the-babylonians

2

An Ancient Prayer To Marduk, The Ruler Of The Gods

The prayer is inscribed in Sumerian on a Kassite Period chalcedony cylinder seal dating from about 1600-1150 BC. It shows a standing bearded figure wearing an ankle-length robe holding his hand up in worship, in front a seated upward-gazing dog, three lozenges, a cross and an ear of barley in the field. The cuneiform inscription says:

“Marduk, great lord, prince into whose hand the decrees of heaven and underworld are entrusted, may the servant who reveres you be well favored in your presence, may he have a personal god and protecting angel.”

Marduk was a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon. When Babylon became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi (18th century BC), he slowly started to rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon, a position he fully acquired by the second half of the second millennium BC. The Enûma Elish  tells the story of Marduk’s birth, heroic deeds and becoming the ruler of the gods.

The Kassites were an ancient Near Eastern people who controlled Babylonia after the fall of the Old Babylonian Empire in 1531 BC until around 1155 BC. They gained control of Babylonia after the Hittite sack of the city in 1595 BC. Kassites were members of a small military aristocracy and were efficient rulers. Their 500-year reign laid an essential groundwork for the development of subsequent Babylonian culture. The original homeland of the Kassites is not well known, but appears to have been located in the Zagros Mountains in Lorestan, in what is now modern Iran.

Babylonian Twins

Thanks to user sailor-rurouni for mentioning this game!

Another game with ancient Near Eastern, specifically Babylonian, themes is Babylonian Twins.  This game is particularly special in that it is the first video game of commercial quality to be made in Iran.  The game was developed between 1993 and 1994, but wasn’t released until 2009 due to the economic issues of Iran during original development and later renewed interest in the game.

You find it here.  Have fun! 

~Hasmonean

youtube

This lecture discusses the lost hanging gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. It’s almost an hour, so just watch as much as interests you, or save it for when you can sit and enjoy the full lecture.

6

‘Paperwork’ from the ancient world, c. 2038 BC - 514 BC.

Writing was invented at the dawn of civilisation, a time where humans congregated to form the first ‘cities’ of the world. This new way of living involved the creation of distinct social hierarchies, craft specialization and coercive political structures. Something was crucially needed: a way to record and store economic and administrative information. This need is basically how writing first developed, about 3300 BC. It is unsurprising, therefore, that much of our early evidence for writing are records of accountancy. Above are a few examples, of varying ages, of such records.

The first example is an account of barley payments (Neo-Babylonian, c. 550 BC), the second is a receipt for silver (Achaemenid, c. 537 BC), and the third, a proxy contract for the purchase of a slave (Neo-Babylonian, c. 554 BC). The fourth tablet is a receipt of two lambs (Ur III, c. 2038 BC), the fifth an account of the delivery of animals for offering (Neo-Babylonian, c. 609 BC), and the final example is a house rental contract (Achaemenid, c. 514 BC). All are written in cuneiform.

For an excellent overview on the advent of writing, I would recommend this podcast (part of the British Museum’s series ‘a history of the world in 100 objects’).

All artefacts are courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Via their online collections07.154.486.11.33079.7.1111.217.1186.11.31886.11.153

youtube

god fucking bless babylonian for finally unlocking the true secrets to the sonic dreams collection.

he fucking did 

Goddess Ninkilim (often descibed also as a male god) is a widely referenced Mesopotamian deity from Sumerian to later Babylonian periods whose minions include wildlife in general and vermin in particular. His name, Nin-kilim, means “Lord Rodent”.  Ninkilim is feminine in the great god-list, and the Sumerian Farmer’s Almanac – (which entreats the farmer to pray to Ninkilim, goddess of field mice, so that she will keep her sharp-toothed little subjects away from the growing grain), the field-pest incantations know him as masculine, as do other texts of the later periods.

When “the grain has penetrated the soil ” a prayer to Ninkilim, goddess of the fields is needed to eliminate anything that might damage it.

Rose kept many things secret

So after my other post I did a little more research (because I’m such a nerd).  It turns out that there is a Babylonian goddess whose symbols is a star, a rose, and a lion!  Her name is Ishtar and she was known as the goddess of life and death, fertility,as well as a goddess of war.  She was feared by many!  Her greatest tactic was communicating with her people and leaders through dreams.  Sound familiar?  

Commission me?

2

An Extremely Rare Portrait of the First Characene King

This is a silver tetradrachm issued by King Hyspaosines, struck in 123/2 BC at the ancient city of Charax Spasinu, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Characene. The coin displays the diademed head of Hyspaosines. The reverse is inscribed with [ΒΑ]ΣΙΛΕΩΣ YΣΠAOΣINOY surrounding Heracles seated on a rock, holding his club on his knee. A monogram is inscribed to the left and the date ΦP is in exergue.

The Kingdom of Characene was centered in present-day Kuwait, and was initially a satrapy of the Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus IV Ephiphanes appointed a certain Hyspaosines as Satrap late his reign; he evidently served in this capacity for several decades and, in 127 BC, he declared the region’s independence and named himself as king. At this point the Parthians were gobbling up huge chunks of the Seleucid realm, but they were apparently content to let Characene exist as a semi-autonomous region. Hyspaosines is named on a Babylonian tablet naming him as king in the capital city of Charax-Spasinu, a well-fortified port on the Persian gulf; the inscription also hames his wife as Thalassia.  Hyspaosines struck the first coins of Characene, with a diademed portrait of himself on the obverse, very much in the tradition of excellent Hellenistic portraiture. The portraits of later kings were more stylized and closer to the Parthian style. Characene retained its semi-independent state until it fell to the new Sassanid Persian dynasty in the third century AD.

anonymous asked:

The types as ancient civilisations?

ISTJ: Ancient Macedonia
ISFJ: Mayan
INFJ: Babylonian
INTJ: Ancient China
ISTP: Huns/Mongols
ISFP: Incas
INFP: Persia
INTP: Ancient Japan
ESTP: Viking Scandanavia
ESFP: Spartans
ENFP: Ancient Greece
ENTP: Aztecs
ESTJ: Ancient Egypt
ESFJ: Ancient Mesopotamia
ENFJ: Ancient India
ENTJ: Ancient Rome

I just read the Code of Hammurabi.

The punishment for just about everything was death. The Babylonians did not fuck around with your criminal ass. Haha.

The code also contains a minimum wage law, which is very cool. Over 3,500 hundred years ago and there was a minimum wage. Guess what happened if you didn’t pay it?

They fucking killed your ass.

Babylon \M/

Having to Explain The Pentacle to a Devoted Christian

Okay, so my mom’s friend and her daughters have spent the whole weekend here. One night, they were checking out my room, and my mom’s friend looks at my altar. She sees the pentacles, and asks me what they were. She had this look, like “Ummm, are you Satanic?” So, I had to explain that pentacles were used first by the ancient Babylonians, but that even we did not know what they used it for, and that it’s not Satanic. I didn’t have time to go into the whole thing, because she was like “Oh…” and went on about something else.

I know she’s a hardcore Christian, so I was worried a little bit. It went better than I thought, because she didn’t judge me, or say anything, so I was happy.

Got me wondering about how often people really have to do this. This was actually really my first experience with this, besides my mom.

2

“Ishtar is a Babylonian goddess of sex and war. After her husband death, Ishtar decided to visit the underworld, which was ruled by her sister Ereshkigal, perhaps to seize power there. Before departing, she instructed her follower Ninshubur to seek the help of the gods if she did not return. To reach the underworld, Ishtar had to pass through seven gates and remove a symbol of her power—an article of clothing or a piece of jewelry—at each one. At the last gate, the goddess, naked and deprived of all her powers, met her sister Ereshkigal, who announced that Ishtar must die. She died immediately, and her corpse was hung on a stake. Meanwhile, the god Enki learned from Ninshubur that Ishtar was missing and sent two messengers who restored her to life. However, in order to leave the underworld, Ishtar had to substitute another body for her own. The goddess offered her young husband, Tammuz, to take her place during six months every year. This tale of death and rebirth was associated with fertility and linked to the seasons and agricultural cycles, much like the story of Persephone in Greek mythology.”

The Magnificent Constructions of King Nebuchadnezzar II

Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II remains known as the leader of one of the most powerful ancient empires to have proceeded that of the Athenians in Greek’s Classical period. However, aside from his military prowess, Nebuchadnezzar showed his leadership in other, more lasting ways. Through a rigorous and intense construction endeavor that lasted from before Nebuchadnezzar’s reign to its end in 562 BC, Babylonia was transformed into the height of ancient civilization. Not only were temples restored to their former glory, but Nebuchadnezzar began two of the most prominent projects of ancient Mesopotamia: the Ishtar Gate and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. 

Read more …

It’s that time again, the Babylonian God of craftsmanship and technical skill returns to us in the form of El Wizardo. Created by our shiny new intern Thomas Weeden. Nice one Tom!

Some words from the man himself… “629 Layers, 12 cups of coffee and 59 frames later, my obsession with magical folk in big hats has only gotten stronger. At this point it may be incurable.”

anonymous asked:

why does america have a satanic statue???

Because people have the freedom of religion, which for better or worse, means that you can worship however you like, even if it starkly conflicts with the religions of others. I know this is appalling to a lot of people, but personally it doesn’t bother me. Mainly because the perceptions of Satan that people have come mainly from religious diffusion rather than anything that actually comes from the Bible. A lot of what we assume Satan to look like (goat-like features,horns, red hell fire, etc) isn’t rooted in anything Biblical, but rather is informed by a lot of Babylonian religious imagery as well as some aspects of pagan religions.

-pink