theoretical structures

Narrative structure as Dean/Cas possibilities/viewpoints in Dabb Era

I’m sitting here trying to remember the “lesson” of all the cases this past season and really I do think it’s all going to point to what’s coming next for Dean and Cas. Besides some mirrors that portray Mary against Sam and Dean’s histories, there’s been a few cases of one sided love (12x07 and the one with the camping couple where the girl was leaving but the guy loved her more than she loved him) , one of a lover “saving” another by dying with them (12x13), one accidentally getting a best friend killed (12x06), two settling for a reanimated sibling instead of living without them (12x11 and 12x20). I’m sure there’s more (but since I mostly stopped caring deeply where Dean/Cas was going I stopped looking at this show through the meta/predictive lens). It all feels like possible depictions and shades of Dean and Cas’ relationship as it has now found itself. Which situation are they most like? We can’t really tell… for one, because the season isn’t done, and for two because we are given multiple relationship avenues/labels for them while simultaneously committing to none. We see no definitive outcome/depiction for Dean and Cas in a way that can be deemed consistent.

This.

This right here is why it has looked like there’s no narrative structure this season (well, this and the fact that the few Mary mirrors we have been given have just seemingly been shown with no greater purpose than to recap old history, PLUS with no brotherly conflict this year the show hasn’t focused any structural efforts towards the Dean/Sam relationship depiction so when it compares Dean/Cas to siblings it’s a bit jarring). In Carver era, for example, the Dean/Cas relationship was ALWAYS depicted by interspecies/interracial relationships or same sex relationships, or sometimes both. Because of this CONSISTENT defining structure you could always tell the “status” of Dean and Cas’ relationship by looking at these particular “C” plot character mirrors/folds.

In Dabb era this is no longer the case.

My mind compares it to a car now being put in reverse (exclusively romantic being dropped for mixed ones), that has hit the metaphorical gas, but is miraculously being dragged forward by something stronger, a narrative burnout if you will. And that something is the text. The mirrors no longer need to be so precise because Dean is being fairly verbal to Cas this season, and Cas’ problems (the main two being he’s still probably suicidal in his need to clean up his messes while protecting Dean and Sam and he’s feeling eternally “put out” by Heaven by which this season human/Angel interaction “rules” gets an extended highlight and a full episode) are what is driving half the story and have been given a fair bit of text/dialogue themselves.

The whole thing feels like a now blended label of what Cas is specifically to Dean. But since the text is creeping towards being more clear, the subtext and structure can theoretically, therefore, be more loose if the storyline was still a possibility on their radar. Really, I don’t know how I feel about it. As many of you know (or hell, might not know since I mostly converted my blog into an art blog), I was a loud canon supporter and structural meta writer who supported Carver hard (I thought we were headed fast into canon text in S9 before I realized Sam’s “cure” was going to derail the storyline), but became fairly jaded because it became increasingly clear that he was going to leave the subtext as subtext. Like Korrasami, Destiel was canon because of the narrative mirror comparisons (which told the story where the characters would not put said feelings into actual words/text), but easily ignored if it wasn’t your thing. Text is harder to ignore, obviously. So here I am making this post because I’m beginning to see talk of canon again.

While the structured narrative subtext is no longer romantic exclusive for Dean and Cas, the text is, somehow, amazingly, getting closer for Dean to either tell Cas explicitly some feelings in text, or for Dean to give Cas a big romantic gesture (whether this will be healthy is unlikely, but let’s face it… Dean loves in unhealthy ways) of some sort (most possibly in a way that “saves” Cas and/or mourns him in death). I always said I’d be honest with how I felt the show was portraying Dean and Cas and this is currently it. This is what it looks like they are currently doing and setting up. But make no mistake, without a cohesive romantic mirroring structure the whole thing looks narratively weaker and all together more unlikely to lead to canon (regardless of SPN’s history with this storyline’s execution or rather lack there of). But on the plus side, those that want/discuss canon will no look as “delusional” when discussing this possible narrative scenario because it’s definitely no longer being told mostly through wardrobe cues/lighting and other characters. Dean and Cas are using words and actions. We just don’t know yet what *exactly* is going to be said/done between them and we still likely won’t know the true extent for some time.

8

Distant Quasars Show That Fundamental Constants Never Change

“From a physics perspective, it’s long been assumed that the fundamental constants and the laws of nature really are the same everywhere and at all times. However, one particular dimensionless constant, α, the ratio between the electric charge, the speed of light and the Planck constant, has been shown by a number of previous studies to show variations both the farther back in time we look and at different locations on the sky. However, new observations by a team working at Arecibo observatory, of the quasar PKS 1413+135, have placed a very tight constraint on the time variations, casting doubt on the previous findings. To only 1.3 parts in a million, the fundamental constant α once again appears to be truly constant.”

We assume that the fundamental constants are truly constant, but they don’t have to be. The speed of light is the same everywhere, but it could have been different elsewhere, either in space or in time. The same is true for other constants, like Planck’s constant, the gravitational constant, or even the fundamental charges or masses of particles. You might not think it’s likely, but the evidence indicated otherwise. Over the past 20 years, time variations and spatial variations in the fine structure constant, which determines the force of the electromagnetic coupling, have been observed to about 5 parts in a million in different locations and at different distances. It was a disputed but intriguing finding, but new evidence was just released conflicting with those results. Instead, the fundamental constant, α, once again appears to be truly constant, to better than 1.3 parts in a million, thanks to the new results from Arecibo.

There’s always more work to be done, but one of the greatest puzzling results from the astrophysical community might not be a puzzle after all!

2
Ereri: Relationship and Character Analysis

▷ - an essay of 11,600 words. | Read Here

→ A comprehensive look at the dynamic found within the relationship between Eren and Levi. This essay covers elements including their emotional support for each other, moral structures, a theoretical take on their romance, fanworks, as well as many other aspects. We discuss relevant issues and controversy, invalidating stereotypes around abuse and their age gap through close analysis of important scenes in order to show a healthy viewpoint on this relationship. It is our goal to provide the ereri community with an all-inclusive guide to the ship - to inspire to others or to simply spread awareness for the positive elements the relationship embodies.

Authors:

ʙʀᴏᴜɢʜᴛ ᴛᴏ ʏᴏᴜ ʙʏ ʜʏᴅʀᴀᴢᴏɪᴛᴇ ᴀɴᴅ ᴋᴏʜɪᴄʜᴀᴘᴇᴀᴜ

7

Here’s what happened at the hyperloop competition

When it comes to billionaire Elon Musk’s lofty vision for the Hyperloop, a theoretical high speed transportation structure, there’s one pod to rule them all. Last weekend, at the Hyperloop Pod design competition at Texas A&M University, 23 lucky pod-designing teams moved one step closer to glory — and showed us the future of high speed travel.

Follow @the-future-now

Psychology: Crazys, that honestly need help, who helped created this fucking ciriculum that I cry to pretty much everynight.

B.F. Skinner: A radical behaviorist, he developed the theory of operant conditioning – the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or less likely that the behavior will occur again.

E.L. Thorndike: Through his work and theories, Thorndike became strongly associated with the American school of thought known as functionalism. He is well known for the puzzle boxes he built for cats to escape from.

Albert Bandura: According to the social learning theory there are some necessary traits that are to be adopted while learning in a social situation, these traits are attention, retention, reproduction, motivation and self-regulation. He was responsible for the Bobo doll experiments.

Max Wertheimer: Gestalt psychology formed partly as a reaction to the atomism of the structuralist school of thought. Unlike structuralism, which focused on breaking down mental processes into their smallest possible parts, Gestalt psychology took a holistic approach. According to the Gestalt thinkers, the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.

Abraham Maslow: Created the hierarchy of needs. Starting with physiological it then goes to security, social, esteem, and finally self-actualization.

Wolfgang Kohler:  Kohler attempted to prove that animals arrive at a solution through insight rather than trial and error. His first experiments with dogs and cats involved food being placed on the other side of a barrier.

Harry Harlow: He conducted experiments on the social development of young monkeys. Harlow’s work instead demonstrated the absolute importance of developing safe, secure, and supportive emotional bonds with caregivers during early childhood.

Lewis Terman:  Terman’s Stanford-Binet IQ tests (later called Stanford Achievement Tests) became a common measurement used in public schools, job aptitude, and military induction tests.

Ivan Pavlov: Considered the inspiration for Behaviourism, his work on classical conditioning with dogs was the foundation for the era where external actions were more highly valued than intrinsic factors.

John Watson (if i hear one Sherlock or John-Lock shit I will kill all of you): He is considered the father of Behaviourism. Working on stimulus conditioning he is most remembered for the unethical “Baby Albert” experiments. Mistress guy.

Wilhelm Wundt:  He founded modern psychology and was associated with the theoretical perspective known as structuralism, which involves describing the structures that compose the mind. He believed that psychology was the science of conscious experience and that trained observers could accurately describe thoughts, feelings, and emotions through a process known as introspection.

Sigmund Freud: Founder of psychoanalysis, he began dream interpretations as a legitimate psychological step. He introduced the Id, Ego, and Superego as well as psychosexual stages. Cocaine addict. (we will have a few posts on him later)

Hermann Ebbinghaus: Hermann Ebbinghaus was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. HOUSEY, can’t store ish

Alfred Binet: pioneer in intelligence (IQ) tests, designed a test to identify slow learners in need of help-not applicable in the U.S. because it was too culture-bound (French)

Robert Sternberg: intelligence; devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving, practical, and creative)

Howard Gardner: devised theory of multiple intelligences: logical-mathematic, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, linguistic, musical, interpersonal, naturalistic

Charles Spearman: intelligence; found that specific mental talents were highly correlated, concluded that all cognitive abilities showed a common core which he labeled ‘g’ (general ability)

About Homeworld (Steven Universe)

So the last episode (”When It Rains”) brought up a few interesting details about Homeworld and the gem civilization that got me thinking.

First off, there’s the fact that Peridot didn’t know what rain was. Not that she’d never seen rain before, but that the entire concept of rain was entirely alien to her.

Now, rain isn’t exactly a rare phenomenon. Pretty much anywhere that has a thick enough atmosphere, it tends to rain something. Some planets rain sulfuric acid, or glass, or diamond, or ammonia, or molten steel, but the overall phenomenon of “rain” is everywhere. So it’s especially odd that it apparently doesn’t rain on Homeworld.

It may just be that Homeworld just doesn’t have that much of an atmosphere (rocks don’t have to breathe, after all), but when you couple that with more details in the episode and in other episodes, a very intriguing possibility comes up:

“Homeworld” may not actually be a planet, per se.

More after the cut

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anonymous asked:

hi, can you summarize socialism for me? i know essentially nothing about it (except bernie sanders is a socialist...) and i hate liberals so... help a lesbian out?

 Bernie Sanders isn’t a socialist. He’s a social democrat. If he were a true socialist, he wouldn’t have blamed the perils the white working-class face on immigrant labor. He and other social democrats espouse the Scandinavian “socialist” model but those aren’t actually “socialist”. They’re left-liberal. 

I can’t really summarize an entire social, economic, and political movement for you adequately, but I’ll attempt to list some basic principles. At their core, socialists (and leftists in general) are anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist, anti-fascist, anti-racist, anti-military, and anti-police. 

This differentiates them from liberals and left-liberals, because liberals believe that reform - through petitioning, assembly, litigation, and legislation - can change the system from “within”. They believe in “regulated” capitalism, “regulated/demilitarized” police, and “regulated” imperialism. As we’ve seen, “regulations” on violent systems of power and control do nothing to stop them. No matter how much people try to “regulate” capitalism, for instance, the capitalist boom-bust cycle continues. This post (aggressively yet beautifully) sums up the differences between liberalism and socialism. Ultimately, liberals still like capitalism and still rely on the state to “help” them enact change. Leftists disagree with this ideology. 

Here’s a post-election example of the futility of internal reform. JP Morgan & Chase is the biggest bank in the US (and arguably, in the world). Its stocks soared from about $65 to about $80 after the election. Stocks went up because the board and investors are happy to know that de-regulation legislation is on the way, which’ll make it significantly easier for Chase to make profits (through unethical, unconstitutional, and harmful practices). So even if liberals think that “regulating” these banks or bailing them out will somehow “teach them a lesson”, in actuality they continue to consolidate their power and expand their profits. 

Leftists believe in the utter destruction of these systems, returning ownership of the means of production to the people rather than to the top 1% (the ruling class), and above all, the abolishment of class-based society (based on the working-class/proletariat rising up and gaining class consciousness). 

Leftists base their political-economic ideology on the formative works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. You should read The Communist Manifesto to get started. Also, check out this list of texts that are relevant to understanding communism/leftism from a theoretical, structural perspective. Of course, praxis involves understanding theory and engaging in concrete action. So community work, protesting if you can, donating to dual power organizations, helping your local organizations out, and more are all just as important as understanding theory. 

Hope this helps. Good luck. Keep a dictionary beside you, remember to look up terms that you don’t understand, reflect on what you’ve learned, take time to be sensitive and gentle with yourself. Seek out community action in whatever way, accounting for time, financial constraints, and ability. Don’t give up when you’re frustrated. You can always ask me questions, too, but I’m also a beginner socialist and not an expert so I’m learning just as much as you are.