The name refers to any one of the three species (A. atropos, A. styx and A. lachesis) of moth in the genus Acherontia. These moths are easily distinguishable by the vaguely human skull-shaped pattern of markings on the thorax. These moths have several unusual features. All three species have the ability to emit a loud squeak if irritated.
The two of the tree species named after the Moirai in Greek mythology (the Fates) Lachesis (allotter) and Atropos (unturnable). The word Styx (also meaning “hate” and “detestation”) is a river in Greek mythology that formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld.
Autonomic nerves of the face, neck, thorax and abdomen by Nicolas Henri Jacob from ‘Traité complet de l’anatomie de l’homme’ by Marc Jean Bourgery, 1831.
Dissection to show branches of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V), glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX), and hypoglossal nerve (cranial nerve XII). Spinal nerves and brachial plexus, vagus nerve (cranial nerve X), and laryngeal nerves, esophageal plexus, and celiac plexus also shown.