Imagine living in a city where there are no monuments, no buildings from before 1970, no proof that you had grandparents or parents, no history at all. Wouldn’t that make you feel like you were just a passing fad, that you could be blown away like leaves?… for any community to feel substantial and able to change without losing themselves, a history is absolutely crucial.
—  Emma Donoghue, talking about LGBT history and LGBT historical fiction
Support Native Americans

•support dark skinned natives
•support light skinned natives
•support white passing natives
•support natives whose first languages are their tribal languages
•support natives who cannot speak their tribal language
•support native children who have to teach themselves about their tribal culture
•support natives living on reservations
•support native kids who get asked if their parents live on a reservation
•support native kids who are taught to be embarrassed and ashamed of their heritage
•support métis people who might not know their heritage
•support métis people who aren’t native passing
•support native people who stick to traditional hair and dress styles
•support natives who practice their tribal religion
•support natives who follow mainstream fashion
•support natives who are told they’re “too Indian”
•support natives who are told they’re “not Indian enough”

•but above all, listen to what we have to say about our cultures, our histories, our future, our issues and our people.

Today’s history is our present and future as we celebrate political prisoners for Black Futures Month. This powerful poster was created by Kendrick Daye @kendrickdaye . Also find him at &

The accompanying article was written by Asha Bandele and can be read here:

#BlackFutureMonth #BlackLivesMatter #VisionsOfABlackFuture

Caffeine Challenge

Prompt: Something to do with the shadows


We had a Swiss au pair when I was about eight. Her name was Ursula and she was training to be a teacher at the same time, so we used to walk to school together. I was used to cycling, and I was used to going by myself, but I liked Ursula so I didn’t resent the blow to my independence the way I might have done.

It was two miles to school.

One day, she used the walk to teach me my 4-times table. I had a block about it, for some reason. I could do my 3-times tables, and my 5-times table, and my 9-times table, but my brain seemed to judder on anything multiplied by four. We tried ‘double it and then double it again’ but it took too long. So then we beat it into submission via repetition. Four times three. Four times eight. Four times seven. Twelve times four. Over and over again, for two miles.

I can still multiply by four at the click of a finger.

One crisp February morning, it began to snow.

Ursula, being Swiss, was not impressed. She didn’t mind the snow, but she was baffled by the announcements of school closures on the radio and the people who refused to go to work because they didn’t want to drive in the millimetre of white dust. We walked to school as usual and she pointed at the snow falling around us. They must have been tiny, but in my memory they are round, fluffy balls, like cotton wool.

“You know, every snowflake is unique.”

“I know,” I said. I was too busy pretending to be a dragon to pay much attention. “They look different under a microscope.”

Keep reading

A few notes on the history of the term “Gender Dysphoria”

Dysphoria has never been a precise term. It literally means “hard to bear” and refers to suffering, depression, restlessness and anxiety. Norman Fisk, the psychiatrist who coined the term “gender dysphoria”, used it to describe a wide range of psychological distress concerning sex and gender that often lead the sufferer to want to change their sex, from “true” transsexuals to people with psychosis. Fisk worked at the gender clinic at Stanford University as part of a team researching transsexualism and sex reassignment. He found that many different kinds of people were coming to him looking to change their sex, not just those who fit the current criteria for transsexualism. This included fetishistic transvestites, “masculine” lesbians and “effeminate” gay men, psychotic people and sociopaths, among others. He created the term “gender dysphoria syndrome” because transsexualism wasn’t broad enough to describe all people with “gender disorders” or who were distressed enough to want to change their body. It was never intended to refer only to what transsexuals experience, quite the opposite in fact.

It’s important to note that by “gender” Fisk was also referring to biological sex as well behavior, social role and psychology. What most people today would categorize separately as sex and gender, Fisk grouped together under “gender”. What some trans and dysphoric people describe as sex dysphoria would have been included as a form of “gender dysphoria” by Fisk.

Fisk wrote that “gender dysphoria syndrome” could present itself in a wide variety of forms and arise for many different reasons. He thought that transsexualism was the most extreme form of gender dysphoria and probably had biological causes. He also believed that dysphoria could be rooted in psychosis, neurosis or sociopathy, that some gay people were gender dysphoric and that transvestism was also a form of gender dysphoria. He thought that some gender non-conforming gay people and some transvestites unconsciously took on the symptoms of transsexualism and sought out sex reassignment to become more socially acceptable and escape the stigma of being “perverted” or otherwise ”deviant”. Thus Fisk used “gender dysphoria syndrome” to describe all manner of “gender disorders”, regardless of if he thought they had biological, psychological or social origins.  

If you’re a gay person who ever felt enough distress about your sex or gender to the point where you wanted to change your body, guess what? “Gender dysphoria” was invented to talk about people like you. It’s part of the history of how gay people, especially gender non-conforming gay people, have been pathologized and medicalized. Fisk explicitly talks about how some homosexuals have gender dysphoria and goes on to to say that some seek out a transsexual diagnosis and want to change their sex due to social pressures and stigma. Lesbians today talking about how we’re dysphoric or how we took on a trans identity and transitioned due to misogyny, lesbophobia and other social pressures aren’t straying too far from the original thinking behind the term. In fact, we’re more faithful to the original conception of “gender dysphoria” than people who insist that only trans people have dysphoria and that it’s entirely rooted in biology.

Whether we should be content with this term is another issue. Do we want to use a term invented by a (presumably) straight male doctor to talk about people with “gender disorders”? It was developed to better classify those deemed abnormal in terms of how they relate to their physical sex and sex role. It’s been used to mark some women as disordered, as psychologically and perhaps even biological distinct from “normal” women. It was never meant to empower us. It certainly wasn’t created to help us move towards greater social and political liberation. 

Fisk created the term partially to legitimize operating on patients who didn’t fit the criteria for transsexualism. This included some patients he saw as gay people and transvestites. The thinking was if these patients could adjust well to living as the other sex and were committed to doing so, why not operate on them? It was easier to make the patient happier by changing their body than to change society to accept the person as they were. Do I really want to use a term invented by a man who could’ve approved me for surgery even if he thought I was a self-hating lesbian caving into social pressure?

I’m not telling anyone to stop using the term “dysphoria” to describe their experience. I still use it. It fills a void. We need some kind of language to talk about what “dysphoria” is presently used to describe. But it’s good to be aware of where that term comes from and the thinking behind it and it’s good to question whether we should work towards new language in the future. Uncovering our history makes us stronger and expands our perceptions. We need to understand how we came to this present situation where many women continue to be pathologized for not fitting the female sex role and end up pursuing transition for social reasons. The better we understand how we got here, the better equipped we’ll be to get beyond this mess and create a world where no woman is “dysphoric”. 


Fisk, Norman M: Gender dysphoria syndrome: The conceptualization that liberalizes indications for total gender reorientation and implies a broadly based multi-dimensional rehabilitative regime. Western Journal of Medicine 120:386-391, May 1974

In the name of liberty, I will fight the enemy regardless of their allegiance. While men of courage write history of this day, the future of our land depends on those who are truly free…


America Right Now
  • <p> <b>Trump Supporters:</b> *crying because Trump is President*<p/><b>Hillary Supporters:</b> *crying because Trump is President*<p/><b>Third Party Supporters:</b> *crying because they know they fucked up*<p/></p>

anonymous asked:

And here comes the 'America is evil' Tumblr crowd. I swear, these kids are all dumb ass fuck.

As I stated before, there are 2 choices the US has.

1. We do nothing, world reaction.= Why isn’t the US doing something about this

2. We do something, world reaction = OMG the US needs to stick it’s nose into everything

The best we as a nation can do is hope that our leaders make the right choices that save the most lives and do the most good for the future, because no matter what choice is made it’s the wrong one in the here and now.

Gotta look to the future and what history will say about our choice and not worry what people will think right now because that (in the case of the US generally) is never gonna be good.

You know, if I ever got a tattoo with words on it, it might say мы пойдём другим путём. It would have to be like a trans remembrance tattoo, something that gets across the sense of mourning that all trans women more or less carry on our backs. It means “we will go a different way,” an apocryphal quote from Lenin dating to the funeral of his older brother, Sasha. Sasha was an anarchist who was tried, convicted and executed for his role in a plot to kill the tsar. Lenin’s “other way” would eventually coalesce as Marxism-Leninism, and the renunciation of political terror and individual action in favor of collective organization and mass education, in order to build a sustainable revolution. So that the bright minds of the future would not burn alone, then snuffed out prematurely. This is analogous to how I feel about trans women; or history, our struggle, and our future.


Lupita Nyong’o in Talks to Star in Sci-Fi Thriller, with Ava DuVernay looking to Direct.

I’m crying inside.
We just started the 2nd week of Black History Month, and Black women have been slaying us left and right, popping out of the woodwork with their natural born slayage and hard work, giving us reasons to remind ourselves how dope we are.

I can’t.

Father God, please make this Black Girl Magic collaboration happen. PLEASE. For all that is right in the world, PLEASE.

History paves the way for the future. Our now stands on the rubble of glory days gone by. Each civilization a little stronger, a little smarter. Our waterways a nod to the ancient science of irrigation, feats of engineering based on the stunning columns of the Greeks, art and music descended from all the horrendous beauty and glorious pain that inspired life.

Our now will one day be another now’s history. We will leave behind-what? A legacy of a fading planet and a people who still fight for it. A legacy of connectivity and innovation. A world where hope still finds the cracks in a cloud of fear and hatred, where the small acts of kindness matter just as much as the new technology.

Our now is what our future is built on, another civilization that will fade into dusty memory, another to brick to build upon. Maybe not the best or brightest, but my god, what a world to leave behind.

—  a history of a hopeful world
Psychological Analysis #7 : “Haruno Sakura”

Sakura is not a character that I adore, but that doesn’t mean that I don’t like her. Indeed, she has some really badass moments, I like her voice when she gets angry and above all, I like her famous “Shannarô”. Then she is very beautiful. However, contrary to the other characters, I didn’t force to look very far to write Sakura’s analysis. But she is a unique character in the manga and I’m going to explain to you : “why”? Then, have a good reading, and don’t forget that I’m French and I make many mistakes and I apologize in advance if it bothers you during the reading. Good reading! (for @its-naruto-universe)

Kishimoto asserted that Sakura was the most realistic character of the series or something like that. And it’s there that I am going to begin :

You know it, every character have a characteristic of his personality which define him, and I use this characteristic to build an analysis around this character. The problem here, it’s that Sakura hasn’t special characteristics which stand her out from the others. Of course, she is brave, with a strong personality but it’s not enough to make an analysis. And it’s exactly why she looks so realistic and close to the reality! I give some explanation : the characters who are very appreciated (Itachi, Naruto, Sasuke, Gaara etc…) are characters who have a story very rich in tragic events and often terribly sad. Let us take the example of Sasuke : his clan was massacred by his older brother, and he lives only to avenge his family. In brief, it is terrible and it is the kind of thing which arrive only in an anime (I hope…). 

While Sakura : an ordinary girl, without any story, and I would even say totally common. Good in her life, in her little family. Having to tell those quarrels clichés of rivalry for a handsome boy. Something clearly insipid and boring. But after a certain moment, this commonness is going to annoy her and she decides to make a work on herself and to question herself seriously, having witnessed tragics troubles of her friends. All this, in the aim to escape to this fate of the “poor little girl without a story”.

This quotation reminded me of Sakura and is going to help me to continue, it was written by one of the women whom I respect the most in the world, Simone de Beauvoir :

“One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman.“ 

Indeed, and Sakura took the time to grow up and to become mature. Her choices and her words are sometimes insane and terribly stupid : when Sasuke leaves the village, for example, she sincerely wishes to give up everything (her family, her future, her friends) to leave with him. They are clearly the words of a child, totally overtaken by her feelings of an immature young girl. Or when she says in front of Sasuke that Naruto is lucky to be an orphan because people cannot lecture him. It’s horrible words that she said without really thinking about, as would make it an immature child. And that it’s very realistic. Remind you the number of stupid things which you were able to say being a child. Well .. Itachi who wonders at 4 years old about the meaning of the life and about War, I knew much more realistic. Seriously, when I was 4 I took the "tea” with my stuffed animals around a candy pink plastic table, looking at “Winny the Pooh”! 

Then, Sakura grew up and finally realized things of which she hasn’t conscious before. Finally, she became a woman.

This is why Kishimoto really managed to make Sakura a really realistic character, yes sometimes she goes out of depth, yes sometimes she is weak, yes sometimes she commits errors of judgment and makes bad choices, just like us all, that’s it which make her human and terribly close to the reality. This human side allows us to better understand her and even put us in her place and she’s one of the only characters with whom we can identify us. Because we may love Itachi, but we will never understand what it is to kill our family to save our village of a war, then live as a traitor, only for his younger brother, right? ahah

Sakura shows that the determination can really make the difference, and to exist it’s necessary to fight, no matter if our history doesn’t predispose us to an extraordinary future. If we want to be someone, we can. And that it’s an image of the woman that I particularly appreciate. Contrary as certain characters who are real weather vanes, Kishimoto applied that Sakura remains the same from the beginning to the end. That also it’s a sign of realism. Nobody really changes. I am in the habit of saying that from a certain moment, people are what they are and that’s it.

We feel close to her because she is ordinary but in spite of this lack of difference she tries so hard to progress and to become somebody finally capable of realizing big things, and especially of protecting those who she loves. She knows that she is powerless sometimes and that makes her really mad. She doesn’t want to be this kind of woman who keeps silent and who agrees to be saved by the charming prince or by her friends. She wants to be at all costs, a woman who manages alone, who saves her own life. The woman who makes the difference. Having read that, do not say that Kishimoto is sexist

I see Sakura as an ode to the woman. The independent woman, who hasn’t scared of nothing except to be useless.

Her temper is similar and the choices that she made are maybe debatable (Itachi’s also are…) but, she pleases or she doesn’t please. Exactly like in reality, we cannot please everybody.

After the likelihood of the temper of Sakura and her personality, I am going to linger over a point which I found interesting : Sakura doesn’t like the change. It’s not only that Sasuke leaves who worries her and make her sad but it’s the fact that Sasuke, by leaving the village, breaks this reassuring routine, this uniqueness which there was between the team 7. And the photo at which she looks very often proves this nostalgia for the childhood and for what was her life. Child’s life without real problems, an almost idyllic peaceful life far from the harsh reality of the life. By leaving the village, Sasuke “destroyed” this ‘’daily life’’ and this ‘’lifestyle’’ which reassured Sakura. The change around her frightens her, this is why she often was overtaken by events and why tears quickly rise. But nevertheless, she moves forward. And what she wants, it’s not only that Sasuke comes back to the village, it’s also that everything be like before and to find this harmony of child’s life again.

 "You can never turn a page of your life without a certain nostalgia.“

It’s true that Sakura could never forget Sasuke and moved on. Sasuke is a part of her childhood, and above all,  of her dream. The dream of a united team 7 again.

I am now going to pass in a fact, which is not unimportant : Ino was a strong stage in Sakura’s life and she owes to her a lot. Including her love for Sasuke, I am going to explain to you with my great friend, Sigmund Freud : 

This one worked on the self-esteem in its reports with the narcissism, which consists of love that the subject sends to himself. This report is not a concept with a negative tone, it is rather about a constructive and adaptive dimension which allows the subject, resting on love which he feels for himself, to love somebody else. The lack of self-esteem would be the change of the feeling of love and respect for oneself which feels the subject. 

"The object of love, according to Freud, is a narcissistic revelation which allows obtaining a narcissistic bonus through others in a mirror effect. For Freud, to be not loved decrease the feeling of self-esteem, to be loved increase it, and represent the purpose and the satisfaction in the choice of narcissistic object.”

Sakura had complexes with her physical appearance (her forehead). We are not born with complexes! Her complexes were created by the others who called her “forehead”, prevented her from feeling a respect for herself high enough to love somebody else. As soon as Sakura learned to love herself and has to assume her physical appearance, she announcing that she was in love with Sasuke.

As regards Sasuke, she sincerely wishes to understand him, because she thinks that it is the best way for her to be liked, but she will eventually understand the enormous gap which separates both. If I took Sasuke as an example at the beginning to show that Sakura is ordinary compared with him, it wasn’t for nothing. Sakura and Sasuke are very different, even the opposite. Except their affection for the team 7, they have nothing in common but : Minato and Kushina, Naruto and Hinata, Ino and Saï, Choji and Karui etc… They are also opposed and it works.

I’m not so a SasuSaku fan but I respect those who are, then I have a tiny present for them : a James Joyce’s quotation which reminded me SasuSaku :

“The wife is often the weak point of the husband." 

Maybe I will make an analysis on why I am against and why I am for! Because the objectivity is my nindô! I avoid expressing my own opinion in my analyzes except when I have to.

One sentence of conclusion which summarizes Sakura? 

Haruno Sakura, an ordinary girl who became an extraordinary girl. 

NB :

Thank you for having read, I hope you have appreciated! Although I am not psychologically interested in her, if I could be a woman in Naruto, I would like to be Sakura (or Konan to be with Akatsuki guys hehe!) Sorry again for the mistakes, I should really find an English speaker who can correct me before publishing! But it is a painful task. 

Don’t forget to go to see my other analyzes on Deidara, Itachi, and Kisame, Hidan, Kakuzu, Sasori, and Sasuke. Thank you for your kind messages, that really affects me. Sasuke’s analysis has more than 115 notes, you are incredible!! Thank you!! <3


Guys. Learning Ancient Greek isn’t that difficult.

Sure, it isn’t as easy as English or Spanish or even Latin, but it’s not impossible either. All you need to do is get used to a different way of thinking. Beyond that, it’s the same as any other case-based language - you just need to learn the declensions of verbs, nouns and adjectives, a few grammatical points, a bit of vocabulary, grab a dictionary for the rest, and you’ll be fine.

Seriously. It’s not that hard. If you really want a difficult language, try Sumerian or Hittite. Ancient Greek is a pleasure next to those two.

I don’t mean to sound snobbish or pedantic - I’m just trying to encourage people to try it out. All too often, I see people going on about how difficult Ancient Greek is, and while it’s definitely not a stroll in the park, it’s discouraging to hear. Whenever I tell people about my studies, they are impressed and tell me they’d never have the determination to do what I’m doing (closely followed by the question: and what will you do after your studies?). **Mini rant: this is the reason there are only nine of us doing an Ancient Greek BA at my university, and I’m the only first year taking classes in the Mesopotamia department - and I’m not even enrolled there. People seem to think that ancient languages are difficult and that there’s no point anyway. Please don’t believe this. History is valuable and teaches us not only to understand our past, but to make linguistic, cultural and societal connections to our present and future. Ancient history is the childhood memories that make us who we are. It may not seem so important now, but the efforts that extremist regimes such as Nazi Germany, Mao’s China and Daesh have taken to destroy memory proves what power it has to influence people. Rant over** My answer is that it’s just like any other language. You need to love it to study it, but no more than someone studying Arabic or Armenian or Japanese would.

And let me tell you a secret.

Unlike those languages, you’re not expected to be fluent.

You’re allowed to take five hours to read a text, look up the vocabulary and analyse the structure before translating it. In fact, that’s what you’re expected to do. You’re allowed to not know what a word means. You’re allowed to be passionate about Plutarch but know nothing about Aristotle. You’re allowed to struggle with Herodotus’ Ionian dialect. You’re allowed to forget the third person plural aorist form of παιδεύω. It’s normal, and it happens to everyone. Even my professors don’t know the answers sometimes.

If you want to learn Ancient Greek, good on you. Don’t be discouraged. It’s possible to learn - it’s even possible to reach a confident reading level, believe it or not - and it’s fine to make mistakes while you’re doing it. Ancient Greek isn’t something that only big-headed bourgeois who name their kids Socrates and Terpsichore study. Anyone can do it. Yes. Even you.

If you’re interested, here’s a few tips:

  • love what you do. Obviously, nobody is going to learn an ancient language that they hate. But if you’re passionate about it, the motivation will be enough to carry you over the tedious bits.
  • be analytical in your approach, but keep an open mind. Ancient Greek is very structured and has a lot of rules, but it’s still a language that was once spoken by real people. Don’t take the rules as Word of God. Look at the global structure too, and get a feel for how it came intuitively to the Greeks.
  • but don’t forget about the rules. By that I mean grammar and most of all, declensions. I know it’s a lot to learn by heart - I, for one, hated doing it - but it’s really important. Think of it as the foundations of a solid house. Building them isn’t as fun as painting the walls and designing your bedroom, but they’re a necessary step to get to the more interesting parts.
  • start with the easy texts. Late authors, as a rule, are easier than earlier ones. Xenophon is easy. Pausanias is easy. Lucian is easy and also features one-legged lamps living on the moon. The Bible is easy. Things that are not easy: Homer and Homeric Greek, Sappho and her Aeolic dialect, Pindar, Hesiod, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Mycenaean Greek. (If you start with Mycenaean I will personally erect an altar in your honour.)
  • try Hittite instead. I promise you’ll come running back to Ancient Greek within a few days :D