the trans atlantic slave trade


“When you hear whites say:get over it,’ ‘slavery was a long time ago,’ ‘my family didn’t own slaves, ‘the Jews owned the slave ships,’ ‘your own kind sold you into slavery,’ and other sentiments like these, know these are the most common excuses these devils will use in attempts to not accept responsibility for and make restitution for their kind’s generational race crimes. Know today that these are unacceptable racist statements reparations offenders use in support of their kind’s historical racial terrorism.”

“Whites who make statements like these are just as racially terroristic as the whites who dehumanized and terrorized our ancestors during the slave trade and even in this - the post Trans Atlantic slave trade era. Most often, these are the kinds of whites you will have to defend yourself against in a reparations protest.”

African Union criticizes US for ‘taking many of our people as slaves’ and not taking refugees

[IMAGE: African Heads of State pose for a group photo ahead of the start of the 28th African Union summit in Addis Ababa on 30 January, 2017.]

The head of the African Union has criticized Donald Trump’s ban on immigration from some Muslim-majority countries, saying it presents “one of the greatest challenges” for the continent.

As representatives of the AU’s 53 member states met in Addis Ababa for a two-day summit, the chief of its commission said the bloc was entering “very turbulent times” after the US President’s election.

“The very country to which many of our people were taken as slaves during the transatlantic slave trade has now decided to ban refugees from some of our countries,” said Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma.

“What do we do about this? Indeed, this is one of the greatest challenges to our unity and solidarity.”

Mr Trump’s executive order prevented people with passports from three African nations – Libya, Somalia and Sudan – from travelling to the US. It also blocked visas for citizens from four Middle Eastern countries – Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Iran.

The President has also suspended all US refugee programmes for 120 days, and ended the flow of Syrian refugees to America indefinitely.

Also speaking in Ethiopia, the UN Secretary General commended African countries for opening their borders to refugees and people fleeing violence while other parts of the world, including the developed West, close boundaries and build walls.

Antonio Guterres, attending his first AU summit as the UN chief, said: “African nations are among the world’s largest and most generous hosts of refugees.

“African borders remain open for those in need of protection when so many borders are being closed, even in the most developed countries in the world.”

Mr Guterres didn’t make a direct reference to the recent executive orders signed by Mr Trump, which also included a commitment to build a wall along the Mexican border, but his comment drew enthusiastic applause from hundreds of African leaders, officials and dignitaries who attended the opening of the summit, the Associated Press reported.


Lukumi: a religion, a people, and a language.

One of the distinguishing features of Lukumi as an Afro-Diasporic religious community has been the retention of archaic forms of the Yoruba language in Cuba. The language is a liturgical language now - used in our songs, prayers, and by elegun (priests mounted in possession) rather than conversationally.

Part of the horrors of the trans-Atlantic slave trade was the stripping of individual and cultural identities from enslaved Africans, and this was achieved in many places in the New World through banning and otherwise brutally discouraging the use of West and Central African languages. Lukumi, as a language, managed to be preserved by enslaved peoples who made creative use of the imposed Catholic system of cabildos de nacion - mutual aid societies under the patronage of Catholic saints. The cabildos allowed enslaved people and free people of colour to gather and perform seemingly Catholic worship “in the manner of their nation” - in other words, using the language and drumming styles particular to their ethnic group. The system of cabildos gave space for both enslaved and free people of colour to preserve a variety of West and Central African religions in 19th Century Cuba, including Arara, Abakua, and Palo. However, it was also allowed to flourish because the whites believed that keeping people of African descent separated by nation (nacion) would prevent them from organizing en masse as in the case of Haiti, which was a constant source of white anxiety during the 19th Century.

Though the language never stopped being used, fluency in Lukumi faded somewhat in the early 20th Century, which the old people often say was due to a lack of proper training. When Lukumi arrived in New York City in the late 1950s, African Americans entered the religion looking for a spiritual component to the growing Black Liberation movement. In particular, we credit Sunta Serrano Osa Unko (iba’e) for opening her ilé to African Americans. Early African American converts were most interested in emphasizing the Yoruba roots of the religion, and rejecting Catholicism, and part of how they did this was to focus on the Lukumi language. Thanks to their efforts to write down and translate back into Yoruba the Lukumi songs and prayers, the language was revitalized. Examples of this can be seen in the books of Baba John Mason, particularly Orin Orisha: Songs for Selected Heads.

Though some songs and prayers are not translatable to modern Yoruba - either due to being archaic regional dialects or due to the many subtle borrowings from other African languages spoken in Cuba (particularly Arara and Palo’s unique Bantu-Spanish bozale) - the Lukumi language continues to flourish today.

“Our English language is a big part of it. It’s a carrier of freedom. Wherever the English language has gone, globally, freedom went with it,” Rep. Steve King said on CNN on Monday

The idea that freedom accompanies English everywhere is demonstrably false, as former subjects of the British Empire can attest. In fact, a bulk of modern history was shaped by the cultural and military violence and slavery that followed the English language as it traversed the globe — from brutal British colonial rule in Africa and Asia, to the trans-Atlantic slave trade, to slavery in the U.S. and the massacre and forced assimilation of Native Americans.

— Zak Cheney Rice, Steve King is having a hard time pretending he’s not a white supremacist

Dorothy Dandridge as Aiché in Tamango (1958).

During cinema’s earliest years, most films that dealt with or depicted American slavery did so mainly through the eyes of white characters. Not only was Tamango one of the first films to depict the horrors of slavery and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade through (some of) its black characters’ point-of-view, but it was also one of the first films to reenact a slave ship revolt–if not the first film to do so. The revolt was led by the title character, Tamango (played by Alex Cressan).

Tamango was shot and released in France and other parts of Europe, but was initially banned in French colonies and the United States due to the depiction of an interracial “romance” between Aiché (Dandridge) and her owner, the slave ship’s captain (played by Curd Jürgens).

I think that using alien to describe otherness works,” says Reynaldo Anderson, a professor who writes about Afrofuturism. Anderson is one of many theorists who view the alien metaphor as one that explains the looming space of otherness perpetuated by the idea of race. “We’re among the first alien abductees, kidnapped by strange people who take us over by ships and conduct scientific experiments on us. They bred us. They came up with a taxonomy of the people they bred: mulatto, octoroon, quadroon.
—  Excerpt from “Afrofuturism” by Ytasha L. Womack. Read it on Oyster →

anonymous asked:

I get that minorities in general are brainwashed and all. But why are black men the worse when it comes to this? I noticed a pattern, when some black male artists get little fame, they throw black women under the bus. It seems like in studio they think "I don't have inspiration right now, so I'll make a colorist/racist comment about the women of my race" ok "white girls are winning, fuck dark hoes, black bitches so mad etc.." Why do other minorities don't do this?

This is a question that many black women are starting to ask (and should be) and the answer is heartbreaking and many black women don’t want to accept the fact that there is a  historical reason for this that pre-dates colonialism and the trans-atlantic slave trade, and slavery. We have had black men been engaging in treacherous behavior towards black women for at least 1,000 years now. There were black men who helped destroyed the matriarchy in Africa, black men who sold black men, women, and children (mostly women and children) to Arabs and Europeans in the Arab Slave Trade, black men helped to destroy the black woman’s image and character etc, etc. I did a series of posts revealing this historical betrayal, but I still have more questions than answers myself because I’m still digging to find more information about as to why so many black men are so treacherous to black women while black women remain so loyal. This is some history that IS HIDDEN ON PURPOSE from black women. I could go on and on about this. However, as I’ve stated above the treachery predates the trans-atlantic slave trade, slavery, and colonialism and white supremacy racism didn’t help either. And here we are today. Which bring us to the question: “If this behavior in black men predates the trans-atlantic slave trade, slavery, and colonialism, is it really white supremacy brainwashing and programming that cause so many black men to be so treacherous towards black women? Or something else…within them?

I don’t have time to dig in my archives and give you all the links to the post discussing this topic, but here is two posts by BWE blogger Khadija discussing this ancient betrayal

Letter to the Ankhs, Hoteps & Fake Deeps

Dear Ankhs, Hoteps & Fake Deeps,
Alkebulan is not the original true name of Africa. The name Africa was not given by the enemy to make us forget or destroy our history.
You should also know that Egypt is not the only country in Africa and with that being said, Africa is neither one country or one nation. Africa is a continent with 54 beautiful countries with over 2000+ languages, over 3000+ tribes and a huge amount of different cultures. Please respect the diversity of this vast continent. Also keep in mind that Egypt was not the only place in Africa where advanced ancient civilizations once existed or where Kings and Queens ruled. There is therefor no need to always and only mention or uplift Egypt because as you know or may not know, majority of the victims of the trans-atlantic slave trade came from the west & central parts of Africa so basically you’re most likely a descendant of African people who came from those areas.
Please do not spread false information about Africas history or cultures just because it screams pro-black and when you are called out for spreading misinformation on social media, do not block, delete comments. There is also no need to be rude. Just read your history correctly and always have sources to back up your facts to avoid such things.

Do not post pictures with captions like “A Black Queen should…” It is not your position to demand, command or advice women on how they should act. Your point of view or standards does not equal everybody elses.
Also, most of us black women are not like the women in the pictures you constantly post or repost. We are not all half naked, walking oil lamps with a tight curved body with gold painted on our butts and titties.
Please understand that the black female body is not yours to use for your sexist captions, memes, quotes, and misogynic thoughts and behaviour that you hide behind your so-called consciousness.

Homosexuality was not introduced to black people by the white man nor was it introduced to black people to whipe out the entire ‘race’. Babies are still being born within the black community so do not panic because maybe the only reason you did not realize that the black LGBT community is big might because you were not bothered to care that much before you became “woke”.

Respect other indigenous beings and their history, land and cultures! Just because the first of the human mankind appeared and came out of Africa does not mean that we are entitled to claim other groups, appropriate cultures and remake their history.

Every so-called unconscious black person are not coons, whitewashed, Uncle Toms, Massa’s puppet, house negroes or negropeans. The reason you call yourself woke is because you too were once at sleep, remember that.
So instead of spending your days online on social media bashing and insulting other black people for not being down with revolution or not being woke, try instead to understand what lies behind it.

Last but not least, demanding people to unite and build when you are most likely not doing the same is very hypocritical.

-Sincerely, tired black woman from the African continent.

White guilt from a black person’s point of view, and why it needs to end

As a freshman in high school I had took part in a class about how culture shapes society our society and colors our view of the world. One day while we discussed the Trans-Atlantic slave trade I made a comment about how my ancestors from untold centuries ago were taken from Africa and sold to a Barbadian plantation owner to work the sugar fields. After class a girl who was usually very quiet came up to me and said that her some of her ancestors manned slave ships and that she was sorry for what they did. I told her not to be and that it had nothing to do with her but she insisted it was somehow her fault. 

That confusing conversation introduced me to the ugly little concept we call white guilt, something that pops up a worrying amount on this site and in real life, and it needs to end. 

I’m not going to sit here and pretend that your culture has no bearing on your personality, Its is the foundation of your upbringing, the anchor of your beliefs, and the guiding light of your morals. But for all that culture gives you, it cannot give you the responsibility for your ancestor’s decisions. No, it should be your actions that define you as a person and not those of a long dead predecessor. 

You were not the one stealing my ancestors from their home, the one who beat and killed them for wanting to be treated like a human, or the one who bought and sold them like commodities. But by the same token I have not suffered under the crack of the whip, chains of slavery, or being worked to death like some sort of draft animal. We are a product of these people and the culture they created, but for all they have given us we are not them.

No one should ever feel ashamed to exist, especially because of things they had no control over. People can be horrible, and I’m not excusing that, but dwelling on mistakes you didn’t make is unhealthy and gets us nowhere.

Prejudices aren’t going to magically go away and anyone who tells you that racism is dead has never seen the news. These are serious issues which permeate every level of our society, but we cannot let transgressions from a past we had no hand in shaping define who we are as human beings and how we see others. We should never forget the past, lest it be born again in another form, however its high both sides learned to forgive.

Is this going to solve all of our social ills, of course not. There are still going to be horrible people, racist people, and bigots. But forgiveness is the first step on the long journey ahead of us. 

I’m sorry if this turned into a rant/rambling mess. I just needed a place to vent some frustration and this seemed as good as anywhere else.

I think that this is a very powerful art piece. 

The following sculptures are a representation of past Africans that were thrown overboard during the middle passage throughout the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. The artist Jason deCaires has created such art to honor African ancestors that past during the greed of slavery.


Wooden Afro Picks by Kindred Combs on Etsy

The Aromatic Red Collection will be restocked with just a few more combs by tomorrow, May 10th.

There will be a much larger restock of the Brown Collection later this month.

The Styles available in Red are:

The Diasporic Heart:

This heart symbol was inspired by Sankofa, which would become a symbol of remembrance and history of the tragedy and effects of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.

The Comb of Geb:

The Egyptian Waterfowl design was inspired by the sacred animal of Geb, the god of earth. Geb is commonly depicted with a goose on his head. Therefore, when one wears the comb in their hair, they become an impression of the ancient god. 


For those with a different taste we gladly offer something more simple. 

About Kindred Combs and the History and Culture of Black Hair:

Continuing my mission of connecting people with the history Black hair, I made these afro picks out of wood to make the experience little more real for people. These combs each have a story that has been rehashed from African history and cultures. Be my guest, and get your own comb to use, give as a gift, or have as a keepsake.

Feel free to ask questions about the combs.

Kindred Combs on Etsy

Black Muslims who try to shame you on being a Christian 

Black Muslims who says that Christianity is the religion of the white Man -Bitch you think the savior would get sunburn 

When Black Muslims tells you that Christianity colonized Africa and pretend Islam got there by Magic 

When Black Muslims talk about Trans-Atlantic Slavery, but don’t acknowledge the Arab-Slave trade that captured and enslaved millions and committed genetic warfare on Black people 

When Black Muslim don’t talk about the Present enslavement of Black people in Muslim countries  But constantly wanna badger you about how mentally enslaving Christianity is.

Should Arab countries pay reparations for the slave trade too?

Fourteen countries of the Caribbean are seeking reparations from three European nations for the slave trade. While the British responsibility for the Trans-Atlantic trade rightly remains high on the agenda, perhaps there are other countries which should be.

The decision of the 14 countries of the Caribbean to engage British lawyers to seek reparations from three European nations for the slave trade has made the headlines. In June the Caricom leaders voted to pursue a claim against Britain, the Netherlands and France.

The firm they have engaged, Leigh Day and Company, had just won compensation for elderly Kenyans who were caught up in the Mau Mau uprising of the 1950’s. As the Guardian reported, Caribbean officials have not mentioned a compensation figure but they noted that at the time of emancipation in 1834 London paid £20m to British planters in the Caribbean, the equivalent of £200bn today.

“Our ancestors got nothing,” Verene Shepherd, chairwoman of the national reparations commission in Jamaica said. “They got their freedom and they were told ‘Go develop yourselves’.” While it is still unclear what the legal claim involves, some are thinking in terms of very large settlements.

The pending action raises a number of questions. For a start one could ask why the United States is not included in the list, since the cotton plantations of the South clearly benefitted from the trade in human lives.

But the issue is far wider. Why is the proposed claim focussing only on the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and only on the past? The role of what is today the Arab world is of far greater antiquity and continues to this day.

In February 2003 a UNESCO Conference on “Arab-Led Slavery of Africans” was held in Johannesburg. The Conference’s final communiqué condemned slavery in all its forms, but went on to declare that “the Arab-led slave trade of African people predates the Trans-Atlantic slave trade by a millennium, and represents the largest and, in time, longest involuntary removal of any indigenous people in the history of humanity.” Since then a silence has descended on the debate.

Professor Robert O Collins, a historian at the University of California, presented a paper describing the transportation of Nubian slaves down the Nile to Egypt as early as 2900 BC. He says that raids on African communities continued for the next five thousand years.

Leaving aside some of the deeds of antiquity, and drawing on the works of other scholars, Collins concludes that some 12,580,000 slaves were exported from Africa between 800 AD and 1900. This was the human traffic that was taken across the Sahara, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The Sultan of Zanzibar continued the trade until 1873, when the British navy intervened to end all slavery by sea, although the practice continued on the Sultan’s plantations in East Africa.

Collins points out that: “The historic obsession with the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery in the Americas has often obscured the trade to Asia and slavery within Africa.” One look at the UNESCO website on slavery indicates that this bias has not diminished.

What is far more worrying is the almost total silence from the African Union, the United Nations and almost all other international bodies about the continuing scandal of modern Africa slavery.

A report into the practice in Sudan carried out by Anti-Slavery International (established in 1839 and the world’s oldest human rights organisation) in 2001 spoke of “thousands” of Africans being held in conditions of servitude. The Sudanese authorities bridled at the term ‘slavery’ being applied to their condition. But the report contained interviews with men and women who had been abducted at gunpoint and forced to work for their masters for years on end in the most brutal conditions.

Anti-Slavery concluded by quoting from their statement to the United Nations in 2000. “When women and children have been abducted, whether in the course of civil war or as a result of longer term conflict between different communities, and subsequently forced to work, or forced to marry, in the community where they are held captive, their treatment constitutes an abuse under terms of the UN’s conventions on slavery.“

Nor is Sudan alone. In Niger, Mali and Mauritania, Anti-Slavery believes the condition is perpetuated as what it describes as ‘descent based slavery’. The organisation says that this is the result of strict caste systems, which place people at the very bottom of the social hierarchy. “Typically people born into slavery are not allowed to own land or inherit property, are denied an education and are not able to marry outside of the slave caste. Any children born are automatically considered ‘property’ of the masters and can be given away as gifts or wedding presents.”

In theory, Mauritania banned slavery in 2007 – the last country in the world to do so. Since then just one person has been successfully prosecuted for owning another human being. Attempts to campaign against the practice have met with repression and campaigners jailed.

Terrible as the consequences of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade have been, and heavy as the British responsibility undoubtedly remains to this day, they should not blind us to responsibility of the Arab community - both for the past and for the present.

Martin Plaut is a fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London. With Paul Holden, he is the author of Who Rules South Africa?     

A world without black history

So I was watching @chescaleigh ‘s video, A world without black history. and because I like being angry, I scrolled down to the comments. But not before I happened upon this gem

A world…without…white people…?

Originally posted by geekylaugifs

No Trail of Tears??

No trans-Atlantic slave trade??

No holocaust??

A thriving native american nation spanning across the americas??

A thriving Africa free from the damage of colonialism and free to use its abundant wealth and resources amongst its own people instead of european powers sucking it dry??

A black australia??

No KKK??

No Neo-Nazis??

No Donald Trump??

No need for a black history month??

No apartheid???

No Jim Crow???

No White Jesus???

No people associating everything pro-black as anti-white????





Originally posted by fiercegifs

Modern Science Is Helping Discover Where People Who Were Enslaved Were Born

From 1500 to 1850, when the trans-Atlantic slave trade was at its height, an estimated 12 million people were enslaved. Most were sold from West and West Central Africa. Diverse cultures, languages, traditions, and religions were found in these regions, but the ethnic and geographic origins of most of these individuals are lost to history. Modern DNA extraction is difficult, due to the long decomposition of former enslaved peoples, and that most of them were buried in tropical climates. But science is advancing every day.

Three people, known to have been enslaved, were buried on St. Martin. Researchers employed a new technique for studying fragmented DNA. They recovered small bits of DNA in tooth roots, which they then subjected to a technique called whole-genome capture. This allowed them to isolate and identify enough DNA to compare with modern samples from West Africa. One of the enslaved people belonged to a Bantu-speaking population in northern Cameroon, while the other two came from non-Bantu-speaking groups in Nigeria and Ghana. Though they were buried together, they may not have had a language in common.