Happy Woodland Wednesday!

And the happy first day of summer!

Disclaimer: Original image © Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. All rights reserved. The Hobbit/Thranduil trademarked to Middle-earth Enterprises and licensed to New Line Cinema. Forest image was found in open domain without photographer credits. No profit is being made.

[edit by @moonofmorrigan]


1)Battle shields, European, medieval 11th-14th century, almond-shaped battle shield with curved topline, extremely heavily weathered and worm-eaten, wood chemically strengthened and preserved. L 125 cm W 40 cm.

2)Hungarian-style Shield, ca. 1500–1550 Eastern European
Wing-shaped shields, with the distinctive upward-sweeping back edge, were the characteristic light-cavalry shields of Hungary. During the sixteenth century, the style was adopted across much of eastern Europe by both Christian and Islamic horsemen. The shield’s elongated upper edge was designed to defend the back of the head and neck against cuts from the saber, the preferred cavalry weapon in that region.
This shield is painted on its exterior with the double-bladed sword of the Prophet Muhammad and on its interior with the Crucifix and instruments of the Passion. This unusual mix of Islamic and Christian symbols suggests that the shield was used in a tournament by a Christian warrior dressed in oriental fashion. In these “Hungarian-style” tournaments, the participants wore Hungarian and Turkish costumes and used sabers to strike off feathers attached to their opponents’ helmets and to the apex of their painted shields. Even at a time when Turkish armies were a constant threat to eastern Europe, their costumes and tactics were imitated by their Christian foes.

3)The sword and shield found at the tomb of Henry V. I admire the hollow-ground blade. Oakshott type XIII.

4)A Fine and Rare Large Bohemian Pavise, circa 1400. Height: 85 ½ in; Width: 30 ½ in. Pavises are fitted at their lower ends with a pair of projecting iron spikes that could be driven into the ground so as to better resist the onslaught of the enemy. A particular tactic of the Bohemians was to form a solid wall of pavises.

The pavise–referred to in Italian and German documents as early as the first half of the 13th century–is thought to have taken its name from the North Italian city of Pavia. According to an anonymous chronicle of about 1330, ‘The military renown of the Pavians is proclaimed all over Italy. After it are called large shields, rectangular at top and bottom, known as Papienses. It was perhaps through the influence of Italian mercenaries that the use of the pavise spread to other parts of Europe, most notably Bohemia where it was employed to impressive effect by the Hussite revolutionary armies of the late 14th and early 15th centuries. The bold heraldic design of the present example can be seen as a 'differenced’ version of the arms of Bohemia, namely gules, a lion rampant or, occurring on a pavise of almost identical design that passed through the art market in 1994.

5)A pavise from Bavaria, dated to the late Middle Ages and painted with the arms of Shongau
Source: Andreas Praefcke (Own work (own photograph)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

6)Archer’s Shield (Pavise), probably Bohemian (Chomutov), ca 1440 – “This example is painted in the center with a crown surmounted by three ostrich feathers, a badge of the kings of Bohemia. Below this is the letter Y on a radiant cloud, possibly the monogram for Yhesus (Jesus). At the top is the coat of arms of the Saxon city of Zwickau (a red shield with three white swans), which was added to the shield at a later date.”

7)Pavise. Bohemian, mid-15th century. Bears arms of Zwickau and Saxony in Germany.

8)Pavese, wahrscheinlich Deutschland, 15. Jahr. (Veste Coburg - Inv. Nr. I.D.23).

9)Setztartsche (Pavese), Wien (?), um 1440 (Wiener Burgerlische Zeughaus - Inv. Nr. 126.112).

10)Austrian Pavise, ca 1480 (Overall height: 49 ¼ in; Overall width: 21 ½ in) – It is painted with the arms of the Austrian Bindenschild .

Frances Bean & Courtney Love Discuss Kurt Cobain Death Photos

Declaration of Frances Bean Cobain

“I, Frances Bean Cobain, declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of Washington as follows:

1. I am Kurt Cobain’s daughter. I am over 18 years of age and I am competent to testify. I have personal knowledge of the matters below and could and would testify to them.

2. I understand that Richard Lee has filed a lawsuit against the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Department to try and force them to release never-before-released graphic photographs law enforcement personnel took at the scene of my father’s death, so that Mr. Lee can publicize them.

3. I once saw mock photos depicting my father’s body. That experience irreparably scarred me. I cried for days afterward. Those horrible images still haunt me. I cannot imagine how terrible it would be knowing that the photographs that Mr. Lee seeks were public, and that I or any of my loved ones, including my father’s mother and sisters, might inadvertently see them. Release and publication of the photographs would shock me and exacerbate the post traumatic stress that I have suffered since childhood.

4. Releasing the photographs would physically endanger me and my mother. My mother and I both receive a constant stream of death threats from very disturbed individuals who are obsessed with my father. Once, a stalker broke into my home while I was on vacation, and laid in wait for three days. This person’s twisted explanation was that he was meant to be with me because my father’s soul had entered my body.

5. Releasing these photographs into the public domain would encourage more disturbed stalkers and fanatical threats. It would make me feel even more unsafe in public and make me more fearful for myself and my family’s safety. I would have to delete all of my social media to prevent receiving the photographs.

6. I was less than two years old when my father died. I have worked hard to know him from stories from friends and family, photographs, and from his art, as the living person who was my parent. I do not want that image to be stained by the knowledge that these horrible photographs are public and that I might be exposed to them. I have had to cope with many personal issues because of my father’s death. Coping even with the possibility that those photographs could be made public is very difficult.

7. I am not the only person who would be irreparably scarred by public disclosure of the photographs. Although disclosure and publication of the pictures would harm all of the family and friends who loved my father, his parents (my grandmother and grandfather) and his sisters and brothers (by aunts and uncle), would be especially vulnerable to emotional pain and trauma from knowledge that the pictures were public.

8. The tragedy of my father’s death is a personal and private matter for me, his other family members, and his friends. Further sensationalizing it through the release of these pictures would cause us indescribable pain.

Signed at Los Angeles, California on July 20, 2015.”

Hua Hsu on scenes from New York City’s pre-gentrification graffiti subculture:

“I remember seeing stickers by COST and his partner, REVS, everywhere: on buildings, trucks, cranes, ladders, lampposts, crosswalk signals, stop signs. It troubled me that I could not decode their meaning. What were they selling? When I learned that the answer was nothing, I was confused and then astonished.”

Photograph courtesy Artists Public Domain/Cinema Conservancy

Eleanor Roosevelt and Oveta Culp Hobby in Des Moines, Iowa. 03/1943.

Item From: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Public Domain Photographs, (1882-1945).

Eleanor Roosevelt and Oveta Culp Hobby were two of the most influential female Americans of their time. Oveta Culp Hobby was the first commanding officer of the Women’s Army Corps and was the first secretary of the US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Hobby achieved the rank of Colonel was the first woman to receive the Distinguished Service Medal for her efforts during World War II.


Franklin D. Roosevelt and father portrait in Washington, Washington. D.C.

Item From: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Public Domain Photographs. (1882- 1945)

James Roosevelt I met his sixth cousin Sara Ann Delano, at a party celebrating his distant cousin, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.’s graduation from Harvard University. James Roosevelt I married Sara Delano on October 7, 1880 and had Franklin Delano Roosevelt soon after. He was a good father, but he suffered from continuing heart issues. This led the young F.D.R. to be fiercely protective his ailing father.