the worship of bacchus

Dionysus/Bacchus

Originally posted by roseydoux

Small devotional acts. 

  • Drink some sparkling cider*
  • Take an improv class
  • Read/write more poetry
  • Watch an old musical
  • Stay up late enough that reality shifts a little
  • Attend Pride and support LGBT groups
  • Wear fruity scents
  • Take a writing class or continue your writing
  • Eat grapes or drink grape juice*
  • Be the light in the chaos
  • Find ways to add more ivy into your life
  • Get in the habit of asking for someone’s pronouns before assuming
  • Go to a party
  • Unapologetically blast your music
  • Stay hydrated
  • Use more vinegar in cooking
  • Work on your balance between chaos and organization (both are very important)
  • Make crafts using wine bottles/corks
  • Dance!
  • Go to protests that are important to you
  • Witness the break of dawn - however you get there
  • Drink a sugary drink*
  • Play games that involve a bit of chance
  • Wear wine-colored things
  • Watch a drama show - it’s okay to get sucked into it!
  • Learn to say “No”
  • Attend a late-night movie showing
  • Support those who are overcoming/recovering from addiction
  • Explore in the woods
  • Embrace the liminal spaces in your life (there’s more than you think)
  • PRACTICE LOVING YOURSELF
  • Many, many, many other things not said here

*This post doesn’t include alcohol because it’s a given, and many of you are minors.

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Roman Military Parade Buckle with Gods, 4th-5th Century AD

Extremely Rare

A silver parcel-gilt military belt suite with an ithyphallic faun (Pan) with stick and pan-pipes; a facing Bacchus (Dionysus) with thyrsus and raised horn, lion at his feet and wine jug; a dancing maenad with pipes and swirling drapery; each in a pointillé tendril and leaf frame; buckle loop formed as a pair of opposed gilt lion-heads on textured curved necks, the tongue formed as a rectangular block with geometric ornament, protruding tail and flanking curved legs terminating in gilt claws.

Bacchus was the Roman name for the Greek deity Dionysus, a god who originally came from Thrace. He was closely associated with wine, fertility and the harvest, as well as being patron god of theatres and actors. A mystery cult developed around him that was extremely popular in the Greek and Roman periods, but which was viewed with suspicion by the authorities for its bending of social conventions. The mystery cults were based on sacred stories that often involved the ritual re-enactment of a death-rebirth myth of a particular divinity. In addition to the promise of a better afterlife, mystery cults fostered social bonds among the participants, called mystai. The followers of Dionysus derived many of their eschatological beliefs and ritual prescriptions from Orphic literature, a corpus of theogonic poems and hymns. The mythical Thracian poet Orpheus, the archetypical musician, theologian, and mystagogue, was credited with the introduction of the mysteries into the Greek world.

References by Herodotus and Euripides attest to the existence of certain Bacchic-Orphic beliefs and practices: itinerant religion specialists and purveyors of secret knowledge, called Orpheotelestai, performed the teletai, private rites for the remission of sins. For the Orphics, Dionysus was a saviour god with redeeming qualities. He was the son of Zeus and Persephone and successor to his throne. When the Titans attacked and dismembered the baby Dionysus, Zeus in retaliation destroyed the perpetrators with his thunderbolt. From the Titans’ ashes the human race was born, burdened by their Titan inheritance which could only be destroyed through the ecstatic worship of Dionysus.

Ivy

(Hedera helix, H. spp) Safe to interact with.

Folk Name: Gort.
Gender: Feminine.
Planet: Saturn.
Element: Water.
Deities: Bacchus, Dionysus, Osiris.
Powers: Protection, Healing.

Ritual Uses: The thyrsus, used in worshipping Bacchus, was often wound round with ivy.

Magical Uses: Ivy is carried by women for good luck in general, and is worn by brides for this same reason.
Where ivy grows or is strewn, it guards against negativity and disaster.
Ivy is also used in fidelity and love charms. It is magically “paired” to holly.

(from Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs by Scott Cunningham)

In the name of the son ~ or why Aleph is the true Jesus of Megaten

I got the idea to write this article since I see “P3 MC is the Jesus of Megaten” claim very often.

I disagree since I think that P3 MC’s story is much more a retelling of the Orpheus myth with hints at Orphic Mysteries which is why I wouldn’t have called P3 MC’s Ultimate Persona Messiah (this term is way too overused in games, often in vapid and shallow ways) but Saviour since Orpheus in the Orphic Mysteries became a prophet/savior type. Comparing the MCs story to the Orpheus myth is also way more interesting.

Aleph story in contrast is an actual Jesus retelling and actually makes a lot of sense regarding the environment, timing, personality, appearance etc.

I personally also think that Persona should leave Judeo-Christian stuff entirely to the main series; only P2 used two Christian themes appropriately:
IS including the Holy Lance/Heilige Lanze myth (that the one how owns it can’t be defeated), the new age theories about the lance as well as the use of the Grand Cross/Tetramorph/four Evangelist symbolism was awesome and fantastic and fit the rumor system.
However I kinda doubt that Persona could include Christian stuff this well ever again henceforth why Christian stuff should stay with the main series.

Anyway here is the contrast between Aleph and P3 MC:
Entirely personal interprations of course. If you disagree it is fine of course, I just felt the need to write this article since SMTII is disregarded very often which is sad since its Jesus retelling is accurate and benevolent actually.

SMTII, Nocturne, Persona 3 Spoiler warning.

Keep reading

Non-binary gods: Dionysus

Bacchus by Caravaggio

Bacchus by Caravaggio

Dionysus is the god of the grape harvest, wine, ritual madness, fertility, theater, and religious ecstasy in Greek mythology.  In some religiouns, he is the protector of those who do not belong in conventional society.  His wine, music, and ecstatic dance frees his followers from self-conscious fear and care, and subverts the oppressive restraints of the powerful.

Early on, he was depicted as a mature bearded man.  Later, however, he became a beardless and androgynous youth, described as “womanly” or “man-womanish.”  Some take this to mean that he is a non-binary god, and some people worship him today as such.

Other names for Dionysus are Bacchus and Eleutherios (”the liberator”). 

Bacchus by Paulus Bor

2nd-century Roman statue of Dionysus, after a Hellenistic model (ex-coll. Cardinal Richelieu, Louvre)

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BAALBEK//LEBANON    

بعلبك‎

“Known as Heliopolis during the period of Roman rule, it was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon. 

The gods that were worshipped at the temple – Jupiter, Venus, and Bacchus – were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis, and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.”

UNESCO World Heritage Site - Cultural

Extremely Rare Centaur Coin, C. 500-450 BC

Valued at $180,000, this electrum stater was minted by the Orrescii, an ancient Thraco-Macedonian tribe. It shows a centaur carrying off a struggling nymph. The reverse side is a simple quadripartite incuse square. This stater is of the greatest numismatic importance and rarity and is apparently unique and unrecorded. It appears to be lacking a direct comparison in the published numismatic literature. The closest parallel is an electrum stater in the British Museum collection, of similar type, but of a wholly different style and execution.

The Orrescii lived around the ancient city of Lete (map) in Mygdonia, Macedon. They may have been identical to the Satrae and closely connected with the Bessi, or priests of the oracular temple of the Thracian Bacchus. The Orrescii and other Pangaean tribes were miners who worked the mines around the Pangaean range.

Their coins reflected their religious beliefs, the subjects being satyrs and centaurs carrying off struggling nymphs, iconography associated with the worship of Bacchus. The image of a centaur on the Orrescii coins however is more rare than that of the satyr. These coins illustrate the wild rituals which were held in the mountains of Thrace and Phrygia in honor of Bacchus, whose mysterious oracular temple stood on the top of Mount Pangaeum.

Polytheism as a guide to Morality

There are a lot of theories of morality, and many of them are fairly compatible in execution if not in theory. Right now I’d like to talk about my intuitive feelings about it, which are not rigorously defined but which help illustrate how I feel somewhat about morality. I’m an atheist and agree broadly with the utilitarian idea that “good” and “bad” can be quantified, but I think the actual process of quantification is something most if not all humans aren’t capable of doing to any reasonable extent. However, this failing does not stop us from needing some sort of guide to what to do with and in our lives. This is where we start to get to Polytheism.

   To a large extent I approve of virtue ethics, but I think they’re too simplified for the diversity of humanity. Not only do virtues often trade off against each other with no obvious way of deciding which to go with, but different people are inclined emotionally and intellectually to embody different virtues. Thus, instead of striving to embody virtue, I think it might be better to strive to embody gods. Gods are paragons of certain life choices and styles, implying both a search for perfection but also that it’s unattainable. Similarly, they convey that there are certain good things, but that even the best of us will never be ALL of them.

I think humans are very suited to patterning themselves after other humans or human-like paragons. Hence the concept of role models, fashion trends, cults, etc. The entire cultural phenomenon of Rock and Roll involves humans both taking on the role of demigods and striving to pattern their own lives after the people they worship, who simultaneously become both more and less than human to their idolizers. 

Polytheism both in the style of god-worship and elevated-human-worship encourages a kind of perpetual becoming/striving towards semi defined ideals. It gives us room for people to strive to be a Hera, a goddess of the hearth and protector of home and safety for family and friends, or to try to become an Einstein or Newton, a dynamo of creation to help all of mankind. A Newton maybe more “important” than a caring protector, but humanity is complex and I want us to have both and more. I WANT us to have our share of worshipers of Bacchus. Even the minions of Loki are a part of the human experience. 

Human polytheism/virtuousness doesn’t even need to be embodied in people. Consider the Hogwarts houses. Each is both an eidolon and a system of Virtues. Ignoring the skewed focus of the books, the houses in theory perfectly convey the human need for a variety of moral imperatives suited to different people. What matters is that there exists a social context for virtue that allows people to flow down paths of less resistance. A Slytherin exist in the context of other Slytherins and the virtues of Slytherin, but Slytherin itself lives in the context of Hogwarts, where there is room for many kinds of virtue. 

I don’t know what kind of pantheon is best. I certainly don’t believe in the physical existence of gods any more than I believe in br'er rabbit. But I think a morality based on humanistic entities is a big improvement over one based on strict RULES. 

anonymous asked:

Out of curiosity, are you aware there's a straight up poetry slam in book 4 of the Metamorphoses? Because I was not and just ???

Do you mean the daughters of Minyas?

Basically (very short summary, soz) these three sisters can’t be bothered to worship Bacchus/Dionysus, and so they’re just sitting around all bored, and then one of them is like “nothing alleviates tedium like really saucy poetry” and the other two are like “I actually think that this is a stonking idea, let’s get to it” and so they take it in turns to tell incredibly erotically charged and also fucked up stories, including the stories of Pyramus and Thisbe, Venus/Aphrodite and Vulcan/Hephaestus, and Hermaphroditus. Then Bacchus comes back and he’s all “well, ladies, thanks for the arousal, but also you are all bats now” and then he turns them into bats, and no-one is any better for any of it.

I mean, I’ve been to a few poetry slams in my time, and none of them have ever ended like that. Clearly I am not going to the right poetry slams.