the-babylonians

anonymous asked:

Marcellus Ptolemy

What’s in a name?

Galileo Galilei studying the stars and constellations, togas and sandals, the sweet taste of concord grapes, the holy chants inside church walls, a starlit sky and golden skin, Dante’s Inferno, arguments with angels, painted ceilings and naked goddesses, old Babylonian writings, ancient mosaics and sweet ginger tea,…

10

KAZUMA KANEKO GRAPHICS: PANDEMONIUM SCANS (The Requests of Talking Time)

I gave my pals over at my old stomping grounds the chance for requests. (Remember, always use the “cu chulainn” tag!) Here’s what they chose!

  1. Inaruna (No. 043): Ancient shaman queen of Devil Summoner. (alt)
  2. Inti (No. 047): Inca sun god.
  3. Grendel (No. 147): Monstrous antagonist of Beowulf.
  4. Satanael (No. 166): Fallen angel of Biblical apocrypha.
  5. Shemyaza (No. 179): Ditto. 
  6. Jeanne d’Arc (No. 188): French heroine and saint.
  7. Manitou (No. 198): Omnipresent spirit of the Algonquians.
  8. Tiamat (No. 246): Babylonian primordial chaos.
  9. Moowis (No. 398): Algonquin snowman-cum-hottie. (alt form sheet)
  10. Leanan Sidhe (No. 440): Celtic muse.
The signs and their myths:
  • Aries:The Golden Fleece (Greek)
  • Taurus:The Bull of Heaven (Babylonian)
  • Gemini:Castor and Pollux (Greek)
  • Cancer:The Twelve Labors of Heracles - Karkinos (Greek)
  • Leo:The Twelve Labors of Heracles - Nemean Lion (Greek)
  • Virgo:Erigone/Demeter (Greek)
  • Libra:The Claws of the Scorpion (Babylonian)
  • Scorpio:Orion (Greek)
  • Sagittarius:Nergal (Babylonian)
  • Capricorn:Amalthea/Pan (Greek)
  • Aquarius:Zeus and Ganymede (Greek)
  • Pisces:The Lady of the Heaven (Babylonian)
8

Welcome back to FRIDAY FASHION FACT! This blog is normally all about clothing, but as everyone knows, clothes are not the only piece of fashion! So today we’re going in a different direction and focusing on the cosmetic side, specifically- nail polish! It seems like such a random fashion- coloring the ends of your fingers and toes in crazy unnatural hues. The description makes it sounds like a trend that would be worn by rebels or avant-garde fashionistas. Yet nail polish is one of the most common fashions for women across the globe, even becoming increasingly common amongst men. So where did nail polish get its start?

Coloring nails is in fact one of the oldest fashions in history. It dates back to ancient times, and started with a very different demographic than today. The oldest record of colored nails is circa 3200 BCE, when Babylonian warriors would stain their nails with kohl. This accented the full face of heavy makeup Babylonian warriors would wear, which was all intended to make their features stand out from a distance, and intensify them up close- a tactic for intimidating their enemies. The higher a man’s rank, the darker the dye. Soon after, around 3000 BCE, dyed nails appeared among a totally different upper class. Wealthy Chinese women used mixtures including beeswax and gelatin, tinted with crushed flowers. The process typically took several hours.

At approximately the same time, the trend was on the rise in Egypt. The Egyptians used henna to dye their nails. Pharaohs would show off their rank by using a rich red color on their nails, a trend which was also popular throughout the centuries in India. Such bold colors faded out of fashion in the western world during the Middle Ages when modesty was a priority, but shortly after the Renaissance, there was a revived focus on manicured nails.

At this time, there was a high value placed on opulence and beauty. Cosmetics were used to enhance what were considered desirable traits, such as pale skin with rosy cheeks. Naturally, this extended to nails, which were buffed and polished (clear polish, as in the way you might polish silver or wood) so that they were extra shiny. This trend continued up through the 18th Century, when once again it became popular to tint nails, typically pale shades of pink. It fit in perfectly with the lavish fashions found in the halls of Versailles. By the mid-Victorian age, there was a strong emphasis placed on hygiene, and so manicures rose in popularity. Soft pink tints were still the colors of choice.

It wasn’t until about the 1920s that bold lacquer colors came into being. What spurred the trend? Believe it or not, cars! When cars were created, they were the ultimate symbol of wealth and luxury (as many still are today.) Around 1920, French cosmetologist Michelle Menard adapted the same lacquer used on cars to be used on nails, making a little piece of that luxury available to the masses. It was an instant success, and quickly started to be produced in a vast variety of colors, though flashy red has always been the most popular. People have been sporting bold colored lacquered nails ever since!

Have a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!

Pazuzu

There is simply no way I can do justice to Pazuzu in one sitting.  This is a being who’s been in fantasy gaming since the original Monster Manual II, who even managed to sneak into demon-phobic 2e, who got the full “Demonomicon of Iggwilv” workup in Dragon Magazine, and who hails from our own world courtesy of Assyrian and Babylonian mythology (not to mention The Exorcist).  He’s been part of Pathfinder since pretty much Day One as Lamashtu’s foil, and he’s the most powerful demon lord (at CR 30, topping even mighty Dagon) in Bestiary 4.  He doesn’t deserve a blog post; he deserves a sourcebook.

That said, here are three quick highlights to remember when brainstorming ideas for encounters with Pazuzu.

1) He’s a survivor.  He survived the fall of the qlippoth race (or at least I think he did—I know he survived the fall of the obyriths in 3.5) to become a demon lord—no mean feat.  He’s survived his worst enemy becoming a friggin’ goddess.  And rather than sweat claiming one layer of the Abyss, he simply claims the skies.  In all the layers.  That’s insane…and yet he’s managed to hold on to them for eons and epochs. So if your PCs think they can just say his name three times, wait for him to appear, and ambush him, think again. Speaking of which…

2) He wants to be summoned.  He makes it easy.  Whereas other demons loathe being made to dance to a mortal’s tune, he appears like the Abyss’s concierge, prompt as you please.  Of course, just saying his name three times means that he learns yours and opens you up to the threat of possession.  And his wishes turn you chaotic evil with a crushing despair chaser.  This is a demon lord who collects antipaladins as a hobby. What do you think your chances are of invoking him scot-free?

3) He will seem like the reasonable demon lord.  Even more than the various succubus queens, Pazuzu will seem like the face of evil that you can at least work with short-term and remain unscathed.  After all, he hates Lamashtu, right?  Just avoid saying his name and making any dumb wishes and you can totally form some kind of alliance.  The enemy of your enemy and all that.

Except he probably invented that saying.

Pazuzu is one of the worst demon lords there is.  You just haven’t seen the full reach of his plans yet.  If one of his servants does you a favor at first level, you won’t see the other shoe drop until you hit level 20 and you snag some mythic ranks.  But you will see it in the end. Guaranteed.  And you will wish you hadn’t…except wishes are probably what got you into trouble in the first place.

I haven’t even mentioned Pazuzu’s mythic spell-like abilities, his aura of locusts and swarm mastery, or the poisonous snake he has between his—

You know what?  Let’s get to the adventure seeds:

Trapped in the Abyss and cursed to be rejected by any Abyssal gate or portal, adventurers must get creative to find a way out.  One option: Destroy one of the regenerating towers in Pazuzu’s realm, ride it skyward as it reforms, and slingshot themselves into the non-space between the Abyss and the prison moons of the Hag-Stitched. Of course, Pazuzu might take such a demolition personally…

Pazuzu may have been the son of a god whose corpse floats deep in the Astral Plane.  Demons are not known for their filial affection, of course; in fact it is suspected that Pazuzu is the one who slew the entity known as Hanbi.  But when a mysterious cabal of greater dorvaes put aside their differences long enough to begin mining the corpse (with the assistance of servants of the Old Ones), one of their shafts pierces the god-corpse’s lung…and Pazuzu’s name whispers across the multiverse.  Now three powers want the corpse—particularly its heart, which Pazuzu wants to eat—and none can be allowed to claim it.

One of the souls Pazuzu has collected is the father of the tengu race.  As the progenitor of an entire species, this soul has been protected from on high for eons and eons…but Pazuzu is nothing if not patient.  Now, after millennia of vile torments, the soul of the tengu allfather coughs out Pazuzu’s name once…twice…and a third time…asking for surcease from his suffering.  As the demon lord’s profane wishcraft takes hold, every tengu in existence begins to slide to chaos and evil.  A party of adventurers must reverse the cursed wish and save the allfather’s soul, even as one of their own fights off the cold hand clutching the heart in his feathered breast.

Pathfinder Bestiary 4 50–51

Obviously, the definitive non-Pathfinder take on Pazuzu is from Dragon #329, courtesy of James Jacobs.  And since Mr. Jacobs is also one of the architects of Golarion, you can pretty much take that article as canon where it doesn’t conflict with published Pathfinder material.

Also: “Pazooozooooo!”

anonymous asked:

''Blessed is the one who grabs your little children and smashes them against a rock.''- Psalm 137:9 How can you say abortion is a sin? You can't just pick and choose the things want to follow, or ignore the things you're uncomfortable with. This verse specifically says it's okay. It doesn't make sense to take other verses out of context to support your view.

Please friend, research the context of things before you use them in any kind of argument. Psalms is a book used to reflect emotions of people who were also pursuing God. None of God’s followers are perfect people, only God is perfect. In love, mercy, grace and justice. This verse itself is in the context of the Jewish nation having been captured by the Babylonians and treated so horribly that the psalmist writes that he hopes Babylon will be treated the same way Israel was treated. He’s essentially saying he will be happy over babylon’s ruin and their mistreatment.

“O daughter of Babylon, who are to be destroyed, happy the one who repays you as you have served us! Happy the one who takes and dashes your little ones against the rock!” - Psalm 137:8-9

Again, it doesn’t mean he is right for thinking/saying that, but “an eye for an eye” was the law back then and most people went by that. Jesus changed everything and gave people worth outside of their works and above and beyond the law. He offered salvation and redemption to all, no matter their sin - Jew and Gentile.

If you want to talk about abortion and the bible, feel free to privately message me about it and I will gladly hold a conversation and try as much as I can to answer your questions. :) I don’t know it all so I may not be able to answer everything, but I’m happy to research and pray and try to when I hold civil discussions with people who are looking to learn more and I too love to learn from all discussions I take part in.

But I won’t endlessly debate on anonymous, when I’ve stated my opinion many times here (search through my blog with the “abortion” tag if you’re interested too).

Ultimately, there is redemption at the Cross no matter your choices, and you are valuable in the eyes of God no matter who you are and what you’ve done.

Mesopotamian gods Zodiac

Aries

Nergal

Babylonian god, son of Enlil, Master of death and the underworld.

Taurus

Tammuz ou Dumuzi

God-farmer. He was sent to hell instead of Inanna, his lover, who was a prisoner there, where he became a god of the dead.

Gemini

Nabu

God of writing, son of Marduk and Sarpanitu.

Cancer

Nanna/Sin

Moon god, father of Shamash and Ishtar.

Leo

Utu/Shamash

God vigilantism sun.

Virgo

Gula

This is the main goddesses of healing in ancient Mesopotamia.

Libra

Inanna/Ishtar

Goddess of sexual love and war. It is regarded as the daughter of Sin, the moon god, and the twin sister of Shamash, the sun. His star is the planet Venus.

Scorpio

Ereshkigal

Goddess of the underworld, violent and dark. She is the sister of Inanna and the twin sister of Enki. Nergal with his lover, she rules the underworld, from which no one returns.

Sagittarius

Marduk

Babylonian creator God (national god). He was depicted as a snake head dragon. It represents the planet Jupiter.

Capricorn

Ninurta

God warrior Sumerian mythology. He is the god of fertility, irrigation, plowing, thunder and south wind. Son of Enlil and Ninmah, his brother Nergal and his wife Gula. It represents the planet Saturn.

Aquarius

Enlil

Literally means “the lord of the breath”, the exact meaning means “the Lord who holds the breath of speech and verb.”

Pisces

Enki/Ea

God of Apsu, the underground ocean from which flow freshwater source of life. Husband of Damkina and father of Marduk.

zero

zero (17c), from the French zéro, via the Italian zero, via the Medieval Latin zephirum, via the Arabic sifr, ultimately from the Sanskrit sunya-m, meaning “empty place, desert, naught.” 

The concept of zero was invented separately by four civilizations: the 2100c BCE Babylonians, the 1c Chinese, the 4-9c Mayans, and 9c Indians. Zero conceptually requires a positional number system: eg. a ones place, tens place, hundreds place, and so on. Systems like the Romans’ were additive: they functionally counted, with less or no reliance on the position of the numbers, eg. V for five, C for one hundred. Old English had no specific numerical writing system, simply number words that tended to be used adjectivally: eg., “I have ten fingers.” Our current “Arabic numeral” system was invented in India in 6c, and introduced to Europe by Arabic-speakers in 10c. 

5

The Ishtar Gate was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon. It was constructed in about 575 BC by order of King Nebuchadnezzar II on the north side of the city. It was excavated in the early 20th century and a reconstruction using original bricks is now shown in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin.

Dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, the gate was constructed using glazed brick with alternating rows of bas-relief mušḫuššu (dragons) and aurochs, symbolizing the gods Marduk and Adad respectively.

Through the gate ran the Processional Way, which was lined with walls showing about 120 lions, bulls, dragons and flowers on enameled yellow and black glazed bricks, symbolizing the goddess Ishtar. During celebrations of the New Year, statues of the deities were paraded through the gate and down the Processional Way. 

The Fierce Amorites and the First King of the Babylonian Empire

The Amorites were an ancient Semitic-speaking people who dominated the history of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine from about 2000 to 1600 BC. Tribal nomads who forced themselves into lands they needed, the Amorites were reputedly fierce warriors. They twice conquered Babylonia and Mesopotamia, and installed the first king of the Babylon Empire.

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britishbullet replied to your post “britishbullet replied to your post:Just accepted my offer for PhD! Now…”

I know you said you’re still looking at topics, but what general subject is your PhD going to be in?

Technically it’s a PhD in Classics, Ancient History & Archaeology, but I’m an Assyriologist (in training) so I’ll be looking at the culture of Ancient Mesopotamia :) I really love studying beliefs and mythology so something about Mesopotamian religion or rituals would be cool!