theology and politics

For what you call the Law is but a club of the rich over the lowest of men, sanctifying the conquest of the earth by a few and making their theft the way of things. But over and above these pitiful statutes of yours that enclose the common land and reduce us to poverty to make you fat stands the Law of Creation, which renders judgement on rich and poor alike, making them one. For freedom is the man who will thus turn the world upside down, therefore no wonder he has enemies.
—  Gerrard Winstanley
Once, when I was particularly depressed, a friend and pacifist from
Holland told me something very beautiful: ‘The people who
worked to build the cathedrals in the Middle Ages never saw them
completed. It took two hundred years and more to build them.
Some stone-cutter somewhere sculpted a beautiful rose; it was his
life’s work, and it was all he ever saw. But he never entered into the
cathedral. But one day, the cathedral was really there. You must
imagine peace in the same way.’
—  Dorothee Solle, Against the Wind: Memoir of a Radical Christian

My dash is as dry as a lady mid-menopause

Yooo if you post anything like:

  • MBTI (I’m ENTJ)/Enneagram
  • Fandoms (Harry Potter, Sherlock, Doctor Who, Dexter, Brooklyn 99, Blindspot, Broadchurch, Marvel (cinematic universe)
  • Politics
  • Linguistics/languages
  • Religious studies/theology
  • Psychology
  • Philosophy
  • Economics (macro, but micro is cool too)
  • Men’s fashion

Please like or reblog! I’ll follow you! You get a follower! I️ get content! Win-win! Woot!

the 9th house is ruled by sagittarius and associates with religion, politics, theology, philosophy, import/export business higher education, collective culture, foreign policy, and relating to law…

sagittarius is a sign of the mind (Jupiter is the higher mind), and they love a debate, they love anything that activates and stimulates their intellect and allows for the introduction of new ideas. politics is ever changing, and the humanitarian and global perspective of jupiter can make sagittarians naturals in politics 

shelomit replied to your photo “Theology nerd James Comey throwing biblical shade is my aesthetic.”

I read this, went about my life, did errands, changed the oil, came back, and still was thinking, “Boy, that’s the best use of Charles Spurgeon I’ve seen all month”

And then there’s this quality Niebuhr quote he just happened to post on Indictment Day. (Back when he’d publicly claimed his twitter but hadn’t changed his handle yet.)

And really? Beyond the date and time and social issues . Like. We can’t even prove Christianity is the True Religion so as far as I’m concerned - I’ll stay with Jesus because that’s what works for me and that’s what I’m called to- but if you’re a good and kind person, like, do what you feel called to inside. I could care less about your religion and anybody who does in 2017 I think is superficial. Honestly, honestly. Just be a good person, that’s it .

anonymous asked:

Hello if this is rude I'm sorry and you don't have to answer but what are the differences between Shi'a and Sunni other than those that the Sunni believe that Abu Bakr was the Prophet's successor while Shi'a believe that it's Ali?

This is a revised version of a previous post. Since what you described are the political differences, let me indulge you with the theological differences. The Shias follow the school of thought known as the Ja’fari school, this is school is named after the 6th Imam, Jafar As-Sadiq (a), a progeny of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh&hf), therefore, our school of thought is in accordance with the former’s rulings in certain matters concerning rituals, theology, politics and etc. The Ja’fari school of thought lays the framework of the Twelver Shi’a and Sevener Shi’a beliefs. But I will focus on the predominately Twelver Shi’a belief.

The Sunnis, however, are split into four different schools of thoughts based on the students of Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (a) and those who believe that basing your belief by following schools of jurisprudences blinds a follower from seeking the truth about Islam, these are known as Salafis or Ahl al-Hadith. Therefore, you will see the difference in regards to theological and legal affairs even amongst our siblings from Ahlul Sunnah (Sunni Islam). However, it goes without saying that Shias differ remarkably from their Sunni brothers. Here are the differences:

Prayer:

Shias hold their arms down and prostrate on clay, Sunnis (with the exception of Sunni Malikis) fold their arms when they pray, neither do they pray on clay. Shias also make supplications during all prayers, while Sunnis do not. There are some minor and notable differences, but these three examples provide enough difference between our prayers. Shi’as may combine some of their prayers to make it convienient for them, however, it is preferable to pray them separately. Some of the Sunni schools believe that they can only combine prayers during fear or when you’re on a journey.

Fasting:

Shias usually start their fasts earlier than their Sunni brothers and will usually end it sometimes after them. Shias must also be in a state of ritual purity before they can fast.

Hadiths:

Shias believe in their own compilations of Hadiths, thereby rejecting most Sunni hadiths due to the lack of reliability in many of the narrators. This is due to their views on the Prophet’s family and the companions of the Prophet.

The Ahlul Bayt [The Prophet’s progeny]: 

The Shi’as put a lot of importance and reverence to the Prophet’s family and believe that only through the Prophet’s family can they establish laws due to their infallibility. This means that anyone who does not belong to the Prophet’s pure family, Islamic laws as a worldly system cannot be established by anyone but them. More on this below.

Imams:

Shias believe in 14 infallible beings who all descend from the Prophet through his daughter Fatimah (s.a). Sunnis do not believe in this concept, while the concept of infallibility is only extended to the Prophet by some Sunnis and Sufis. The Imams have the ability to interpret the Qur’an and the Sunnah both through their exoteric (outer) and esoteric (inner) dimensions, a feat that is not available to other Muslims, however, their interpretations exist today. All Prophets throughout time are considered infallible by Shias as well.

Imamate:

The Imams are the only ones who can lead the Muslim nation through God’s decree in both worldly and spiritual matters, hence the rejection of historical caliphs before and after Ali ibn Abi Talib (a) and his son, Imam Hassan (a). Because Shias saw Ali (A) as the legitimate successor to the Prophet, every caliphate in history has been rejected by the Shias, this includes Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Muaw’iyah who are especially revered in Sunni Islam.

Shi’as, therefore, have an extremely critical perspective in regards to Islamic history due to the expansionist, Monarchist system and the materialist interests of the Caliphs. 

Intercession and Grave visitation:

Shias believe that they can seek intercession (tawassul) from the Prophets and the Inaccummalate Saints (The Fourteen Infallibles). Some Sunnis see it being okay, provided it is only the Prophet, while other Sunnis, such as those who are Salafists or Wahhabists see it as a form of Idolatry. Shias also pay their respects to the Infallibles in Shrines in order to seek their intercession. Salafists and Wahhabists also see this as a form of Idolatry.

Holidays and commemorations:

Because of the historical implications of being a Shia, there are many holidays and commemorative events in Shia Islam, such as the birthday of the Prophet or the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain (a) this differs from the Sunnis who only hold Eid-al Fitr and Eid al-Adha as the only legitimate holidays of Islam. Some Sunnis and Sufis celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh&hf).

Ashura:

Ashura [the tenth day] is - in Shi’a fiqh - known as the day when the grandson of the Prophet [Imam Hussain (a)] had his martyrdom. This historical day marks a special commemoration to the struggle he went through that set the example for all Shi’as to stand up and be vocal against any oppressors, whether they are Muslims or not. The day is built up in ten days, starting from the first day of the first month of the Islamic calendar with the conclusion with the tenth day of the first month of the Islamic calendar.

For Sunnis, they commemorate this day as a day of fasting, as allegedly told from a Hadith in which the Prophet saw the Jewish Community fasting, so the Prophet asked them why they fasted, in which they claimed that it was the day in which Moses (a) had set the Children of Israel free. So the Prophet replied that “We have more right to Moses (a) than the Jewish people” (that’s a very bold statement) and he and his followers started to follow this custom. Shi’as reject this hadith due to several inconsistencies, such as Yom Kippur not being the day when Moses (a) freed the Children of Israel but rather Pesach and the fact that Jewish and Islamic calendars are inconsistent with each other. 

Mahdi:

A messianic figure who is both venerated by Sunnis and Shias, the difference in the Shia interpretation of the Mahdi (atfs) is that he is the current Imam and is hiding in an occultation and will return in the future with Christ (a), while the Sunnis expect him to appear in the future rather than coming out of his occultation. The Mahdi (atfs) is also considered the twelfth and final Imam for Twelver Shi’as.

Predestination:

Shias do not believe that the outcome of every individual has been predetermined by the will of God, but rather, that God has pre-knowledge of future events and will not intervene with man’s decisions. Humanity has therefore complete freedom over their own actions, and whatever consequences that befall them is not in the hands of God, but rather, it is within His Divine knowledge. God has the ability to change the course of events as he sees fit, that is if He was to utilize His will. Majority of Sunnis believe in the concept of Predestination, the belief that every individual’s outcome has been predetermined by God, this concept is rejected by Shias.

Every political debate is some rewording or rehashing of a theological debate that has already happened. “Human nature” is the supposedly scientific way to invoke original sin, “every other system has failed or would fail” is a non-spiritual way of trying a hand at prophecy, “some people are naturally superior” is a racist way to push past Calvin while still pushing his “divine election.”

Ecclesiastes 1:9 “What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done; there is nothing new under the sun.”

I have to say Christians voting Right because of their own incredibly selective and minute “traditional family values” and not voting Left for the liberation of the poor, needy and oppressed among us is a pretty backwards and ironic thing to do, and I don’t know how someone reads the Gospel and votes Tory or Republican unless they actually haven’t really gotten the whole point of the Gospel in the first place.

I honestly feel sorry for the Christians who don’t understand how entwined Christ’s message is with politics.

All of the Jesus-saved, God-believing, bible-reading people who don’t actively seek to uproot oppression and racism and sexism and homophobia wherever they see it, who don’t feel the call from above for a liberation of people. Who don’t understand that Jesus flipped tables and chased out the tax-collector and accepted people as they were.

I’m sorry for everyone enthralled in a meagre, passive Christianity, a capitalist faith void of the active liberation of Jesus Christ who died for it.

anonymous asked:

I kind of have a silly question. I've noticed that in Christianity, one can sometimes make generalizations about people's political beliefs and lifestyle outside of religion based on their denomination and how strictly they follow their faith. I was wondering if you've noticed something similar while observing different people's denominations inside of Islam?

Not really, I believe people are usually extremely oblivious to the two biggest denominations of Islam, and mistakenly represent Sunni Islam as thee Islam™, this is evident by how non-Muslims want to address certain topics or issues within the religion and usually base their criticism chosen, often selectively, from among… Sunni literature… Why? well, that’s because Sunni Muslims are extremely overrepresented since they make up the majority of Muslims, so when, for example, a Non-Muslim shows up to a Shia Muslim and asks them about issues such as the “72 virgins” Hadith, the Shia will constantly think and wonder, where in God’s name did these ideas come from? This is because most of these selected sources are overrepresented by Sunni literature, and for a Shia… you cannot make such an application since we literally reject every Sunni Source, so when we’re, for example, presented with the “Ayesha married the Prophet when she was 6 years old”- hadith, the Shia will respond with “Well, it’s a Sunni hadith, I reject it and won’t see such hogwash as real” and they’ll be on their way. 

If we see it from another way – while the “Islam is not terrorism” rhetoric is pretty common even amongst non-Muslims who try to defend us with some pastel aesthetics thing every time some cursed takfirist ISIS/DAESH scum blow themselves up in the streets of Paris, the rhetoric are also perpetually used by Sunnis who in turn try their best to defend the religion by clearing up some misconception about Quranic verses when they’re challenged by critics while never batting an eye at the ACTUAL source of the problem which the Shias have been telling everyone for the past 300 years or so and thus the Sunni sibs, who never suffer from persecution, get into an endless banter about Scripture with their opponents; it’s a waste of time. When Shias are met with these issues, the answer will always be the same and that’s Salafism, Wahhabism, the gulf states, Western intervention and 1400 years of historical persecution by Sunni governments rather than what the Scripture may purport.

My point is that Islam… is viewed from an extremely monolith perspective as opposed to Christianity which people can separate by its denominations – I believe people are blind to the fact that Sunni Islam and Shia Islam are very different in theology, politics, history and in their respective legal frameworks and unfortunately, the worst thing about it is that non-Muslims make the oblivious representative assumption that Sunni Islam is the entire religion by default while ignoring other denominations.