tironian notes

Tironian notes (notae Tironianae) is a system of shorthand said to have been invented by Cicero’s scribe Marcus Tullius Tiro. During the Middle Ages, they were taught in monasteries and the system was extended to about 13,000 signs. The use declined after 1100.

Image: A German publication “Das Altertum”, Band 12, Heft 1, 1966, page 42, reprint of a manuscript from 9th century