the-subcontinent

we have some pigeons making their nest in our balconies. Now initially my aunt tried to stop them from making the nests by throwing away the twigs and such cause she didnt want any pigeons in her house
but the pigeon laid the eggs on the ground she was making the nest.. now after the egg was laid, she started again making a nest and this time my aunt couldnt do anything, because then it will be morally wrong.

She has made a nest with Azadirachta indica, also known as Neem, Nimtree, and Indian Lilac is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to India and the Indian subcontinent including Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

This is going to be highly beneficial for her because neem has anti bacterial properties

neem is known as “the village pharmacy” because of its healing versatility, and it has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for a long time

The neem leaves(from which the pigeon has made the nest) has some amazing properties:

◆neem leaves have anti-bacterial properties which help with infections, burns and skin problems. It destroys the infection causing bacteria and stimulates the immune system.


◆The leaves and flowers are eaten as a potherb. In Indian folk medicine, the leaves are prescribed for many ailments, including intestinal parasites, swollen glands, bruises, sprains, and malaria. Leaf extracts have been shown to have antiviral activity and delay blood clotting (confirming their efficacy as traditional snakebite treatments), and the leaf essential oil has strong antibacterial and antifungal ­activity. Research on neem’s potential against malaria is now under way in Africa.

◆many herbalists recommend chewing the leaves, taking capsules of dried leaf, or drinking the bitter tea. The leaves cleanse the blood, help the gastrointestinal system (ulcers), support the liver.

◆ research suggests that applying extract of neem root or leaf to the skin helps repels black flies. Also, applying neem oil cream to the skin seems to protect against some types of mosquitos.

¤¤ This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provide. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider. ¤¤

Languages

I want to demolish the idea that when characters are shown knowing a fictional language, fanfiction writers need struggle to find an aesthetic sounding language that they do not know. Specifically talking about POC and from the POV of one.

Hi, I’m Syeda Mahnoor Ali and I’m from Pakistan and speak Urdu, sometimes mistaken for Hindi. Urdu and Hindi share an Indo-Aryan base, but Urdu is associated with the Nastaliq script style of Persian calligraphy and reads right-to-left, whereas Hindi resembles Sanskrit and reads left-to-right. The earliest linguistic influences in the development of Urdu probably began with the Muslim conquest of Sindh in 711. The language started evolving from Farsi and Arabic contacts during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent by Persian and Turkic forces from the 11th century onward. Urdu developed more decisively during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526) and the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). When the Delhi Sultanate expanded south to the Deccan Plateau, the literary language was influenced by the languages spoken in the south, by Punjabi and Haryanvi, and by Sufi and court usage. The earliest verse dates to the 15th century, and the golden period of Urdu poetry was the 18th–19th centuries. Urdu religious prose goes back several centuries, while secular writing flourished from the 19th century onward. Modern Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is also spoken by many millions of people in India.

Although I live in Saudi Arabia (as a Muslim as well) it does not hinder me from knowing the common distaste for my language and the shame many of my people have speaking it. The common opinion of it being a dirty language and the people who speak it sounding illiterate, it’s a lot ok?

And then I read ACOMAF and encountered Illyrians. We do not know their culture, neither have we heard a word in their language. While writing a fanfiction I could easily go to google translate and look up some phrases in Swedish or Roman or Greek…simply because that’s what people think Illyrians would sound like and it would sound “pretty”.

But why?

We all know that Illyrians aren’t white and none of the bits and pieces of their culture show that they are from said places. Then why should I write them as such?

Why can’t I write them speaking Urdu? Or Arabic for that matter? Why can’t I have a scene where the boys are roughhousing and Cassian yells “Lun pe charh meri”  (Climb on my dick) or romantic scenes where Rhysand whispers loving compliments to Feyre such as “Mere dil ki chaand” (Moon of my heart) or “Meri bulbul” (My nightingale)

I’ve been so wrapped up in discomfort because of my language that I never even put serious thought into such things until I had a dream where they all spoke Urdu/Arabic as those are the default languages in my mind. No matter how much I try to convince myself that I am a proud Pakistani and I will not be swayed by the effects of the Big Orange Cheeto. I’ll be lying till the day I stop using google translate to assist me in my fanfictions so that I sound more “aesthetic”

Long rant I know, but read it and tell me your opinions @sarahviehmann @pterodactylichexameter @propshophannah @valamerys @fuckyeahazriel @feysand17 @highfaelucien :)

“If you’re South Asian, please read this:

South Asians who were lucky enough to not be removed from the subcontinent have a serious problem with rejecting Indo-Caribbeans as "real” brown people. I don’t know if it’s because you all are ignorant of your own history or you think brown people don’t exist outside of the subcontinent. Whatever l*me reason you find for disrespecting and erasing an entire part of your own diaspora- I’m tired of it. As an Indo-Guyanese woman, my ethnicity is belittled on a daily basis, especially by other South Asians. The same is true for the hundreds of thousands of other Indo-Caribbeans living in the west. It’s funny b/c Indo-Guyanese people are the 5th largest immigrant group in NYC, but my entire life, my parents’ and grandparents’ entire lives, there have been little acceptance of Indo-Caribbeans. And why? Because we were taken by deceit and forced into conditions no better than slavery? Subcontinental South Asians wanna reject us but love Caribbean culture so much. You blast our dancehall music and imitate our patois poorly. You deny us access to our Indian/Bengali heritage but want to accessorize our Caribbean heritage. How does that wok? I can go on but honestly, if you’re a South Asian who looks down on Indo-Caribbeans, I need you to remember that NOTHING but a boat ride separates your family and mine.“ - Shabana Bachu


edited for ableist slur

Odyssey of the Neelkanth in Madhya Pradesh - Bhimbetka Rock Shelters

On this crisp morning after Dussehra, I am  driven to the Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, renowned for exhibiting the earliest traces of human life on the Indian subcontinent, and hence the beginning of the South Asian Stone Age. We were literally starting our journey at the inception of time since some of the shelters were inhabited by Homo erectus more than 100,000 years ago!

Bhimbetka owes its name to the characters of the longest epic in the world, the Mahabharata. It is believed that when the five brothers, called Pandavas, were banished from their kingdom, they came here and stayed in these caves, the massive rocks seating the gigantic frame of Bhima, the second Pandava.

Bhimbetka is a natural art gallery and an archaeological treasure. For miles together, the footsteps of the prehistoric man can be easily discerned upon the sands of time, since the caves here house rock paintings, created by man from as early as about 15,000 years ago in vivid and panoramic detail.

As I walked into these gigantic natural sculptures, one by one, they revealed man-made ornamentations in the form of rock cut paintings. They have very minimally documented history about the lifestyle of man, and the way they’ve been preserved feels like nature’s protecting them. I said to myself, that these creations and etched in stone are symbolic of the genesis of human storytelling.

Only a limited and few traces remain of our predecessors; both as humans and artists. So much to ask and the responses have been laid out in beautiful boulders and trees with infinity of flora and fauna. My experience there was an instant connection with nature; like a language before language was invented, with peace before peace was achieved.

I found myself imagining them in the act of executing these beautiful paintings as though I had been pulled back in time where even rocks and pebbles had more colours than that of a retina display. I imagined a time where man was not man, but a part of nature. I passed through the maze just like a new leaf in a river called time and I emerged reborn.

(The Neelkanth bird is truly symbolic of my journey in Madhya Pradesh. We both have escaped our respective cages to transcend the physical and the mythical in our voyage to discover the hidden secrets and nature’s abundance of this spectacular region)

About the artist

Artist-storyteller Harshvardhan Kadam is fascinated by surreal landscapes, mystical beings and mythical creatures. His collective, inkbrushnme, with its eclecticism, has produced conceptually and stylistically powerful Visual Art. With conceptual clarity and solidity, he has illustrated many characters in graphic novels, and children’s books.

By Harshvardhan Kadam

The Kalash people as an ancient cultural continuum between South Asia and Europe

The Kalash people practice an ancient form of Indo-European [polytheism] in an unbroken tradition having survived against all odds in a remote mountain region of northern Pakistan. The isolated Chitral Valley is home to Dardic people who speak an ancient Indo-European language called Nuristani. This is what remained when the Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan subgroups cleaved off after their invasion of the Indian subcontinent. Their religion descends from the Rigvedic period and they have close genetic ties to modern Europeans.

Some of their religious customs echo pre-christian Slavic ones – a cosmic dualism pitting a thunder god against a chthonic rival, a polymorphic fertility deity, animal sacrifice, use of wooden idols and a corpus of nature spirits. Their pantheon even includes a female deity of death named Mara. The women’s clothing bare remarkable resemblance to Slavic folk costume, especially the Ukrainian type. 

Whats more, the Kalash have a winter solstice ritual that may yield precious clues to the meaning behind Slavic yule log (Bozic/Badnjak/Budnik) tradition. Here a young boy assumes the role of the polymorphic solar fertility hero by taking to the hills during summer. He returns to his community and completes the rite of passage during the night of the winter solstice. Per Wikipedia,“This includes the Festival of the Budulak (buḍáḷak, the ‘shepherd king’). In this festival, a strong prepubescent boy is sent up into the mountains to live with the goats for the summer. He is supposed to get fat and strong from the goat milk. When the festival comes he is allowed for a 24-hour period only to have sexual intercourse with any woman he wants, including even the wife of another man, or a young virgin. Any child born of this 24-hour period is considered to be blessed. “

Abomasnow is an isolated, rampaging ice monster that lives up in cold mountains. Its design is based heavily around the Abominable Snowman, also know as a Yeti. The Yeti is the arctic equivalent of Bigfoot, a legendary, mammalian like-creature who walks on two legs and apparently, doesn’t like to be seen.

Yeti are said to live in the Himalayas, the Indian-subcontinent mountain range that’s home to the tallest mountain on Earth, Mount Everest. The Yeti’s origins are traced back to early Himalayan hunting gods, including a “Glacier Being” and a “Wild Man” both depicted as ape-like creatures.

Yeti sightings have been reported all throughout history, as far back as Alexander the Great in 326 BC. In the past few hundred years, Footprints have been documented and even DNA samples have been collected from all over the Himayalas, including from people climbing Everest itself. Most footprints are believed to be footprints of normal animals, like bears or monkeys, that have simply been warped by melting snow. One “captured yeti” turned out to be a cat-like creature who had lost much of its fur due to disease. Many sightings have proven to be nothing more than publicity stunts. As for the DNA samples, some reported scalp samples have proven to be not from an ape-like monster but rather from an antelope. 

More interestingly, one hair sample said to have been taken from a yeti matches the DNA of a bear species thought to be extinct: a sort of polar bear and brown bear hybrid. The fact that this hair sample was gathered by a hunter in the 1960s suggests that this bear species might still exist in the Himalayas. It’s description and behavior certainly match the Yeti’s description, and account for why it might be mistaken as such.

We know that Abomasnow and its pre-evolution Snover is more of a tree than a mammal, but the lore still stands. Abomasnow is an aggressive ice monster that lives at cold and high altitudes, perhaps in environments that nothing else can survive in. Unsuspecting travelers spread legends of the beast as a result.

Abomasnow is based off of a Yeti, a mythical arctic monster similar to Bigfoot. Its aggressive and isolated nature spawn legends, from anyone who has encountered this Ice Monster.

8

“আমার ভাইয়ের রক্তে রাঙানো একুশে ফেব্রুয়ারি
আমি কি ভুলিতে পারি
ছেলেহারা শত মায়ের অশ্রু গড়ায়ে ফেব্রুয়ারি
আমি কি ভুলিতে পারি”

“My Brothers Blood Spattered 21 February
Can I forget the twenty-first of February
incarnadined by the love of my brother?
The twenty-first of February, built by the tears
of a hundred mothers robbed of their sons,
Can I ever forget it?”

A Brief History of Ekushey February, February 21st:

If you don’t know already: The British colonized the Indian subcontinent for centuries and… I am angry… but fast forward to 1947’s partition, which led to 2 nations: India, and Pakistan, which consisted of East Pakistan–Now proudly Bangladesh–and West Pakistan–which is the present Pakistan. Historically, East Pakistan was underrepresented in government and military, and underfunded during the Pakistani rule despite the fact that out of 69 million Pakistanis at the time, 44 million were Bengali-speaking and residing in East Pakistan (Bangladesh).

Even though 54% of the national population spoke Bengali (Bangla) as their mother tongue, in 1948 the Pakistani government enforced an ‘Urdu Only’ law, saying that the sole official language of East (Bangladesh) and West Pakistan would be Urdu—which had been promoted as the common language of Muslims during the British Rule. This felt like an attack against the Bengali identity, one that not only aimed to establish supremacy of one people over the other but was also unrepresentative of the national population. Although sectorial violence and tensions existed before, East Pakistan began protesting for our right to speak our mother tongue, to establish our Bengali identity, to institute equal respect for Bangla. Bengali scholars, student leaders and politicians led, supported and fought alongside in the movement that began.

ON 20TH FEBRUARY, 1952, the government enforced section 144: banning all public protests and marches in Dhaka. They began imprisoning University of Dhaka’s student leaders.

ON THE 21ST OF FEBRUARY, students marched protesting ‘Rashtro bhasha Bangla chai’ or ‘We want Bangla as the official language’ and the Pakistani police opened fire, killing 4 and injuring 17. Hearing the news of the shooting, thousands of people gathered in front of Dhaka Medical College, where the injured were admitted, a state of civil unrest began. Every year from then on, Bangladeshis began to commemorate this day of mourning and organized demonstrations and protests. The next few years consisted of political unrest, imprisonment of Bengali politicians, and public demonstrations.

THE FIRST SHAHEED MINAR was built on February 22nd, 1952 in memory of the martyrs and was destroyed by the Pakistani army on February 26th. In 1957, a second minar was built in tandems and completed in 1963, but that too was violently demolished by the Pakistani army in 1971. The current Shaheed Minar was built in 1972 and stands to this day.

IN 1956, the Pakistani government ruled Bengali as an official language alongside Urdu. In 1999, the UN declared 21st February International Mother Language day. As Bangladeshi people, to this day we march for the lives lost since those days in 1952, to the 1971 genocide, until our independence. Early in the morning of every February 21st, we walk to the Shaheed Minar (pictured above) with fresh flowers in our hands and black badges on our chests. Ekushey February marked a significant day not only because of our fight for our mother tongue, but because it strengthened and became a part of the Bangladeshi identity and catalyzed events that led to the 1971 liberation war.

I am proud of my history, I am proud of my people for fighting for our language and identity under an oppressive rule. I mourn the deaths of martyrs Abdus Salam, Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, Abul Barkat, Abdul Jabbar, and many more. 21st February 1952 was the beginning to a tale of blood, atrocities, and liberation. I am proud to be Bangladeshi. It’s time to acknowledge Bangladesh’s liberation and the 1971 genocide. 

[I hope at least some of you read this and learned a little bit more about my country and of course feel free to add to this. Images are off google and I used my old Bangla textbooks and Wikipedia for specific dates.]

Jahangir’s Tomb , Lahore , Punjab , Pakistan.

Inside the tomb of a Mughal emperor JAHANGIR who ruled Indo-Pak subcontinent from the year 1605 - 1627. This tomb was built by Emperor Shahjahan, the son of Jahangir, after the death of his father.

This tomb was built between 1627 - 1637, and is now (about) 376 years old.

The work as shown in this picture is a beautiful aspect of Mughal Architecture. It is carefully preserved, and is in its 100% original form. This unique and remarkable craftsmanship can never be seen in any part of the world.

Source : https://www.flickr.com/photos/agha_asif/

brody romero is south asian latinx

hey guys, i’ve seen people calling our newest red ranger hispanic or latino but i wanted to clarify! 

peter confirmed that will shewfelt is desi here, specifically indian, and from his family’s facebooks, they seem to come from guyana, a caribbean country.

south asian = desi (this spans the indian subcontinent; i would use ‘south asian’ if you’re not part of the community)

latinx = from latin america (this does not include guyana, so while brody may be latinx, as implied by his surname, william shewfelt is not)

hispanic = from a spanish-speaking country or a spanish-speaking person in the usa (will is the latter; neither india nor guyana are spanish-speaking countries, though)

please note that latinx isn’t a race, it’s an ethnicity. his race is south asian, his ethnicity/nationality are indian and american.

this also makes him our first south asian ranger in the show! (naomi scott is technically the first south asian cast as a power ranger, but she’s in the movie.) which is pretty cool and should be celebrated!

3

World Indigenous Peoples Day is almost coming to a close and I’d like to share pictures of myself in my traditional attire.

I am an indigenous woman (or an adivasi as known in South Asia). Today has been fairly good. Since Mom and I couldn’t go outside due to our fear of a terrorist threat ever since July 1st happened, we both decided to go on our fairly adequate rooftop garden for a mini photo shoot.

Our attire is known as Pinon-Khadi. Pinon is the wrap around skirt I’m wearing and the khadi is much like a scarf but it is wrapped over the blouse and draped to the side like a traditional sari. Alas I do not own original Chakma jewellery so I had to make do with some baubles I bought from fairs.

This has been a small lesson on Chakma culture from a small blogger.

4

Nazia Hassan (April 3, 1965 – August 13, 2000)

I missed by a couple of weeks, but this April 3rd Nazia Hassan would have turned 50. For those of you who don’t know her, she was an incredibly popular Pakistani pop singer. Her career started when at the age of 15 (!) she sang Aap Jaisa Koi for a Bollywood film. She instantly rose to stardom in the subcontinent, becoming the youngest ever winner at the Indian Filmfare Awards (and the first Pakistani, something which in the 60 total years of the awards’ history has been managed by only three other Pakistanis).

When she released her Disco Deewane album the next year, it broke records, with more than 100,000 sold just in Mumbai in the first DAY. It charted in several other countries, including becoming the first South Asian pop album to top the charts in Brazil. She contributed massively to changing the entire music industry in the subcontinent, showing that pop could compete with the film soundtracks that had previously dominated.

She also obtained a law degree and after hosting a music show that helped discover and boost the popularity of many of Pakistan’s future pop stars, retired from the music business and worked for the UN. She supported lots of philanthropic and social causes and started an anti-drug group.

In 2000, she passed away from lung cancer at the age of 35 but remains an enduring beloved desi icon.