theatrum

It’s a sad truth. You look away for one moment, and you’re suddenly hugged. You think you are alone, relaxing, cuddle free…and then you’re swarmed by a roving mob of criminal Scuttlers. You think you are free of nibbles but it’s already too late, you didn’t notice the Scuttler nibbling on your shirt as they clung to you from behind. 

Scuttlers turn to a life of crime when they do not get their snacks or story time on schedule. For those minutes, it is tense, for at any moment a Scuttler could steal a hug…a kiss…or even a nibble without you even knowing. 

Luckily, this outbreak of raggamuffin behavior is fixed as soon as snacks are supplied or stories told, their clumsy nature returning as they flop over one another. But the threat is always looming… 

If you see a Scuttle Squad in your area, hugging or being very cute…be cautious. They may just be….criminals. 

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Vanessa Beecroft x Vogue Italia - Valentino Haute Couture Fall 2016

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Thomas Moffett or Muffet was an English naturalist and physician. He edited the Insectorum sive minimorum animalium theatrum (Theater of Insects), which was an encyclopedia of insects and their behavior based on previous scientific works. Moffett added commentary on the beauty and virtue of insects and the lessons they could teach humans. Moffet wrote

Do you require Prudence? regard the Ant; Do you desire Justice? regard the Bee; Do you commend Temperance? take advice of them both. Do you praise Valour? See the whole generation of Grasshoppers.

Moffett was particularly interested in spiders. In fact, the nursery rhyme “Little Miss Muffet” is said to have been written about an incident involving one of his children.

Thomas Moffett (British, 1553-1604). Insectorum sive minimorum animalium theatrum. London: T. Cotes, 1634. MU Ellis Special Collections Rare Folio QL463 .M93

Анатомический театр (лат. theatrum anatomicum) — помещение для анатомических работ, исследований и чтения лекций. В современном употреблении — помещение для учебного вскрытия трупов в медицинских учреждениях.

Анатомический театр в Падуе  — старейший анатомический театр в мире. Открыт в Падуе в 1490 году.

Расположен в Палаццо Бо  — историческом здании Падуанского университета, одного из старейших университетов Европы и Италии, открытого в 1222 году. Здесь образовалась первая медицинская школа (Падуанская школа).

В восточном крыле университета находится зал медицинского факультета, где сохранился средневековый потолок первого этажа, а также фрески работы Акилле Фуни. Маленькая дверь в зале, над которой помещен герб известного итальянского анатома, хирурга и патолога Иеронима Фабриция (Hieronymus Fabricius ab Acquapendente), ведёт в анатомический театр, который был построен самим учёным в 1594 году и использовался по прямому назначению до 1872 года.

Сохранился в прежнем виде до сегодняшнего дня.

Этот уникальный театр имеет деревянную структуру конусообразной эллиптической формы в шесть рядов, предназначенных для зрителей, 0,92 м в высоту каждый. Стол для вскрытия трупов врачами, расположен в центре. Размеры 8,75×10,0 м, высота 12,0 м. Каждая галерея (ряд) оборудован резной балюстрадой. Мест для сидения не предусмотрено; в прошлом, даже герцоги и другие знатные особы должны были стоять в течение нескольких часов. Театр был рассчитан на 200 зрителей. В первом ряду стоял ректор, профессора, дворяне, члены магистрата и члены медицинского заведения. Второй и третий ряды были зарезервированы для студентов, остальные были открыты для публики.

Театр формой напоминает скорлупу грецкого ореха.

В прошлом, когда действовал запрет на вскрытие трупов, тела умерших доставлялись по подземному ходу, непосредственно на секционный стол.

  • Theatrum Orbis, Sasha Pirigova
    Padiglione Russia (ansa)
Biennale 2017. La 57° edizione dell’Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte di Venezia è intitolata Viva Arte Viva
Herb of the Week-Heather

Common names

Heather
Scotch Heather

The familiar heather plant - Calluna vulgaris - belongs to the Ericaceae plant family. The plant is an evergreen shrub that has many branching stems and can reach one to two feet in length when full grown. The heather is characterized by the possession of minute and needlelike leaves, each of which is about one sixteenth to one eight of an inch in length. The leaves are borne in opposite pairs and are clumped together in four rows along the short green twigs on the branches of the plant. The heather bears purplish pink flowers with occasional white colored flowers - from July through September; the characteristic flowers are almost bell shaped. In morphology, the shrub is a tough, bushy, and woody evergreen perennial.

The purple heather flowers have a bell shaped corolla that is two mm across, formed by the joining of four purple colored petals into a tube. The corolla is shorter than the four purple sepals, each of which is two to four mm in length. Heather flowers are borne on a narrow shaped and leafy raceme that can grow to nine cm in length; these racemes grow on the axils of the leaves lying on the upper shoots of the plant. The fruits of the heather are very tiny, rounded and hairy capsules with four cells inside each fruit. The minute seeds, each 0.7 mm in length are strongly meshed in the fruit. The shape of the leaves is oblong; each leaf can reach a maximum of 3.5 mm in length. Most leaves do not bear any hair; however, they can at times be downy, often lying in overlapping positions in four vertical rows along the twigs on the branches. Leaves have a dark green color when tender, but tend to turn brown as they mature. The stems of the heather are woody, wiry and pliable. Tender stems are initially covered with dense hair, these become hairless and smooth in later stages of growth and maturity.

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The Scottish Union Jack

Because nightbringer24 was curious!

In objecting to the design of Union Flag adopted in 1606, whereby the cross of Saint George surmounted that of Saint Andrew, a group of Scots took up the matter with John Erskine, 18th Earl of Mar, and were encouraged by him to send a letter of complaint to James VI, via the Privy Council of Scotland, which stated that the flag’s design “will breid some heit and miscontentment betwix your Majesties subjectis, and it is to be feirit that some inconvenientis sail fall oute betwix thame, for our seyfaring men cannot be inducit to resave that flage as it is set down”. Although documents accompanying this complaint which contained drafts for alternative designs have been lost, evidence exists, at least on paper, of an unofficial Scottish variant, whereby the Scottish cross was uppermost. There is reason to think that cloth flags of this design were employed during the 17th century for unofficial use on Scottish vessels at sea. This flag’s design is also described in the 1704 edition of The Present State of the Universe by John Beaumont, which contains as an appendix The Ensigns, Colours or Flags of the Ships at Sea: Belonging to The several Princes and States in the World.

On land, evidence confirming the use of this flag appears in the depiction of Edinburgh Castle by John Slezer, in his series of engravings entitled Theatrum Scotiae, c. 1693. Appearing in later editions of Theatrum Scotiae, the North East View of Edinburgh Castle engraving depicts the Scotch (to use the appropriate adjective of that period) version of the Union Flag flying from the Palace block of the Castle. However, it is not shown on the North Prospect of the City of Edenburgh engraving.

On 17 April 1707, just two weeks prior to the Acts of Union coming into effect, and with Sir Henry St George, Garter King of Arms, having presented several designs of flag to Queen Anne and her Privy Council for consideration, the flag for the soon to be unified Kingdom of Great Britain was chosen. At the suggestion of the Scots representatives, the designs for consideration included that version of Union Jack showing the Cross of Saint Andrew uppermost; identified as being the “Scotts union flagg as said to be used by the Scotts”. However, the Queen and her Council approved Sir Henry’s original effort, numbered “one”.

A manuscript compiled in 1785 by William Fox and in possession of the Flag Research Center includes a full plate showing “the scoth [sic] union” flag. This could imply that there was still some use of a Scottish variant before the addition of the cross of St Patrick to the Union Flag in 1801.

Tiyatro Hayatın Aynası Mı?

“Dizilerde herkes oynar, sinemada bazıları. Tiyatroda ise sadece sanatçılar”

Tiyatro. Yunanca “theaomai” yani “seyretmek” fiilinden türemiş bir kelime. Seyrediyoruz, çok şeyi seyrediyoruz günlük hayatta. Her an gözlem halindeyiz. Hayatta bu kadar şeyi seyrederken niçin seyretmek fiilinden “tiyatro”(theatrum) sözcüğü türemiş? Normalde seyrettiklerimizden farkı ne tiyatronun? Soruları geliyor insanın aklına. 

Kurmaca. Edebiyat dersinde epey duyduğumuz bir kelime.  Yazarın gerçek hayatta yaşadıklarını, psikolojik durumunu, bunları bize yansıtmasını çoğu edebi eserde görebiliyoruz. Peki tiyatronun farkı ne? Normal bir tiyatro metnini yazılı halde okuyunca niçin izlediğimizdeki kadar zevk vermiyor? İşte bu noktada, yazının başında bahsettiğimiz; “seyretmek” fiili geliyor. ”E biz televizyondan da seyrediyoruz” diyoruz. Tiyatro burda “canlılığını” ortaya koyuyor. “Sanatçılar” biz izleyiciler için o saatte karşımızda oluyor.  Kurmacanın içine somut ögeleri katarak sürüklüyor bizi kendi derinliklerinde. 

Tiyatronun içinde kendimizi bulduğumuz vakit “Tiyatro, hayatın aynası” mı oluyor? Bize yansıtılan olaylar, gerçekten bizim yaşadığımız hayatın bir aynası mı? Yoksa daha mı iyimser? Daha kötümser olabiliyor bazen. Zaten hayatlarımız da böyle. Bozuluyor bazen, kötümser oyunlar gibi oluyor yani. Arada sırada da mutlu ediyor, sebepsiz. İşte o zaman da iyimser oyunlar gibi oluyor hayatımız. Bu yüzden tiyatro “seyretmek” fiilinden geliyor. Kendi hayatlarımızı seyrediyoruz sahnede. “Bunu yaşadım ben!” yahut “Abartıyorlar bunlar. Hayat böyle değil.” Diyoruz. Hayat böyle değil derken bile hayatın öyle olduğunu vurguluyoruz içimizde. 

Toplumumuzda pek tiyatro kültürü yerleşmediği için hayatımızı aynadan göremiyoruz belki. Koşuşturmalar içerisinde vakit ayırmıyoruz kendimize bakmaya bir aynadan. “Aynısını dizilerde de anlatıyorlar, televizyon boşa mı!”  diyoruz hep. Farkı anlayamadan. “Kim verecek o kadar parayı!” diyerek şikayet ediyoruz bazen. Araya ekran giriyor, cüzdan giriyor. “Seyretmek” fiili çıkıyor asıl anlamından… 

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Theatrum Historicum, Sive Promptuarium Illustrium Exemplorum : Ad Honeste, Pie, Beateque Vivendum, Cuiusvis Generis Et Conditionis homines informantium, ex antiquis simul ac recentioribus sacrarum & prophanarum historiarum monumentis collectum, & in decem classes secundum Mosaicae legis praecepta distinctum

Wittebergae 1604

Four hundred and 10 years old - contemporary leather binding