thutmosis iii

The mummy was among the first to have an autopsy and was opened in July 1881 and repeated in 1886. It had been badly damaged by ancient plunderers and had fallen into pieces. The well preserved head is broken off, all four limbs are detached, and the feet are severed. The king has a small, narrow, and elliptical face with a prominent nose. At the time of his death, the king was almost completely bald. Smith quotes Rudolf Virchow, who stated that although the King Thutmosis III had a long reign, his mummy had a juvenile appearance.

Identifications of Ancient Egyptian Royal Mummies from the 18th Dynasty Reconsidered -M.E. Habicht, A.S. Bouwman, and F.J. Ruhli

Egyptian Basalt Bust of Thutmose III, 18th Dynasty, Reign of Tuthmosis III, 1479-1426 BC

Thutmose III is perhaps best known as a great military commander and a large number of successful campaigns are attested during his reign, during which time he notably expanded Egypt’s boundaries. He is also well known as the young prince whose stepmother, Hatshepsut, initially ruled Egypt as co-regent. After her death in 1468 B.C., the king began his sole reign, which was marked by extensive building and reconstruction projects, particularly at Karnak.

This bust is probably from an enthroned statue of the king. He is wearing a ribbed ceremonial beard with chin-straps in relief, and the nemes-headcloth with alternating wide and narrow stripes and striated lappets and queue.

Green siltstone head of Thutmosis III: wearing the white crown. The face has large almond-shaped eyes, prominent cosmetic lines, and elegantly arching brows, a slightly aquiline nose, and a gently curved mouth. The back-pillar is plain. 1490BC (circa)

the God Osiris Onnophri (Wnn-nfrw, “He Who is always benevolent”) enthroned inside a shrine, holding the ‘Heqa’-scepter and the Flail, and wearing the White Crown with two feathers. In front of Him, a bouquet of papyrus and lotus flowers.
Detail from the “House of Eternity” of Menna, “Scribe of the fields of the Lord of the Two Lands” during the reigns of King Thutmosi IV and Amenhotep III, TT69, west 'Uaset’-Thebes.

3

A quick look at: Gezer, one of the main Canaanite cities of pre-Israelite Palestine.

First of all, a little historical context:

During the Middle Bronze Age, ca. 2000-1500 B.C.E., Gezer grew into one of the most massively fortified Canaanite sites in Palestine. […] This period was brought to an end ca. 1482 B.C.E. in a violent destruction, no doubt to be attributed to Pharaoh Thutmosis III. […] A decline in the 13th century B.C.E. was followed by a localized destruction, probably the work of Pharaoh Merneptah […] According to both archaeology and the Biblical tradition (cf. Josh 10:31-33) Gezer was not destroyed in the Israelite conquest. There are at least five levels on the summit that reflects continued Canaanite occupation, plus incursions of Philistines, in the 12th and 11th centuries B.C.E.

W. Mills, R. Bullard, 

Mercer Dictionary of the Bible, Mercer University Press, 1990.

The Standing Stones at Gezer are shown in the first image. The meaning and function of these stones are debated; popular explanations include the suggestions that they represented other cities who owed tribute to Gezer or represented Canaanite deities. In the third photo is the six-chambered gate at Tel Gezer -the fortification of Gezer has been attributed to Solomon in biblical texts.

Shown in the second photo is a reproduction of the Gezer calendar. Discovered in 1908, this calendar is one of the oldest surviving Hebrew texts, and provides us with key information about the ancient Israel agricultural cycle. Scholars have suggested that this calendar could have been a schoolboy’s memory exercise, or the text of a popular children’s/ folk song. The calendar reads the following (via: Michael D. Coogan, A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament, Oxford University Press, 2009):

  • Two months gathering (September, October)
  • Two months planting (November, December)
  • Two months late sowing (January, February)
  • One month cutting flax (March)
  • One month reaping barley (April)
  • One month reaping and measuring grain (May)
  • Two months pruning (June, July)
  • One month summer fruit (August)

The original tablet is currently displayed at the Museum of the Ancient Orient, Turkey.

Photos courtesy & taken by Ian Scott.

Mummified head of Thutmose III
Thutmose III (sometimes read as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, Thothmes in older history works, and meaning Thoth is born) was the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. During the first twenty-two years of Thutmose’s reign he was co-regent with his stepmother, Hatshepsut, who was named the pharaoh. While he was shown first on surviving monuments, both were assigned the usual royal names and insignia and neither is given any obvious seniority over the other. He served as the head of her armies.

‘Ipet-Sut’ (“Karnak”), the highly sacred Precinct of the God Amon-Ra at 'Uaset’-Thebes,
Festival Hall of King Thutmosis III (the 'Akhmenu’):
detail of a column from the Pillared Hall with the “Horus name” of King Thutmosis III:
K3-nḫt ḫˁj-m-W3st, whose meaning is “The strong Bull Who appears in 'Uaset’-Thebes”

Egyptian Religious Calendar


Today 18 September 2017 - XXIX day of Tekhy, the first month of the Lunar Calendar (in the CDXVIII Great Year of Ra according to the Civil Calendar).

Today begins the highly sacred “Beautiful Opet-Feast” dedicated to the celebration of the Sacred Marriage between the God Amon and the Goddess Mut, that is one of the most important festivities of the Egyptian Religious Calendar.
Best wishes to all for these holy and blessed days!!!

Religious Prescriptions:
Favorable day
“Favorable is to do everything on this day.” [c.c. verso XXIV]

Religious Festivities:
The XXIX day of the lunar month is sacred to Atum. It is the “Feast of the Attender” and Utetj-itef is the God of the Feast.

- “It is the day of the going forth of Nun to set up the Noble One (Osiris) in His place (/‘Temple’) (…).”
[c.c. and S. pap.]

- “Feast of Ptah, Master of the Workshop.”
[c.c.]

- “Feast of Amon in the Ipet-Resyt Temple.”
(eleven-day festivity, V day)
[T. Thutmosis III, Elephantine]

- “Opet-Feast of Amon (twenty-four days, I day),
offerings for Amon-Ra with His Ennead and the portable image of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Ramses III.”
[T. Ramses III]

- “Procession of the Goddess Hathor and Her Ennead (…).”
(fifteen days, I day)
[T. Behdet, c. Hathor]

- “Feast of Amon in His Opet.”
[T. Iunyt]

(quotes from
“Egyptian Religious Calendar: CDXVII-CDXVIII Great Year of Ra (2017CE)”, where you will find the full version of the Egyptian Calendar with the complete translation of the Temples’ calendars. The book is available both in paperback format and as a digital ebook: http://a.co/8oFE52w )

aerial view of 'Ipet-sut’ (now known as “Karnak”), the highly sacred Precinct of the God Amon-Ra at 'Uaset’-Thebes

King Thutmosi III (wearing the Red Crown), followed by His Royal ‘Ka’-spirit, smiting asiatic rebels before Amon-Ra (on the top right).
Below Amon-Ra is represented 'Uaset’, the tutelary Goddesses of the city of 'Uaset’-Thebes; behind and below 'Uaset’ and in the lower register are represented various rows of bound prisoners (with asiatic features), each with a name-ring containing the names of Egypt’s conquered enemies (more than 100).
'Ipet-Sut’, the highly sacred Precinct of the God Amon-Ra at 'Uaset’-Thebes (“Karnak”), scene from the south face of the west tower of the Seventh Pylon (of King Thutmosi III)

hieroglyphs from the enclosure of King Thutmosi III located in the Court between the Fifth and the Sixth Pylons of the Great Temple of Amon-Ra at ‘Ipet-Sut’ (“Karnak”):

“Amon-Ra the Lord of the Sky, the King of the Gods”
(Jmn-Rˁ nb pt nsw Nṯrw)

To the right, the two feathers of the Crown of Amon-Ra: the two feathers of the Crown of Amon-Ra are a pair of falcon tail feathers, and they are a symbol of the Two Lights that are the Two Eyes identified in the material world with the Sun and the Moon; and moreover they are also a symbol of the Two Maat-Goddesses

the Eastern Temple of King Ramses II, called “The Temple of Amon-Ra-Harakhty Who hears the petitions”, located at the far eastern side of ‘Ipet-Sut’ (“Karnak”), the highly sacred precinct of the God Amon-Ra at 'Uaset’-Thebes:
the two colossal Osirian statues of King Ramses II in the Outer Hall of the Temple.
On the background, the “Chapel of the Hearing Ear”, that is the Contra Temple of King Thutmosis III located on the rear wall of the Festival Hall of King Thutmosis III (the 'Akhmenu’)

“Horse after horse and man after man.”

April 16, 1457 B.C.- The first battle to be recorded with reliable detail occurs. The Battle of Megiddo, where Thutmose III of the 18th dynasty defeated the Canaanites. In the aftermath of the battle, Thutmose retook control of the Levant, extending the Egyptian empire to its territorial zenith.

Picture-  Relief in the Karnak Temple showing Thutmosis III slaying Canaanite captives from the Battle of Megiddo, 15th Century BC.