this has been in draft for a long time

ialpiriel  asked:

hello! i have a question about horses. in a post-apocalyptic world with only some (not a lot) of chemists/labs to make drugs, is there a way to deworm a horse? it's been thirty years since a societal collapse in my story, so i doubt vet medicine is high on the list of readily available things, but i assume people did it somehow before commonly-available chemical dewormer. thank you for making this resource!

Thirty years is a long time, and necessity is the mother of invention.

What I’m trying to say is that whether or not there has been any recovery of veterinary medicine will depend on whether animals are important to the surviving humans. It may not be top of the priority list in a survival situation to make sure the moggy is free of fleas, but if you new civilization has become dependent on draft animals for agriculture and farming, then the care of those animals will become more important. Maintaining their health becomes akin to maintaining a car.

Unfortunately there isn’t a nice, convenient, natural de-wormer growing anywhere that you can just harvest and feed the horse. Sure it would be nice, but all the ‘natural’ horse de-wormers just don’t work.

So, you might ask, how did wild horses avoid having worms?

Well, they don’t. They have low levels of worms and become moderately resistant to them. So the question we should ask next is how can you replicate this in the modern horse.

Basically a  wild horse will eat, poop, travel a few kilometers away, and eat some more.

A domestic horse in a paddock will eat, poop, trample that poop through its paddock, and eat some ore.

Given that worms are generally shedding their eggs in faeces, and the horse is then re-infected by consuming either those eggs or the recently hatched larvae, the horse in the paddock who is pooping on his food is going to have a much higher worm burden than a roaming horse.

So how can you stop a horse from being reinfected? The best solutions humans have developed are basically to ‘rest’ the paddock and convince some other species to eat all those infective worm eggs and larvae.

This is called paddock rotation and is widely used in permaculture. In the absence of modern agricultural chemicals and technology, I suspect your surviving humans would benefit significantly from permaculture techniques.

Basically, the paddock rotation method works like this:

  • Horses in paddocks contaminate it with eggs of horse worms.
  • Horses removed.
  • Second species in rotation added.
  • 2nd species eat horse worm eggs, contaminate paddock with 2nd species worm eggs.
  • 2nd species removed.
  • Third species in rotation added.
  • And so on until you get back to returning horses to the paddock.

You do need multiple paddocks fenced off for this method, but they don’t have to be very big. Generally a 2 week rotation will get decent worm control results.

The more different the species you’re rotating between, the less cross over you’ll get between parasitic worms. For example sheep and goats share many worms, but sheep and cattle share less, and sheep and chickens/geese even less.

It’s not perfect, and requires some human labor, but very little equipment other than fences and a plan.

Really it would be great to have someone who can make moxidectin, ivermectin and something like benzimidazole, but chemistry is not my forte. You should pop over to @scriptchemist she see if they have any advice.

One of my very first visits to stage door (2nd I think). This was quite early on during the play’s run and most of the casts came out at that time (apart from Jamie of course) but it was such an experience! I was so shy the first time I couldn’t even say thank you properly and just ended up smiling too much and shoving the programme book to be signed. I was still getting to know the casts at this point and had to constantly look into the biography section each time a cast walked out (I completely missed Paul Bentall and Barry the first time). You can’t imagine how happy I was to see Sam Clemmett and Anto B and was even more amazed at how humble they all were. I told Alex that he was my favourite ‘villian’ and he gave me such a snarky Draco smile that I swooned. Poppy was so kind, I mentioned it was my second time watching it (I think back then there weren’t that many that had seen it more than once) and asked my opinion on the difference in the performances. Also I think Paul had his daughter with him that night too and did I mention what an amazing person he is?!

Was quite surprised by the crowd, no shoving or pushing, just pure joy and excitement shared between fans. There is so much love for CC <3 I’m seeing it again this Sat 25th if anyone wants to meet =)

anonymous asked:

Help! I am in an art slump. I can't find any motivation in learning how to draw, and I feel so lazy every time I sit down to draw. Can you give me some tips on how to improve my art while having fun and enjoying the process of it? xxx

Loooong post, under cut

(Also, this has been sitting in my drafts for I don’t even know how long. I’M SORRY I really am terrible)

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i’m a nice person until you insult sam winchester

The Signs as Writers
  • ♈️ Aries: They’ve been writing since they were really young. They are always working on a project, or attempting some crazy challenge. They don’t shy away from trying out new genres or writing styles. Once they want to do something, there’s no way to stop them.
  • ♉️ Taurus: They may appear to have a controlled exterior, but all of that changes the instant you ask them about their characters. They write the most lovable & sweet characters, and they also happen to be their own #1 biggest fan— so beware talking smack about their babies.
  • ♊️ Gemini: They’re always juggling several projects at the same time. They write fiction and enjoy it, but they do much more. They can be spotted writing the comic-book version of one of their previous works, or typing up a movie script. Prolific doesn’t even begin to describe them.
  • ♋️ Cancer: Their storytelling is spontaneous, almost volatile, and that is what makes their books so fun to read. There’s no telling where their stories will go or what will happen next. For them, what matters most is not the journey— but the adventure!
  • ♌️ Leo: They know their characters better than anyone else. Sometimes they may spend more time writing backstories (and doing world-building) than actually writing the book, but at the end it’s all worth it. That’s why their characters feel like real people.
  • ♍️ Virgo: Their two best friends are subtlety and foreshadowing. They love leaving clues in the background, hints of what will be happening later in the story. They live for astute readers and, if you pay attention, you will realize there is more going on than you could’ve ever expected.
  • ♎️ Libra: Some writers are afraid of having multiple points of view, not them. They have tons of POVs, and they all get their chance under the spotlight. Sometimes their antagonists get the most character development, and that’s why they don’t feel like “villains.”
  • ♏️ Scorpio: They use everything in their power to strike the reader right in the *feels*. They’re the masters of cliffhangers and plot-twists. It's not about playing dirty, it’s about getting a reaction out of you. Character deaths should be expected, though they will still surprise you every damn time.
  • ♐️ Sagittarius: They don’t simply just *write* a book, they immerse themselves in the process. They’re dedicated researchers, and are known to go as far as changing their entire surroundings to match the ‘feel’ of the story they’re currently working on.
  • ♑️ Capricorn: They don’t write one-shots. Everything (and yes they do mean *everything*) they write is part of a series or their overarching mega-macro-universe. Expect to see cameos, familiar faces, and recurring themes across all their books!
  • ♒️ Aquarius: With them, no idea is too strange or far-fetched. They can take anything and spin it into a story. Mixing genres, and making new ones along the way, is all par for the course. Best of all— is that their crazy story ideas always work.
  • ♓️ Pisces: Everything they write is magical. They can make the most mundane story feel bigger-than-life and, when it comes to creating breath-taking worlds & settings, there’s simply no better. Be careful, though, because if given the chance they *will* make you believe that magic is real.

this has been sitting in my drafts for a long time now. i know the song has been used for them quite a few times already, but i felt like trying my own spin on it. and practice video editing.

this song ties into my klance headcanons pretty well, which is how Lance has always admired Keith deep down despite being jealous of him. as we know, Lance is pretty insecure about himself, and i think he tends to compare himself to others more than he should. Keith on the other hand, despite Lance getting on his nerves at times, adores Lance and has a huge crush on him. however, he seriously doubts Lance would ever be interested in him since he’s always flirting with Allura and other aliens. i think if they ever had the chance to talk about Lance’s insecurities, Keith would wonder what ‘makes Lance think he’s so special’, ‘ya feel? c;

(song: love like you by rebecca sugar)


Get to know me meme

[1/5] favorite music videos >>> Halsey - Ghost

                 You say that you’re no good for me
                         'Cause I’m always tugging at your sleeve
                                   And I swear I hate you when you leave
                                           I like it anyway