a definable set by a \(0\)-type-definable equivalence relation, i.e. it’s an equivalence class of things coming from a definable set such that we can check if two things are equivalent by checking a possibly infinite list of conditions.

The prototypical example is “things which are infinitesimally close” in the hyperreals: you say that \(x\) and \(y\) are infinitesimally close in \(^*\mathbb{R}\) if and only if \(|x - y| < \frac{1}{n}\) for all \(n \in \mathbb{N}.\)

Anyways, let \(E\) name this equivalence relation. Then it’s easy to see that

\[\mathbb{R}^{\mathcal{U}}/E \not \simeq \left(\mathbb{R}/E \right)^{\mathcal{U}},\]

since \(\mathbb{R}/E \simeq \mathbb{R}\) (after all, the real numbers are Hausdorff) so that the right hand side is the nonstandard reals \(^* \mathbb{R}\) again (so every number has a cloud of infinitesimals around it) while the left hand side has no points which are infinitesimally close together, because we’ve literally quotiented the clouds together.

This is actually an excellent example of why we shouldn’t expect the process of taking points of hyperimaginaries in a model to commute with ultraproducts: on one hand, if \(E\) is a type-definable equivalence relation on \(X\), and \(\mathcal{U}\) an ultrafilter, then computing \[\left(\prod_{i \in I} M_i/\mathcal{U} \right)(X/E)\] yields \(E\)-equivalence classes of germs \([m_i]_{\mathcal{U}}\). That is, for every condition \(\varphi(x_1, x_2)\) in \(E\) that needs to be checked to conclude that two tuples are \(E\)-equivalent, every pair of \(E\)-equivalent germs \([m_i]_{\mathcal{U}}\) and \([n_i]_{\mathcal{U}}\) agree on \(\varphi\) on some subset \(P \subseteq I\) for \(P\) in \(\mathcal{U}\).

But these \(P\)s depend on \(\varphi\). They aren’t uniform, and there’s possibly no set \(P’\) in the ultrafilter (the intersection of all the \(P\)’s might be empty) on which you could decide if \([m_i]\) and \([n_i]\) are \(E\)-equivalent for every condition \(\varphi \in E\).

On the other hand, you could try computing \[\left( \prod_{i \in I} M_i(X/E) \right) /\mathcal{U}.\] You end up instead with germs of hyperimaginaries, as in \([[m_i]_E]_{\mathcal{U}}\), but this is a tighter equivalence relation: \(([x_i]_E)_i\) and \(([y_i]_E)_i)\) are \(\mathcal{U}\)-equivalent if and only if there is a single \(P \in \mathcal{U}\), uniform for every \(i \in P\) and for every \(\varphi \in E\) so that \(M_i \models \varphi(x_i, y_i)\).

This means that the commutation of these two procedures should fail precisely when the \(P\)’s on the left hand side intersect to something outside of the ultrafilter.

Indeed, in the example we first mentioned, consider the sequences \[(1, 2, 3, \dots)\] and \[(1 + ½, 2 + 1/3, 3 + ¼, \dots).\] If we take them mod-\(\mathcal{U}\), then mod-\(E\), then they are equivalent as hyperimaginaries in \(^*\mathbb{R}\), since for each condition “x is less than \(1/n\) away from y”, these two sequences agree cofinitely many times (and every ultrafilter contains the cofinite filter).  But these cofinite sets of indices are getting smaller and smaller and intersect to \(\emptyset\). And if we take them mod-\(E\), then mod-\(\mathcal{U}\), they remain distinct.

Juvia Lockser pt 2 (or, we can’t argue that Gruvia isn’t unhealthy at this point)

Gruvia is hands down the most controversial semi-canon pairing in Fairy Tail, and given the nature of the ship it’s fairly easy to see why.There’s really no problem with liking Gruvia in its current form, and there’s equally no problem with disliking Gruvia either. In my personal opinion, the problem starts becoming evident when the argument is made that Gruvia in its current form is healthy, or normal, or even the ideal romantic situation. This is simply not true. Given the nature of this essay, I’d like to state that while this isn’t intended to be anti-Juvia, it is anti-Gruvia and technically anti-the way Gruvia’s written and Juvia’s role in it, so anyone not wishing to read such content is advised to step away. Since this is part of my Juvia series, I’ll be focusing on why Gruvia is unhealthy for Juvia, and I may retread to focus on why it’s unhealthy for Gray later…

In addition: I’d like to thank everyone that liked, reblogged, messaged and followed me following the first part of this series. I love all of you, and I really hope this essay meets your standards! Given that the next part might take a while, I’m also open to suggestion as to what my next topic should be! 

Keep reading

Fatesona 30 Day Challenge

Day Four: In clothes from the Kingdom they’re not from~

(click for a better view/zoom in)

AYYY I MANAGE TO GET THIS UP TODAY~! I didn’t think I would because b-day stuff going on. xDD; I wasn’t sure whether to draw a Nohrian class or casual clothes, so I drew both! Nohrian reclass for me would be Mercenary~ I believe it’s equivalent base class of the Samurai class from Hoshido~

I tried to squeeze as many Nohrian Fatesonas as I could on this day! Featuring the beautiful fatesonas of @jisunshines@belowtheraedar, @mellalyss, @tacticianwinter, @miu-draws, @seliaxlexias, and @ywrki~!


‘Being a painting student, the price of constantly needing new supplies and materials makes it even more difficult for me to get by.’

'Yeah, I know what you mean. I used to be able to go shopping all the time and buy Coach purses. Now I have to buy like $20 clothes.’

—  Senior Painting and Marketing student

((A list of Bunny’s classes at Ever After High: (Note: Some of these are canon while the rest are personal headcanon)

> Muse-ic (Canon) (Music)

> Geografairy (Canon) (Geography)

> Track and Shield (Canon) (Track and Field)

> Applebatics (Acrobatics)

> Beast Training and Care (Think Care of Magical Creatures)

> Mythmatics (Math)

> Riddling (though idk if this is for EAH or Wonderland High) (If not an EAH subject this would be the equivalent of an off class/free period)

> Chemythstry (chemistry)

Bunny is also on the Royal Student Council as well as in the school band.

Edit: She’s also involved with the Archery Club.))

I finally realized why I find the idea of JK’s new idea of the American magical school so implausible on top of being offensive and that is: cultural setting. There is no way culture would not have had an effect on how magic and magical societies –and even history of countries like the US – would have been shaped with the existence of magic in the world.

I mostly have the Temeraire series by Naomi Novik (a white female American) to thank for this train of thought. If you don’t know it, it’s basically a series about the Napoleonic Wars from the point of view of a British officer– with one major difference: the existence of dragons (as sentient beings). And in the first book, everything seems pretty much the same in this AU world as ours, with England being a world power, ruling and colonizing the world, etc. Except, I think Novik realized that this didn’t make sense - or maybe she planned it - but in book two we start to see that the existence of dragons has made a huge difference in the way things have developed around the world. (P.S. I’m not saying Novik is perfect, just that I appreciated that the dragons made the difference in the world.)

I don’t want to spoil it entirely for those who want to read the series, but a few major things were: the dragon corps in England had to start accepting women into their ranks, because the biggest and the baddest dragons would only accept female riders,  by end of series, one of the top military figures is a woman. Slave trade exists but as the series progresses the nations of Africa band together and destroy every single slave port along the coast of Africa and then sail across the world to the slave nations and wage war to get their people back - and if their people are dead - they demand their descendants. It’s more complex than that and there are a lot of politics but I’m summarizing here. The Incan civilization is alive and thriving. Novik doesn’t go into much detail - but she hints that while the colonization of North America started, it is radically different and in fact - Native Americans appear to be part of established country and in full power and there is even a Native American president - again, I don’t know how it’s supposed to work, but there it is. The development and colonization of Australia is also very different. 

But now J.K. is telling us that the existence of magic did not have made a major difference in the creation of nations in Harry Potter’s world. Well, I guess the UK magical world does make sense if you take their cultural and historical treatment of magic (in our own world). The witch burnings and persecution were real, their stories and mythologies are filled with good Christian knights fighting evil dragons and witches. It makes sense that the witches and wizards and magical creatures in the UK and Europe would hide their world and want nothing to do the Muggle society because of the development of the religious zeal that swept the continent and spurred massive persecution that pushed all the magic into hiding. But then look at the cultures and mythologies of other nations? Inca, Aztec, Native American tribes, Caribbean islands, Brazil, India, African nations and countries as they were before colonization. Magic is a part of their mythologies, and it is often revered, worshiped, and even used and practiced in the open society. They had no reason to hide magic, because in some shape or form it was accepted. 

And then JK comes along and says that witches and wizards don’t care about race or color or whatever else - which is complete bullshit considering the entire conflict with blood purity in HP was equivalent to class and race and ethnicity purgings of Hitler during WWII. And yet somehow, in the same breath she tells us that their world is the same as  ours. That magic made no difference in this world, even in cultures where it is accepted. That Native Americans allowed the colonists to run them over. That India and other colonies allowed the British to invade and kill them by thousands? Are you telling me that the Inca and the Aztec’s would not have used all the magic in their arsenal to fight off the Spanish? Are you telling me that the African tribes would have continued to allow their families to be stolen and sold into slavery? Even if those things managed to take root because of element of surprise (which is how that happened in Novik’s world), I doubt very much the the magical societies in those nations would have allowed their countries to be taken over and their people and history wiped out. To suggest that is not only insensitive and offensive, it’s extremely narrow minded from an literally perspective as well.

Actually now that I think about it… what about even other white cultures… like the Irish, with their proud history and their rich magical stories and folklore. I mean, even in our society the Irish are still seen as a bit of a … ‘magical’ folk. I doubt that in HP’s world they would have bothered hiding… I think magic would have been accepted as part of their society. Even when religion comes about. Their history with the English is so violent and ugly. Are you telling me that the magical Irish society would have allowed themselves to be fully integrated into the British one? Unless they were overwhelmed by the British magical forces? But we know the British magical society would not have involved themselves. We know nothing of this.

Maybe J.K. Rowling didn’t think of this in the grander scheme of things when she began to write Harry Potter because really we never did get a glimpse of any other magical societies except European ones. It was perfect in that moment and while we wanted more, it made sense in that one moment of history. All the information we learn about foreign magical worlds and their development was always post-canon. Yet somehow, the more we learn the more disappointing this world becomes. The fact that even after nearly a decade of writing and developing this world, she is somehow saying the world would still be same as it always was… that magic made no difference in history, saved no one… it’s just… it’s just makes it all so unoriginal and boring. 

It is no accident that the most effective public expression of gay mourning for the generations lost to AIDS, the NAMES Project Quilt, took the form of a homely, humble artifact—and of a feminine (that is, devalued) cultural production characteristic of the rural working class: the American equivalent of the peasant class to which black-clad Italian widows belong. The Quilt took care not to aspire to the dignity or grandeur of a conventional (heroic, masculine) funerary monument. Instead, it positively courted an appearance of unseriousness, even of laughable triviality (albeit on a vast scale), thereby both anticipating and preempting potential deprecation.
Public expressions of grief for the death of gay lovers tend to come off as a bad imitation, a spoof, or at most an appropriation of heterosexual pathos, and thus an unintended tribute to it. The Fire Island Italian widows, occupying as they already did the cultural space of parody—of the fake, the derivative, the out of place, the disallowed, the unserious, had only one way to impose their grief publicly, and that was by embracing the social devaluation of their feelings through a parodic, exaggerated, melodramatic, self-mocking, grotesque, explicitly role-playing, stylized performance.
Through drag, in short.
—  David M. Halperin. How to be Gay. 2012.

What if in the pokemon universe, Candela, Blanche, and Spark are in charge of running an afterschool program for kids interested in pokemon?

Spark is great with kids, so he runs the Instinct program for kids aged 5-12, which is divided into the 5-8 and 9-12 groups. He does a lot of games, arts and crafts, field trips to see pokemon in the area or other things pokemon related (museums), mini lessons on different pokemon. With the older kids, who are beginning to catch and train pokemon, he adds in lessons about pokemon catching, care, and training. 

Candela’s Valor program is a lot like Spark’s except she works with teenagers aged 12/13-18, which is divided into the 12/13-15, and 15-18 groups. Along with fun activities and lessons, Candela guides them to become good trainers, and helps out whenever she can. Candela’s campouts are the highlight of the program, where she takes her group out into the woods for a weekend to get a hands on experience with catching wild pokemon, and teach them basic survival skills.

Blanche’s Mystic program is for high school students who are seriously considering working in the pokemon sciences as a career. It is considered to be the equivalent of an AP class to get credit for Pokemon tech or university.  But just because Blanche’s program is rigorous doesn’t mean it’s boring: the end of the year pool parties are said to be legendary, and although Blanche can appear to be stoic, she has a great sense of humor.

Each program is held twice a week and last for an hour. For Valor and Instinct, kids bring their pokemon with them to the program. For the very little kids, it’s usually the family pokemon. Older ones bring the pokemon they catch and train. Mystic normally work with pokemon in the lab or with ones the group catches in the wild. 

Although the three programs appear to be separated and distant, they aren’t at all. Candela, Blanche, and Spark are known for dropping by other programs to help out (especially when it comes to field and camping trips) give special lessons (usually about pokemon or field they specialize in), or just because. There are Mystic kids who also are in the Valor program. Valor and Mystic kids who want volunteer experience help out with Spark’s Instinct program. And in June there is a huge end of the year party for all three programs.