1990 - Nelson Mandela is released Nelson Mandela’s greatest pleasure, his most private moment, is watching
the sun set with the music of Handel or Tchaikovsky playing.
Locked up in his cell during daylight hours, deprived of music, both
these simple pleasures were denied him for decades. With his fellow
prisoners, concerts were organized when possible, particularly at
Christmas time, where they would sing. Nelson Mandela finds music very
uplifting, and takes a keen interest not only in European classical
music but also in African choral music and the many talents in South
African music. But one voice stands out above all - that of Paul
Robeson, whom he describes as our hero.
The years in jail reinforced habits that were already entrenched: the
disciplined eating regime of an athlete began in the 1940s, as did the
early morning exercise. Still today Nelson Mandela is up by 4.30am,
irrespective of how late he has worked the previous evening. By 5am he
has begun his exercise routine that lasts at least an hour. Breakfast is
by 6.30, when the days newspapers are read. The day s work has begun.
With a standard working day of at least 12 hours, time management is
critical and Nelson Mandela is extremely impatient with unpunctuality,
regarding it as insulting to those you are dealing with.
When speaking of the extensive traveling he has undertaken since his
release from prison, Nelson Mandela says: I was helped when preparing
for my release by the biography of Pandit Nehru, who wrote of what
happens when you leave jail. My daughter Zinzi says that she grew up
without a father, who, when he returned, became a father of the nation.
This has placed a great responsibility of my shoulders. And wherever I
travel, I immediately begin to miss the familiar - the mine dumps, the
colour and smell that is uniquely South African, and, above all, the
people. I do not like to be away for any length of time. For me, there
is no place like home.
Mandela accepted the Nobel Peace Prize as an accolade to all people who
have worked for peace and stood against racism. It was as much an award
to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people. In
particular, he regards it as a tribute to the people of Norway who stood
against apartheid while many in the world were silent.
We know it was Norway that provided resources for farming; thereby
enabling us to grow food; resources for education and vocational
training and the provision of accommodation over the years in exile. The
reward for all this sacrifice will be the attainment of freedom and
democracy in South Africa, in an open society which respects the rights
of all individuals. That goal is now in sight, and we have to thank the
people and governments of Norway and Sweden for the tremendous role they
Breakfast of plain porridge, with fresh fruit and fresh milk.
A favourite is the traditionally prepared meat of a freshly slaughtered
sheep, and the delicacy Amarhewu (fermented corn-meal).
1989 - Penn’s 1996 Baccalaureate Speaker is The Right Reverend Barbara
Clementine Harris, a Philadelphian who was the first woman ever to
become a bishop in the Anglican Communion. Bishop Harris entered the
priesthood after a long and successful career in public and community
relations in Philadelphia between 1949 and 1977. On graduation from the
Charles Morris Price School she joined Joseph V. Baker Associates Inc
and rose to president. She also held senior posts with the Sun Company
from 1968 until 1977, when she began her theological studies at
Villanova University. Studying later at the Urban Theology Unit in
Sheffield, England, she then graduated from the Pennsylvania Foundation
for Pastoral Counseling, and was ordained a deacon in 1979 and a priest
Before she was consecrated a bishop in 1989, she had been
Priest-in-Charge of St. Augustine of Hippo in Norristown, serving also
as as a prison chaplain and as counsel to industrial corporations for
public policy issues and social concerns. Named executive director of
the Episcopal Church Publishing Company in 1984, she was also publisher
of The Witness, and she held the additional post of interim rector of
Philadelphia’s Church of the Advocate in 1988. Bishop Harris is a member
of the Union of Black Episcopalians, and among other activities she
represents the national Episcopal Church on the board of the Prisoner
Visitation and Support Committee, and is vice president of Episcopal
City Mission of the Diocese of Massachusetts.
1976 - Clifford Alexander Jr Clifford Alexander, Jr. is confirmed as the first African American
Secretary of the Army. He will hold the position until the end of
President Jimmy Carter’s term.
1971 - Whitney Young Jr., National Urban League director Whitney M. Young, Jr. was Executive Director of the National Urban
League from 1961 until his tragic, untimely death in 1971. He worked
tireless to bring the races together, and joined the tenets of social
work, of which he was an outstanding practitioner, to the social
activism that brought the Urban League into the forefront of the civil
Whitney was constantly in search of solutions to the racism that plagued
Americans and caused black Americans to be regulated to second-class
citizenship in the land they fought and died for. A relentless advocate
for the poor, he visited rural and urban communities and advocated their
cause to the nation. He was a close adviser to Presidents Kennedy and
Johnson, and conferred with President Nixon; helping to shape the
policies of three administrations and playing a major role in the
development of the War on Poverty. He was a key figure in bringing the
now-legendary 1963 March on Washington to fruition; and was a major
force in bringing black leadership together in a united front for
progress. Whitney’s eloquent testimony before Congressional committees
and his powerful appeals to business, professional and civic leaders
helped create an environment in which African Americans forged ahead to
win new opportunities.
1961 - February 11, Robert Weaver sworn in as administrator of the Housing and
Home Finance Agency, highest federal post to date by a Black American.
1898 - Owen L. W. Smith of North Carolina, AME Zion minister and educator, named minister to Liberia.
1783 - Jarena Lee was born The
daughter of former slaves, born in Cape May, New Jersey.
Jarena Lee is the considered the first female preacher in the African
Methodist Episcopal Church.
In 1836, she published her autobiography, THe Life and Religious
Experiences, of Jarena Lee, a Coloured Lady, Giving an Account of Her
Call to Preach the Gospel.
Her maiden name is unknown and the year of her death is uncertain. She
married Joseph Lee, a minister of a Black church in Snow Hill (Lawnside -
about 6 miles from Philadelphia) in 1811.
1644 - First Black legal protest in America pressed by eleven Blacks who
petitioned for freedom in New Netherlands (New York). Council of New
Netherlands freed the eleven petitioners because they had “served the
Company seventeen or eighteen years” and had been “long since promised
their freedom on the same footing as other free people in New
For this week’s episode of the New York Public Library Podcast, we highlight discussions presented by the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture on two documentaries about icons Maya Angelou and John Lewis. To talk about American Masters - And Still I Rise, a film about the Pulitzer-nominated Dr. Angelou, Elizabeth Alexander, Director of Creativity and Free Expression at the Ford Foundation; Rita Coburn Whack, co-director and co-producer of Maya Angelou: And Still I Rise; Louis Gossett, Jr., Academy Award-winning actor; and Colin Johnson, Co-Founder and Principal of Caged Bird Legacy joined Director of the Schomburg Center, Kevin Young. Get in the Way: The Journey of John Lewis is a documentary film about Congressman John Lewis, a civil rights icon and the winner of the National Book Award for Young People’s Literature for March: Book Three. It is discussed by Arva Rice, President and CEO of the New York Urban League; activist and advocate Phil Pierre; and Ahmad Greene, a core member of the Black Lives Matter Movement. In this week’s episode, we’re proud to present conversation around generations of activism with some of our nation’s most inspiring freedom fighters.
MY BLOG REACHED 1,000 FOLLOWERS TODAY; THANK YOU!!!!🙏🏻 I am truly blessed to have so many amazing people to connect with. I appreciate every person who interacts with me, messages me, etc. Especially my fellow trans men and women who give me an ungodly amount of inspiration and hope. This blog started out as a way to communicate with family and friends here in Maine while I was living in Florida because my entire physical and legal transition happened away from them for two years. It ended up being not only an outlet for me but a way to give others hope and to help trans men in their own transitions. Because I have growing numbers of followers I’ve decided I will be starting a YouTube channel indefinitely. I want this to be something completely unlike the other trans “icons” some of you guys may follow on there. I’m going to do my best to foremost, make it something informative and that will help and focus on helping trans men while showing you what’s going on in my own crazy life. I have a few other secrets and ideas I’m throwing around and I’ll let you guys in on those soon too. Thanks again, you guys are the best.
Every once in a while, I come across a wide variety of odd things while exploring an abandoned house. From finding rotten old Bibles that were chillingly opened to the book of Exodus in Elkmont and Cades Cove to finding a noose hanging from the rafters of an abandoned barn, discovering objects of possible ironic symbolism has become somewhat of an inside joke.
Wedged in between the old chair, strange door, and blanket box was a pile of rotten newspapers and what looked like a phone book. One newspaper in particular was separated from the others. The front page was covered in years of grime, but I could kind of see what the writing said.
Apparently, there was a murder that had taken place outside of Vonore. A man was shot to death and his corpse was bound. The suspect had placed the man’s body inside of his vehicle and pushed it into the Tellico Lake, sending him into a watery grave beneath the murky waves. On the front page was a picture of local police officers and members of the Rescue Squad. I couldn’t read the date because the paper was so worn.
When I had gotten home, I shown my dad the pictures from the Kefauver mansion that I had taken. When he had gotten to this picture, he gasped in surprise and said, “Hey, I’m in this picture!”
Long before I was born, Dad was in the Rescue Squad. He’s told me many stories about the calls he had been on, including this one. Apparently, Dad had to help recover the body of this gentleman. Dad is the second man on the right of the photo. According to him, this murder took place either in 1983 or 1984.