three regions

Radiation in the real Mojave Wasteland

Before I get into the details you should know that the majority of the radiation that fell across the Mojave is gone by now. However that does not mean there are not still pockets of it left and of course uranium mines and so on. 

Post WWII the US wanted to test as many bombs as possible to see what the effects were in all sorts of conditions, depths, heights and so on. At the time the most sparsely populated place in the US was in Southern Nevada. This was when Las Vegas was just beginning to come into it’s own and I-15 to Los Angeles had not even been constructed yet.

Here is a map of the Nevada Test Range

And here is what the most heavily cratered part of it looks like

The majority of those detonations were underground however the site had been used for above ground and aerial detonation also. 

All of the material blasted into the atmosphere had to go somewhere and one of the biggest air currents in the area goes from the ocean through Los Angeles and into central Utah. It covers the majority of the Mojave desert and of course that material was blown directly into it. 

Here is a map of the three heaviest effected regions in the states of Nevada, Utah and Arizona

My Grandfather was living in St George Utah at the time having retired from the Army post WWII and he, with his wife and five kids were all subjected to the fallout from Nuclear blasts in Nevada. My mother and uncles did not develop problems from it but my Grandmother had lung cancer in her later years and my Grandfather had a variety of health problems from a weak immune system in his 50′s until his death in his 80′s. What they experienced was a very real concern that many people in the area experienced and it was not until the late 1980′s that a real solid investigation on the effects of being down wind of the blasts had. 

The Radioactive Fallout lost the majority of its Radioactivity within a few years but there are hot spots dotting the Mojave where sediment has collected since the testing being washed down river or through floods and they measure a higher radiation than normal. None of them are particularly lethal, you’d have to spend a few months on them to get a high enough dose to matter but it is a concern for the smaller species in the area that do have to deal with it. 

The other problem we face out here are the hundreds of Uranium Mines all over the desert. I’ve talked a lot about them before but many of these mines had no regulation on them and people just dug wherever they could and contaminated the surrounding area. Uranium itself does not have too much Radioactivity unless you detonate it and those fine fallout particles settle however it’s a heavy metal and will leech into the soil and water table like mercury will. I was poisoned by Uranium when I inhaled a lot of fine ore dust over the period of a few hours as I napped on a fine tailings pile of sand. I had to be treated with Iodine and have my system flushed and it took a bit before I was back to normal. I had a representative from Utah’s Mining Regulation tell me that for every known Uranium mine there are probably two they don’t know about. The ones that are particularly dangerous have been sealed off like the one in the photo below. 

It’s just a fact of life out here in the Mojave. The mutation rate from what I have seen is no higher than normal. We do get mutations in animals every so often but you get that all across the US.

So when people say I am only playing at Fallout and I’m obsessed with it they don’t really get that I actually live it. I live in the most heavily nuclear bombed area in the world. At one point just about everyone living down here in the 50′s was exposed to high levels of fallout. I’ve been exposed to Uranium. I also scrap, scavenge, spelunk, hunt, trap and survive off the land. I was doing this long before the Fallout games even existed and They just over exaggerated a part of my life. New Vegas in particular since it takes place in my home region. 

Sometimes reality is just as messed up as fiction. 

Humans Are Weird - Language

Crew Recreation Room, SSV Eternal Grace

“Hey, toss the remote over here, will ya?” Chief Jesse’s accented voice was barely audible over the rabble created by the rest of the crew in the packed rec room of the spacecraft. His outstretched hand was waiting for a remote, which was thrown his direction by one of the human engineers across the room. “Cheers mate. Now, if I can get everyone’s attention!” He waited for a few moments to be acknowledged and rolled his eyes, not surprised that he was ignored. He stood up on one of the tables and slammed his left boot down onto it, the impact creating a loud enough bang that turned a few heads. “I said shut the bloody hell up!” That got everyone’s attention, and Jesse nodded with approval as he pulled his datapad from a pouch on his duty belt and held it up for him to read.

“Alright-y, ladies, bastards, and the rest of you lot, I’ve got a few words from our ever-so-lovely captain regarding a few security concerns they’ve raised with me. Firstly: Op-Sec! That’s short for “Operational Security” for those that can’t understand acronyms. While we aren’t a part of the IMSF, we are contracted to the Intergalactic Governing Council, meaning that we do have a level of secrecy that we need to abide by. That means when talking to your folks back home about how things are going, you need to be more mindful about what you are telling them. Please don’t tell them about where our next few ports of call are, or the areas we’re operating in at the current time unless you are on a secure channel or it is a matter of dire emergency. Last thing we all need is a bunch of pirate pricks to raid us all because one of us had a loose pie-trap, you got me?”

Jesse listened to a murmur of agreement before nodding approvingly and consulting his notes. “Sweet! Second: It’s come to my attention by some of the guards that some of you horny buggers are sneaking off to secluded areas to do the do, if you get my drift? Now, because I’m a decent bastard - yes, hard to believe that, but I am decent,” he had to wait a moment for a few chuckles to settle down before continuing on, “I won’t be naming names or shaming people. Honestly, I don’t care who or what you decide to fuck, as long as it’s in your own time. What I do care about is the use of protection and the locations where I’m hearing people are being caught in the act.”

Zan’via and another member of the crew, a human medical staffer by the name of Kelly Jean, were standing towards the back of the room listening to him remind the group that areas like the engine rooms and storage bays weren’t conductive to ‘safe sex’. Zan’via noted that every once in a while Kelly would chuckle at a few words and phrases that the security chief would use, and once the man had finished his announcements, Zan’via decided to see what exactly caused Kelly to find they’re friends speech humorous.

“Excuse me, Doctor Jean, if I may have a moment of your time?” Zan’via spoke up before the woman could leave and return back to the medical wards.

“Certainly, Zan’via. What’s the problem?” She replied, gesturing towards an empty table nearby.

“Well, I found it a slight bit concerning that you were quietly laughing during Chief Lynn-Michael’s announcements on what I believe were fairly serious subjects.” They started, leveling a neutral expression towards the doctor.

“Oh? You noticed that? I’m sorry, I just find the way the Chief speaks to be amusing, that’s all.” Kelly said, blushing slightly at how she’d been caught out.

“The way the Chief speaks?”

“You have to admit, he does have a way with words, right?” Kelly prodded, now curious as to how Zan’via, and by extension the rest of the Gal’eth race, would interpret the Chief’s speaking patterns and mannerisms. There was a moment of silence before Zan’via emitted what could be interpreted as a ‘groan’ and shook their head.

“I would, if I could understand some of the terms and phrases he uses on a frequent basis.” They admitted with a small sigh, rubbing their face in irritation. “I’ve been meaning to ask him about it, but every chance I get he’s either busy or something comes up that needs his attention.”

“Maybe I can help. Granted, I’m not fluent in Australian English, but I’ve been around him long enough to pick a few things up.” The classifier that Kelly used before the name of the adopted universal language piqued Zan’via’s interest.

“Australian English? You mean there is more than one form of the language?”

“Well, yes and no. English as a whole is one language, but there are different versions or dialects of it, and each differ by region. The three major versions I’ve encountered in my life are American English, British English, and Australian English. The differences are subtle between them, like spelling and how there are different names between the three for the same object. Australian English, which is what our wonderful Chief of Security is quite fluent in, is actually an interesting blend of both the American and English systems, with some unique terminology and rules thrown in for fun.”

“For fun?” Zan’via asked with a surprised expression.

“Yes, for fun. There are a few ways that Australian English, or ‘Aussie’ as it’s referred to sometimes, is easily distinguished against the others. And that’s one right there: shortened versions of words.” Kelly said with a smile.

“I do not quite follow.”

“It’s a joke, both to Australians and to foreigners, that they are a lazy bunch and will shorten anything that can be shortened. Australian becomes Aussie, service center becomes ‘serve-o’, names like Bermingham, Wilson and McDonald are turned into ‘Birm-o’, ‘Wils-o’ and ‘Macca’ respectively. That brings me to a second trait: nicknames.”


“The Chief’s full name and title is Head of Security Jesse Lynn-Michaels. When he was in the IMSF, he was Special Operations Chief Petty Officer Jesse Lynn-Michaels. That’s where he has his current ship’s nickname, Chief. It was a shorter way of calling his rank. The same carries across to any name or title if you’re an Australian, even if your name is relatively short. Occasionally he’ll call me Doc or ‘Kel’, or the Captain ‘Boss’. I’m sure he’s even shortened your own name from time to time.”

“You would be right on that regard, he constantly calls either me ‘Zan’ or ‘Zany’.” They said with what could be called a soft smile.

“See? It also serves as a benefit to tell when he’s being serious with you or not. If you hear him yell ‘Zany, get over here’, then you’re less likely to be in trouble than if he addresses you as ‘Zan’via’ or ‘Engineer’s Mate Third Class Zan’via Top’hei’.” Kelly stifled a chuckle as she saw the large alien being visibly shudder at the use of their full rank and title. “I guess some things are universal, right?”

“Agreed, and I see your point.”

“Good. Another classic hallmark which I’m sure you’ve noticed is the excessive swearing and use of rather frank terms and phrases.” Kelly said with a slight frown.

“That I have noticed; both him and his security team do sound more profane than other members of the crew.”

“Mhm. It’s another joke that Aussies don’t have a filter, and will often say what needs to be said at the expense of themselves and others. On one hand, this can be a benefit as you can safely assume that they are being genuine in their remarks. On the other, that same trait can get them into serious trouble. Do you think the Captain would have made those announcements in the same fashion, and with the same phrases?”

“I do not, it is safe to say that our Captain would have been much more formal and polite about the entire ordeal.” Zan’via said resolutely, their trust in the Captain surpassing everything else.

“Would you have paid attention through the whole thing?” The follow up caught them off guard.

“I beg your pardon?”

“If the Captain was the one speaking, would you have paid attention and remembered everything they would have said?”

Zan’via had to stop and think for a moment, recalling some of the longer briefings they’ve had to attend with the rest of the engineering department. The Captain was no doubt a good speaker, but they could admit that some of the time the Captain spoke could have been better spent on moving along with the subject matter.

“I do not like admitting this, but it is likely that I would forget some topics that they would cover.”

“You aren’t the only one, and that’s most likely why the Chief speaks so frankly and casually. It keeps the audience relaxed yet alert at the same time, and it also helps deflate any tension and unease when topics like sexual relationships are brought up. That said, Chief knows the limit, and if he started swearing and cursing with every second or third word he knows that he’ll lose his audience and risk getting himself in trouble.” Kelly’s datapad chimed at her from her pocket, and she quickly glanced at a clock on a nearby wall. “Oh, damn. Zan’via, I’ll be happy to continue this conversation later. I’ve got a patient in the Eye-See-You that I need to attend to.”

“Very well, ‘Doc’.” Zan’via said with a smile as the doctor stood up and hurried away.

‘I’ll have to ask her what certain words mean, next time…’

Victor Hugo Gothic
  • You meet a stranger in a dark alley in Paris. The stranger knows your name. Everyone knows you. 
  • Your suffering is only a metaphor for Catholicism, you repeat to yourself through bleeding lips and endless fatigue. This does not help.
  • You’re punning in Latin. When did you learn Latin?
  • The sewers of Paris are important. You must learn about sewers. Embrace the sewers. Become one with the sewers. All of life is a sewer.
  • Turn your gaze heavenwards. (If you are ambitious, literally live in a place called Heaven). Do not look down, no matter what you hear, not even if you are begged.
  • Sell your teeth. Sell your hair. Do you really need both eyes? 
  • Your death will be ever so Romantic.

★ we finished season two! ★ here are some small doodles i did while watching (including some pokemon au ideas lol)

Heightsiversary Party P2: Ripples in a Pond

I always think about what Priscilla Lopez said to me during “In the Heights.” She said, “You’re throwing a rock in the pond, and you have no idea the ripples that are going to come back.” I’m grateful for every wave that is going to come back.

Anthony Lee Medina (Usnavi) - Laurens/Phillip in Hamilton (Broadway)

Rubén J. Carbajal - Laurens/Phillip in Hamilton (Tour)

Gabrielle Ruiz (Carla/Nina) - Valencia on Crazy Ex-Girlfriend

Joel Perez (Usnavi) - last seen in the original Broadway cast of Fun Home

Samantha Marie Ware - Peggy/Maria in Hamilton (Chicago)

Joseph Morales (Usnavi) - Hamilton in Hamilton (Chicago)

Lexi Lawson (Vanessa) - Eliza in Hamilton (Broadway)

Chris Lee (Benny) - Lafayette/Jefferson in Hamilton (Chicago)

In the Heights really was my attempt to make a way for myself. And I’m so happy that it’s made a professional life for so many Latino actors. I had an actor come up to me once at a studio, and he said, “I’ve played Kevin twice and Piragua Guy three times in different regional productions all over the country.” He has a living because Heights is getting done. So I’m enormously gratified by that. 


Friendly reminder: Filipinos (& other South East Asians) are NOT Pacific Islanders

Why? It’s fairly simple.The Pacific Islands is a broad geographical area made up of three regions. The largest, Polynesia, then Melanesia and Micronesia to the north. The Philippines/Indonesia etc are NOT APART OF ANY OF THESE REGIONS.

The Pacific Islands are apart of Oceania and consist of:

Aotearoa(New Zealand), Hawai'i, Fiji, Rotuma, Tonga, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Palau, Nauru, Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Yap, Samoa, Tahiti, New Caledonia, Cook Islands, American Samoa, Kiribati, West Guinea, Niue, Marshall Islands, Palau, Tuvalu, Tokelau, Solomon Islands, Wallis and Futuna, Caroline Islands and Vanuatu.

Note how the Philippines aren’t mentioned anywhere in this list. Furthermore, the region(or continent if you will) of Oceania includes Australia and the Australian Aboriginals, whom are related to the other Oceanians

The Philippines are geographically located in Asia (specifically South East Asia) , and the people are primarily Asian(of course, some mixed with European heritage due to colonisation and such ). It’s pretty much known worldwide that the Philippines are an Asian country but there’s always that select few who are ignorant to this. The Pacific Islands aren’t any of these, and the people are different as well, but I won’t delve into that today

I’ve seen a few too many Filipinos ‘claim’ to be Pacific Islanders, despite the fact that they simply aren’t. Many try to back up themselves with ‘its just my opinion’ and such. The thing is, you simply can’t just have an opinion on who you are in this aspect. It’s like a white person from Europe suddenly saying they’re purely of African descent, when they’re aren’t. They’re two different groups.

Unless you’re mixed with any native Islander blood from any of the islands mentioned in the above list, DO NOT ‘CLAIM’ TO BE A PACIFIC ISLANDER. An example of someone who is mixed Asian/Pacific Islander is Nicole Scherzinger, who is of Filipino(Asian), Native Hawai'ian(Polynesian Pacific Islander) (and also Ukrainian (European) descent). She is a Pacific Islander, because she has actual Pacific Islander blood

As a Pacific Islander myself, it is incredibly frustrating to see non Pasifika claiming to be one of us, when they simply are not. By doing so, you’re only erasing actual Pacific Islanders identities whether you realise it or not, and furthermore, disregarding your own Asian identity, you’re also just being factually ignorant. Asia in itself, is already a huge area, with tons of different people, cultures and traditions. Please, please, PLEASE don’t be that one person who erases the cultural identities of minorities.

I’m not trying to attack anyone here, particularly Filipinos who think they’re Pacific Islanders (and other people in general who claim to be something they’re not). But please, stop claiming to be something you’re not, and trying to cover it up with lame excuses. Please don’t be ignorant

Be proud of who you are, don’t be ignorant and claim a title that doesn’t belong to you. Embrace your heritage, be proud of you

Thank you for reading


So apparently thanks to some mere Census in America they consider Filipinos Pacific Islanders now. I’m just- way to defy common sense and facts guys. A census? Really? I didn’t know you could magically become another ethnicity (Pacific Islander is a general ethnicity term) by considering yourself something else. Smh, Filipinos are not Pasifika, they’re Asian. Pasifika aren’t Asian, they’re Pasifika and Oceaniac. Two different groups from different continents. Is that so hard to understand?

Anti-cancer drugs - DNA targeting

Include alkylating agents, intercalating agents, and chain cutters.

Alkylating agents

  • Highly electrophilic species, looking for nucleophilic sites to attack, and forming covalent bonds to bases in DNA 
  • Prevent replication and transcription 
  • Toxic side effects (e.g. alkylation of proteins) 
  • Bind in the major groove of DNA
  • Both types cross-link DNA by covalently bonding to nitrogen of base pairs.
  • Binding of nucleic acid bases results in miscoding and distortion. 
  • Distortion of DNA prevents excision by HMG proteinspermanent damage. 
  • Transcription and replication prevented, tumour growth slows. 

Two electrophilic sites on an anticancer drug can cause interstrand and intrastrand cross-linking.

  • Preference for 1,2-GG or 1,2-GC linkage sites, with interstrand or intrastrand linkage, is dictated by drug chemical structure 
  • Other linkage adducts are possible. Eg 1,3-GCG, 1,2-GA. 
  • Monofunctional adducts are also possible 

Chlormethine (a nitrogen mustard)

  •  Chlormethine is highly reactive, toxic side effects. 
  • Lead compound for many less toxic mustard derivatives. 
  • Methyl (CH3 ) group has positive inductive effect – promotes loss of chloride – see mechanism 

Less toxic chlormethine analogues:

  • Melphalan:  e- withdrawing ring lowers Nu strength of N, less reactive drug, less side effects, less toxic. Mimics PhAla, carried into cells by transport proteins. 
  • Uracil mustard:  Uracil ring is e-withdrawing, less reactive alkylating agent. Mimics a nucleic acid base, concentrates in fast growing cells.
  • Cyclophosphamide:  Most commonly used alkylating agent, Non-toxic, orally active prodrug. Acrolein associated with toxicity.
  • Busulfan: Causes interstrand cross-linking. Sulphonate group withdraws electrons, adjacent carbon subject to Nu attack by DNA bases. 
  • Dacarbazine – A diazine:  Prodrug activated by oxidation in liver, decomposes to form methyldiazonium ion. Alkylates guanine groups 


 Aminoacridines eg Proflavine

Antibiotics - Dactinomycin

  • Extra binding to sugar phosphate backbone by cyclic peptide 
  • Intercalates via minor groove of DNA double helix 
  • Prevents unwinding of DNA double helix 
  • Blocks transcription, blocks DNA-dependent RNA polymerase 

Anthracyclines eg Doxorubicin (adriamycin) 

  •  Extra binding to sugar phosphate backbone by NH3 Planar rings and Anthracyclines eg Doxorubicin (adriamycin) 
  • Intercalates via major groove of DNA double helix 
  •  A topoisomerase poison - blocks action of topoisomerase II by stabilising DNA-enzyme complex 


Calicheamicin g1 I antitumour agent 

  •  Nucleophilic attack on trisulphide chain starts a rearrangement process. 
  • This interacts with DNA to generate a DNA diradical, which reacts with oxygen, resulting in chain cutting.

Bleomycins (BLM)

  • Highly active head, neck, testicular cancer (Hodgkin lymphoma) 
  • Single and double-strand cleavage of DNA with several reduced metal ions and O2 , Fe(II) highest in vivo activity. 
  • Three regions - 
  • bithiazole DNA binding domain (DBD) locks BLM into the minor groove, 
  • carbohydrate domain (CHD) H-bonds BLM to sugar phosphate of DNA 
  • metal binding domain (MBD) bonds to Fe(II)    


  • A reaction with hydrogen peroxide gives Fe(III) and hydroxyl radicals which abstract H atoms and cut the DNA chain. 
  • Fe2+ + H2O2 Fe3+ + OH. + OH− Fenton mechanism 

Lungs and skin have low levels of BLM hydrolase - higher sensitivity and toxicity. Pneumonitis occurs in about 10% of patients, progresses to pulmonary fibrosis. Over-expressed in malignant cells, resistance to bleomycin    

Summary of Anti-Tumour Specificity for DNA 

Major groove alkylators 

  • GG interstrand - N-mustards, nitrosoureas. 
  • GG intrastrand - methanesulphonates. 
  • GC-interstrand - nitrosoureas, triazines. 

Minor groove intercalators 

  • GG interstrand – anthracyclines. 
  • GC-interstrand – actinomycins, acridines. 

Minor groove chain cutters 

  • GC or GT intrastrand – bleomycins 

Translation by The Twilight Mexican. 

Read and Verified by SuperEspresso. 

Added an extra page because ‘why not’

王都警護隊/王の剣 ――王国を守るための精鋭部隊
ルシスの守をになう組織。王都警護隊は、はるか昔に解体されたルシス軍をルーツとしており、王城や市街の警備を担当する。王の剣は、レギスが王の力を貸し与えることで戦力 増強を図った私兵団で、15年前に創設された部隊。魔力を使いこなせる者は少なかったが、ルシス最強の兵士たちとして、帝国との戦争で活躍した。



Crownsguard/Kingsglaive ――Elite soldiers who protect the kingdom
Organizations that handle Lucis’s defense. The Crownsguard, whose roots lay in the Lucian army that was dissolved long ago, is responsible for the security of the city and Citadel. A unit founded 15 years ago, the Kingsglaive are a personal defense squad whose combat ability is enhanced by powers on loan from King Regis. Although few are able to master their magical powers, as Lucis’s strongest soldiers, they’re active in the war with the Empire.

Cor Leonis
The marshal who commands the Crownsguard. He grew up in an ordinary, humble home in the Crown City, Insomnia, and has accumulated abundant combat experience going back to his youth.

Titus Drautos
The captain who supervises the Kingsglaive. Originating from a small village in the northeastern archipelago of the Cavaugh Region, he lost his hometown in the war of 30 years ago, and has a past that is kept secret from Regis.

ルシスとニフルヘイム ——戦争の歴史

M.E.358年ころ ニフルハイム帝国が各国を侵略
ニルハイム帝国を治めていたエルダーキャプト家は、古代文明ソルハイムの遺産を用いて世界制覇を志した。そのためにます、クリスタルを擁スるルシス王国、および神凪が治め るテネブラエを二大制圧目標に設定。テネブラエ領の支配は比較的容易に進んだものの、民衆の神凪への信仰を無視できす、神凪フルーレ家が暮らすフェネスタラ官殿への侵攻は ひかえた。

M.E.606年ころ ニフルハイムとルシス・アコルド連合軍の戦い
帝国の兵器に追いつめられたルシス軍は、このままでは勝利は望めないと判断。当時の王は、王都インソニア一帯のカヴァー地方全体を覆う魔法障璧を創り出し、籠城態勢に入る 。そのさいにルシス軍は解体され、自衛のための組織「王者警護隊」に集約される。

M.E.725年ころ ルシスがニフルハイムに挑むも敗北
連合軍が敗れたため、リード、ダスカ、クレインの3地方にはニフルハイム軍が侵入して基地などを建設しはじめたものの、その後しばらくは戦争のない時代がつづいた。やがて 、ルシスが兵を挙げて帝国に戦いを挑む、魔導兵に押し返され敗北。このとき、少数精鋭でアコルドに向かい連合軍の再興を画策していたレギス王子は、ルシス軍の敗北により王 都インソムニアへ帰遠せざるを得なくなり、やむなく撤退した。また、強度を上げて帝国の侵攻に対えるために、魔法障壁の範囲はインソムニア城璧付近まで縮小さ れる。

M.E.744~756年ころ ルシスとニフルハイム間の争いがつづく
フェネスタラ官殿襲撃を契機として、ニフルハイムがルシスに圧力を再度かけはじめる。氷神との戦いでニフルハイムの兵力が激減したことから膠着状態が長引いたものの、ルシ スはじりじと劣勢になり、王都城壁のすぐ外まで帝国軍が迫る状況になっていく。

Lucis and Niflheim ——A History of War
The Kingdom of Lucis and the Empire of Niflheim have repeatedly been at war with one another in the past. Here we look back on the history of war the two countries have waged.

Circa M.E. 358: Niflheim invades other countries
The Aldercapt family who govern Niflheim set their sights on world domination, utilizing the legacy of the ancient civilization of Solheim. To that end, their two primary targets become the Kingdom of Lucis, which possesses the Crystal, and Tenebrae, led by the Oracle. Although gaining control of Tenebrae’s territory proceeds with relative ease, an invasion of Fenestala Manor – wherein reside the Fleurets, the Oracle family – isn’t conducted due to the masses’ faith in the Oracle.

Circa M.E. 606: Conflict between Niflheim and the Lucis-Accordo Allied Forces
With the Lucian army being overwhelmed by the weapons of the Empire, it is determined there is no hope for victory within the situation as it stands. The king at the time erects the Wall around the whole of the Cavaugh region that includes the Crown City of Insomnia, and takes up a siege position. At this time, the Lucian army is dissolved and reorganized into a countermeasure-only defense force, the Crownsguard.

Circa M.E 725: Lucis challenges Niflheim, and is defeated
Due to the defeat of the allied forces, the Niflheim army invaded the three regions of Leide, Duscae, and Cleigne, where they began establishing bases and the like – yet even so, there was a period without war after that. Eventually, Lucis dispatches soldiers to challenge the Empire en masse, but they are pushed back by the Magitek Troopers and defeated. At this time, the Lucian prince – who had traveled to Accordo with a select few to seek the restoration of an allied force – is forced to reluctantly withdraw to the Crown City, Insomnia, due to the Lucian army’s defeat. In addition, the range of the Wall is pulled back to Insomnia’s ramparts in order to maintain the strength to resist the Empire’s invasion efforts.

Circa M.E 744-756: Conflict between Lucis and Niflheim continues
Niflheim renews its offensive against Lucis with the attack on Fenestala Manor. Although the stalemate becomes prolonged due to the drastic reduction of Niflheim’s military forces in the battle with the Glacian, Lucis remains in the unfavorable position, and the Niflheim army draws near to the Crown City’s ramparts.

The Signs as twenty øne piløts songs
  • Aries: Stressed Out
  • Taurus: Message Man
  • Gemini: Kitchen Sink
  • Cancer: Ruby
  • Leo: Implicit Demand for Proof
  • Virgo: House of Gold
  • Libra: Addict With a Pen
  • Scorpio: Holding Onto You
  • Sagittarius: Ode to Sleep
  • Capricorn: Car Radio
  • Aquarius: We Don't Believe What's On TV
  • Pisces: Anathema

According to Databook 4,  Mount Myōboku, the Ryūchi Cave and the Shikkotsu Forest are called the “Three Big Unexplored ‘Sage’ Regions” (「仙人」三大秘境, “Sennin” Sandai Hikyō), despite there being no apparent connection between Senjutsu and the slugs of the forest.

Originally posted by anjathefabunicorn

@sasukekun @better-than-a-kiss @une-nuit-pour-se-souvenir @baddestbitchofcolor @sakura-uchiha-uzumaki @m-mimima
Linda Moulton Howe Earthfiles UPARS LA

For the hardcore UFOlogists

Published on 29 Jun 2017

In this 2-hour long speech at UPARS Los Angeles on June 20th, 2017, Linda Moulton Howe from Earthfiles synthesizes a wide range of topics in UFOlogy.

Linda Moulton Howe is a graduate of Stanford University with a Masters Degree in Communication. She has devoted her documentary film, television and radio career to productions concerning science, medicine and the environment.

Ms. Howe has received local, national and international awards, including three regional Emmys and a national Emmy nomination. Those films have included Poison in the Wind and A Sun Kissed Poison which compared smog pollution in Los Angeles and Denver; Fire In The Water about hydrogen as an alternative energy source to fossil fuels; A Radioactive Water about uranium contamination of public drinking water in a Denver suburb; and A Strange Harvest which explored the worldwide animal mutilation mystery which has haunted the United States and other countries from the mid-20th century to date.

“Symbols & Binary Code in High Strangeness Phenomena”

Since the original Roswell UFO incident early July 1947, the U.S government has been continually making classified attempts at reverse-engineering and utilizing alien technologies in order to facilitate possible hyper speed travel or even defense systems in preparation for future possible alien attacks. Elements of the U.S government that have come out to talk to Linda have acknowledged that we have been visited both by friendly and malicious alien races who have generated high-strangeness phenomena such as abductions and crop circles most likely to advance their own alien agendas.

Hundreds of years before the advent of modern technology, numerous reports show signs of past alien encounters. Various symbols from some of these reports have occurred multiple times throughout history whether it be from the Roswell crash itself or from more modern encounters; these symbols along with binary code implanted in certain individuals’ minds either indirectly or from abductions seem to have meaning to them. These alien species seem to be trying to do more than interfere with human evolution, they are trying to communicate with us.

From bloodless animal mutilations to direct abductions and communications with us humans, alien species seem to have taken an express interest in our planet of Earth. Whether this interest is to achieve malicious or benign ends remains to be seen.



Tet Nguyen Đan
, more commonly known by its shortened nameTet, is the most important and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam. It isthe Vietnamese New Year derived from the Chinese New Year based on the Lunarcalendar, alunisolar calendar. The name Tet Nguyen Đan is Sino-Vietnamese forFeast of the First Morning

Tet is celebrated on the same day as Chinese New Year though exceptions arise due to the one-hour time difference between Hanoi and Beijing. It takes place from the first day of the first month of the Lunar calendar (around late January or early February) until at least the third day. Tet shares many of the same customs of its Chinese counterpart, having been derived from it. Many Vietnamese prepare for Tet by cooking special holiday foods and cleaning the house. There are a lot of customs practiced during Tet, like visiting a person’s house on the first day of the new year (Xong Nha), ancestral worshipping, wishing New Year’s greetings, giving lucky money to children and elderly people, and opening a shop.

Tet is also an occasion for pilgrims and family reunions. During Tet, Vietnamese visit their relatives and temples, forgetting about the troubles of the past year and hoping for a better upcoming year. They consider Tet to be the first day of spring and the festival is often called Hoi Xuan (spring festival).


Vietnamese people usually return to their families during Tet. Some return to worship at the family altar or visit the graves of their ancestors in their homeland. Although Tet is a national holiday among all Vietnamese, each region and religion has its own customs.

Tet in the three Vietnamese regions can be divided into three periods, known as Tat Nien (Before New Year’s Eve), Giao Thua (New Year’s Eve), and Tan Nien (the New Year), representing the preparation before Tet, the eve of Tet, and the days of and following Tet, respectively. All of these customs are in Tet in Vietnam.


This period begins one or two weeks before the actual celebration. The general atmosphere leading up to Tet is in the bustle of shopping, decorating the home, cooking traditional Tet food and waiting for relatives to return home. People try to pay off their debts in advance so that they can be debt-free on Tet. Parents buy new clothes for their children so that the children can wear them when Tet arrives. Because a lot of commercial activity will cease during the celebrations, people try to stock up on supplies as much as possible.

In the days leading up to Tet, the streets and markets are full of people. As the shops will be closed during Tet, everyone is busy buying food, clothes, and decorations for their house.

Vietnamese families usually have a family altar, to pay respect to their ancestors. Vietnamese families have a tray of five fruits on their altar called “Ngu Qua”, including banana, orange, kumquat, pomelo and finger citron [some other places have Custard Apple, Coconut, Papaya, Mango and Pineapple; since it spells out Cau, Dua, Du, Xai]. Each fruit conveys a different meaning. Pomelos promise a lucky and sweet year. Banana and finger citron symbolize a protective hand while kumquats and oranges represent success and prosperity. During Tet the altar is thoroughly cleaned and new offerings are placed there. Traditionally, the three kitchen guardians for each house (Ong Tao) (Kitchen God), who report to the Jade Emperor about the events in that house over the past year, return to heaven on the 23rd day of the twelfth month by lunar calendar.  

In the days leading up to Tet, each family cooks special holiday foods such as bánh chưng and bánh dầy. Preparations for these foods are quite extensive. Family members often take turns to keep watch on the fire overnight, telling each other stories about Tet of past years.


The first day of Tet is reserved for the nuclear family. Children receive a red envelope containing money from their elders. This tradition is called Mung Tuoi (happy new age) in the north and lì xì in the south. Usually, children wear their new clothes and give their elders the traditional Tet greetings before receiving the money. Since the Vietnamese believe that the first visitor a family receives in the year determines their fortune for the entire year, people never enter any house on the first day without being invited first. The act of being the first person to enter a house on Tet is called Xong Dat, Xong Nha or Dap Dat, which is one of the most important rituals during Tet. According to Vietnamese tradition, if good things come to the family on the first day of the lunar New Year, the entire following year will also be full of blessings. Usually, a person of good temper, morality and success will be the lucky sign for the host family and be invited first into the house.

However, just to be safe, the owner of the house will leave the house a few minutes before midnight and come back just as the clock strikes midnight to prevent anyone else entering the house first who might potentially bring any unfortunate events in the new year to the household.

Sweeping during Tet is taboo or Xui (unlucky), since it symbolizes sweeping the luck away. It is also taboo for anyone who experienced a recent loss of a family member to visit anyone else during Tet.

During subsequent days, people visit relatives and friends. Traditionally but not strictly, the second day of Tet is usually reserved for friends, while the third day is for teachers. LocalBuddhist temples are popular spots as people like to give donations and to get their fortunes told during Tet. Children are free to spend their new money on toys or on gamblinggames such as Bau Cua Ca Cop, which can be found in the streets. Prosperous families can pay for dragon dancers to perform at their house. There are also public performances for everyone to watch.


Traditionally, each family displays Cay Neu, an artificial New Year Tree consisting of a bamboo pole 5 to 6 m long. The top end is usually decorated with many objects, depending on the locality, including good luck charms, origami fish, cactus branches, etc.

At Tet every house is usually decorated by Hoa Mai – Ochna integerrima (in the central and southern parts of Vietnam) or Hoa Dao – Peach flower (in the northern part of Vietnam) or Hoa Ban (in mountain areas). In the north, some people (especially the elite in the past) also decorate their house with a Prunus mume tree (also called Mai in Vietnamese). In the north or central, the kumquat tree is a popular decoration for the living room during Tet. Its many fruits symbolize the fertility and fruitfulness that the family hopes for in the coming year.

Vietnamese people also decorate their homes with bonsaiand flower plants such as chrysanthemum (Hoa Cuc), marigold (Van Tho) symbolizing longevity, Mao Ga in Southern Vietnam and paperwhite flower (Thuy Tien), lavender (Violet), Hoa Buom in Northern Vietnam. In the past, there was a tradition that old people tried to make their paperwhite flowers blossom right the watch-night time. They also hung up Dong Ho Paintings and Thu Phap (calligraphy pictures).


The traditional greetings are “Chuc Mung Nam Moi“ and ”Cung Chuc Tan Xuan“ (Happy New Year). People also wish each other prosperity and luck. Common wishes for Tet include:

  • Live up to 100 years: used by children for elders. Traditionally, everyone is one year older on Tet, so children would wish their grandparents health and longevity in exchange for Mung Tuoi or Li Xi
  • Security, good health, and prosperity
  • May a myriad things go according to your will
  • Plenty of health
  • Congratulations and be prosperous
  • May money flow in like water


In Vietnam, to celebrate Tet is to An Tet, literally meaning "Tet eating”, showing the importance of food in its celebration. Some of the food is also eaten year-round, while other dishes are only eaten during Tet. Also, some of the food is vegetarian since it is believed to be good luck to eat vegetarian on Tet. Some traditional food on Tet are:

Banh Chung and Banh Giay: essentially tightly packedsticky rice with meat or bean fillings wrapped in banana leaves. Banh Chung (rectangular) and Bánh Giay (circular) are symbolically connected with Tet and are essential in any Tet celebration. Preparation is time-consuming, and can take days to cook. The story of their origins and their connection with Tet is often recounted to children while cooking them overnight.

Hat Dua: roasted watermelon seeds, also eaten during Tet.

Dua Hanh: pickled onion and pickled cabbage.

Cu Kieu: pickled small leeks.

Mut: These dried candied fruits are rarely eaten at any time besides Tet.

Cau Dua Du Xoai - In southern Vietnam, popular fruits used for offerings at the family altar in fruit arranging art are the custard-apple/sugar-apple/soursop (Mang Cau), coconut (Dua), papaya (Du Du), and mango (Xoai), since they sound like “Cau Vua Du Xai” ([We] pray for enough [money] to spend) in the southern dialect of Vietnamese.

Thit Kho Nuoc Dua Meaning “Meat Stewed in Coconut Juice”, it is a traditional dish of pork and medium boiled eggs stewed in a broth-like sauce made of young coconut juice and Nuoc Mam. It is often eaten with pickled bean sprouts and chives, and white rice.


People are delighted to enjoy exciting games during Tet: Bau Cua, Co Tuong, Nem Con, Choi Trau, Da Ga, marshmallow toss, etc…They also participate in some competitions presenting their knowledge, strength and aestheticism such as: bird competition and Ngam Tho competition.

People can also visit fortune tellers, in temples and in the streets, to have their fortunes told. You must know your zodiac sign and the star you were born under to have your fortune read.  


These customs come from traditions passed from generation to generation and have become standard. Because of the idea that the beginning will affect the middle and the end of the year, Vietnamese people avoid doing bad things and try to do good things during Tet holiday.


One should give people lucky presents to enhance the relationship between themselves and others: new clothes, peach branches (for expelling evil), cocks (wishing for good manners), new rice (wishing for being well-fed), rice wine in a gourd (wishing for a rich and comfortable life), Banh Chung (or Banh Tet) and Banh Giay which symbolize sky and earth (for worshipping the ancestors), red things (red symbolizes happiness, luckiness, advantages) like watermelon, dogs (the bark – Gau Gau – sounds like the word Giau - richness in Vietnamese language), medicated oil (Dau in Vietnamese, also sounds similar to Giau).

One should give lucky Dong Ho Paintings such as: “Ga Dan“ (wishing for having many children), or ”Vinh Hoa”, but should not give unlucky Dong Ho paintings like “Danh Ghen“ related to legal proceedings.

One should buy a lot of water for Tet, because people wish for money to flow like water currents in a stream (proverb: “Tien Vo Nhu Nuoc”).

One should sprinkle lime powder around the house to expel evil.

One should return all things borrowed, and pay debts before Tet.


One shouldn’t say or do bad things during Tet.

One shouldn’t hurt or kill animals or plants but should set them free. The reason for this originates from Buddhism’s causality.

One shouldn’t sweep the house or empty out the rubbish to avoid luck and benefits going with it, especially on the first day of the new year. One shouldn’t let the broom in confusion if people don’t want it to be stolen.

One shouldn’t give these presents to others: clock or watch (the recipient’s time is going to pass), cats (Meo in Vietnamese language pronounced like Ngheo, poverty), medicine (the receiver will get ill), cuttle fish (its ink is black, an unlucky colour), writing ink (for the same reason), scissors or knives (they bring incompatibility).

One shouldn’t have duck meat because it brings unluckiness.

One shouldn’t have shrimp in case one would move backwards like shrimp, in other words, one would not succeed.

One shouldn’t buy or wear white clothes because white is the colour of funerals in Vietnam.

One shouldn’t let the rice-hulling mill go empty because it symbolizes failed crops.

One shouldn’t refuse anything others give or wish you during Tet.

| by Tieu Nhi |
photos: Flickr

Protagonist Pictures has released a first-look image from psychological thriller “Keepers,” which it is presenting to international buyers at the Cannes Film Market. The film, which has just concluded its six-week shoot, stars Gerard Butler, Peter Mullan and Connor Swindells as a trio of lighthouse keepers pitted against each other on a remote Scottish island.

“Keepers” is the feature debut of Danish director Kristoffer Nyholm, who recently worked on the BBC and FX’s “Taboo,” starring Tom Hardy. He was also a regular director on hit Danish crime drama “The Killing,” for which he was nominated for a BAFTA television award. Nyholm received a second BAFTA nomination for his work on 2015 miniseries “The Enfield Haunting,” starring Timothy Spall.

Inspired by a real-life unsolved mystery, “Keepers” was co-written by Celyn Jones and Joe Bone. It tells the story of three lighthouse keepers arriving on a remote, uninhabited island for a six-week shift, who discover something potentially life-changing that isn’t theirs to keep. Soon the three are locked in a tense battle for survival, fed by isolation and paranoia, as personal greed replaces loyalty.

It was shot on on location in Dumfries and Galloway, using three lighthouses across the region to depict the imposing, solitary building at the heart of the story. (source)

Kate Brierley is a three-time Regional athlete who has improved her Regional placing each year, last year breaking the top 10 at the East Regional.

This year, Brierley declined her Regional invite and has elected to compete on Reebok CrossFit One’s Regional team alongside Austin Malleolo, Spencer Hendel, Conor Murphy, Rachel Martinez and Allyson Leard.

Brierly and the newly formed team, loaded with perennial Games individual athletes, will enter the #EastRegional as the No. 3 seed after finishing 24th in the world in the Open.

Learn more about the athletes and teams headed to each Regional and get tickets at