the treatise on rights

The right of your father is that you know that he is your root. Without him, you would not be. Whenever you see anything in yourself which pleases you, know that your father is the root of its blessing upon you. So praise God and thank Him in that measure. And there is no strength save in God.
— 

Imam ZAYN AL-ʻĀBIDĪN ʻALĪ IBN AL-ḤUSAYN (as)

The Treatise on rights (Risalat al-Huquq)

A few more First Age medical record thoughts!

Maybe there is a set of scrolls maintained by one very dedicated medical apprentice over the journey across the Helcaraxe. The first and only elven accounts of frostbite and hypothermia, a record of every broken limb or dislocated joint or concussion sustained in accidents on the ice. Documenting how they scramble to treat injuries even as their supplies dwindled.

(Right now I am picturing an individual treatise on the medical applications of the walrus, or some such arctic beast that Aredhel manages to bring down. Which bones can be used to splint an arm, which areas of hide are thin enough to produce thread, the most efficient way to cut down to blubber and steaming entrails that can be used to warm a child. A separate entry included on walrus tusk wounds.)

These would be heavily referred to after encountering the Edain, as a point of comparison for how fragile they are. Edain experience similar injuries from lesser provocation on a regular basis; remedies from the Helcaraxe could be a starting point for elven medicine workers going among men.

anonymous asked:

For the thing: Cogsworth and Chapeau

“I hate him so much,” mumbles Monsieur Cogsworth.

Chapeau nods. They have had this conversation before.

“Prattling, showboating, up-his-own-backside, never enough flare, ‘oh-hon-hon the work can wait while i take Plumette into a closet’, la-de-da and ‘c’est la vie’,” continues Cogsworth.

Chapeau misses having eyes. They were so nice to roll when Cogsworth really got going. As it is, he readjusts his footing in the shadows beside the door.

“I mean yes, there isn’t much work to do right now to speak of,” Cogsworth goes on, “but then there’s not much to be done in a closet, either! Alone! In the dark! Not that I think much of such things.”

Chapeau’s mind wanders off. Before the curse—when he had hands—he was reading an excellent treatise on the rights of citizens in situations of tyranny. He tried to bring the book back out to continue it, a few months ago, but he couldn’t turn the pages well enough in his current state. And Lumiere couldn’t read it to him, because he set the book on fire when he touched it.

If the curse broke, Chapeau would go back to Pere Robert. Maybe his friend would have another copy.

“—and if I have to hear one more person take me aside in the dark and go off on a rant, ‘oh this person drives me mad,’ ‘oh how will i survive without cutting monsieur toilette’s sorry throat,’ bla-bla-bla—”

Chapeau’s attention returns to Monsieur Cogsworth. He is so small on the floor beside him.

“—acting as if I have all day to listen to their small troubles, their minor worries, no self-awareness at all, it’s truly ridiculous—”

Chapeau nods solemnly and looks Monsieur Cogsworth full in the face. The major-domo puffs up with importance, at this sign of devoted attention to his tale; he hasn’t realized yet that his face is an excellent way of checking the time. Twenty minutes to four. The story continues.

“Ah, well, I suppose no one ever pays much attention to a good listener,” says Cogsworth. “Salt of the earth! Completely unheralded in their restraint!”

Chapeau nods. In the back of his memory is a memory of the two of them, curled up in Cogsworth’s study after hours, both sets of feet up on the table, sharing a sherry before bed. Back then, they almost matched: two sets of severe posture, both relaxed into hot chairs and total comfort. Now, they match again: two stiff-backed wooden things, sharing a story if they can’t have the drink.

“Well. Thank you for listening, at least. Unlike SOME people. You’re a good sort, Chapeau,” and Cogsworth trundles off, clank, click, and Chapeau keeps standing in the dark.

“C’est vrai,” he murmurs, and dreams of eyes and books and sherry in a warm chair.

حق الله الأكبر
فأَمَّا حَقُّ اللهِ الأَكْبَرُ فَإنَّكَ تَعْبُدُهُ لا تُشْرِكُ بهِ شَيْئاً، فَإذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ بإخلاصٍ جَعَلَ لَكَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ أَنْ يَكفِيَكَ أَمْرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَيَحْفَظَ لَكَ مَا تُحِبُّ مِنْهَما.


The Greatest Right of God
Then the greatest right of God incumbent upon you is that you worship Him without associating anything with Him. When you do that with sincerity, He has made it binding upon Himself to give you sufficiency in the affairs of this world and the next and to keep for you whatever of them that you like.

— 

The Treatise on Rights by Imam Zayn Al-abideen

Translation by:
Dr. Ali Peiravi
Ms. Lisa Zaynab Morgan

theatlantic.com
The Case for Reparations
Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.
By Ta-Nehisi Coates

And if thy brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing today.

— Deuteronomy 15: 12–15


Besides the crime which consists in violating the law, and varying from the right rule of reason, whereby a man so far becomes degenerate, and declares himself to quit the principles of human nature, and to be a noxious creature, there is commonly injurydone to some person or other, and some other man receives damage by his transgression: in which case he who hath received any damage, has, besides the right of punishment common to him with other men, a particular right to seek reparation.

— John Locke, “Second Treatise”


By our unpaid labor and suffering, we have earned the right to the soil, many times over and over, and now we are determined to have it.

— Anonymous, 1861

I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves.
— 

Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

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I see a lot of love for Mary Shelly (author of Frankenstein and widely regarded as the inventor of science fiction) on tumblr, which is awesome, because she was awesome. 

But let me tell you about her mother.

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) was a bamf feminist before ‘feminism’ was even the name for what she was doing. Growing up with an abusive father, Mary would often sleep outside her mother’s bedroom to protect her from his violent beatings. She helped her sister who was suffering through postpartum depression and later helped her flee her husband. She would attend lectures given by her friend’s father, a philosopher and scientist. She also attempted to earn her own living working as a lady’s companion for a widow and later as a governess. These experiences influenced her writings about the limited education and opportunities for poor women. 

She became an influential philosopher during the Enlightenment, a cultural movement of intellectuals that stressed reason, logic, and individualism. Her peers were some of the most famous philosophers of all time: Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Edmund Burke, and others. Her writings not only added to the philosophical discourses of the time, but also often directly challenged the sexist and elitist views of her peers. She responded to Burke’s take on the French Revolution with her Vindication of the Rights of Man. Published anonymously, the work attacked aristocracy, advocated republicanism, and was a major hit. She followed that up with her Vindication of the Rights of Women, a treatise that advocated for women’s right to education in response to works such as Rousseau's Émile that argued women should only be educated in how to please men. Many of her writings throughout her life focused on the education of women, but Vindication of the Rights of Women is the one she’s best known for now. However, she published it under her own name and at the time people were outraged and it did not get the kind of attention that her Vindication of the Rights of Man got. She published many works throughout her life on a variety of subjects, but the over-arching themes of her works was that women are inherently equal to men and that women deserve the same education and opportunities so that they may be independent. 

Some gems from her writings:

“My own sex, I hope, will excuse me, if I treat them like rational creatures, instead of flattering their fascinating graces, and viewing them as if they were in a state of perpetual childhood, unable to stand alone.” 

“Women are systematically degraded by receiving the trivial attentions which men think it manly to pay to the sex, when, in fact, men are insultingly supporting their own superiority.”

“Taught from infancy that beauty is woman’s sceptre, the mind shapes itself to the body, and roaming round its gilt cage, only seeks to adorn its prison.

“Make them free, and they will quickly become wise and virtous, as men become more so; for the improvement must be mutual, or the injustice which one half of the human race are obliged to submit to, retorting on their oppressors, the virtue of men will be worm-eaten by the insect whom he keeps under his feet”

"Strengthen the female mind by enlarging it, and there will be an end to blind obedience.”

“Women ought to have representatives, instead of being arbitrarily governed without any direct share allowed them in the deliberations of government.”

She died just ten days after giving birth to her second daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (who would later marry Percy Shelley and author Frankenstein.) After her death, her husband, philosopher William Godwin, published her unfinished manuscripts and memoirs. The memoirs dealt frankly with her controversial life including her love affairs with Henry Fuseli and Gilbert Imlay, her illegitimate daughter Franny Imlay, her close relationship with Franny Blood (possibly another love affair), her suicide attempts, and her agonizing death. These memoirs damaged her reputation in the eyes of the public for many years, but later generations were influenced by her works.

Today, Mary Wollstonecraft is widely regarded as one of the foremothers of feminism. Mary Wollstonecraft lived widely and passionately, all the while fiercely advocating for the equal treatment and education of women. She is one of my personal heroes and generally an awesome lady.

“Must men alone be debarred the common privilege of opposing force with force, which nature allows so freely to all other creatures for their preservation from injury? I answer: self defense is a part of the law of nature, nor can it be denied the community, even against the king himself…”.
—  John Locke,Two Treatises of Government

If anyone had doubts last time, if they felt like they hadn’t made it clear enough for people to google it, “Larry” is Louis Tomlinson and Harry Styles, again

LARRY IS LOUIS TOMLINSON AND HARRY STYLES

Next time they’ll probably link directly to the Treatise.

anonymous asked:

Imagine Bucky & his friends playfully arguing about what their Hogwarts houses would be.

Steve Rogers Is Definitely a Gryffindor, Don’t Even Try Me, You Know I’m Right: a Treatise by James Barnes

So I realised after our, ahem, lively discussion last night that some of you (Tony, Natasha, I’m looking at you) have a few misconceptions about a certain mutual friend of ours. Here are all the reasons why you’re wrong and I’m right, in handy bullet-point form so that it’s nice and simple for you all to read.

  • I have known Steve way longer than you guys. I knew him back when he was Hogwarts age, too. You might even say that I’m the only person alive who knows the true Steve Rogers. I wouldn’t say that myself because it’s corny as hell, but you might. It’s not like I can stop you if you want to say corny shit.
  • Here’s the thing about Steve: he is physically incapable of running way from a fight. I think maybe the part of his brain that tells him to run away when he’s in danger is actually missing. Banner, could you scan his brain and check?
  • He sure as hell isn’t a Ravenclaw, I can tell you that for free.
  • The point is, though, that Steve is obsessed with fighting. He says he’s not but I know him better than that. If I were describing Steve to a total stranger who’d never met him before, I’d probably lead with something like ‘he really likes fighting and he’s too brave for his own good’. That would give them a pretty good picture of who Steve Rogers is.
  • He could probably also be a Hufflepuff because he’s really loyal, but everyone says Hufflepuff is the boring house and Steve is a lot of things but he’s definitely not boring. I don’t know, though. To be honest with you I wasn’t paying much attention during that part of the book.
  • (I’m probably a Hufflepuff.)
  • I was paying attention to all the bits where that dumb Harry kid kept picking fights with people who were stronger than him, and let me tell you, the whole thing was like one giant flashback to my childhood. If you dyed Steve’s hair black and taught him a few words of Latin you wouldn’t be able to tell the difference.
  • He’s not a Slytherin, Tony. YOU’RE a Slytherin. Steve doesn’t give a damn about his own life outcomes. All he cares about is truth and justice and fighting and shit. He is pathologically obsessed with sacrificing himself for other people. That’s just not what Slytherins are like. Slytherins have healthy self-preservation instincts.
  • Steve does not have healthy self-preservation instincts.

I hope that clears a few things up. In summary, Steve is definitely a Gryffindor and Tony is completely wrong and Natasha is a bit less wrong but still wrong at the end of the day. Oh, and Banner, get back to me on the brain-scanning thing.

-Bucky

The right of your wife (zawja) is that you know that God has made her a repose and a comfort for you; you should know that she is God’s favour toward you, so you should honour her and treat her gently. Though her right toward you is more incumbent, you must treat her with compassion, since she is your prisoner (asir) whom you feed and clothe. If she is ignorant, you should pardon her.
— 

Imam ZAYN AL-ʻĀBIDĪN ʻALĪ IBN AL-ḤUSAYN (as) 

The Treatise on rights (Risalat al-Huquq)

The right of the tongue is that you consider it too noble for obscenity, accustom it to good, refrain from any meddling in which there is nothing to be gained, express kindness to the people, and speak well concerning them.
—  Imam Sajjad ibnul Hussain (as),
Risalat ul-Huquq (Treatise of Rights)
A few things about the Hugos

I’m almost through this year’s Voting Packet and would like to say a few things:

1. Hugo voting is for members and supporters of WorldCon. So, to vote, all you need to do is make a $50 donation to WorldCon. (Yes, I know that’s out of reach for many of you, but for others it might be worth it, and the packet often contains multiple full length ebooks).

2. We need more variety in Best Dramatic Presentation, both long and short forms. No, this isn’t a complaint about Doctor Who being nominated every year (the reason Doctor Who gets nominated every year is because Whovians are better at coming to a consensus about which episode to nominate than other fandoms, as far as I can tell).

No, what I mean is: Best Dramatic Presentation Long Form does not equal movie, and Short Form does not equal television episode.

From the Hugo website “The award can be given to a dramatized presentation in any medium.”

This means stage plays (Harry Potter and the Cursed Child if it’s any good) are eligible.

Video games are considered a dramatic presentation per the Hugo rules. I wouldn’t be able to vote for one, but some of the excellent games out there (the 90 minute cutoff would presumably be play time) could use to be recognized.

Audio dramas are eligible. Why has nobody nominated anything from Big Finish?

3. Best Related Work is a disgusting mess. Because so few people nominate, it was taken over by not the Sad Puppies (which has turned into a good thing) but by Vox Day’s Rabid Puppies.

One of the works nominated was outright hateful. Another contained such explicit descriptions of child molestation that MidAmeriCon’s lawyers advised them not to distribute it because of the risk of somebody being arrested for kiddie porn. Or so they say, I didn’t want to risk reading it…

A third was a book about how to fight SJWs by Day himself which - and I feel I can say this - was strewn with personal attacks against multiple people and promoted unethical activity.

The other two were good and I was surprised to find the treatise on Gene Wolfe’s fiction by John C. Wright (another extreme right winger and somebody who’s fiction I find all but unreadable) to be quite well written, interesting and award-worthy.

But outright hate for any group (including Vox Day and his friends) doesn’t belong in the Hugo packet. Neither does, uh…yeah…that.

So, in addition to pointing out to people that they can nominate things other than movies and TV shows, I’d like to toss out a challenge to people - including people who can’t afford the voting fee - to find good Related Works that can be nominated. (Please don’t post exactly five, that’s a slate, and we know those are bad).

Related Works are, essentially, non fiction related to science fiction and fantasy (or “works valuable primarily for things other than fiction”). So, if you find a cool biography of a writer, or even of an actor or director primarily known for genre work, talk about it. Scholarly or fan written works about a book, video game, movie, TV show, etc, also fit into this category. I am also pretty sure that books about writing science fiction and fantasy would be eligible. Collections of art are specifically eligible per the Hugo page. Books about the culture of fandom are eligible - just please don’t promote something that attacks any group or person. If a writer you know has published their memoirs, consider that. Finally, although it’s not clear from the site, it might be possible to nominate “Making of” documentaries associated with a movie, TV show, etc. We really need to get a lot more stuff nominated in this category so it isn’t all coming from one source, and to try and keep out stuff (best fan writer also has some problems in this area - please do nominate your favorite blogger) that promotes a political or social agenda rather than truly being about science fiction, fantasy, and fandom.

The right of him who does a kindly act (dhu l-ma'ruf) toward you is that you thank him and mention his kindness; you reward him with beautiful words and you supplicate for him sincerely in that which is between you and God. If you do that, you have thanked him secretly and openly. Then, if you are able to repay him one day, you repay him.
—  Imam Sajjad ibnul Hussain (as)
Risalat Al-Huquq, (Treatise of Rights)