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61岁“打工爷爷”账本:145天里干活135.5天
来源:  澎湃新闻

时光倒退到5个月前的2015年9月6日,在家养病180天的谢国万接到了包工头的一个电话,挂断电话后,他急忙收拾行李爬上了开往南方的大巴。

临行前,大哥大嫂堵在门口劝阻他,‌‌“你都61岁了,就不要再去建筑工地抡大锤了‌‌”。

老谢只应了一句话:‌‌“你们有儿女养老,我没有后人,现在不去挣钱,将来真的干不动了,怎么办?‌‌”

大哥大嫂哽住了,只得放行。

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谢国万2015年外出打工的‌‌“记工本‌‌”。

谢国万是重庆开县竹溪镇团凤村300余名高龄农民工的一员,这是他外出打工的第25个年头。因为年纪大了,进不了厂,他主要在建筑工地打杂工,按日计薪。

因膝下没有子女,没有企业职工基本养老保险。他告诉记者(www.thepaper.cn),养老成为他解不开的心结,唯有拼命挣钱。

5个月后返乡,老谢的‌‌“记工本‌‌”显示:离家145天里135.5天在工地上干活(注:阴雨天工地不开工),工钱130元/天,老谢一共挣了17615元。

‌‌“不干咋办?现在挣的每一分钱,都是我和老婆未来的保障。‌‌”老谢说。

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谢国万回家车票的订票单。

猫狗为伴

1月27日上午,本应到家的老谢迟迟没有现身,妻子赖纯英也不知何故。

她拨通老谢的电话,嗓音提高了几度,焦急地对着电话问道:‌‌“什么时候回来?‌‌”

‌‌“工程还没完工,没要到路费,过两天再回。‌‌”通话不到两分钟,赖纯英就挂断了电话,神色有些落寞。

赖纯英今年62岁。老谢前两天往家里打电话,告诉她将于1月26日从东莞搭老乡的私家车回家,27日到家。

电话里老谢有点兴奋,因为‌‌“可以省下685元的车费‌‌”。不过,后因包工头需其帮忙做工,放弃了搭便车回家。

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谢国万夫妻合影。

团凤村里,多数人家都建起了两三层的小洋楼,谢国万家低矮的屋子远离这些新房,四面皆被农田菜地包围。房子建起来快20年了,15年前老谢再婚的时候,翻新了下。

三个房间,正中是客厅,右侧是厨房,左侧是卧室。客厅里光线昏暗,一张木桌、四条长凳、一把椅子,此外再别无家具。桌上放着四棵焉了的白菜、两棵卷心菜。

低矮的厨房里,赖纯英赶集归来,正准备午饭,此时已是下午2点多。

老式的灶台上,架着一口铁锅,锅里煮着稀饭,里面加了白菜叶子和土豆块儿,厨房里浓烟呛鼻。

稀饭煮好,赖纯英自己盛了一碗,一边吃,一边挑出稀饭里的土豆块,扔给脚边黄色的小猫。

家里,平日除了赖纯英和这只猫,还有一条瘦骨嶙峋的小黑狗,用细铁链拴在厨房侧门口。

2015年,考虑到自己外出,妻子一个人在家孤独,老谢特地养了这条小狗。

左侧的卧室里,床头低矮的柜子上,是一部落满尘埃的红色电话。这部电话是谢国万外出打工时和妻子联系的通讯工具。

老谢常年在外打工,猫狗成为了赖纯英的寂寞伴侣。每逢村里赶集,赖纯英都会清早出门去看热闹,逛一个上午,她每每空手而归。她舍不得花钱,赶集从不买东西,‌‌“就是去打发下时间,看看热闹。‌‌”

除此之外,她偶尔去哥嫂和邻居家串门,每逢看到别家儿孙满堂时,她会看着远方发呆。

谢国万的嫂子说,老谢今年61岁,在25岁那年结过一次婚,因性格不合离异,婚姻仅保持了6个月。

15年前,谢国万与丧偶的赖纯英组建了家庭,却因为年老没有生育能力。谢国万没有亲生子女,妻子则有三个女儿,两人结婚时,赖纯英的三个女儿均已成家。

‌‌“最大的那个女儿,已经当奶奶了‌‌”,‌‌“三个女儿家境都一般,且与老谢也是关系一般,毕竟没有养育之恩。‌‌”嫂子说。

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谢国万妻子赖纯英的午饭。

拼命挣钱养老

1月29日,老谢终于回到了家里。

下午1点,记者赶到老谢家门口时,老谢正抱着一捆柴,从屋后的山上走下来。

‌‌“昨天从大朗(广东东莞大朗镇)出发的,坐10点48分发车的大巴,今天10点多到家。‌‌”老谢一边说,一边把柴捆码到墙边的柴堆上。

因为湿疹,老谢头顶的头发掉了大半,剩下的头发已经花白。老谢不高,精瘦,但身板挺得笔直,走起路来步子又大又稳。两件毛衣外套着外套,衬得老谢红光满面。

自夸身体康健的老谢,2015年上半年饱受湿疹折磨。上身长满湿疹,奇痒难忍,本来每年正月间就会外出打工的他不得已留在家里。

为了治疗湿疹,老谢累计花了2万多元钱。在家这几个月,没有任何收入,只能吃老本,老谢开始变得沉默寡言。

村头的小卖部老板说,老谢来买家里生活必需品时,不再像原来那般‌‌“大方‌‌”,‌‌“选了又选,对比价格后,总会选择最便宜的。‌‌”店老板拿他开玩笑,老谢说,‌‌“花的都是血汗钱,都是养老钱。‌‌”

‌‌“每天干完农活后,他都会拿出手机和原来的包工头打电话,问有没有活干。‌‌”赖纯英说,没有联系好工作的那段时间,老谢一天到晚难得说几句话。去年9月湿疹好了些后,老谢接到包工头‌‌“有活干‌‌”的电话,当天就爬上了去东莞的大巴。

老谢从包里翻出一个薄薄的软抄本,这是他的‌‌“记工本‌‌”。他一边翻看,一边回忆过去一年的打工历程:2015年9月6日离家,9月7日到达东莞大朗镇的建筑工地,9月8日一早,他就到工地上工。

记工本显示,老谢总共离家的145天里,其中135.5天在工地上干活(注:阴雨天工地不开工包括在内)。建筑工地上按日计薪每天的工钱是130元,这一年,老谢挣了17615元。

从1990年开始,谢国万已经打工25年了。老谢说,打工的第一年每天15元工钱,有活儿做的时候,包工头包吃住。没活儿做,就需要自掏伙食费,每天9元钱。

‌‌“最近几年情况好多了。‌‌”老谢说,现在无论有没有事儿做,只要在工地上,包工头都包吃包住,不用交生活费不说,伙食也比以前好很多。一日三餐,早餐一般是稀饭加花生米,午餐和晚餐两素一荤。

住宿条件也好了很多。老谢所在的工地,民工住在工地上的活动板房里,五六人住一个房间,有热水器,每天下工回来都能洗上热水澡。‌‌“去年做的那个工地,板房里还有空调‌‌”。

工地上没什么娱乐,老谢喜欢和工友们步行到距工地不到一公里外的商场、超市逛逛,‌‌“一般不买什么东西,就逛逛看看,图个热闹‌‌”。

老谢说,像他这么大岁数的人工地上已经很少见了,还能在工地上谋到一份工作,一方面是因为自己跟着包工头干了多年,又有同乡情分,包工头不忍拒绝;另一方面是因为自己身体不错人又勤快,‌‌“不然就算关系再好,包工头也不会要。‌‌”

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谢国万老家卧室。

养老心结

老谢的哥哥、嫂嫂心疼他这么大年纪还到工地上卖力气,曾多次试图劝阻,但老谢的一句话让他们无言以对:‌‌“你们有子女养老,我没有后人,现在不去挣钱,以后怎么办?‌‌”

说起工地生活,老谢眉飞色舞,但他却不敢去想年纪再大些不能打工的生活。

从2014年开始,赖纯英开始享受‌‌“五保户‌‌”补助,2015年开始,老谢也能领‌‌“五保户‌‌”补助。‌‌“五保户‌‌”每人每月有450元补助,老谢一家有900元的补助,打工多年,家里也有几万元积蓄。但是提起未来,老谢心里还是没底。

66岁的陈龙源是团凤村100多名60岁以上的农民工中,唯一有职工退休金的,现在每月能领到900余元。有退休金的他,不再外出打工,经常找邻居玩纸牌打发时间,牌局不涉及钱。

虽在同村,老谢与陈龙源并不太熟,但陈龙源却成为了他羡慕的对象,‌‌“他的命好,能进正规的厂子,我没有那个命运,一直在工地上打杂,能买个工伤保险就很不错了,哪敢去想有养老保险‌‌”。

‌‌“如果我现在也能领900元退休工资,加上‌‌‘五保户’补助,用轿子抬我上工地,我也不会去了。‌‌”说这话时,老谢眼神中透着羡慕和憧憬。

基本生活不是老谢担心的问题,他最怕的是生病。一旦生病,不能再外出打工,多年的积蓄也可能很快就会花光,‌‌“去年的湿疹,随便治一下就花了2万,现在还痒着,不是大病,不想再花大钱治了,自己买了些药涂擦‌‌”。

没有子嗣养老,成了老谢打不开的心结。‌‌“要是有子女,我肯定不会再出去打工了。现在挣的每一分钱,都是对自己及妻子未来的保障‌‌”。

工友眼中的老谢是开朗的,平日三五个工友在一起吹牛、讲黄段子,他都会参与其中,唯独工友谈及家中妻儿时,他就会低头离开。

去年11月的一次饭后,几个工友酒后调侃他去领养一个小孩,老谢破天荒地吼了一句,‌‌“以后别再在我耳边提小孩的事了,我没有你们那个命‌‌”,话毕,老谢独自回了工地板房。

为了多些养老钱,老谢拼命地挣钱、省钱。离家145天,老谢挣了17615元。其间,他只找包工头预支了4000元钱。这4000元钱的开销是:11月感冒、治湿疹花了1000多元,在工地上日常生活花了些,这一次回家的路费花了700多元,回家前为妻子买了两件新衣,回家后准备给大哥家的孙儿孙女包几个红包。

剩下的13000多元,虽然包工头提出可以付现金,但老谢拒绝了,而是选择让包工头打到自己的银行账户上,‌‌“要存起来‌‌”。

存有多年积蓄的银行卡被老谢视为珍宝,分外小心,平日都是自己藏在家里,而且一定要把身份证和银行卡分开,‌‌“那是我们的养老钱,不能丢‌‌”。

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谢国万老家的房子。

老谢打心底羡慕哥嫂儿孙满堂,年纪相仿的兄长早已在家享清福,而他每年春节后总得张罗着外出打工。

每年团圆饭,嫂子会叫老谢夫妻俩来家里聚餐,总会喝点小酒。酒后的老谢总会喋喋不休说一些羡慕大哥的话,而后给大哥的孙子孙女们人手一个200元的红包。

作为中国第一代农民工之一,老谢还有另外一个心结。翻弄着手里的记工本,老谢不无遗憾地说,‌‌“要是自己能多上两年学,多识几个字,就好了‌‌”。

他想把自己25年的打工经历写部长篇小说:什么时候开始打工,在哪里打工,遇到什么人,发生了什么事,哪个包工头好哪个不好,‌‌“好的坏的,统统写下来,向全国人民汇报‌‌”。

但想到自己的学历,老谢神色有些黯然。1966年,12岁的谢国万开始上小学一年级,正值‌‌“文革‌‌”,天天学的是《毛主席语录》,字还没认全他就离开了学校。

采访结束,记者提出给老谢夫妻拍个合影,他一再叮嘱要拍好一点,多拍几张。去年记者的报道也刊出了他的照片,建筑工地上的工友们经常拿着手机翻出报道调侃他,‌‌“老谢,这个照片不好看了,下次一定记得要记者给你拍帅一点‌‌”。

拍照前,老谢用手推了推身边的老伴,嘀咕道,‌‌“去换上我给你带回来的新衣‌‌”,老伴腼腆地笑了笑,没有起身。

栏目:  社会透视 作者:  蒋格伟 王福艳
GAO Gan team, why "transition": the highest, and the duty

“Editor’s note”

Out of the team again close to World Cup qualifier when Gao Hongbo became “grasping at straws”. He will lead the men’s best prepare for and complete on March 24 with the Maldives on March 29, and Qatar’s two games.

But in the announcement by the Football Association, enclose a phrase: taking into account the long-term development of Chinese football, the Chinese Football Association will be more prudent to professional continued employment of Chinese men’s team head coach.

Gao was a Chinese Football Association “superstitious” Yang handsome victims. A sense of class, the tactics, winning France break Korea’s national soccer team in tatters.

Restart fazed by the Football Association after working last month, Gao Hongbo is still becoming the first candidates. He then accepted a surging News (www.thepaper.CN) exclusive interview, although at that time as to whether we will be elected to have no bottom, but you can strongly felt how his last class feel aggrieved. Hong Kong media Hong Kong FA because China wars

At the age of 50, Gao Hongbo, coached China’s national team is his life goal.

GAO said, “I believe in the national team as well as the second half”. Only this time, his identity is still a “transition”.

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GAO Hongbo led the Team Germany than France.

Interview reads as follows:

He and Xu Genbao tradition, obstinate

January 9 at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, Gao Hongbo filled out the registration form and click the Send button. All this from the Chinese Football Association officially announced less than 12 hours notice.

Application period from January 9 to January 29, have 20 days to let the local coaches and national team coach before consider the advantages and disadvantages of advance and retreat, but GAO did not do so.

Application form should be submitted at the first time, Gao wants to use this method of bound, indicated that some kind of personal attitudes.

For the identity of the former national soccer team coach, in fact, quite sensitive, in accordance with previous national team competition, competitive people are hidden Tuck, but Gao Hongbo confidently announced the first time he entered for the competition.

He said two words so impressed me, is the “highest”, another is “duty-bound”.

This is not a rhetorical or self-glorification, people familiar with Gao Hongbo know that coach had always been his dream and pursuit. Although the 2011 class in Hefei, was forced to, but said he believed they have opportunities once again in charge of the national team, pointed sticks, and even led the national team World Cup.

Make such judgments, but also character. GAO Hongbo’s character is a tough, persistent, selected targets, do not give up easily.

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GAO Hongbo and mentor Xu Genbao.

When it comes to this point, not open around a name is Xu Genbao.

GAO Hongbo aged 10 was picked by Xu Genbao, eats and lives Xu Genbao two man as master and apprentice, such as father and son. Insiders familiar with emotion, move this same photo two people must first sort out clothes, feet together, hands down, close to the creases, standing a respectful “attention” position.

This expression reflects the character of two people in particular: tradition, obstinate, and never give up. Hong Kong media Hong Kong FA because China wars

Xu Genbao over seven acquisitions Spain Club, dare led the war for continental League first, it’s not hard to understand why Gao Hongbo will compete for national team coach, was bound to choose back onto.

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Perrin and Gao Hongbo.

Perrin and his analysis of the tactical view

The end of 2011, Gao Hongbo has left such a meaningful words: “’s work in the national team just before the first-half, I believe I will have the second half……”

Subsequently coached people and Jiangsu SAINTY in Guizhou province, Gao Hongbo both enable local young players, create opportunities for them as far as possible, recommended for players of the right age font manager.

Although he is from Jiangsu SAINTY in the world, but he has left the six powers SAINTY feet and two major Olympic players. Due to this, anecdotal and even rumors that Gao so keen on new talent is once again in charge of soccer pointers to accumulate strength for itself.

There is also a little-known details, Gao Hongbo and Perrin also has a good communication between. When Shi Shun day team have a foreign Assistant named Henkes, and Perrin personally good, he took GAO to Perrin.

And after that Gao once was national team coach, Perrin is also very willing to listen to his advice, and share tactics with Gao opinion. This stage also Shun Tian player national team than any other period. Just worry about criticism from the outside, Gao Hongbo few external reference to the intersection with the Perrin.

2014 second half of the season, Gao Wu Xi into attacking playmaker in the League, the successful transformation of tactics, then transplant to the national team by Perrin played in the group stage of the Asian Cup.

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Fans play slogan: the Guide, but you don’t name “Ocean.”

Jin and Yuan dynasty era, he could walk the “second half”?

For the competition, the outside world thought Gao Hongbo was “futile”.

But the GAO did not look at. He talked about his strengths–familiar with the situation, to shorten the period, into the role as soon as possible.

On the ropes he considered to consist of two levels: one is the better understanding of Chinese Super League, the other is familiar to Asian rivals.

During the 2009 National team for the first time, Gao Hongbo’s biggest achievement is promoted by a group of young players did not field at international level, this group later became the backbone of the national team and intermediate strength.

Evergrande dominated at the beginning, there used to be a joke, said Liu yongzhuo holding a list of Gao. GAO Hongbo who entered the national team, evergrande would buy one.

Although they are only joking, but enough to prove Gao Hongbo unique vision.

In fact, Gao was asked questions about team selection, but he did not answer directly, let name does not, after all, is not a Word. But he said one thing is certain: “the League in these two years I still have a lot of players coming out. ”

But hot of Jin and Yuan dynasty era of football in China, Yang handsome, handsome, responsive leadership needs and aesthetic needs of the community, it also greatly increases the GAO complete open "second half” of difficulty. This “second half”, but also is treading on thin ice, follow.

Five years ago, Gao Hongbo was Jose Antonio Camacho took over command, said such a sentence: “Yang handsome main purpose is to make money, football was run by Chinese people in China. "Five years later, Gao Hongbo gaunt figure, is firm, but still lonely.

Year closed restoration this year, Shanghai YuYuan garden Lantern Festival, national-level intangible cultural heritage or will be subject to the monitoring of stream

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Garden spring of 2016 folk arts Lantern Festival will be held from January 26 to February 25. Journalists surging Zhu Weihui

Shanghai Yu garden lantern for the closure of last year, it was held again this year.

On January 31, the surging News (www.thepaper.CN) from Shanghai YuYuan was informed that the spring 2016 YuYuan folk arts Lantern Festival will be held from January 26 to February 25, is expected to become the longest session of YuYuan garden Lantern Festival in recent years.

As a State-level intangible cultural heritage items, YuYuan garden Lantern Festival in Shanghai well-known and high impact of a traditional folk culture activities, every year during the Spring Festival “where most Chinese in Shanghai”.

Journalists learned that the surging 2015 Festival YuYuan garden Lantern Festival canceled, YuYuan garden, Huangpu District Government and instructed related departments to abolish the organized garden folk Lantern Festival expand inform, while security measures are not weak, fire safety is in place.

YuYuan garden Lantern Festival of the 2016, will be the 21st session of the YuYuan garden Lantern Festival. Organizers, 2016 YuYuan garden Lantern Festival to “monkey” as the protagonist, 50 large light distribution in the YuYuan tourist Mart floors, walls, bridges and roads over the Lake,. Among them, the most bright “light King” when the set is located on the central square of the theme “Golden Monkey shipped the prosperity of Bliss”, the whole mountain body translucent, fruit, showing a picture of monkeys to make the joy of spring scene. The Monkey King majestic Central, 8 meters high, equivalent to a three-story high, weighing up to 1 ton. Due to the rich style of the Monkey King, solder wire connection the framework of more than 10,000, the welding time spent a month.

In response to the large passenger flow that may occur during the Lantern Festival, YuYuan in the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival during the implementation of monitoring based on passenger data based classification warnings and restrictions, limiting measures. Zongyang Anhui Tongling formed under the dust

According to the plan, when stranded passengers at the time of less than 20,000 people, zigzag bridge implementation (from North to South) the one-way traffic when stranded passengers up to 30,000 people, three in five out eight crossing Mall, within the city to a one-way traffic when stranded passengers close to 40,000 people, zigzag bridge is closed to traffic, and implemented not only in urban area. Measures for the effective implementation of the restrictions, limiting, YuYuan will produce traffic guide sign 45, guided and orderly view lamp. Zongyang Anhui Tongling formed under the dust

Also, to control bend bridge regional passenger traffic order, South side of the Mall in a zigzag bridge Plaza, set the guide fence, guide bridge and not on the bridge visitors on natural shunt. During the Lantern Festival, visitors split point will move hundreds of metres further.

During this year’s Lantern Festival YuYuan garden Lantern Festival, in addition, rest periods free view lamp Lantern Festival City Tickets two days before, two days before the adult fare of 50 Yuan, 30 Yuan for children. Adult admission fee is 100 Yuan on the day of the Lantern Festival, children’s fares in half.

Report: night lights

From January 26 to February 7, 17:30-20:00;

February 8 (first day of the first month)-February 13 (six of the first month), 17:30-22:00;

February 14 (first month when初七because)-February 25 (18 day), 17:30-21:00.

City:

February 20 (13 day), February 21 (14 day) 16 points;

February 22 (Lantern Festival) starts at 14.

Price:

Saturday, February 20 (13 day), Sunday 21st (14 day) adult tickets, 50 Yuan/Zhang; children of 30/tickets

Monday, February 22 (Lantern Festival) for adults votes 100 Yuan/Zhang, children 50 Yuan/Zhang.

Xiangxiang in Hunan province in response to reported killed in the town of Government

Xiangxiang in Hunan province in response to reported killed in the town of Government

NET exposure, fan Jiang Zhen, xiangxiang in Hunan province reported a man die in Government car parks in the town, the surging News (www.thepaper.CN) on January 29 from xiangxiang communications issued by the municipal party Committee propaganda department learned that men commit suicide, suicide investigation is under way at present. Junction of fengkai in Guangdong Guangxi Wuzhou Twitter users…

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NET exposure after a young man was hit by a van in Shandong by the collision compacted, police involved in the investigation

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Impact, the red circles for riding a bicycle lad. Shaanxi two sisters injured by Rescue Corps detachment Shaanxi two sisters injured by Rescue Corps detachment

On January 28, circulating on the Internet “, linyi city, Shandong linshu a teenage driver was drunk driving rolled several times” video, linshu County Public Security Bureau head of propaganda to the surging News (www.thepaper.CN) said the incidents are under investigation.

Network biography of incident site monitoring video displayed, a car silver van fast driving, hit a car stopped in roadside of white car, and will opposite drove to of a riding bike who even car people hit pour; van driver not got off view, but reversing Hou adjustment front direction, directly towards men and bike drove to; impact Hou wheels cannot crossed, van stay several seconds, then added foot horsepower, directly grind with people and bike drag line, and eventually from bike who body grind pressure past, fled site. Meanwhile, van continued rolling after the frenzy of the people, a man and a woman to the white car had been hit, opened the door and picked up a little girl in the car and running towards the next shop.

After the incident, by crushing men was sent to linshu County people’s Hospital for emergency treatment, ambulance staff said injured with multiple fractures and has been out of danger now.

More than witness friends on, the incident on January 26, located in linshu County, “bar street”; hit seems to be very young men, I think more than 10 years old; the driver intentionally rolling again after people in an attempt to escape, was intercepted by the crowd after, then was taken away by police; van driver suspected of drink driving. However, the details have not been confirmed.

“The investigation results are not out, not be hasty conclusion. "For drunken driving and intentionally rolling, surging linshu County Public Security Bureau publicity Bureau in charge only to news that case is still under investigation.

中國春節返鄉 租個女友過年

【台灣醒報記者陳正健綜合報導】有錢沒錢,租個女友好過年!中國有許多單身灘,過年回家難免會被親友逼婚,根據《河南電視台》報導,為了應付家鄉的父母,中國大陸「出租女友」的服務愈來愈夯,假女友的價格通常在3千人民幣上下,而且保證漂亮,若想要「假結婚」也行,只是這樣的服務卻經常淪為「性交易」或造成法律糾紛。

近年來,中國每逢春節期間,「出租女友」的服務就成為熱門話題。婚友介紹中心表示,租女友的業務費用在3、4千人民幣不等,共有20至30女子可供挑選。

租女友的流程依序為交錢、看照片、選人和安排見面,婚友中心保證,絕對能找到適合的人選,而且出租的女友都很漂亮,若需要「假結婚」的服務也能提供。

不過,「出租女友」卻一不小心就可能淪為「性交易」。婚友介紹中心暗示說,當男性客人帶假女友回家,晚上肯定是睡在一起,接下來會發生什麼事,就看雙方的協商而定。

過去曾經發生許多「假戲真作」的案例,男子帶假女友回家後,搞大她們的肚子。法律專家指出,「出租女友」不受法律的保護,因為合約有違「善良風俗」。

延伸閱讀:《河南電視台》新聞。http://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1425999