this day in titanic history

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April 14th 1912: Titanic hits an iceberg

On this day in 1912, at 11.40pm, the RMS Titanic hit an iceberg. The Titanic was the largest and most opulent passenger liner the world had ever seen, attracting notable dignitaries to its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York. The vessel was built in Belfast for White Star Line, with the intention of trumping the company’s rivals at Cunard. The Titanic was lauded as an ‘unsinkable’ ship, but subsequent examinations have suggested some fatal flaws in the ship’s design, in addition to a lack of lifeboats, which only could accommodate half the passengers. Just four days after setting sail, on April 14th at around 11.40pm, the Titanic hit an iceberg. The collision caused a massive gash in the ship’s hull, dooming the vessel to sink. As the ship filled with water and slowly sank, its over two thousand passengers rushed to lifeboats. The panicked evacuation was haphazard, with lifeboats lowered despite not being at full capacity. The ship’s final hours saw a number of particularly touching stories, including the elderly Straus couple who stayed in their cabin to die together, the violin players continuing to perform as the ship sank, and Benjamin Guggenheim changing into his formal dress and declaring “We are dressed in our best and are prepared to go down like gentlemen.”  The Titanic finally sank at around 2.20am, leaving thousands to die of hypothermia in the freezing ocean. Over 1,500 people died in the tragedy, with around 700 survivors rescued by the Cunard’s Carpathia. The demise of the ‘unsinkable’ Titanic shocked the world, and the tragic fate of a symbol of early twentieth-century optimism continues to captivate people’s imagination.

Some Historic Dates In April

April 15, 1912: sinking of the Titanic

Originally posted by ein-bleistift-und-radiergummi

April 16, 1746: Battle of Culloden Moor

Originally posted by thebookboyfriendharem

April 19, 1775: The beginning of the American Revolution with the “Shot Heard Round the World” (The Battle of Lexington and Concord)

Originally posted by bantarleton

vimeo

WATCH: Today in 1985, the wreckage of the Titanic was found on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean.

The discovery came 73 years after the ship sank when it struck an iceberg on its maiden voyage.

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RMS Carpathia Sinks After Being Struck by U-boat Torpedo

17 July 1918

On this day in British history, 17 July 1918, RMS Carpathia sank off the coast of Ireland after being torpedoed by a German U-boat. Carpathia was a Cunard Line transatlantic passenger steamship built by Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson. Carpathia made her maiden voyage in 1903 and became famous for rescuing the survivors of RMS Titanic after it struck an iceberg and sank on 15 April 1912. Carpathia was used during WWI to transport American and Canadian troops across the Atlantic. 

On the summer morning of 17 July she was torpedoed in the Celtic Sea by the Imperial German Navy submarine U-55. Of three torpedoes fired at the ship, one impacted the port side while the other penetrated the engine room, killing two firemen and three trimmers. All 57 passengers and 218 surviving crew members boarded the lifeboats as the vessel sank. U-55 surfaced and fired a third torpedo into the ship and was approaching the lifeboats when the Azalea-class sloop HMS Snowdrop arrived on the scene and drove away the submarine with gunfire before picking up the survivors from Carpathia.

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Thirty years ago today, September 1, 1985, a joint expedition of American and French oceanographers discovers the wreck of the RMS Titanic in approximately 12,500 feet of water at 41.7325° N, 49.9469° W - roughly 375 miles southeast of the coast of Newfoundland.

The search - being undertaken by a towed camera sled called ‘ARGO’ - discovered an anomalous object shortly before two in the morning local time. Upon rewinding the camera footage, the object was identified as debris from a shipwreck. The expedition leader, Dr. Robert D. Ballard, was called to the control room from his sleep.

Opening a nearby copy of Walter Lord’s “A Night to Remember,” Ballard identified the object by a photograph of boilers awaiting installation on RMS Titanic in Belfast.

The next day - September 2 - Ballard and his expedition located the main hull of the Titanic, and photographed the ship for the first time since it had left Ireland.

After being lost for 73 years, some solid part of the Titanic had at last been discovered.