theory of electrons

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2.14.17 | 8:40 PM
Happy Valentine’s Day to you love birbs and single birbs ♡ here’s a cheesy chem pickup line to go with my notes: I like to consider myself pretty stable, but around you I become highly reactive~

I actually have around 10-12 pages done in my ap chem notebook already but I’ll save those for later. I learned about einstein, heisenberg, de broglie, and schrödinger’s theories on waves and electrons today, so far so good.

Me (An Astronomy Nerd) in Astrophysics...

Teacher: *showing us emission spectra* “So, as you can see, when we energize different types of gasses, they emit different specific wavelengths of light.”
Me (INTJ): *whispering to ISTJ friend* “Well, that’s a gross oversimplification. Want to actually know how it all works?”
ISTJ Best Friend: “Not particularly, no.”
Me: “Aww, come on, but it’s really cool!”
ISTJ BF: *knowing I really like talking about this stuff* “Fine.”
Me: *psyched that she’s actually listening to me* “Ok, well when the gas is excited by the electricity going through the tube, the electrons jump to…” (end up explaining the theory why electrons can’t exist between energy levels)
ISTJ BF: “Woah there, I thought this was going to be a short, easy-to-follow explanation.”
Me:
ISTJ BF: “Yeah, I guess I should have figured. You just better hope he doesn’t put anything related to this as a short answer on the test. You’d never finish.”

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If you created a system that could potentially displace a lot of existing organisations - large, powerful organisations - rendering them obsolete and removing their sources of funding, you could reasonably expect that some people from those groups wouldn’t be too happy about it. They will most likely decide to take action - perhaps even criminal action - in order to protect their interests. That’s why when Bitcoin was created, it made sense that its inventor (or inventors) decided to remain anonymous.

The identity of Satoshi Nakamoto remains unknown, and as far as we know, no longer has anything to do with the project. So they are most likely safe from reprisal. Yet, what about the people who are involved in the project today? If powerful people wanted to slow down or even destroy Bitcoin, how would they do it? The decentralised, anti-fragile nature of the system makes it too strong for an attack using software. But the developers’ identities are public, and the discussion boards are public. Anyone with sufficient resources could begin to corrupt these groups using money, violence, threats of violence, and sowing seeds of confusions in public forums - perhaps even creating entire companies to subtly undermine the integrity of the project.

In this episode, Kurt looks at a couple of historical examples of how “law enforcement” organisations are willing to get their hands dirty for questionable purposes, and speculates how similar strategies could be used to unhinge the Bitcoin community - or other digital currency communities. He discusses how Hoover used the FBI to act out his prejudices against black Americans, how London Metropolitan policemen were involved in sexual relationships as part of their undercover operations, and the types of unusual comments that float around among prominent Bitcoiners, that raise the question of whether Bitcoin has been compromised.

Join me on a journey of infiltration, deception and mystery in the next episode of … The Paradise Paradox!

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I’m keeping the original page 1 available as a little homage to how far the art has come, and how this monster comic all started from a little doodle explaining one of my GF theories.

Putting the rest of my theory into comic form. Part 1 above, part 2 to come…

That new trailer has me more convinced than ever!

Not As Dumb As You Look Prologue1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6

Not As Dumb As You Look Part  2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26

It is interesting to note that Bohr was an outspoken critic of Einstein’s light quantum (prior to 1924), that he discouraged Dirac’s work on the relativistic electron theory (telling him, incorrectly, that Klein and Gordon had already succeeded), that he opposed Pauli’s introduction of the neutrino, that he ridiculed Yukawa’s theory of the meson, and that he disparaged Feynman’s approach to quantum electrodynamics.

what did Niels Bohr do to you

My main theme is the extension of the nervous system in the electric age, and thus, the complete break with five thousand years of mechanical technology. This I state over and over again. I do not say whether it is a good or bad thing. To do so would be meaningless and arrogant.
—  Marshall McLuhan
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Dent Jusay - Matt Martians ft. Syd & Steve Lacy

Asked to select his choice of the greatest modern and future wonders, the electrical wizard refused to accept the popular notion of what is wonderful. His reply led to an onslaught on scientists and the popular science community.

“To the popular mind, any manifestation resulting from any cause will appear wonderful if there is no perceptible connection between cause and effect. For instance, through the means of wireless telephone speech is carried to opposite points of the globe. To the vast majority this must appear miraculous. To the expert who is familiar with the apparatus and sees it in his mind’s eye the result is obvious. It is exactly as though visible means existed to which the impetus is transmitted.

As I revolve in my mind the thoughts in answer to your question I find the most wonderful thing is the utter aberration of the scientific mind during the last twenty five years. In that time the relativity theory(Albert Einstein), the electron theory(H. A. Lorentz), the quantum theory(Max Planck/Niels Bohr), the theory of radioactivity(Marie Curie) and others have been worked out and developed to an amazing degree. And yet probably not less than 90 per cent of what is thought today to be demonstrable scientific truth is nothing but unrealizable dreams.

What is ‘thought’ in relativity, for example, is not science, but some kind of metaphysics based on abstract mathematical principles and conceptions which will be forever incomprehensible to beings like ourselves whose whole knowledge is derived from a three-dimensional world.

The idea of the atom being formed of electrons and protons which go whirling round each other like a miniature sun and planets is an invention of the imagination, and has no relation to the real nature of matter.

Virtually all progress has been achieved by physicists, discoverers and inventors; in short, devotees of the science which Newton and his disciples have been and are propounding.

Personally, it is only efforts in this direction which have claimed my energies. Similar remarks might be made with respect to other modern developments of thought. Take, for example, the electron theory. Perhaps no other has given rise to so many erroneous ideas and chimerical hopes. Everybody speaks of electrons as something entirely definite and real. Still, the fact is that nobody has isolated it and nobody has measured its charge. Nor does anybody know what it really is.

In order to explain the observed phenomena, atomic structures have been imagined, none of which can possibly exist. But the worst illusion to which modern thought has led is the idea of ‘indeterminacy.’ To make this clear, I may remark that heretofore we have in positive science assumed that every effect is the result of a preceding cause.

As far as I am concerned, I can say that after years of concentrated thought and investigation there is no truth in nature of which I would be more fully convinced. But the new theories of ‘ ’indeterminacy’ state this is not true, that an effect cannot be predicted in advance.

If two planets collide at certain time and certain place, this is to the student of positive science an inevitable result of preceding interactions between the bodies; and if our knowledge would be adequate, we would be able to foretell the event accurately.

But in the spirit of the new theories this would simply be an accident. ‘Indeterminacy’ introduces into the world of inert matter a principle which might virtually be compared with the universal illusion of free will.

Of course, there is no such thing. In years of experimenting I have found that every thought I conceive, every act I perform, is the result of external impressions on my senses.

It is only because the vast majority of human being are not observant sufficiently that they live in the illusion of perfect choice and freedom in their thoughts and actions. And if this holds true even in the most complex and involved manifestations of human life, it holds true with the same force in all the world of matter.”

Nikola Tesla

(“Great Scientific Discovery Impends.” The Sunday Star. Washington D.C., May 17, 1931.)

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Part 2: Continuation of this post. More Istanbill Theory related comics to come! Also I totally think the above chain of events is the reason Stanley is gone but his glasses remain.

Not As Dumb As You Look Prologue: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6

Not As Dumb As You Look Part 1 — 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16- 17 - 1819- 20- 21- 22 - 23 - 24 - 25- 26

Thirty-one years ago, Dick Feynman told me about his ‘sum over histories’ version of quantum mechanics. 'The electron does anything it likes’, he said. 'It goes in any direction at any speed, forward and backward in time, however it likes, and then you add up the amplitudes and it gives you the wavefunction.’ I said to him, 'You’re crazy’. But he wasn’t.
—  F. J. Dyson

On Election Day, we’re thinking of Nam June Paik’s rendition of the American flag!   

 A flag is instantly recognizable on this 7-by-12-foot bank of 70 monitors, in which stars and stripes share air time with split-second news stills, rotating statues of Liberty, endless runs of ones and zeros (the binary language of computers), and a face that morphs through every U.S. president from Harry S. Truman to Bill Clinton. 

Paik was an important pioneer in the development of video installation art. Trained in music theory, piano, and electronic music, Paik began his career as a performance artist and avant-garde musician. In the early 1960s he made his first “altered TVs” in which he manipulated television signals with magnets and used video feedback, synthesizers, and other technology to produce kaleidoscopic shapes and luminous colors.

Photo: Still of “Video Flag” (1985-1996)

Chaos Theory short history

Chaos theory is the field of study in mathematics that studies the behavior and condition of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions—a response popularly referred to as the butterfly effect.

The history of Chaos theory is embedded in physics and computer science. An early proponent of chaos theory was Henri Poincaré. In the 1880s, while studying the three-body problem, he found that there can be orbits that are nonperiodic, and yet not forever increasing nor approaching a fixed point. In 1898 Jacques Hadamard published an influential study of the chaotic motion of a free particle gliding frictionlessly on a surface of constant negative curvature. Early studies were all directly inspired by physics: the three-body problem in the case of Birkhoff, turbulence and astronomical problems in the case of Kolmogorov, and radio engineering in the case of Cartwright and Littlewood. Despite initial insights in the first half of the twentieth century, chaos theory became formalized as such only after mid-century, when it first became evident to some scientists that linear theory, the prevailing system theory at that time, simply could not explain the observed behavior of certain experiments.

The main catalyst for the development of chaos theory was the electronic computer. Much of the mathematics of chaos theory involves the repeated iteration of simple mathematical formulas, which would be impractical to do by hand. Electronic computers made these repeated calculations practical, while figures and images made it possible to visualize these systems.

Happy Flag Day! 

In 1996, we commissioned Nam June Paik to create a seventy-monitor “Video Flag” to be the collection’s first holding of video art! “Video Flag” is one of a series of video sculpture environments constructed by the artist in the 1980s and 1990s that employ banks of functioning television sets which are activated by a computer and laser disk players and play back fast-paced streams of images in endless variations. The American flag is instantly recognizable on the 7-by-12-foot wall of monitors (70 in all) in which stars and stripes share air time with split-second news stills, rotating statues of Liberty, endless runs of ones and zeros (the binary language of computers), and a face that morphs through every U.S. president from Harry S. Truman to Bill Clinton.

Nam June Paik was an important pioneer in the development of video installation art. Trained in music theory, piano, and electronic music, Paik began his career as a performance artist and avant-garde musician. In the early 1960s he made his first “altered TVs” in which he manipulated television signals with magnets and used video feedback, synthesizers, and other technology to produce kaleidoscopic shapes and luminous colors.

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Herbert A. Deutsch ‎– Synthesis: An Introduction to the History, Theory & Practice of Electronic Music, book+7inch record, Alfred Publishers, USA, 1976

A book on early electronic music and Moog by American composer, inventor, and educator Herbert A. Deutsch (born 1932), co-inventor of the Moog instrument with Robert A. Moog in 1964. The book comes with a 45rpm record with examples of tape manipulations and Moog music.