these words get overused

So, on Star Wars and Star Wars shipping.

If you like Kylo Ren, you are not a Nazi.
If you don’t like Finn, you are not a Nazi.
If you ship Reylo, you are not a Nazi.
If you like any Sith/Imperial/First Order characters, you are not a Nazi.
If you dislike any Jedi/Rebellion characters, you are not a Nazi.
If you pair any characters in the Star Wars universe in any way, even if they are on opposite sides of the conflict or are main protagonist/main antagonist, you are not a Nazi.

Fandom doesn’t make people Nazis.
Liking villains or disliking heroes doesn’t make people Nazis.
Shipping characters in any way in a fandom doesn’t make people Nazis.

I ship Darth Krayt/Darth Nihl, I am not a Nazi. None of this makes anyone a Nazi.

Tips on Writing Essays:

I have had a lot of you asking for tips on writing essays, so here is a post that I hope answers all you questions :)

ANSWER THE QUESTION:
There are so many cases where people write essays that don’t actually answer the question posed to them. Here are a few tips to make sure you fully understand what the question is asking:

  • Highlight any key words in the question and look up any words you aren’t familiar with
  • Identify the command words in the title - such as compare, explain etc. as these tell you what skills you should be using when writing
  • Establish if there’s any limits or specifics set on what the essay explores e.g. characters or certain chapters of the novel

PLANNING:
It is incredibly important to plan your essay before you start writing, even more in exam situations when you are time pressured - you want to know exactly what you will write.

  • Start to think about and develop a statement/thesis which answers and responds to all parts of the original question
  • Order your points/argument in a logical order - depending on the subject this could be: chronologically through the novel, pros and cons, structured by theme or character, alternative points on two texts being compared etc.
  • Make sure each paragraph/point you plan is relevant and contributes to answering the question

STRUCTURE:

- Introduction:

  • This is the first thing the reader will read so it must be engaging, and ‘hook’ the reader straight from the begging.
  • Introduce your thesis and state what you will be discussing/arguing in the body of the essay.
  • Make sure you name the texts to be discussed if there are any.

- Main body of essay:

  • This is the main section of the essay, in which you expand on the points you outlined in the introduction. 
  • Make sure every point has a new paragraph and that you begin each paragraph with a linking word (moreover, however, furthermore etc.) and a sentence that refers back to the question.
  • If it required make sure you use evidence (quotes/stats) to back up you points, and if it literature based, that you explain the quotes effect on the reader. At the end of paragraphs always link back to the question.
  • Many people use the PEEL (Point-Evidence-Explain-Link) paragraphs as a guide when writing essays

- Conclusion:

  • Summarise the points you have put forward
  • State and reinforce your point of view on the argument (if appropriate)
  • Never introduce a new argument - but it can be effective to add in a though-provoking comment or a new expression
  • End on a powerful note - ensuring the reader finishes knowing exactly where you stand/your main point of view

EDIT/DRAFT:
In an exam situation there’s really only time to read through once/twice and check for spelling mistakes. In different situations it is very important to go through your essay multiple times in detail:

  • Check for spelling, punctuation and grammar mistakes
  • Ensure you have varied your use of vocabulary - especially when starting new paragraphs (words like however and in addition can’t be overused)
  • Get other people to read it and gives their criticisms and suggestions
  • If there’s a word limit I always think it’s easier to go over it with an extra point and then condense and cut out words if you need to, rather than struggling to add in phrases here and there at the end

GENERAL TIPS:

  • Do any extra reading or research around the essay subject that may help you when writing the essay
  • Remember to put any references in the footnotes or in a bibliography at the end of the essay
  • Make sure you always hand them in on time and in a freshly written/printed version (no little annotations, corrections or crumpled paper)
Let People Say ‘Valid’

Can we actually stop shitting on the overuse of the word ‘valid’? Like I get that it’s used a lot, and that sometimes it’s used in weird places where it doesn’t really apply, and it’s fine to gently laugh about it I guess, but people are getting downright nasty about it. 

People who don’t benefit from being told their existence is valid (either because they don’t need validation from others or because that doesn’t function as validation for them) are getting frustrated about seeing it so often. 

I’ve seen people complaining that it’s childish (as though there are no kids on this site), that “that’s not what ‘validation’ means, validation is a process” (as though reading the word can’t be part of an internal process), that it doesn’t actually help anyone (despite the fact that it does, even if it’s only in small ways), and a bunch of other reasons why it’s supposedly BS. I’ve also seen a painful number of people directly mocking all the people who DO benefit from it’s use, which, (I can’t believe I have to explain this) tends to be really vulnerable demographics such as literally anyone who needs their existence validated

The result of this is that they’re… basically stripping it of it’s power for the people who did benefit from it. 

Now it’s becoming a joke, or an embarrassing thing, rather than just a literally HARMLESS way of making some people feel good about themselves in a society that predominantly feeds off making people feel bad about themselves. 

I have personally been helped by posts that use that terminology. 

I’ve personally had eye opening “Oh shit, maybe I don’t have to hate this about myself” moments because of posts that use “You are valid” language. But suddenly everywhere I turn I’m faced with a bunch of “lol, ‘valid’ is so ridiculous, and anybody who benefits from it is a special snowflake” messages. 

Why is it so hard for you people to just let other people find happiness and acceptance in small harmless ways? What the fuck is so wrong with kindness and positivity that the knee-jerk reaction is to curl your lip and mock it? You can still be a bitter negative saltine over in your corner of the internet without hating on people who want a little support sometimes. 

here, have some personal statement/ucas application tips (by no means comprehensive, just useful, i think):

  • don’t write things in your opening sentence like “one day when i was eight i was doing a thing and i realised that i love english lit”
  • depending on how high the entry requirements are, keep the course/extracurricular stuff well balanced. for top universities i’d go for 70%+ course related
  • show that you understand your course and what it will require of you, make sure you mention any skills used in your a levels that will help you with your degree
  • don’t be funny
  • mention extra curricular stuff if it relates to your course, especially if it shows a special interest in your subject, or if your subject wasn’t offered at school so you pursued it other ways
  • don’t take tips from people that relate to the american application system, this is an entirely different thing
  • if your predicted grades are below the normal entry requirements and you’re not at a disadvantaged school, it’s almost certain that they won’t offer you a place. unless your heart is set, or you think you can impress in pre-offer interviews, don’t apply
  • apply to a variety but do so within reason - if you got all As at AS, shoot as high as you can
  • no one cares about resits. do as many as you think you can cope with. by the end of this year the topics you did last year will be doable in your sleep
  • make sure you look at league tables specifically for your subject, and check student satisfaction above all else. if their standard offer is AAA (or something that’s high for your subject, that was a specific example for normal science grades) and they aren’t higher than 25th in your subject, don’t apply. they’re in denial. for some subjects the 3rd or 4th university will be one that gives offers based on points. this is not a negative, take the chance to go there with both hands and hold onto it. you are in a very lucky position
  • the russell group isn’t everything!! lots of universities in the russell group are shit for some subjects, lots that aren’t in it are excellent. the group is based on research excellence, which really has no impact on you as an undergrad
  • no one who does science can write for shit. if you’re taking an essay subject and you’re applying for a science related degree, really make sure you let them know that you can write. it’s a huge asset to have
  • check the gcse requirements for the universities you’re applying to. if they ask for 5 As/A*s, they really do mean it, so it’s not worth using up a space for that uni if you don’t have the GCSEs. however, no one wants more than 5, so don’t stress if you’re applying to cambridge without 12 A*s. they don’t care
  • get a teacher to read your personal statement. preferably get as many people as possible to read it. if it doesn’t make sense you won’t get any offers
  • try to sound upbeat and excited. don’t complain about being bored at a level because you weren’t stretched enough, explain how happy you will be to do something more advanced
  • don’t overuse words like “interesting”, they’ll get bored. try to keep to the point and sound intelligent. grammar is vital
  • if you’re capitalising names of subjects, be consistent
  • do mention books you’ve read, but mention specific chapters covered in those books. don’t name-drop, make sure you’ve at least read the part you talked about
  • if you’re applying for a joint degree, don’t focus too much on one of the subjects. you need to show your talent in both.it’s  even better if you can demonstrate a link between them that shows why you paired them together
  • oh, and if you’re a prospective med student, i have nothing but prayer for you. i’m so sorry. try not to die
  • don’t worry!! most people get the offers they want, and even if you don’t the world definitely won’t end. good luck!!
My pushy, aggressive horse is not “dominant”.

This word gets overused so much in the animal behavior world lately (thank you soooooo much Cesar Milan, Parelli’s, etc etc etc…). Even I probably throw it around because we’re all just so used to hearing it, seeing it, and saying it now - but it is being used wrong. It has been used to package animal training into a way that is simple, effective (for the wrong reasons!), and most importantly feeds the human ego. My horse literally tried to kick me out of her paddock today, but I still say she is NOT “dominant” - that would be a complete misnomer, and a huge oversimplification of what is really going on here. 

Social dynamics among animals are not as simple as “I am in charge always!” the way lots of gimmick-peddling fad-trainers would like to tell us. The word “dynamic” is literally defined as a state of constant change, activity, or progress. Every day, every minute, animals are interacting and the group dynamic is evolving accordingly. Just like people! No one horse is “in charge” just because they were born a “lead horse” or “dominant horse”. There is no innate gene or personality trait that dictates which horse is the boss. It’s how they all behave in relation to each other and their environment at any given time.

Ok. So if a horse who likes to guard her food with bared teeth, shove people over with her shoulders, kick at anyone who sets foot in her paddock, rear in response to lead rope cues, and is persistent in all this despite constant training and correction isn’t “dominant”… what the heck is going on here?

She’s smart. Well, street-smart, as horses go, because there are different kinds of “smart”. She has a good sense of self preservation, and strong primal instincts. It’s not that she feels the innate, god-given right to be the boss. It’s that she knows someone has to be, and if she as a 2-year-old can kick my ass then I sure as hell won’t keep her safe when pumas descend on us! Some horses, even from a very early age, don’t feel the need to double check our abilities as herd-guardian this often. In a barn that’s great - we like our horses to trust us. In the wild, well. Those are the horses the pumas would make off with in the night. 

So she’s not “dominant”. She’s not trying to “dominate” me, and she doesn’t want me to “dominate” her. What she is doing is checking to see that I am competent, and that she is safe. It’s not a demand for power, it’s a question. “Can you handle this? Because I’m pretty sure pumas are worse.” “Are you suuuure you’re worthy of controlling the resources? Because if I can steal them from you so can pumas.” “Forget pumas - that other horse from that other paddock might come eat all our hay. He’s bigger than BOTH OF US! How will you address this if elected???” 

I am the Hilary Clinton to her Bernie-obsession. Deep down she knows I’m the most practical option, but she really really wants to cling to her jaded millennial skepticism and engage in pointless rebellion by just not voting (or, you know, by biting me even though all I did was fill her water bucket). Smacking her, waving sticks, being a Republican -  this will only teach such a horse that I am one more threat that she should be aware of. And with no allies left, this is how horses start to shut down under the pressure of actually being their own keeper (as they see it) 24/7.

So what does work? A consistent routine of care so she knows food and shelter are available, simple training with positive reinforcement to help her feel successful, obedience exercises like in-hand work and basic lunging, and simple corrections when she displays these aggressive “check-ins” (I use backing her up or a few steps of side pass as a correction, getting her to move her feet and give me space) have done wonders to improve her behavior. 

Most important is PATIENCE. These are deeply rooted primal instincts, and again, she is smart. I can’t just tell a horse like this anything - I have to convince her.

3

Pretty pretty War Boys *A*

anonymous asked:

Why do you hate the show?

As I see it, the books wants to give you a fierce, dense narrative that really invests you in its plot and characters, and the show has been slowly and slowly expanding the spectacle at the expense of the plot, to the point where so much of the show is not only different from the books, but counter to the grain. Look at this one example.

  • Book: Revenge empties you.
  • Show: Revenge fulfills you.

But I won’t say it’s hate. That word gets overused a lot in this day and age. The show is, at the end of the day, not worth an emotion that strong.

Thanks for the question, Anon.

SomethingLikeALawyer, Hand of the King

anonymous asked:

I love you so much oh my god how would tsukiyama, touka, yomo, ayato and shironeki react if they discovered their partner had a really bad potty mouth?

( ॣ•͈૦•͈ ॣ)

Tsukiyama: He’s a little shocked by his partner’s swearing in the beginning, but Tsukiyama’s sort of grown used to all of their cussing as time passes. Sometimes he’d bemoan the fact that his partner’s acting so uncivilized and uncouth, mostly just to jab at them. That might irritate his partner, or they might just laugh along with Tsukiyama, so it really depends on what his partner’s mood is that day. Occasionally, Tsukiyama will suggest that they tone it down a bit.

Touka: It surprises her a lot. Touka’s no stranger to rude language and cuss words, but she didn’t expect her partner to employ swearing so casually and often. She doesn’t think much on it and that habit usually only pops up if her partner’s very frustrated or did something incredibly stupid, like stubbed their toe into the corner of a sofa.

Yomo: It makes him uncomfortable from time to time, but Yomo wouldn’t hound on his partner to stop swearing or saying those words. However, when he thinks they’re going over the top with their swearing, he’d give them a little nudge or a remainder that it’s not exactly the most polite thing to do. From there on it’s up to his partner to decide if they want to deliberately ignore Yomo or cut back a bit.

Ayato: He doesn’t care, really. Sometimes he thinks it’s funny when they let loose a string of awful swear words in public and shock a bunch of people passing by, but other than that Ayato wouldn’t think too much on it. The only times he’ll be annoyed is if he’s arguing with them and his partner is having a go at him with some creative name-calling.

shiro!Kaneki: He’d comment on it right away, though Kaneki is only mildly surprised by his partner’s constant swearing. He doesn’t mind the cuss words; it’s just his partner’s overuse of them that sometimes gets a little tiring and repetitive to hear. He’s not forceful with his request, but Kaneki is a little firm, and he believes that his partner will at least be respectful enough of his wishes when they two of them are together.