the trans atlantic slave trade

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“When you hear whites say:get over it,’ ‘slavery was a long time ago,’ ‘my family didn’t own slaves, ‘the Jews owned the slave ships,’ ‘your own kind sold you into slavery,’ and other sentiments like these, know these are the most common excuses these devils will use in attempts to not accept responsibility for and make restitution for their kind’s generational race crimes. Know today that these are unacceptable racist statements reparations offenders use in support of their kind’s historical racial terrorism.”

“Whites who make statements like these are just as racially terroristic as the whites who dehumanized and terrorized our ancestors during the slave trade and even in this - the post Trans Atlantic slave trade era. Most often, these are the kinds of whites you will have to defend yourself against in a reparations protest.”

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Lukumi: a religion, a people, and a language.

One of the distinguishing features of Lukumi as an Afro-Diasporic religious community has been the retention of archaic forms of the Yoruba language in Cuba. The language is a liturgical language now - used in our songs, prayers, and by elegun (priests mounted in possession) rather than conversationally.

Part of the horrors of the trans-Atlantic slave trade was the stripping of individual and cultural identities from enslaved Africans, and this was achieved in many places in the New World through banning and otherwise brutally discouraging the use of West and Central African languages. Lukumi, as a language, managed to be preserved by enslaved peoples who made creative use of the imposed Catholic system of cabildos de nacion - mutual aid societies under the patronage of Catholic saints. The cabildos allowed enslaved people and free people of colour to gather and perform seemingly Catholic worship “in the manner of their nation” - in other words, using the language and drumming styles particular to their ethnic group. The system of cabildos gave space for both enslaved and free people of colour to preserve a variety of West and Central African religions in 19th Century Cuba, including Arara, Abakua, and Palo. However, it was also allowed to flourish because the whites believed that keeping people of African descent separated by nation (nacion) would prevent them from organizing en masse as in the case of Haiti, which was a constant source of white anxiety during the 19th Century.

Though the language never stopped being used, fluency in Lukumi faded somewhat in the early 20th Century, which the old people often say was due to a lack of proper training. When Lukumi arrived in New York City in the late 1950s, African Americans entered the religion looking for a spiritual component to the growing Black Liberation movement. In particular, we credit Sunta Serrano Osa Unko (iba’e) for opening her ilé to African Americans. Early African American converts were most interested in emphasizing the Yoruba roots of the religion, and rejecting Catholicism, and part of how they did this was to focus on the Lukumi language. Thanks to their efforts to write down and translate back into Yoruba the Lukumi songs and prayers, the language was revitalized. Examples of this can be seen in the books of Baba John Mason, particularly Orin Orisha: Songs for Selected Heads.

Though some songs and prayers are not translatable to modern Yoruba - either due to being archaic regional dialects or due to the many subtle borrowings from other African languages spoken in Cuba (particularly Arara and Palo’s unique Bantu-Spanish bozale) - the Lukumi language continues to flourish today.

The Irish Were Never Slaves

At home or abroad we were never slaves. I’m sick and tired of seeing this.

We were treated as second class citizens in our own country and that was horrible. And you always hear about us abroad not because we were slaves, but because we were much more likely to be indentured servants. Coz the English were wankers. And so were lots of other people. They sentenced their own people to it, other European countries did it too. The Irish just got sentenced to it a lot more for some reason 🤔

But we were never slaves. We were never owned as property. We were locked into fixed term contracts of servitude, and that was horrible. We were never bought and sold as people. Contracts were bought and sold, and that was horrible. Our children were never sentenced to life from the moment they were born, contracts were inherited until they were completed, and that was horrible.

And maybe it was because we were sentenced for stealing food, or took it on ourselves to pay for passage during the famine. But it was never because of our skin.

You can’t compare what was done to the Irish to the trans-Atlantic slave trade. What happened to the Irish was horrible, but from a basic moral standpoint the two are nothing alike.

Dorothy Dandridge as Aiché in Tamango (1958).

During cinema’s earliest years, most films that dealt with or depicted American slavery did so mainly through the eyes of white characters. Not only was Tamango one of the first films to depict the horrors of slavery and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade through (some of) its black characters’ point-of-view, but it was also one of the first films to reenact a slave ship revolt–if not the first film to do so. The revolt was led by the title character, Tamango (played by Alex Cressan).

Tamango was shot and released in France and other parts of Europe, but was initially banned in French colonies and the United States due to the depiction of an interracial “romance” between Aiché (Dandridge) and her owner, the slave ship’s captain (played by Curd Jürgens).

Thomas Jefferson and Slavery Part 1

In view of Thomas Jefferson’s abhorrence of slavery, which he coined a “blot” and a “stain” upon America, why did he remain a slave owner for his entire life and fail to direct that his slaves be freed after his death? Why so did Jefferson not play a more forceful role in the antislavery movement branching from the occurrence of the Enlightenment and the American Revolution that he was so heavily influenced by or influential towards? What induced him to couple the emancipation of slaves with the removal of the black population from the United States “beyond the reach of mixture”? Why did he insist upon measuring the intelligence of illiterate, hopelessly disadvantaged black slaves by criteria applicable to free white Americans?

Jefferson himself denied the allegations of him bedding a young mulatto slave girl named Sally Hemings which to this day exists as the most controversial crack on Jefferson’s character. There remains a paradox of how that the author of the Declaration of Independence–the largest document of personal liberty and freedom–was one of the largest slaveholders of his time.

Thomas Jefferson was intimately associated with slavery from the cradle to grave. His first memory was of being carried on a pillow by a slave; and a slave carpenter, a brother of Sally Hemings, constructed the coffin in which he was buried in at Monticello. Without the abolition of slavery, Jefferson realized that the attainment of a society based upon the freedom and equality of opportunity would forever allude the American people. His father was a slave owner from whom young Thomas inherited both land and slaves after his death. All the Virginia Randolphs, who he was related to via his mother Jane, held slaves. When he went to Williamsburg in 1760 to attend the College of William and Mary he took with him a personal slave named Jupiter, whom he later made his coachman. Jefferson’s wife’s dowry consisted of 132 slaves and many thousands of acres of land. He recognized his wealth principally in slaves and in land. By the time he wrote the Declaration of Independence he had become, by inheritance, purchase and marriage, one of the principal slave owners and one of the wealthiest men in Virginia.

While Jefferson regarded slavery (as stated previously) as a “hideous evil”, the bane of American society and wholly irreconcilable with his ideal of “republican virtue”, he was never able completely to cast aside the prejudice and the fears which he had absorbed from his surroundings toward people of color, he did not free himself from dependence upon slave labor and, in the end, he made the expansion of slavery into the territories a constitutional right. If Jefferson as a Virginia planter was caught inextricably in the toils of slavery, as a man of the Enlightenment he knew the institution to be antithetical to the ideals by which he lived. The men of the Enlightenment condemned slavery as a vestige of barbarism.

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The finale was deep and I’ve been waiting to make this post so peep this underlying theme. Korra is the main character, who is a woman with melanin meaning that in the real world she has a deeper connection to Africa. Because of the evident melanin she is the underdog, subject to being in a camp most of her life to hone her skills (the field negro who was forced to work with little interaction with the outside world) until she escapes thanks to the advice of Katara, another melinated woman from the same region as her. When she makes it to the city she is cast as the underdog from the beginning, with hate groups literally trying to kill her and anyone of her kind with ties to the Spirit World. She loses almost all connection to her powers due to the oppression (Chi-Blocking) of Amon (White Supremacy) before meeting her past lives and regaining her powers.

Then she meets her uncle who appears to want her to fix the world by reuniting the spirit portals. They reopen the portals but at the cost of both light and dark spirits (angels, aliens, demons and shadow beings), as well as her uncle gaining power from a dark force. Her uncle represents the Uncle Tom Sellout Moor (not a true Moor) who only wants power for them self and does not care for struggle of the people.

In the process this Moor causes her to lose her past lives and her connection to the avatar state (representing the world prior to the so called Transatlantic Slave Trade caused by the Moors initiating war with various nations). She then meditates in a tree with nothing, no Ravaa, no Aang, nobody but herself. She finds her higher self without the need of Ravaa (crystals and raw gemstones) and becomes all powerful, reaching her Astral Projection state becoming the original Asiatic woman, a being of the most high.

Her past lives representing the oppressed however, once she loses all ties and starts anew, she represents the black man/woman regaining power and knowledge of self.

She reunites the spirit world with the human world representing December 21st 2012 but by being tricked by other people (New Agers and sell out Moors) to do it, bringing back the powers of people thought to be dead (air benders representing the lack of self knowledge). Korra goes off and as a fully realized Asiatic goes to fight a woman who fights with her third eye, and a man who has the power of flight from opening all 7 energy centers and cutting off his earthly ties. She is poisoned from this man and is blocked from her ties. She goes to her roots, the water tribes (Africa) and is healed to an extent from the same woman who gave her freedom. Later she runs away from home (Africom, look it up) to go on a spiritual journey. She then fights a woman after removing all poison but still has internal stress (Civil Rights, Crack Era, Slavery, major corporations blocking us from having much big business or power or unity). She goes to meet Zaheer and he teaches her to accept her past sins and go on with life not to make the mistakes again (reopening/cleansing the root energy center).

 

She then fights off the people attempting to annex land from every nation, with her unstressed self and creates a new portal. This is where that Eddie Griffin 1+1=3 video comes in. The portal looks like the the DNA Double Helix structure, but because it’s the third portal it can also represent the assumed third strand scientist have been saying lowkey we have been getting since the 80’s. 

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Korra has become a picture of what some us have been saying for long. You must figure out who you truly are, whether you are a Hebrew Isrealite, a Moor, Elohim, Nuwaub, whatever you decide to be don’t just focus on the physical but the mental, and spiritual as well. Your melanin gives you power as the original people.

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theloveofyou  asked:

Is this not all the same if a black african girl were to be dating someone from the Middle East? It's all the same stuff, isn't it?

I think this is a really interesting question actually, because it implicitly tries to compare and contrast the effects of the Arab slave trade with the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Are the power dynamics of a black African woman dating an Arab guy in the Middle East similar to that of a white guy in the US or Europe dating a black woman from their country?

(Image description: Egyptian slavemaster and Waswahili slave)

What we do know is that the Arab slave trade predated the European trans-Atlantic slave trade by several hundred years. We also know that there is a very long history of a complete denigration and dehumanization of black people in Arab countries. In Islam, it was illegal to enslave a member of faith. But black skin was so associated with slavery in the Arab world that these rules were regularly bypassed to enslave Muslim Africans anyway. Also, most of those enslaved were African women who were sold into sex slavery for Arab men.

The poetry and writings of Antarah ibn Shaddah, a black pre-Islamic folk hero confirm that antiblackness in some form or other in the Arab world is entrenched and goes back far more than a millenium. Born in 525 AD to a noble Arab tribesman and an Ethiopian slave woman, Antarah was subjected to regular humiliation, including the betrayal of his father who denied his paternity and considered him to be another slave living in his household. It was only much later in his adult life that his father acknowledged his paternity and liberated him from slavery. And the legacy of this dehumanizing antiblackness continues to this day in the Arab world. More than 200,000 South Sudanese were enslaved during the Second Sudanese war alone. 150,000 Ethiopians were just deported on a whim by the Saudi Arabian government. And black Africans are regularly subjected to dehumanizing treatment and brutality across the Arab world

(Image description: Arab captors with black Zanzibar workers)

In all it is estimated that at least 8 million Africans were subjected to the Arab slave trade. Other estimates range north of 20 million. These numbers are comparable to those of the trans-Atlantic slave trade depending on the scholars you read. There are large black communities in the Arab world today as a legacy of this slave trade and recent migration. Numbers of descendants from original slaves were limited by an incredibly high death rate and the fact that black African male slaves were regularly castrated and made into eunuchs for their Arab masters. Black people in the Arab world include former Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, who was of Egyptian and Sudanese Nubian ancestry

(Image description: Portrait of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat)

Sadat was regularly ridiculed as being “Nasser’s black poodle” and people insisted that he “did not look Egyptian enough.” All despite the fact that Arabs didn’t colonize Egypt until the 600s AD and so could be identity checked themselves by black Egyptians. 

If you would like to see more examples of the rampant antiblackness in the Arab world, see these tweets.

Within the Arab world today Arab supremacy is a basic fact of life with incredibly dehumanizing effects on black Africans and indigenous Amazigh peoples in particular. And especially when we consider the fact that the Arab slave trade targeted black African women especially for sex slavery, the parallels in the power dynamics between a black woman and white man in the West and a black African woman and an Arab man within the Arab world today are likely a lot more similar than one might realize at first glance.

I think that this is a very powerful art piece. 

The following sculptures are a representation of past Africans that were thrown overboard during the middle passage throughout the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. The artist Jason deCaires has created such art to honor African ancestors that past during the greed of slavery.

ever notice that all these time travelers always want to go back and stop hitler but never slavery, the trans-atlantic slave trade or columbus? stop the crime that happened to white people but black and indigenous people can suck it.

the subtle ways white privilege and supremacy spreads its tentacles into every facet of life is disgusting and angering.

Should Arab countries pay reparations for the slave trade too?

Fourteen countries of the Caribbean are seeking reparations from three European nations for the slave trade. While the British responsibility for the Trans-Atlantic trade rightly remains high on the agenda, perhaps there are other countries which should be.

The decision of the 14 countries of the Caribbean to engage British lawyers to seek reparations from three European nations for the slave trade has made the headlines. In June the Caricom leaders voted to pursue a claim against Britain, the Netherlands and France.

The firm they have engaged, Leigh Day and Company, had just won compensation for elderly Kenyans who were caught up in the Mau Mau uprising of the 1950’s. As the Guardian reported, Caribbean officials have not mentioned a compensation figure but they noted that at the time of emancipation in 1834 London paid £20m to British planters in the Caribbean, the equivalent of £200bn today.

“Our ancestors got nothing,” Verene Shepherd, chairwoman of the national reparations commission in Jamaica said. “They got their freedom and they were told ‘Go develop yourselves’.” While it is still unclear what the legal claim involves, some are thinking in terms of very large settlements.

The pending action raises a number of questions. For a start one could ask why the United States is not included in the list, since the cotton plantations of the South clearly benefitted from the trade in human lives.

But the issue is far wider. Why is the proposed claim focussing only on the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and only on the past? The role of what is today the Arab world is of far greater antiquity and continues to this day.

In February 2003 a UNESCO Conference on “Arab-Led Slavery of Africans” was held in Johannesburg. The Conference’s final communiqué condemned slavery in all its forms, but went on to declare that “the Arab-led slave trade of African people predates the Trans-Atlantic slave trade by a millennium, and represents the largest and, in time, longest involuntary removal of any indigenous people in the history of humanity.” Since then a silence has descended on the debate.

Professor Robert O Collins, a historian at the University of California, presented a paper describing the transportation of Nubian slaves down the Nile to Egypt as early as 2900 BC. He says that raids on African communities continued for the next five thousand years.

Leaving aside some of the deeds of antiquity, and drawing on the works of other scholars, Collins concludes that some 12,580,000 slaves were exported from Africa between 800 AD and 1900. This was the human traffic that was taken across the Sahara, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The Sultan of Zanzibar continued the trade until 1873, when the British navy intervened to end all slavery by sea, although the practice continued on the Sultan’s plantations in East Africa.

Collins points out that: “The historic obsession with the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery in the Americas has often obscured the trade to Asia and slavery within Africa.” One look at the UNESCO website on slavery indicates that this bias has not diminished.

What is far more worrying is the almost total silence from the African Union, the United Nations and almost all other international bodies about the continuing scandal of modern Africa slavery.

A report into the practice in Sudan carried out by Anti-Slavery International (established in 1839 and the world’s oldest human rights organisation) in 2001 spoke of “thousands” of Africans being held in conditions of servitude. The Sudanese authorities bridled at the term ‘slavery’ being applied to their condition. But the report contained interviews with men and women who had been abducted at gunpoint and forced to work for their masters for years on end in the most brutal conditions.

Anti-Slavery concluded by quoting from their statement to the United Nations in 2000. “When women and children have been abducted, whether in the course of civil war or as a result of longer term conflict between different communities, and subsequently forced to work, or forced to marry, in the community where they are held captive, their treatment constitutes an abuse under terms of the UN’s conventions on slavery.“

Nor is Sudan alone. In Niger, Mali and Mauritania, Anti-Slavery believes the condition is perpetuated as what it describes as ‘descent based slavery’. The organisation says that this is the result of strict caste systems, which place people at the very bottom of the social hierarchy. “Typically people born into slavery are not allowed to own land or inherit property, are denied an education and are not able to marry outside of the slave caste. Any children born are automatically considered ‘property’ of the masters and can be given away as gifts or wedding presents.”

In theory, Mauritania banned slavery in 2007 – the last country in the world to do so. Since then just one person has been successfully prosecuted for owning another human being. Attempts to campaign against the practice have met with repression and campaigners jailed.

Terrible as the consequences of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade have been, and heavy as the British responsibility undoubtedly remains to this day, they should not blind us to responsibility of the Arab community - both for the past and for the present.

Martin Plaut is a fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London. With Paul Holden, he is the author of Who Rules South Africa?     

A little dose of Knowledge...
Let’s pass the truth…


-Revelation 4:3 “And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone…” Jasper & Sardine are Burgundy/Brown in color.

-Revelation 1:15 “And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace…” Fine brass, what we call Antique brass, is dark in color.

-All of the Earth’s ethnic groups are derived from Noah’s 3 sons: Shem Ham & Japheth. Ham means Hot, tropical habitat, burnt or black. Cush & Mizraim (Ethiopia & Egypt) are descendants of Ham. Saul (The apostle Paul) was mistaken for an Egyptian, but he is an Israelite (descendant of Shem) & Yahshua/Yehoshua (Christ) was able to hide in Egypt because they had similar appearances.

-Job 30:30 “My skin is black upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.”

-Lamentations 5:10 “Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.” A terrible famine made their skin even darker than it was.

-2 Kings 17:24 “And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel..” After the Israelites were kicked out of their land for not keeping the covenant, the people you call “Jewish” and the like were placed there.

Also, here are some of the curses you see plaguing “black people” everyday in the Media/News….

-Deuteronomy 28:37 “And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword…” We have been called Ni**er, Negro, Black, Colored, Afro/African-American

-Deuteronomy 28:26 “…thy carcass shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away.” After being lynched, “black people” were left strung up as an example and the animals fed on our corpses.

-Deuteronomy 28:48 “… and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee.” “Black people” have been yoked and pulled the plows. There are photos, paintings… use Google.

And lastly…

-Deuteronomy 28:68 “And YHWH shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships…” Egypt represents bondage. Trans-Atlantic slave trade is just one example of this

There is no such thing as a Black Hebrew Israeilite. Israelites are “black”

It is not cultural/spiritual appropriation when it was originally your culture.

I hope you read this in its entirety. There is so much more I can type here. If you have any questions, you are welcome to message me.

To them, I wasn’t human enough to be a threat. I was their tool. I was nothing to worry about or fear. They saw me as they saw the Africans made slaves during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade hundreds of years ago. They saw me as many Arabs saw African slaves over millennium and how some still see Africans today. The Big Eye didn’t think they needed to put a leash on me because my leash was in my DNA.
—  The Book of Phoenix, Nnedi Okorafor
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GET OUT...ma face!
The whole crew is back this week with our look on this week's popular topics including but not limited to KKKellyanne Conway's thot shot in the oval office, Uncle Ben Carson's interpretation of the Tr

The whole crew is back this week with our look on this week’s popular topics including but not limited to KKKellyanne Conway’s thot shot in the oval office, Uncle Ben Carson’s interpretation of the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade, the return of Nazi Nick Spencer, Remy’s follow up flop as well as Jordan Peele’s hit film Get Out and there will be SPOILERS so you’ve been warned.

We hope you enjoy this supersized episode and remember to rate, review and subscribe :D



Okay so for whatever reason it won’t let me post as an audio post anymore, and I’m sure it’s something to do with the tumblr update so here’s a link to the latest episode where we talk about all the big things this week with the entire crew! 

“Oceans” was the first track Jay Z recorded for his twelfth studio album Magna Carta… Holy Grail, which was released on July 4, 2013. Hov, Frank Ocean, and Pharrell Williams first worked on “Oceans” in early-2011 during the Watch the Throne sessions. When Kanye West heard the track—as well as the “Holy Grail” instrumental—he argued that it needed to be included on The Throne’s. A four day argument between the rappers ensued, with Jay standing firm in keeping them for a project he had tentatively titled Magna Carta. As a compromise he called Frank Ocean back to the studio, and the three would record “No Church in the Wild” and “Made in America” to replace the two MCHG tracks ‘Ye wanted.

On “Oceans” Jay and Frank reflect on the generational effects of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which forcibly shipped over 12-15 million African men, women, and children across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. Hov contemplates the lives of his enslaved ancestors, and powerfully juxtaposes it with his current situation: “Boat dock in front of Hermes picking cotton…” The rapper also delves into a theme of survival throughout his two verses, declaring that even with his back against the rope he has still learned how to float on the troubled waters of his family’s past.

In a Samsung promotional spot for the album, Hov gave an explanation of “Oceans” to Def Jam Recordings co-founder and “99 Problems” producer Rick Rubin: “It’s like me now, like no matter where I go in life and the things that I accomplish, when I walk in that room your past still comes in with you. You know, people talk like ‘Oh that guy, that’s the dealer from the projects.’ Then it’s back again to that duality, [the track] sounds like a celebration of where we are now—on some big yacht and throwing champagne on the water—but the undertow of that is this same water is the water that brought us here originally, as slaves. So it has this whole duality with us first as slaves, and how we are now re-writing history and the stories that we were told about the history of Americalike ‘I’m anti-Santa Maria’ and ‘the only Christopher we acknowledge is Wallace.’”

ultraanxiousartist  asked:

Wait so Europeans invented racism? Like this shouldn’t be a hard concept to grasp but here I am :/ (you can answer publicly or privately if you want)

the modern conception of race as we know it now didnt exist until fairly recently and as u know race is a social construct and not a biological or scientific thing. before i think around the 16th century there were certain divisions along ethnic groups and religions and shit but it wasnt the same as the concept of race we have now and race and racism were invented as justification for slavery and colonialism. before race the one of reasons to persecute/enslave people was religion. but because people can convert into a different religion european christians needed another reason so they turned to the idea of certain people having a bad bloodline that you cant convert out of. most of anti black racism today started because european colonialists wanted to colonize africa, treat africans like shit, take their resources and enslave them. to justify treating other human beings like shit and maximizing the profits they could make from colonialism they said they were biologically inferior. ALSO important note. before european colonialism and the trans atlantic slave trade slavery did exist in other countries including africa but it was completely different. most slaves became slaves when their village was conquered by another group or village and usually the children of people taken as slaves would be treated as any one else in that group. the european colonial concept of race changed that. after this concept of race had been established europeans started making up pseudo-scientific reasons for certain races being inferior like skull size etc etc. the modern concept of racism came into place because european colonialists wanted profit and wanted to exploit people. this would be longer and better worded but im kind of rushing bc im supposed to be doing school work right now. hope this helps tho and @ any of my followers/mutuals feel free to correct me if i messed something up im going off memory for most of this