On this day in music history: February 25, 1992 - “Ooooooohhh… On the TLC Tip”, the debut album by TLC is released. Produced by L.A. Reid, Babyface, Daryl Simmons, Dallas Austin, Jermaine Dupri, Da Funky Bunch, Marley Marl and Kevin Roberson, it is recorded at Doppler Studios, Studio La CoCo, Bosstown Recording Studios in Atlanta, GA and Marley’s House Of Hits in Chestnut Ridge, NY from June - December 1991. Originally known as 2nd Nature, the group originally consists of Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes and Crystal Jones. The girls audition for R&B singer Perri “Pebbles” Reid (“Girlfriend”, “Mercedes Boy”) who becomes their manager under her production company Pebbitone. Renaming them TLC (for Tionne, Lisa and Crystal) in early 1991, Reid arranges for the girls to audition for LaFace Records, formed by her then husband L.A. Reid and Babyface. L.A. is immediately impressed by T-Boz and Left Eye, but feels that Crystal should be dropped. Jones’ fate is sealed when she hesitates to sign the management contract. Crystal leaves TLC and is replaced by former Damian Dame background vocalist and dancer Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas. Hitting it off immediately with T-Boz and Left Eye, Chili is the perfect addition to the group and they quickly start work on their debut album. Though Thomas is nearly fired from TLC when Pebbles discovers that Chilli has become romantically involved with producer Dallas Austin. Refusing to let her go, T-Boz and Left Eye insist that Chilli is allowed to remain in the group. Completing the album by December of 1991, its unique hybrid of R&B, New Jack Swing, Pop and Hip Hop attitude combined with the trio’s strong and charismatic personas make them an immediate stand out. Led by “Ain’t 2 Proud 2 Beg” (#2 R&B, #6 Pop), the single and album are both instant hits. It spins off three more singles including “Baby-Baby-Baby” (#1 R&B, #2 Pop), “What About Your Friends” (#2 R&B, #7 Pop) and “Hat 2 Da Back” (#14 R&B, #30 Pop). Even with this huge out of the box success, things quickly turn sour between TLC and Pebbles while in the midst of promoting their debut. All in their early twenties at the time, the girls sign their contracts without having attorneys present, or reading them fully beforehand. To their great dismay, they discover that they have signed a production deal in which they are not directly signed to LaFace, but to Pebbles’ production company. Besides managing them and making business decisions on their behalf, Pebbitone owns TLC’s song publishing and even their name, paying them a pittance in royalties which leaves them deeply in debt. T-Boz, Left Eye and Chilli are eventually forced to file for bankruptcy in order to break ties with Pebbitone, sign with LaFace directly and organize their finances. “Ooooooohhh… On the TLC Tip” peaks at number three on the Billboard R&B album chart, number fourteen on the Top 200, and is certified 4x Platinum by the RIAA.