Leonora Carrington (1917-2011) was an
English-born Mexican painter and author, and an important representative of the
Surrealist movement in the country. She was also very active in the women’s
liberation movement during the 1970s.
She lived in multiple
countries throughout her life, including France, Spain, and the United States,
but Mexico was the one she loved the most and where she spent a considerable
amount of time. Her paintings are inspired by magical realism and symbolism,
and female sexuality was an important theme. Her 1973 work Mujeres Conciencia was a powerful symbol of the women’s movement in
Dorothea Tanning (1910-2012)
was an American artist working in a variety of mediums, such as painting,
sculpture, and printmaking. She was an important representative of the
Her only formal training consisted of three weeks at the
Chicago Academy of Fine Art. Despite this, her work was highly appreciated and
shown at galleries around the world. Today, her art can be seen in places such
as Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris or the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
The piece illustrated above is a 1942 self-portrait entitled Birthday.
Music while writing: Red Hot Chili Peppers “Give It Away”, ELO “Don’t Bring Me Down”, Talking Heads “Take Me to the River”
Anonymous said: hi i love the inquisitive snake please write more ps: i’m demi so thx for wrting somthing i dont have to transform while reading
Thank you all for the response of this series so far. I hope you all keep reading. I really appreciate it.
It had been a few days since I had last talked to Y/N - some gentle waves in the hallway occurred but that was about it.
I did however give Ricky some pictures of the gang and me. Veronica was fine for covering for her, Archie and Kevin. Even if there was a discount. And while a club in Midvale wasn’t exactly up my alley, I knew a night out with my friends was needed. That didn’t however stop my curiosity and thoughts of Y/N.
Leonora Carrington OBE (6 April 1917 – 25 May 2011) was an English-born Mexican artist, surrealist painter, and novelist. She lived most of her adult life in Mexico City, and was one of the last surviving participants in the Surrealist movement of the 1930s.
Leonora Carrington was also a founding member of the Women’s Liberation Movement in Mexico during the 1970s
Following the escape to Lisbon, Carrington arranged passage out of Europe with Renato Leduc, a Mexican Ambassador. Leduc was a friend of Pablo Picasso, and agreed to marry Carrington just for the travel arrangements.
Events from this period continued to inform her work. She lived and worked in Mexico after spending part of the 1960s in New York City.
While in Mexico, she was asked, in 1963, to create a mural which she named El Mundo Magico de los Mayas, and which was influenced by folk stories from the region.
The mural is now located in the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City.
Carrington designed Mujeres conscienscia (1973), a poster, for the Women’s Liberation movement in Mexico, depicting a ‘new eve’.
Carrington, personally and primarily focused on psychic freedom, understood that such freedom could not be achieved until political freedom is also accomplished.
Through these beliefs, Carrington understood that “greater cooperation and sharing of knowledge between politically active women in Mexico and North America” was important for emancipation.
Carrington’s political commitment led to her winning the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Women’s Caucus for Art convention in New York in 1986.
I didn’t have time to be anyone’s muse… I was too busy rebelling against my family and learning to be an artist.
Gherasim Luca was a key member of the Romanian Surrealist movement. He contributed not only with poems, prose and a play, but also with collages (“cubomanies”) and Surrealist objects (the so-called “OOO” - “Objectively Offered Objects”).
Toyen - Tous les éléments (Les quatre éléments)  by Gandalf Via Flickr: Painted in 1950, Tous les éléments is a rare and notable painting by Toyen (1902 - 1980), who was the founder of the Czech Surrealist group, as well as a member of the international Surrealist movement. Having studied at the School of Applied Arts in her native Prague, from the mid-1920s Toyen (Marie Cermínová) made occasional trips to Paris, where she met André Breton, Paul Eluard and other Surrealist artists and writers. In 1947 Toyen travelled to Paris on the occasion of an exhibition of her work organised by the Denise René gallery; the exhibition was held during the summer of that year and the introduction to the catalogue was written by Breton. In view of the political situation in her country Toyen decided to stay in France, where she became a member of the Paris Surrealist group, participating in many group exhibitions as well as private events.
[Sotheby’s. London - Oil on canvas, 70.8 x 106.5 cm]
Schocking de Schiaparelli / Vintage perfume advertisement
Shocking was created by Jean Carles in 1937 and was named after the shade of hot pink that Elsa Schiaparelli created for her collections. Schiaparelli was known for actively embracing the surrealist movement and a lot of her creations took inspiration from Dadaism so it stands to reason that her most famous fragrance is bold, beautiful and unconventional.
Rene Magritte is a visionary of the surrealist movement but id hate so much of his art if he’d done it today.. i really love a lot of his stuff especially the portraits of coffins but his art is so stiff which is kind of grating to look at. and surrealism is hard to do in a way that feels genuine, its a genre of art thats trying to be weird but if that feels forced it irritates me.. Remedios Varo’s art is stiff and flows at the same time i think shes fantastic
i read a lot about art as well as women’s places in sub-movements and what not so i wanted to compile a little list of notable books i’ve read about the intersection of those things, in case it interests you at all cause it does me. some of these take on an explicitly feminist perspective while others are more objective and “historical”/ devoid of political introspection- both narratives interest me. (if this seems at all crude or without nuance it’s because i’m just a book store clerk and not an academic, lol) :
Danger! Women Artists at Workby Debra N. Mancoff - fun and full of color photos, nice for a coffee table reader or for a broad look at the canon of female work, doesn’t going into the specific histories. Mancoff is an accomplished author of art though- a body of work worth looking through.
Women of the Left Bank and Paris Was a Woman are a little less focused on a visual art historical perspective but are both some of my favorites because i adore portraits of the paris scene in the early 20th century- the women in these groups were incredible, the second takes on a bit of a lesbian/ non het women angle which is great
(i told you there were a lot of books about surrealist women) Surrealism and Women- i like the format of this one, 16 collected essays, i’m including it because it contains Rudolf Kuenzli (author of Marcel Duchamp: Artist of the Century, a book i love) essay “surrealism and misogyny” which is an interesting as it is truly wild. ahaha
An Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the American West - about as comprehensive and informative as you can get, literally a compiled dictionary of over a thousand female artists from around the 1840s to 1980- amazing and a must have. so much research involved with this project. such an essential resource.
Art and Feminism by Helena Reckitt - valuable resource which spans around four decades of the works and artists informed by feminist theory and perspective.
Women Artists: An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller - like some others i have listed, this one is sweeping and more of an encyclopedia/ coffee table of female artists, would be ideal as an entry point
Japanese Women Artists, 1600-1900 by Patricia Fister - i don’t know a lot about the history of female art narratives in japan, so this one might be a broad- but i really enjoyed it as an introduction into these histories
i’m surely forgetting some- but i hope this was at least a little of interest!
With Salvador Dalí as its figurehead, the great ship of Surrealism traversed the turbulent seas of the early twentieth century with sails billowing with dreams and desires. Inspired by the psychoanalytical practice of Sigmund Freud, the Surrealists championed the unconscious as the domain of truth, uninhibited by the standards or expectations of society.
With techniques ranging from hypnotism to nocturnal walks to automatic writing, the likes of André Breton, Max Ernst, Brassaï, and Meret Oppenheim produced paintings, drawings, texts, and films in which they sought to excavate their most intimate and primal instincts. The results abound with sexual fantasies, with mysterious, menacing creatures, and with the juxtaposition of seemingly contradictory objects or ideas.
This book introduces the origins and the sensational legacy of the Surrealist movement, one of the most profound and enduring influences on film, theatre, literature, art, and thought.
Featured artists: Hans Arp, André Breton, Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, Alberto Giacometti, Paul Klee, René Magritte, André Masson, Matta, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Meret Oppenheim, Yves Tanguy
This extensive volume uncovers Dali’s influences, artistic development, and legacy, offering unprecedented access inside the world of the man behind the mustache. Through astute analysis of Dali’s work and how the events of his time converged with his drive to become a legend, this volume examines one of the most significant contributors to twentieth-century art. Although recognized primarily as a painter, Dali experimented with a wide range of media. This comprehensive review includes the literature, photography, film, and sculpture that influenced and was created by Dali throughout his career, from paintings such as The Persistence of Memory, to the icons of the surrealist movement such as the Mae West Lips Sofa and the Lobster Telephone, to short film collaborations with Luis Buñuel. The author offers insight into this undisputed genius, charting Dali’s progression as an artist and controversial public figure, and demonstrating his influence on contemporary artists such as Warhol, Koons, and Murakami.
Frida Kahlo de Rivera(Spanish
pronunciation: [ˈfɾiða ˈkalo]; July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954), born Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón, was a Mexican painter who is best known for her self-portraits.
Kahlo’s life began and ended in Mexico City, in her home known as the Blue House. Her work has been celebrated in Mexico as emblematic of national and indigenous tradition, and by feminists for its uncompromising depiction of the female experience and form.
Mexican culture and Amerindian cultural tradition are important in her work, which has been sometimes characterized as naïve art or folk art. Her work has also been described as surrealist, and in 1938 André Breton, principal initiator of the surrealist movement, described Kahlo’s art as a “ribbon around a bomb”. Frida rejected the “surrealist” label; she believed that her work reflected more of her reality than her dreams.
Kahlo had a volatile marriage with the famous Mexican artist Diego Rivera. She suffered lifelong health problems, many caused by a traffic accident she survived as a teenager. Recovering from her injuries isolated her from other people, and this isolation influenced her works, many of which are self-portraits of one sort or another. Kahlo suggested, “I paint myself because I am so often alone and because I am the subject I know best.” She also stated, “I was born a bitch. I was born a painter."