the tangent universe

I'm gonna summarize the whole DC Multiverse AND NO ONE CAN STOP ME
  • Earth-0: The default universe where the New 52 takes place and stuff
  • Earth-1: You know those graphic novels written by J. Michael Straczynski, Geoff Johns, and Jeff Lemire that made new young versions of Superman, Batman, and the Teen Titans? That's where this is
  • The fact they all have "Earth One" in their titles also might've been a clue
  • Earth-2: It's where Earth 2 took place (hence the name)
  • It got destroyed by Darkseid, but now the Justice Society heroes have a NEW Earth 2
  • It's a whole thing
  • Earth-3: Good is evil, evil is good, and everyone's an asshole
  • Earth-4: Home to Grant Morrison's Watchmen homage starring the Charleton Comics characters. I like it more than the actual Watchmen because it doesn't have the Comedian.
  • Earth-5: Home to Captain Marvel. It's essentially a redone version of the Pre-Crisis Earth-S. Also everything is drawn by Cameron Stewart, and that's always a plus.
  • Earth-6: Home to Stan Lee's "Just Imagine" versions of the DC heroes. Also this Wonder Woman's design is awesome.
  • Earth-7: A reference to the Marvel Ultimate Universe. The Gentry destroyed it at the start of Multiversity, leaving only Thunderer alive. He's basically Aborigines Thor.
  • Earth-8: A reference to the normal Marvel Universe. The Hulk equivalent, Behemoth, is blue and wears a diaper.
  • I don't get it either.
  • Earth-9: Home to the Tangent Universe created by Dan Jurgens. The character's names are familiar, but their powers and appearances are different. For example, Harvey Dent is the Superman, a being of unmatched mental power. Green Lantern raises the dead. That kind of stuff.
  • Earth-10: Kal-L is raised by Hitler and helps conquer the world. Uncle Sam reemerges years later to kick his ass.
  • Earth-11: The gender swapped universe, with Superwoman, Batwoman, and Wonderous Man, who has a very spiffy cape.
  • Earth-12: Remember Batman The Animated Series, Justice League, and Batman Beyond? This is where all of that took place.
  • Earth-13: A universe where magic is the dominant power. The Superman equivalent here is Superdemon, who is basically Etrigan with Superman's powers. Which is awesome.
  • Earth-14: Unknown
  • Earth-15: It USED to be the perfect Earth until Superboy-Prime had a temper tantrum back in Countdown and blew it the f*ck up. Now all that's left is a Green Lantern battery called the Cosmic Grail.
  • Earth-16: Superman basically ended all crime right before he died and left his robot army to guard the planet, so the current generation of heroes are kinda bored.
  • Earth-17: Some dumbass pressed the big red button in 1963, and the world got nuked. Now the Atomic Knights of Justice have to ride their giant dogs around and try not to get killed by Darkseid.
  • Earth-18: A slightly different version of the Justice Riders universe. They have a telegraph Internet.
  • Earth-19: Home to the stories Batman: Gotham by Gaslight and Wonder Woman: Amazonia.
  • Earth-20: Home to Doc Fate and the Secret Society of Superheroes. Also I want to cosplay as Doc Fate or the Mighty Atom. Because they both look cool.
  • Earth-21: Home to the characters from A New Frontier by Darwyn Cooke.
  • Earth-22: Home of the characters from Mark Waid and Alex Ross' Kingdom Come. You should read it, by the way.
  • Earth-23: Where all the heroes are black and Batman's the token white guy. Also Superman is president.
  • Earths 24 and 25 are unknown.
  • Earth-26: Home of Captain Carrot and the Zoo Crew. It operates on cartoon physics.
  • Earth-27 and Earth-28 are unknown.
  • Earth-29: The Bizarroverse. It am not opposite of normal universe at all. It am completely normal.
  • Earth-30: Home of the characters from Superman: Red Son. Which I also recommend.
  • Earth-31: Everyone's a pirate.
  • Earth-32: Home of Aquaflash, Bat-Lantern, Wonderhawk, Black Arrow, and Supermartian.
  • Earth-33: The real world.
  • Earth-34: A reference to Astro City. Also Bruce Wayne was inspired by a stingray in this universe.
  • Earth-35: A reference to Image Comics' Supreme. Also Bruce was inspired by an owl this time.
  • Earth-36: Home to Justice 9, who are homages to Big Bang Comics. This Bruce was inspired by a suit of armor.
  • Earth-37: It starts as Batman: Thrillkiller, but then it gets really weird. I'm not sure what it becomes.
  • Earth-38: Where Superman and Batman: Generations takes place. The characters there age in real time.
  • Earth-39: A reference to T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents.
  • Earth-40: The evil version of Earth-20. Also Sinestro wears a very nice suit.
  • Earth-41: A reference to early Image Comics, although thankfully Liefeld isn't involved. Also I really like their Wonder Woman's design.
  • Earth-42: Full of adorable chibi version of the DC heroes and villains who are actually robot minions of the Empty Hand.
  • Earth-43: All the superheroes are vampires. Also this is the only other Earth besides Earth-3 to have an Ultraman instead of Superman.
  • Earth-44: All the heroes are robots.
  • Earth-45: Home of Superdoomsday, who is what happens when a clearly evil corporations turns Superman into an antihero.
  • Earth-46 is unknown.
  • Earth-47: Home to the Love Syndicate of Dreamworld (Sunshine Superman, Magic Lantern, and Speed Freak) Grant Morrison made in Animal Man years ago. Also home to Brother Power the Geek, a Bruce Wayne who was inspired by a shooting star, and Prez.
  • Earth-48: This world is basically every comic book cliche multiplied by a million. They have super-FOOD here, for crying out loud.
  • Earth-49 is unknown.
  • Earth-50: Remember the Justice Lords from that one episode of Justice League? This is where they're from.
  • Earth-51: Where all of Jack Kirby's DC creations live. Kamandi, OMAC, and the New Gods all live here.
  • And that's the multiverse.
So, listen...

The lady who voiced this Gem,

Also voiced this lady,

Who just happens to be a Selkie. So I’m not saying I want fanart of BD as a Selkie, I’m just saying the talented artists of the SU fandom are free to do with this trivia whatever they wish… selkie fanart selkie fanart selkie fanart

anonymous asked:

Since HomeWorld doesn't approve of different gem fusions (ex: ruby and sapphire), do you think this would extend to color variations of the same type of gem? (Ex: blue topaz and yellow topaz)

I think it’s mostly the mixing of Gem types, because it seems to come down to the fact that Gems have this kind of rigid, particular class system where each Gem type has a specific function, purpose, and station. Fusing between types creates something new which doesn’t fit into the system

I figure this, in part, because we’ve seen that some Gems of the same type are, essentially, the same person. So far, we’ve seen differently colored Pearls, Zircons, and Sapphires and even with the color difference, they have the same voice actor, same overall look, and same function (of course, Padparadscha’s function doesn’t work as it’s supposed to). So, were they to fuse, it wouldn’t really make someone new, it would probably be more similar to how Ruby described fusing with other Rubies - just herself, but bigger. 

The only differently colored Gems of the same type that we’ve met so far that don’t share these things are the Diamonds and Quartzes. For Quartzes, I think this is just because Quartz is an overall type that’s divided further into subtypes, kind of like Corundum - rubies and sapphires are both just different colored corundum but Rubies and Sapphires are distinctly different Gems (different voice, different look, different function), but there are some similarities between them - they’re the same height and their gem cuts are similar (just that Sapphires are triangles and Rubies are squares), which may indicate they are the same overall type but different subtypes, and they subtypes are what differentiate Gems. 

The subtype thing is pretty much necessary from a meta standpoint because a lot of gems are the same type even if they look very different, like amethysts, jaspers, rose quartzes, and agates are all quartz. To make them the same would be very restrictive from a creation standpoint. But the relation does seem to be relevant because all four varieties of quartzes we’ve seen so far have visual similarities. Amethysts, Rose Quartzes, Jaspers, and Agates are all clearly related, even though they have different voices and different (but related!) functions. I suppose this is not all that related, but I just got down that lane of thinking and thought I’d share

though something to consider is that, in Homeworld society, Fusion seems to largely just be a tool for fighting. We can see this from the Homeworld Gems we’ve seen fuse, Rubies being bodyguards, Topaz being an enforcer/containing captured Gems, etc (in Pearl’s hologram flashback in “Sworn to the Sword”, she seems to be fighting an Amethyst Fusion). Jasper talks about Fusion as just a way to make one stronger and Peridot calls Garnet a “war machine.” So it’s possible Fusion just isn’t done even with Gems of the same type, if the purpose isn’t to fight or make use of increased strength. 

So a Pearl, Zircon, or Sapphire would just have no reason to fuse because their function is not to fight or use force. Like, in “The Answer” Sapphire says that “of course” she’s never fused, but we know that, while rare Gems, there are other Sapphires (in “The Trial,” Blue Zircon asks about Pink Diamonds Sapphires). Originally, I always thought she said “of course” because there were very few Sapphires that she’d never have occasion to come across any, but now it seems like there are other Sapphires around, its just they don’t have reason to fuse so they wouldn’t.

Anyways, so I’m thinking that Gems of different colors but same type, of the kinds we’ve seen, they just plain wouldn’t be fusing to being with and thus would already be violating Homeworld policy, if on a much less serious level than fusing with another type

The Key To Understanding Donnie Darko

The Philosophy of Time Travel

Chapter One: The Tangent Universe

The Primary Universe is fraught with great peril. War, plague, famine, and natural disaster are common.

Death comes to us all. The Fourth Dimension of Time is a stable construct, though it is not impenetrable.

Incidents when the fabric of the Fourth Dimension becomes corrupted are incredibly rare.

If a Tangent Universe occurs, it will be highly unstable, sustaining itself for no longer than several weeks.

Eventually it will collapse upon itself, forming a black hole within the Primary Universe capable of destroying all existence.

Chapter Two: Water And Metal

Water and Metal are the key elements of Time Travel.

Water is the barrier element for the construction of Time Portals used as gateways between Universes as the Tangent Vortex.

Metal is the transitional element for the construction of Artifact Vessels.

Chapter Four: The Artifact And The Living

When a Tangent Universe occurs, those living nearest to the Vortex, will find themselves at the epicenter of a dangerous new world.

Artifacts provide the first sign that a Tangent Universe has occurred.

If an Artifact occurs, the Living will retrieve it with great interest and curiosity.

Artifacts are formed from metal, such as an Arrowhead from ancient Mayan civilization, or a Metal Sword from Medieval Europe.

Artifacts returned to the Primary Universe are often linked to religious Iconography, as their appearance on Earth seems to defy logical explanation.

Divine intervention is deemed the only logical conclusion for the appearance of the Artifact.

Chapter Six: The Living Receiver

The Living Receiver is chosen to guid the Artifact into position for its journey back to the Primary Universe.

No one knows how or why a Receiver will be chosen.

The Living Receiver is often blessed with a Fourth Dimensional Powers.

These include increased strength, telekinesis, mind control, and the ability to conjure fire and water.

The Living Receiver is often tormented by terrifying dreams, visions and auditory hallucinations during his time within the Tangent Universe.

These surrounding the Living Receiver, known as the Manipulated, will fear him and try to destroy him.

Chapter Seven: The Manipulated Living

The Manipulated Living are often the close friends and neighbors of the Living Receiver.

They are prone to irrational, bizarre, and often violent behavior.

This is the unfortunate result of their task, which is to assist the Living Receiver in returning the Artifact to the Primary Universe.

The Manipulated Living will do anything to save themselves from Oblivion.

Chapter Nine: Ensurance Trap

The Manipulated Dead will set an Ensurance Trap.

The Living Receiver must ensure the fate of all mankind.

Chapter Ten: The Manipulated Dead

The Manipulated Dead are more powerful than the Living Receiver. If a person dies within the Tangent Dimension, they are able to contact the Living Receiver through the Fourth Dimensional Construct.

The Fourth Dimensional Construct is made of Water.

The Manipulated Dead will manipulate the Living Receiver using the Fourth Dimensional Construct (see Appendix A and B).

The Manipulated Dead will often set an Ensurance Trap for the Living Receiver to ensure that the Artifact is returned safely to the Primary Universe.

If the Ensurance Trap is successful, the Living Receiver is left with no choice but to use his Fourth Dimensional Power to send the Artifact back in time into the Primary Universe before the Black Hole collapses upon itself.

Chapter Twelve: Dreams

When the Manipulated awaken from their Journey into the Tangent Universe, they are often haunted by the experience in their dreams.

Many of them will not remember.
Those who do remember the Journey are often overcome with profound remorse for the regretful actions buried within their Dreams, the only physical evidence buried within the Artifact itself, all that remains from the lost world.

Ancient myth tells us of the Mayan Warrior killed by an Arrowhead that had fallen from a cliff, where there was no Army, no enemy to be found.

We are told of the Medieval Knight mysteriously impaled by sword he had not yet built.

We are told that these things occur for a reason.

Living Receiver:

Donnie Darko

Manipulated Dead:

Frank Anderson
Gretchen Ross

Manipulated Living:

Edward Darko
Rose Darko
Elizabeth Darko
Samantha Darko
Katherine Farmer
Elisabeth Farmer
Jim Cunningham
Kenneth Monnitoff
Karen Pomeroy
Larry Cole
Cherita Chen
Seth Devlin
Ricky Danforth
Joanie James
Susan Bates
Susan Bailey
Sean Smith
Leroy Jones Carter
Linda Connie
Roberta Sparrow

Okay, so after seeing Gem Drill, I have to admit I did really love the way that Steven ultimately ended up ending the situation passively. It’s what he’s always done, and having the Cluster ultimately broken up and reduced once again to shards feels kinda out of character for how empathetic Steven usually is. But while this was a satisfying and very emotional conclusion to the Cluster arc, I don’t really think this was the end for the Cluster per say.

Steven Universe as a show has never really left anything forgotten about. Malachite was a very serious threat, even when it was still trapped underneath the Ocean all the way back at the end of Season 1. So I have a pretty strong feeling that we won’t forget about the Cluster anytime soon, or at the very least it’s going to serve some other purpose than ripping the planet apart.

Now that Malachite’s been dealt with, Jasper’s missing, and Lapis is presumably no longer posing an antagonist role against the Crystal Gems (like she did in Ocean Gem), and the Cluster is bubbled, the next big threat is most likely Yellow Diamond. Who I imagine is rather upset that her gigantic Geo Weapon was never fully brought to fruition. And with Peridot now on the run from Homeworld, I’m guessing Yellow Diamond’s going to break earth apart herself, piece by piece. And she won’t be coming with just one ship. Given her importance, odds are she’ll bring an armada of ships on par (if not better) than Peridot’s. And the gems couldn’t do a thing against that. So, if Yellow Diamond does come to Earth, bringing the greatest and latest Gem tech that Homeworld has to offer, the Crystal Gems are pretty much screwed at this point.

But then there’s still the Cluster.

Now, the Cluster’s been germinating in the Earth for thousands of years now, and it’s been safely trapped within a bubble, permanently keeping it in stasis where it can do no harm, and that’s exactly where we want it to be. But what can you do with a bubble?

You can Teleport it.

Generally to the Gem Temple, but I’m assuming this technique predates the creation of the Crystal Gem Temple, so presumably you can send these things anywhere, possibly even outside of Earth’s orbit, where the bubble can be safely popped, and the Cluster can emerge in a manner that isn’t dangerous to the Earth. We know it’ll take time for Yellow Diamond to arrive on Earth via long distance space travel, roughly the time it took Peridot (if not faster.) But during that time, the Cluster’s going to communicate. Billions upon billions of shards learning, speaking, and expressing themselves to one another. And it’s been noted multiple times by Garnet, as well as others, that communication is an important factor of a healthy fusion, much like a relationship. And the cluster right now is essentially the largest poly relationship on the planet. Should the time come where the Crystal Gems need to ask the Cluster for help, and ultimately pop the bubble; it may even emerge as a healthy fusion, with a unified consciousness, better and healthier than anything Yellow Diamond could’ve hot glued together, and all because of Steven.

TL;DR: The Gems are now in a position where the Cluster could be their ally rather than a threat to the Earth, and I believe that the Cluster will ultimately help fend off Yellow Diamond’s forces, when the time comes.

Side note on Joaquin High Noon PotG: 

This means Matt Mercer absolutely exists in this tangent universe. There is an infinitesimal chance that Joaquin’s thoughts drifted to popular DnD podcast “Critical Role” when confronted with magic elf wizard Taako Adventurezone

Entry 613

I Grow Weary Of This Journal But My Descent Into A Plagueful Tormentor Must Be Documented No Matter How Grueling And Grotesque My Visage And Actions Become. Youngest Gremlin, Todd Howard Puncher Jr, Went Spelunkeng As Usual But Discovered A Cavern Full Of Mangled Cadavers. Upon Query I Could Only Silent And Croak. Too Ashamed To Admit Who Is Respansible. I Am Appalling In Nature And Horrid. My Disposition Grows Moar Sinister Every And Each Day And I Cannot Describe Many Of Recent Actions, Despite My Previous Statement. My Gremlins Are None The Wiser And Have Not Noticed My Increasing Predation. There Are Those Tat Wander Into The Bog And Are Never Seen Again. Piles and Piles Of Wanderers. S'carb Graduated Kindergarten And Is Now Carrying Pots And Pans For Seymour In The Dunes. I Am Proud Of The Boy. I Devoured The Lungbeast Of the Tundra. I Know This Will Cause Disturbance. A Foolish Action. I Irritate The Very Fibres Of My Cosmic Being And The Results Are Not In My Omnipresent Knowledge. I Grow In Power But Have Ruptured Tangents In The Universes That Exist And Wil Exist. The Tangents Are Become A Winding Hag Whose Shreiks Sound In My Eardrumbs Like Ringing Steel. I Have Fear. Slupp


“Why are you wearing that stupid bunny suit?”
“Why are you wearing that stupid man suit…”
The tangent universe to one side this ensemble is world destroyingly good. Tired of seeing the endless ocean of black tuxedos at these black tie events mixed in with the occasional James Bond wannabe white tux I decided to shakes things up a little.

Searching the bowels of fashion and selling my soul to satan to find my exact vision of a jacket. A velvet Midnight blue paisley tuxedo jacket. I wanted to be the blue velvet bunny rabbit people will be having nightmares and dreams about for weeks to come. The women with trembling knees and fantasies of what was under the mask and under the suit and the men with late night dreams of being chased by a 6 foot Harvey man.

I was a little ambitious of course but when else can you be? Women wanted to touch it, men wanted to own it, other people probably wanted to lick it (because you always get the one weirdo.)

Even though I can’t say for sure I saw everyone there that night I believe I didn’t see any other blue velvet jackets at the mascarade ball and I certainly didn’t see any other bunny masks so I call that a successful night.

And I’m sure that many other rabbits may have been brought out of the bedside drawer later that night. Picturing all the nasty things Harvey might have done to them whilst grabbing on to those tall ears after seeing me in that jacket…

what i learned today:
-HOW flirty exactly “i like my doctors clean shaven” sounds
-“rosamund mary” is an anagram for “murderous anus”
-the bbc character bios are 👀 interesting
-we are inside a tangent universe like in donnie darko and one of us has to open a portal and send the loch ness monster prop back in time
-i should really write that doctor k*nk fic already
-john is beautiful and sherlock will tell him (i already knew this but its still important)

“schrödinger said, at its base level, the universe isn’t made up of physical matter, but just shapes. a shape, you know? nothing firm. even if we’re not real, we represent a dynamic: a tiny finger tracing a line in the infinite - a shape. and then we’re gone.”

“she wanted you to know that, if you were a shape, you were a straight line: an arrow.”

root was never meant to be the immortal one. shaw was.

root hated people because they always let her down and betrayed each other, which is why she melted for shaw: shaw is unyielding and unswerving. she is true to herself and doesn’t bend for anyone when it came to the important things. root could depend on shaw’s heart and her strength of conviction. shaw is the straight line - without sides or corners, stretching out into infinity and stopping for no one.

“an arrow.” it was root’s way of saying “i love you,” i think, to someone who doesn’t truly understand just how immense that simple phrase can be. root hides behind pick-up lines, because shaw can accept the detached playfulness of them without feeling like root is getting too close.

so, root spoke about the science of the universe. she was building shaw up; she knew shaw would understand the science of the universe long before she’d ever understand the feelings within it. shaw isn’t stupid, but “love” is just a word to her; she doesn’t comprehend it with the same depth of understanding that most people do. shapes, though, she can picture shapes making up the universe like some sort of celestial jigsaw puzzle. and she can understand what it means when someone says that, of all the people making up infinite shapes in the universe, SHE is the straight line - the arrow that never diverts from its path.

this is root’s “i love you.”
root was in love with who shaw really was, so she said her “i love you” in a language her love could hear. i think she started weaving that image of the universe knowing she might not be the one to finish painting the picture, and that breaks my heart, especially when i think about shaw realizing why root was going off on one of her mad tangents about the universe: she was doing it for shaw - to tell her something.

anonymous asked:

Okay, since the theme of SU is about being whatever you want, do you think Steven might not end up as the new leader of the CGs. I remember you saying in an earlier post that Steven doesn't want some of the things his mother did. If that's show, then what do you think Steven will do for his life, like as a career?

It’s interesting that in general Steven does not seem to have too lofty ambitions really about himself. In Steven’s Birthday when he’s actively worried about the future he suggests that he expects Connie to do something incredible, but hasn’t quite thought things through for himself besides that he’d like to stay close to Connie (“When Connie’s president, what will that make me? First boy?”)

Part of it is, I think Steven has always taken it for granted that his “destiny” is to try and fill Rose’s figurative shoes- to go on and become a Good Crystal Gem ™ and that’s going to be his life. Not enough people have told him what Bismuth did- that he doesn’t have to be like Rose. He doesn’t have to agree with Rose or follow that path. 

He might not even end up really staying an explicit Crystal Gem. 

I guess I keep thinking about the short with Steven reacting to the Crying Breakfast Friends episode where what ultimately happened was both factions took the best of each of them and formed something else together. The point wasn’t that one of them needed to all convert to the other- neither of them were really perfect on their own. And this reflects a standoff that I think the fandom often ignores:

We were initially introduced to the Crystal Gems’ good qualities, and Homeworld’s flaws. And neither of those are lying. But what we’re beginning to understand as we explore the show more is we see the Crystal Gems’ flaws and Homeworld’s good qualities. If we don’t define Homeworld as evil, we can’t define the Crystal Gems- who mainly, oppose Homeworld- as Good because they’re against Homeworld.

At this point Homeworld and the Crystal Gems both have fairly serious problems.

Keep reading

This is for @pearlapisbomb prompt two: Firsts/Healing. I actually could not decide which one I wanted to do, let alone what I was drawing for that said prompt. I realized that these two could actually go hand in hand with one and another. This is how I imagine what lead up to this: Pearl and Lapis have formed Angelite before, but that was only because they had to in order to save Steven from danger. Afterwards the two continue to be indifferent of each other, but curiosity on both of them creeps in. With some help from the others the two begin to understand each other. It was not easy but they managed. With no any immediate danger in sight, eventually both fused together in Angelite on their own terms. Pearl always making sure Lapis was okay and comforted her if she had any triggers, which at that moment Lapis realizes how beautiful and healthy fusions can be (I have a head canon that Jasper was her first time) and how she is finally with someone who respects her well being. Pearl heals Lapis. Pearl finally has a sense of purpose, helping someone in need without any sort of nuance of “mistress and servant”. For once Pearl has a more healthy, not clingy mindset; for that Lapis heals Pearl. In that exact moment this is their first hug.

Got off into a little tangent! 


ARIES: you can be the wolf even if you don’t find your pack 

TAURUS: you are stuck between heaven and hell. make a choice. 

GEMINI: the voices are real but they are not telling the truth. 

AQUARIUS: a leap of faith is required. do not forget your parachute. 

PISCES: in a tangent universe, you are everything you say you are not. remember that. 

LEO: put down the bottle. 

VIRGO: if you had a gun; .

CANCER: your wrists are holy, please stop hurting them.

SCORPIO: the number of letters in your name are lucky for her. 

CAPRICORN: jesus was a capricorn. 

SAGITTARIUS: stop braiding hair into nooses. 

LIBRA: your last poem will be written in blood.

The Philosophy of Time Travel


I would like to thank the sisters of the Saint John Chapel in Alexandria, Virginia for their support in my decision. By the grace of God, they are:

  • Sister Eleanor Lewis
  • Sister Francesca Godiani
  • Sister Helen Davis
  • Sister Catherine Arnold
  • Sister Mary Lee Pond
  • Sister Virginia Wessex

This intent of this short book is for it to be used as a simple and direct guide in a time of great danger.

I pray that this is merely a work of fiction.

If it is not, then I pray for you, the reader of this book.

If I am still alive when the events foretold in these pages occur, then I hope that you will find me before it is too late.

Roberta Ann Sparrow 
October, 1944

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