the way we teach

Pi Guides the Way

It may be irrational but pi plays an important role in the everyday work of scientists at NASA. 

What Is Pi ?

Pi is the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. It is also an irrational number, meaning its decimal representation never ends and it never repeats. Pi has been calculated to more than one trillion digits, 

Why March 14?

March 14 marks the yearly celebration of the mathematical constant pi. More than just a number for mathematicians, pi has all sorts of applications in the real world, including on our missions. And as a holiday that encourages more than a little creativity – whether it’s making pi-themed pies or reciting from memory as many of the never-ending decimals of pi as possible (the record is 70,030 digits).

While 3.14 is often a precise enough approximation, hence the celebration occurring on March 14, or 3/14 (when written in standard U.S.  month/day format), the first known celebration occurred in 1988, and in 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution designating March 14 as Pi Day and encouraging teachers and students to celebrate the day with activities that teach students about pi.

5 Ways We Use Pi at NASA

Below are some ways scientists and engineers used pi.

Keeping Spacecraft Chugging Along

Propulsion engineers use pi to determine the volume and surface area of propellant tanks. It’s how they size tanks and determine liquid propellant volume to keep spacecraft going and making new discoveries. 

Getting New Perspectives on Saturn

A technique called pi transfer uses the gravity of Titan’s moon, Titan, to alter the orbit of the Cassini spacecraft so it can obtain different perspectives of the ringed planet.

Learning the Composition of Asteroids

Using pi and the asteroid’s mass, scientists can calculate the density of an asteroid and learn what it’s made of–ice, iron, rock, etc.

Measuring Craters

knowing the circumference, diameter and surface area of a crater can tell scientists a lot about the asteroid or meteor that may have carved it out.

Determining the Size of Exoplanets

Exoplanets are planets that orbit suns other than our own and scientists use pi to search for them. The first step is determining how much the light curve of a planet’s sun dims when a suspected planets passes in front of it.

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How to Deal with Toxic People

If you can’t escape the toxic people in your life:

1. Don’t allow them to manipulate you into acting in certain ways (For example, don’t allow them to control you by being moody, demanding or rude.)

2. Don’t tip toe around them or live your life walking on egg shells.

3. Don’t make excuses for their bad behaviour or their inappropriate and over-the-top reactions.

4. Don’t be afraid to speak up for yourself and to call things what they are (Often we are too polite to say anything, especially in social settings. However, that just perpetuates the situation, and keeps you feeling trapped and negative.)

5. Don’t allow them to play emotional games. For example, speak up when they are being rude and offensive by saying something like “Was it your intention to try to make me look bad when you said that?) Often a direct approach, especially in public, is very effective.

6. Establish personal boundaries. Do not allow other people to treat you in rude or disrespectful ways. Remember that we teach other people how to treat us!

7. Remember not to take things personally as it’s really about THEM, and not you.

Shit, it’s father’s day ! - Bruce Wayne x Reader

So, I’m not close from my father. Like, not at all. We’re mostly strangers. So I completely forgot that it was Father’s day today…I actually realized it was that specific day thanks to Hugh Jackman and his instagram account where he posted a picture of his dad and him…ANYWAY, I wrote something for Batman, I feel like I HAVE TO write something for Batdaddy to yo. LITERALLY WROTE IT IN TWENTY MINUTES THOUGH, cause I got things to do today but felt inspired. So here it is, hope you’ll like it : 

Sorry for spamming you with two “stories” in the span of like an hour but I felt super inspired and boom. My masterlist blog by the way :


-Bruce. Bruce. Bruce ?!

Alarmed by the emptiness next to you in bed, you sit up. It’s not like your husband to leave your shared bed without telling you, without a kiss or hell, without making love to you. 

It’s not like him indeed, as he didn’t really leave the bed. He’s sitting on the edge of it, looking out the window of your bedroom. Worries fill your voice when you ask, a bit unsure : 

-Bruce…My heart, are you alright honey ? 

Bruce grumbles back an answer you don’t hear, and you crawl to him. Your tempted to hug him from behind, wrap your arms around his torso, your legs around his waist, your head resting on his back (he’s too tall for you to reach anything else but the middle of his back with your head)…But you feel like something is off. 

It’s pretty obvious really. The way he groaned at you. The fact he isn’t in bed anymore. The way his back is hunched and…just the fact he’s not in your arms right now. He doesn’t even look at you when you approach him, so you decide to drop the hug from behind, and sit next to him. 

He still doesn’t look at you, and you panic a little. It’s so unlike him…

-Bruce ? Please, say something…Did I do something wrong ? 

He quickly raises his head and his eyes lock with yours. Is it…is it sadness you can see in his deep blue orbs ? 

-No, no you didn’t do anything. It’s quite the opposite really. It’s just…It’s just that it’s…The day and…I’m being stupid and childish. Sorry. 

He’s about to stand up and go to the bathroom, but you suddenly understand and hold him back. This time, you hug him from behind, because you know he needs it. There isn’t a problem with you. Oh nope. 

It’s father’s day, almost 4 pm, and no trace of your boys. When it was mother’s day, they woke you up early with a magnificent breakfast, and took you out all day…

As you wrap your arms and legs around him, he sighs sadly (and makes you hurt drop, seeing him sad always break you a little, and you just have to do something about it) and the grip he has on your thigh is a bit stronger than his usual soft one. 

Yes. He needs you. 

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beatrice-babe  asked:

I'm working on an assignment about how we could modify the way we teach Shakespeare so students understand it. In combing through JSTOR (our lord and savior) I found two articles both discussing how damned difficult it is to teach Shakespeare. Each is titled 'Teaching Shakespeare'. One is from 1942. The other is from 1893. It is 2017, and we still don't know how the fuck to teach this shit so people get it. Academic struggles all day every day and literally nothing has changed

University was a dream come true for me. I had amazing lecturers and the class had a three-pronged approach:

1. Explain the historical context of the play, how it was originally performed and how it was received

2. View different modern adaptations (at least 2-3, sometimes more, and ideally look at some from other cultures and in other languages) and compare and contrast how they interpret the same text

3. Encourage students to interpret the text in their own way. Wanna make A Midsummer Night’s Dream about two lesbians, Lysander and Hermia, running away from a homophobic society? Go for it. Now explain why you chose to do that and how you would stage it.

We would have lectures that were theory-based, interrupted by the professor playing some clips from different adaptations. Later in the week we would meet in a theatre space and work with the text physically, vocally, and have an open and honest discussion about what we were studying. We got through one play every two weeks over a 12 week period and came out with a solid understanding of each one. Extraordinary stuff.

Now, compare this approach, which is interesting, engaging and relevant to the modern era and our own experiences, to how it’s traditionally taught in high school.

You sit.

In a room.

You read the play.

You’re stuck with it for weeks and weeks.

You have no fucking clue what’s being said or why you should care. 

Your teacher then asks you to write an essay on a topic that will have some ludicrously long title that you barely understand.

You go away hating Shakespeare and viewing it as horrible and boring. 

And you completely miss what the text is about and what it can be about.

The thing that was really powerful at uni, and what we should endeavour to bring to teenage students, was looking at other people’s adaptations. Reading Shakespeare as a 15 year old, or indeed at any age, can be a struggle. It feels like you’re reading gobbledegook. How the hell are you supposed to understand Elizabethan slang? How are you supposed to engage with the story if you keep reaching for a dictionary every 2 seconds? But that’s where skilled actors and directors come into it, because these guys do the work for you. For example, The Globe theatre is a massive draw for tourists around the world. They perform plays in the original language in a way that is hugely accessible and entertaining for all people, no matter their background. They use voice, action and gesture to make sure you understand. It’s an old maxim that Shakespeare is meant to be seen and not heard, and it’s true, so let your students watch the professionals act it out. Let them watch two or three! Maybe more! And once they start to grasp the text, aided by historical context, get them up and get them speaking and performing. And if someone’s shy and doesn’t want to perform? That’s totally fine! They’re now the director, and they can come up with ideas that others will put into practice. 

Get people talking. Start arguments. Shakespeare’s plays will say something different to each different person. What is it about this text that you latch onto? Which adaptation did you like best? How do you think it should come to life? And when you assigns essays and assessments, let them write and argue about what they are passionate about. I fucking hate those essay prompts that box you in and allow no room to put forward your own feelings, which make you talk about the theme of forgiveness or whatever when you think fuck you, this play wasn’t about forgiveness at all, it was about (x).

Even with the little stuff, there’s no point just saying “so the definition of iambic pentameter is…” and moving on, you should be up there with your hand on your heart, making them tap along to their own heartbeats, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, Two HOUSE-holds BOTH a-LIKE in DIG-ni-TY - great! You feel it, don’t you? You feel those 10 beats in your heart, and now what happens when you recite a line that’s slightly irregular? Sometimes you’ll get a weird line that’s 9, 11 or 12 syllables where everything else is 10, sometimes you’ll get the stressed syllable in a different place than it should be, and you can feel that as you’re reciting - it’s as if your heart suddenly started beating faster or skipped a beat, and you have to listen to it and ask - why did Shakespeare want me to stress that? Why did this character suddenly falter and slip out of rhythm? Same with things like assonance, alliteration, repetition, juxtaposition and all those others words that make students’ eyeballs melt out of their heads. Don’t just make them memorise an arbitrary list of definitions, show them what they can do.

For example: repetition in Much Ado About Nothing. Beatrice and Benedick will often choose a word or an idea and then hit it back and forth like a shuttlecock until one of them drops it. But it’s the repetition of the word heart that is most striking, and the image of Beatrice’s heart in particular. Beatrice has a “merry heart,” she has a “wild heart,” Margaret jokes she should lay Carduus Benedictus to “your heart,” Benedick declares he wants to “live in thy heart.” The word crops up close to forty times throughout the play, associated with love, happiness, sexual ardour - nice things, in other words. In the confession scene we see:

BEATRICE: I was about to protest I loved you.

BENEDICK: And do it, with all thy heart.

BEATRICE: I love you with so much of my heart none is left to protest. 

And then, all of a sudden, just a few lines later, Shakespeare pulls the fucking rug out from under us. Remember all that nice heart imagery? Throw it out the window, and listen to what Beatrice has to say about Claudio, the scumbag who disgraced and almost killed her innocent cousin: I would eat his heart in the marketplace.


Do you see that? One word, one image, one idea and suddenly it’s like the the roof has caved in. Claudio said he loved her cousin, and then he nearly killed her. And Beatrice, with her loving, merry heart, the heart that Benedick wishes to live in, says I would eat his heart. If hurting women is what Claudio intends to do with his love and his heart, then by God she will fucking pull it out of his chest and eat it where everyone can see so they know what should happen to men like him. 

Feel it, listen to it, live it. Those definitions will seem abstract and alien when you read them on the page - who cares if a few words start with the same letter? What does it matter if he repeats a couple of words? But you have to get into the text and really hear and see, viscerally, what these techniques are capable of. They should make the hairs stand up on the back of your neck. 

Historical context is another issue I won’t go too far into, but suffice to say that it’s something that deserves far more attention than it gets. Apart from anything else, it’s interesting! People got up to crazy stuff in Shakespeare’s time, we should know about the world the Bard lived in.

I apologise for ranting, but yes. Shakespeare is often taught in an inadequate or inappropriate way, and for the sanity of high school students everywhere we should endeavour to teach teachers how Shakespeare should be taught.

When anybody says “schools today are just too ‘PC’!”

We are not those who burnt, because flames were deemed too showy for wilting flowers
except when fire was chosen as the only way to teach us again
how to be silent

We are those who march with our own pace, our hearts hollow diamonds capable of engulfing all the rivers of the Earth
and love them

We are those who were running on the island which still remembers us and calls to us,
racing the wind and the goddesses,
verses in our heads and violets tangled in our hands

We are those defying the implicit rules in the chaotic city we loved
and hated
and spited
and the world buried us under heaps of parchment which would make people feel for centuries

We are mothers and daughters of the same name, walking different parts of Europe in different years,
asking for rights or inventing the modern novel during a storm
– how appropriate

We are those who let words flow from our pen in letters similar to streams
and novels to rivers,
always water surrounding us, water we would ultimately

We are those conjoining under a bright and coloured southern sky after the grey and brown of a city where only others seemed to be able to write,
because between us two we had
the Earth and the Moon

We are all of those,
and more anonymous legions still, forgotten but alive, trampled on but with our eyes intact and our voices sharpened like knives

We are, after all, daughters of so many goddesses;
you thought you were naming storms after us
– it is we who created them

—  We Were Just Allowed to Breathe and Yet Hurricanes are Female, E.M.F.

I can’t stop thinking about ‘it’s quite surreal’, and 'amazing, yeah. This is incredible, isn’t it?’ Because that’s how Sam and Anthony were last year. And they lost it so fast because people are awful.

With Theo and Samuel we have two young men, at the start of their career, and I just think that as a fandom we should be respectful of them and not invasive or over-excitable or rude or any of the other countless things we could do to them.

They’re human beings, doing a job that should probably be the most amazing, fun job in the world. And it looks like they’re going to be spectacular at it. But can we remember that they are just that? Human beings doing a job. They’re not toys. They’re not play things. They’re not characters. They’re not for us to speculate over or ship. They’re people with lives and families and friendships.

So can we please be kind to them and show them we care about them and value them, and not drive them away and make them jaded? Let them have this amazing experience without us ruining it for them.

They’re so young. And they deserve to enjoy themselves and keep the wonder we saw in the video today. Is that so much to ask? Can people please be nice?

I didn’t see this process play out from the beginning last time, but I know it’s coming this time and it’s horrible. It’s beginning already, and I hate everything about it.

I had a professor once who said a phrase that really stuck with me about the way that we teach (at least, in all of the education that I had): “Education is the process of diminishing deception.”

What they meant by that was that we teach things in a relative level of simplicity, and as you learn more and more, the information becomes increasingly complex, showing some of the rules and ideas that we taught previously were actually incorrect generalizations.

This is the case from history, to the English language, to mathematics and the hard sciences. Surely you can think of examples in your own mind: the definition of a species, the causes of the Protestant Reformation, “I before E…”, Supply and Demand, etc.

But like the thing is that relatively rarely do people teaching actually like make sure to note that many of the things that they are teaching are oversimplifications. 

I think it’s like become an important pedagogical issue because, increasingly, you have people using a relatively rudimentary knowledge gained from the part of their education that would hypothetically be complicated and re-taught, and using that as showing their intellectual authority.

This could be known as the “I took a semester of pyschology” or “open a biology book!” effect.

So in an era where people seem to take their slight and oversimplified knowledge of a subject to give them just as much (and sometimes more!) credibility on a subject than even people with a much more in depth scholarship (due to being overconfident for personal and/or demographic reasons), is it wise to continue teaching on a model that oversimplifies information if we cannot count on that oversimplification not being used as a barrier to further knowledge?

8th House: The Unknown and Transformation

The 8th House is like the darkness of the ocean: It is the depths of the human psyche, the parts of humanity that we so often glance over due to our struggle to accept them, and the things we deem too terrible to speak of. Ruling over sex, the occult, death, and the beyond, this is not a House one can simply gloss over, and yet human instinct pushes us to only look at it in a shallow way. How can we ever hope to grasp the concept of the depths without delving into them?

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#SaveWOY - Trending Fourth -Why does the WOY crew deserve an award?

Craig McCracken and his command did a great job, and I can say I admire each of them. My choice of the word “command” is not accidental, because when you watch any episode of WOY, you know that the creators have worked really cohesively. 

First of all I want to note an excellent choice of cartoon theme. 

This theme is  simple and complicated at the same time. So, it gives a lot of maneuvers for plot development, plot turns and experiments. Episodes “The Breakfast”, “The Eye on the Skull Ship”, “My Fair Hatey” (and many others) are the direct proof of the fact that the original ideas and experiments can lead to remarkable results. WOY has a distinctive art style. It manages to be deep and serious, remaining bright and colorful.The cartoon presents us unusual main characters, breaks the stereotype of a complete separation of good and evil, changes our worldview. WOY has a huge potential.The cartoon proved that it can grow. The storyline of the second season allowed the writers to show their full potential. The scenario grew, the characters grew and cartoon audience is growing too. The stories about the main characters, their backgrounds, development and change in their relationships, new turn of events, unusual situationand and much more. It’s very interesting.

This cartoon has taught us many things. 

 WOY is good because it gives us a solution to many problems that happen in our lives very often.  For example: “Every time we try to do good it just turns into something worse.” But we should not despair, we should go the right way. Episode “The Troll” teaches children and adults that violence is not the way to resolve the conflict. Episode “The Hero” proves that life is not a fairy tale. The hero can not be a true hero in our real life. Episode “The Toddler” shows the ideal model of behavior of parents who are bringing up a small child. I mean, there are so many examples.

Moreover, each character shows us some of the good character qualities, that we have to learn.

 Wander is a real good man, who uses only peaceful methods to make the world a kinder. Sylvia is an example of the fact that it’s never too late to correct the mistakes of your past. Peepers proved that your origin and your natural characteristics are not important. If you work hard, you will achieve your goal. Even Hater proved that each of us is able to change. We just need someone who will believe in us. “An enemy is just a friend you have not made yet”. There is no absolute villains in the world. Everyone deserves a chance to change yourself.

The creators showed what they are capable, they deserve a chance to do it again. We want to see even so much. Craig McCracken and his command have a lot of ideas. Any creativity should be encouraged. Then why this case is an exception? 

They really proved, that you, @disneyxd , can trust them the creation of the third season. I’m sure, they will not let you down. They were not afraid to be original, unique, honest and sincere. That’s why they deserve the respect of a huge audience. That’s why they really deserve to finish the story as they planned. Fans can thank the creators for all the good things they have done. But you’ll do it better if you’ll give them a chance. 

instantbanana  asked:

Can you imagine how weirded out aliens would feel about human mimicking. Like the way we teach our young the sounds our fauna make and the way we will copy phrases, behaviours and, actions from those we are close too subconsciously. Like. Woah.

Humans could literally be space parrots. Like there is no noise ive come across that i cant at least partially mimic. Just imagine the chaos we could wreak if we imitated one of their young, or the sound of another predator!

Thoughts are not a reflection of an inner self, they are just.. thoughts. They come and go and we remain, the ‘us’ that is the real self is ever-present throughout the changing weather of the mind. 

We’ve all been deeply conditioned to derive our sense of being from our thoughts. Our identity becomes dependent on them; we become identical to them. We hand over control of our sense of self to something unpredictable and unreliable. Is this any way to live?

It’s only when things get really bad that we teach people to disidentify. To lessen the pain of intrusive thoughts, we remind people that they are not their thoughts. But really, this is a phenomenon that affects every single one of us.

When we come to understand that thoughts are simply things that the brain churns out, that they are just neurological events rather than a reflection of inherent personal identity, that our sense of self, well being and happiness doesn’t have to be dependent on the next thing that happens to pop into our heads, an entirely new way of being becomes available, first in short bursts of ‘awakening’ and then in increasingly pervasive states of awareness, peace and clarity. 

Category 2, number 13: “Best friend’s younger sibling who suddenly got hot” sex

@lamenart I definitely lied. There are now 3 parts to “the one where Mari and Viktor meet years before he meets Yuuri, and they become penpals” AU.

[Part 1]

PART 2 OF 3 

Katsuki, Mari <>
to Nikiforov, Viktor

Been a while.

Heard you are going to finals. Please take care of my brother. Yuuri is excited to meet you . He’s been talking about it for years.


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You know, we often talk about how Robert must have a magic dick, by virtue of the fact that despite being a human disaster zone, very different and smart people of various social, cultural and economical backgrounds wrecked their lives to get on that. But like. My good man Aaron “next to me Chernobyl looks like a campfire” Dingle got a deeply closeted man engaged to a rich, beautiful and successful woman to absolutely 100% throw everything to the deepest pits of hell because he was just that good. Goals.

anonymous asked:

I was wondering if you could write up something on the problematic aspects of Autism Moms/Parents. Thanks!!

Autism Parents™ are parents of autistic people who display ableist attitudes towards autism. These parents typically take on the role of speaking for autistic people and will shout down autistic people who try to speak for ourselves. They will tell us that we’re too “high-functioning” to really be autistic or that we’re too “low-functioning” and can’t communicate (never mind that they ignore our communication). 

Autism Parents™ typically support Autism $peaks and other harmful organizations. Many of them strive for a cure and talk about the “burden” of raising autistic children (or children with autism as they would put it). They make the struggles of autism all about themselves and refuse to listen to people who are actually autistic. 

That is really the biggest issue with Autism Parents™. They twist things around to make it seem like having an autistic child is this incredible burden and talk about how difficult it is to raise an autistic child and how costly it is to make martyrs of themselves (never mind how expensive and time consuming and difficult it is to raise any child). It’s a constant show of how amazing they are for dealing with such a burden. 

Autistic children are not burdens. Autism Parents™ are not saints for “putting up” with us. They are not superheros or any of the other things they would like to claim. The real superheros are the parents who put their children’s need first and make sure that their children are loved and cared for as best as possible, regardless of the neurotype of the child. Most Autism Parents™ don’t fit this description. Most of them force their children into abusive therapies (ABA) and/or punish their children for meltdowns (or tantrums as many of them would say) and/or display all their children’s bad moments to the internet or otherwise harm their children in so many ways. 

I make the distinction of Autism Parents™ because there are good parents of autistic children. There are parents of autistic children who truly do put their children’s needs first and love and care for their children. Their are parents of autistic kids who make sure that their children receive the services they need without forcing them to behave neurotypically. There are parents who ensure that their home is a sensory friendly environment for their children. There are parents who encourage their children to infodump and engage with their special interests. There are good parents of autistic children, but there are a lot more Autism Parents™ than there are good parents. 

To all the parents out their who truly care for and respect their autistic children, thank you. To the Autism Parents™ out there, please consider what is truly best for your child and listen to autistic people. We may not be exactly like your child, but, if you’re not autistic, we most likely understand your child better than you. We can help you. We can help illuminate the struggles your child may be having, even if they can’t make their communications understood. We can help teach you ways to embrace your child’s unique needs and be the best parents you can for your child. 

Autistic children need special love and care, just like every other child. We have our own unique needs and difficulties just like any other child. Respect these differences and learn to work with them. 


matthias synopsis

I, personally, find myself relating to every single character in this book, including Matthias. I fail to see too many Matthias appreciation posts™ that really dissect his character. He is more than just being beside his significant other, and more than just being a protector, fighter, etc. this man embodies literally everyone, and symbolizes our inward prejudiced views. We learn from Matthias that you can be a morally good person with prejudiced and even hateful views. We can really connect with him when it comes down to society’s morals/rules versus familial morals/views versus OUR personal morals/views. Think about it: if you’re only influenced by what you’re constantly surrounded by, what else would you know? It took an outsider, a person who he was supposed to hunt and kill to slowly but surely change his ways. Matthias teaches us how we can overcome our prejudiced ways & views, and yet, with that, I honestly love how @lbardugo doesn’t make his character completely flawless even at the very end. He still had flaws, he still had lingering problems, doubts, and unjust beliefs in the back of his mind. He still made huge mistakes along the way. He still could not and would never completely adjust to his newfound view that went against everything he ever knew. Matthias is not a character that’s simply only for this set of people, or another set of people: he’s literally all of us. He reflects all of us.

Something i’m trying to change about myself is always being “the Helper” I’m always “The Teacher”, yes helping is good and teaching is good. Advice is good, but i have to stop doing that for everyone 24/7. It is so draining and i tend to get so effected by everyone’s problems yet i dont even have any of my own…. I really have to realize if i learned everything on my own with no help and so can my peers. We grow in the most beautiful way possible when we teach ourselves. i cannot sit down and listen to everyone’s problems all day anymore my energy is drained

It’s Canada’s 150th birthday since confederation today. Many Canadians are expressing pride and celebrating. Others are fastidious, demanding that we pay more attention to the rights and respect of Indigenous people, as this land was theirs before colonization. I believe this day is most important to give us an opportunity to speak and to be heard, and to continue to open the conversation with each other.

Our past mistakes are teaching moments for the way we presently act. We must respect the land we inhabit with the Indigenous people. Our Prime Minister @JustinPjTrudeau acknowledges that we have a long way to go, which is a great sentiment, but I would love to see his party do even more, and reconsider plans for pipelines and projects that assault Indigenous lands and our environment.

I’m grateful to be in a place where I feel safe, heard, and cared for. And I’d love to one day see a country where all of the people feel that way. #Canada150 #Resistance150

Stacey Dash Says Why No White History Month

There should be White History Month in America. That way we can teach all the things Americans have done in history, like:
1 Cherokee Trail of Tears
2 Japanese American internment
3 Philippine-American War
4 Jim Crow
5 The genocide of Native Americans
6 Transatlantic slave trade
7 The Middle Passage
8 The history of White American racism
9 Black Codes
10 Slave patrols
11 Ku Klux Klan
12 The War on Drugs
13 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
14 How white racism grew out of slavery and genocide
15 How whites still benefit from slavery and genocide
16 White anti-racism
17 The Southern strategy
18 The rape of enslaved women
19 Madison Grant
20 The Indian Wars
21 Human zoos
22 How the Jews became white
23 White flight
24 Redlining
25 Proposition 14
26 Homestead Act
27 Tulsa Riots
28 Rosewood massacre
29 Tuskegee Experiment
30 Lynching
31 Hollywood stereotypes
32 Indian Appropriations Acts
33 Immigration Act of 1924
34 Sundown towns
35 Chinese Exclusion Act
36 Emmett Till
37 Vincent Chin
38 Islamophobia
39 Indian boarding schools
40 King Philip’s War
41 Bacon’s Rebellion
42 American slavery compared to Arab, Roman and Latin American slavery
43 History of the gun
44 History of the police
45 History of prisons
46 History of white suburbia
47 Lincoln’s racism and anti-racism
48 George Wallace Governor of Alabama
49 Cointelpro
50 Real estate steering
51 School tracking
52 Mass incarceration of black men53 Boston school busing riots
54. Jim Crow
55Church Bombings and fires in deep south to Blacks
56. Church Shootings
57. How the Irish and Italians became white
58. The Perpetuation of the idea of the “model minority”
59. Housing discrimination
60. Systematic placement of highways and building projects to create ghettos
61. Medical experimentation on poor poc especially Blacks including surgical and gynecological experimentation
62. History of Planned Parenthood
63. Forced Sterilization
64. Cutting children out of pregnant Black mothers as part of lynchings
65. Eurocentric beauty standard falsification
66. Erasure and eradication of all achievements of Ancient Africa and Kemet
67. White washing of history and cultural practices of pocs
68. Media manipulation and bias
69. Perpetuation of the myth of reverse racism
70. The history of white cannibalism
71. White fragility
72. Man made Ebola and A.I.D.S.