the simplest form

Lisa Lawrence’s Archetypes and Symbols List

Archetypes and Symbols


1. The Quest – This motif describes the search for someone or some talisman which, when found and brought back, will restore fertility to a wasted land, the desolation of which is mirrored by a leader’s illness and disability.

2. The Task – This refers to a possibly superhuman feat that must be accomplished in order to fulfill the ultimate goal.

3. The Journey – The journey sends the hero in search for some truth of information necessary to restore fertility, justice, and/or harmony to the kingdom. The journey includes the series of trials and tribulations the hero faces along the way. Usually the hero descends into a real or psychological hell and is forced to discover the blackest truths, quite often concerning his faults. Once the hero is at this lowest level, he must accept personal responsibility to return to the world of the living.

4. The Initiation – This situation refers to a moment, usually psychological, in which an individual comes into maturity. He or she gains a new awareness into the nature of circumstances and problems and understands his or her responsibility for trying to resolve the dilemma. Typically, a hero receives a calling, a message or signal that he or she must make sacrifices and become responsible for getting involved in the problem. Often a hero will deny and question the calling and ultimately, in the initiation, will accept responsibility.

5. The Ritual – Not to be confused with the initiation, the ritual refers to an organized ceremony that involves honored members of a given community and an Initiate. This situation officially brings the young man or woman into the realm of the community’s adult world.

6. The Fall – Not to be confused with the awareness in the initiation, this archetype describes a descent in action from a higher to a lower state of being, an experience which might involve defilement, moral imperfection, and/or loss of innocence. This fall is often accompanied by expulsion from a kind of paradise as penalty for disobedience and/or moral transgression.

7. Death and Rebirth – The most common of all situational archetypes, this motif grows out of the parallel between the cycle of nature and the cycle of life. It refers to those situations in which someone or something, concrete and/or metaphysical dies, yet is accompanied by some sign of birth or rebirth.

8. Nature vs. Mechanistic World – Expressed in its simplest form, this refers to situations which suggest that nature is good whereas the forces of technology are bad.

9. Battle Between Good and Evil – These situations pit obvious forces which represent good and evil against one another; typically, good ultimately triumphs over evil despite great odds.

10. The Unhealable Wound – This wound, physical or psychological, cannot be healed fully. This would also indicate a loss of innocence or purity. Often the wounds’ pain drives the sufferer to desperate measures of madness.

11. The Magic Weapon – Sometimes connected with the task, this refers to a skilled individual hero’s ability to use a piece of technology in order to combat evil, continue a journey, or to prove his or her identity as a chosen individual.

12. Father-Son Conflict – Tension often results from separation during childhood or from an external source when the individuals meet as men and where the mentor often has a higher place in the affections of the hero than the natural parent. Sometimes the conflict is resolved in atonement.

13. Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity – Some characters exhibit wisdom and understanding intuitively as opposed to those supposedly in charge.


1. Light vs. Darkness – Light usually suggests hope, renewal, OR intellectual illumination; darkness implies the unknown, ignorance, or despair.

2. Water vs. Desert – Because water is necessary to life and growth, it commonly appears as a birth or rebirth symbol. Water is used in baptism services, which solemnizes spiritual births. Similarly, the appearance of rain in a work of literature can suggest a character’s spiritual birth.

3. Heaven vs. Hell – Humanity has traditionally associated parts of the universe not accessible to it with the dwelling places of the primordial forces that govern its world. The skies and mountaintops house its gods; the bowels of the earth contain the diabolic forces that inhabit its universe.

4. Haven vs. Wilderness – Places of safety contrast sharply against the dangerous wilderness. Heroes are often sheltered for a time to regain health and resources.

5. Supernatural Intervention – The gods intervene on the side of the hero or sometimes against him.

6. Fire vs. Ice – Fire represents knowledge, light, life, and rebirth while ice like desert represents ignorance, darkness, sterility, and death.

7. Colors

A. Black (darkness) – chaos, mystery, the unknown, before existence, death, the unconscious, evil

B. Red – blood, sacrifice; violent passion, disorder, sunrise, birth, fire, emotion, wounds, death, sentiment, mother, Mars, the note C, anger, excitement, heat, physical stimulation

C. Green – hope, growth, envy, Earth, fertility, sensation, vegetation, death, water, nature, sympathy, adaptability, growth, Jupiter and Venus, the note G, envy

D. White (light) – purity, peace, innocence, goodness, Spirit, morality, creative force, the direction East, spiritual thought

E. Orange – fire, pride, ambition, egoism, Venus, the note D

F. Blue – clear sky, the day, the sea, height, depth, heaven, religious feeling, devotion, innocence, truth, spirituality, Jupiter, the note F, physical soothing and cooling

G. Violet – water, nostalgia, memory, advanced spirituality, Neptune, the note B

H. Gold – Majesty, sun, wealth, corn (life dependency), truth

I. Silver – Moon, wealth

8. Numbers:

A. Three – the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Ghost); Mind, Body, Spirit, Birth, Life, Death

B. Four – Mankind (four limbs), four elements, four seasons

C. Six – devil, evil

D. Seven – Divinity (3) + Mankind (4) = relationship between man and God, seven deadly sins, seven days of week, seven days to create the world, seven stages of civilization, seven colors of the rainbow, seven gifts of Holy Spirit.

9. Shapes:

A. Oval – woman, passivity

B. Triangle – communication, between heaven and earth, fire, the number 3, trinity, aspiration, movement upward, return to origins, sight, light

C. Square – pluralism, earth, firmness, stability, construction, material solidity, the number four

D. Rectangle – the most rational, most secure

E. Cross – the Tree of life, axis of the world, struggle, martyrdom, orientation in space

F. Circle – Heaven, intellect, thought, sun, the number two, unity, perfection, eternity, oneness, celestial realm, hearing, sound

G. Spiral – the evolution of the universe, orbit, growth, deepening, cosmic motion, relationship between unity and multiplicity, macrocosm, breath, spirit, water

10. Nature:

A. Air – activity, creativity, breath, light, freedom (liberty), movement

B. Ascent – height, transcendence, inward journey, increasing intensity

C. Center – thought, unity, timelessness, spacelessness, paradise, creator, infinity,

D. Descent – unconscious, potentialities of being, animal nature

E. Duality – Yin-Yang, opposites, complements, positive-negative, male-female, life-death

F. Earth – passive, feminine, receptive, solid

G. Fire – the ability to transform, love, life, health, control, sun, God, passion, spiritual energy, regeneration

H. Lake – mystery, depth, unconscious

I. Crescent moon – change, transition

J. Mountain – height, mass, loftiness, center of the world, ambition, goals

K. Valley – depression, low-points, evil, unknown

L. Sun – Hero, son of Heaven, knowledge, the Divine eye, fire, life force, creative-guiding force, brightness, splendor, active awakening, healing, resurrection, ultimate wholeness

M. Water – passive, feminine

N. Rivers/Streams – life force, life cycle

O. Stars – guidance

P. Wind – Holy Spirit, life, messenger

Q. Ice/Snow – coldness, barrenness

R. Clouds/Mist – mystery, sacred

S. Rain – life giver

T. Steam – transformation to the Holy Spirit

U. Cave – feminine

V. Lightning – intuition, inspiration

W. Tree – where we learn, tree of life, tree of knowledge

X. Forest – evil, lost, fear

11. Objects:

A. Feathers – lightness, speed

B. Shadow – our dark side, evil, devil

C. Masks – concealment

D. Boats/Rafts – safe passage

E. Bridge – change, transformation

F. Right hand – rectitude, correctness

G. Left hand – deviousness

H. Feet – stability, freedom

I. Skeleton – mortality

J. Heart – love, emotions

K. Hourglass – the passage of time


1. The Hero – In its simplest form, this character is the one ultimately who may fulfill a necessary task and who will restore fertility, harmony, and/or justice to a community. The hero character is the one who typically experiences an initiation, who goes the community’s ritual (s), et cetera. Often he or she will embody characteristics of YOUNG PERSON FROM THE PROVINCES, INITIATE, INNATE WISDOM, PUPIL, and SON.

2. Young Person from the Provinces – This hero is taken away as an infant or youth and raised by strangers. He or she later returns home as a stranger and able to recognize new problems and new solutions.

3. The Initiates – These are young heroes who, prior to the quest, must endure some training and ritual. They are usually innocent at this stage.

4. Mentors – These individuals serve as teachers or counselors to the initiates. Sometimes they work as role models and often serve as father or mother figure. They teach by example the skills necessary to survive the journey and quest.

5. Hunting Group of Companions – These loyal companions are willing to face any number of perils in order to be together.

6. Loyal Retainers – These individuals are like the noble sidekicks to the hero. Their duty is to protect the hero. Often the retainer reflects the hero’s nobility.

7. Friendly Beast –These animals assist the hero and reflect that nature is on the hero’s side.

8. The Devil Figure – This character represents evil incarnate. He or she may offer worldly goods, fame, or knowledge to the protagonist in exchange for possession of the soul or integrity. This figure’s main aim is to oppose the hero in his or her quest.

9. The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart – This redeemable devil figure (or servant to the devil figure) is saved by the hero’s nobility or good heart.

10. The Scapegoat – An animal or more usually a human whose death, often in a public ceremony, excuses some taint or sin that has been visited upon the community. This death often makes theme more powerful force to the hero.

11. The Outcast – This figure is banished from a community for some crime (real or imagined). The outcast is usually destined to become a wanderer.

12. The Earth Mother – This character is symbolic of fulfillment, abundance, and fertility; offers spiritual and emotional nourishment to those who she contacts; often depicted in earth colors, with large breasts and hips.

13. The Temptress – Characterized by sensuous beauty, she is one whose physical attraction may bring about the hero’s downfall.

14. The Platonic Ideal – This source of inspiration often is a physical and spiritual ideal for whom the hero has an intellectual rather than physical attraction.

15. The Unfaithful Wife – This woman, married to a man she sees as dull or distant, is attracted to a more virile or interesting man.

16. The Damsel in Distress – This vulnerable woman must be rescued by the hero. She also may be used as a trap, by an evil figure, to ensnare the hero.

17. The Star-Crossed Lovers – These two characters are engaged in a love affair that is fated to end in tragedy for one or both due to the disapproval of society, friends, family, or the gods.

18. The Creature of Nightmare – This monster, physical or abstract, is summoned from the deepest, darkest parts of the human psyche to threaten the lives of the hero/heroine. Often it is a perversion or desecration of the human body.


The following list of patterns comes from the book How to Read Literature Like a Professor by Thomas C. Foster who teaches at the University of Michigan. If you are serious about literary analysis, then it is highly recommended that you buy this book. It goes into detail what is just briefly mentioned and is written in such a lively, witty voice that it does not read like a textbook at all! It will be well worth your time and effort to read it.

Ø  Trips tend to become quests to discover self.

Ø  Meals together tend to be acts of communion/community or isolation.

Ø  Ghosts, vampires, monsters, and nasty people and sometimes simply the antagonists are not about supernatural brew-ha-ha; they tend to depict some sort of exploitation.

Ø  There’s only one story. Look for allusions and archetypes.

Ø  Weather matters.

Ø  Violence and be both literal and figurative.

Ø  Symbols can be objects, images, events, and actions.

Ø  Sometimes a story is meant to change us, the readers, and through us change society.

Ø  Keep an eye out for Christ-figures.

Ø  Flying tends to represent freedom. What do you think falling represents?

Ø  Getting dunked or just sprinkled in something wet tends to be a baptism.

Ø  Geography tends to be a metaphor for the psyche.

Ø  Seasons tend to be traditional symbols.

Ø  Disabilities, Scars, and Deformities show character and theme.

Ø  Heart disease tends to represent problems with character and society.

Ø  So do illness and disease.

Ø  Read with your imagination.

Ø  Irony trumps everything!

Ø  Remember the difference between public and private symbols.

MLA Citation (7th Edition)

Lawrence, Lisa. “Archetypes and Symbols.” West Morris Central High School. West Morris Regional High School District, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <…/Archetypesandsymbols.pdf>.

im sorry im really salty right now but i have to go on a gd rant bc im????

  • this fandom is so violently against thinking outside the lovesquare it’s crazy. go through every ship you can think of, count the amount of content in the tags for each, and then come back to me if you don’t believe me
  • like first off let’s start with the f/f ships
    • by far the most popular two are julerose and chlolya, a.k.a. ships that don’t include mari and don’t mess with the lovesquare
    • and before you pull the whole “oh but their dynamic is better”
    • chlonette and chlolya are both rivals to lovers ships in their simplest form. so why is chlolya more popular?
    • alyanette and julerose are both friends to lovers ships in their simplest form. so why is julerose more popular?
    • it takes clawing through alyanette, chlonette, lilanette, etc. tags to find content, meanwhile chlolya and julerose are everywhere bc they’re “safe ships”
  • m/m ships! 
    • this one’s even funnier bc mlm ships in this fandom are practically nonexistent
    • the most “popular” ones are adrinino and adrinath, but guess why you barely see content for them?
    • the only reason they’re more popular than kim/max is bc they either involve the main characters, or they involve nath (the only background character that people seem to give a shit about for reasons unknown????)
  • oh and it gets better bc let’s talk about het ships that don’t get any love
    • i’ve seen marinath used so damn often as a means to an end for lovesquare shippers. like if i had a dollar for every time i saw marinath used as a way for adrien to be jealous/confess his feelings, i could buy a fucking condo
    • nino x marinette? alya x adrien? no?
    • yeah. figured. kinda makes the lovesquare impossible, right?
  • the best part about this is that when you check which pairings get useless comments tagged on about ‘oh are you guys serious?’ ‘yeah but they’re just friends?’ ‘this pairing would never work’ and ‘x person loves y so they can’t possibly like z,’ do you know which ones you’ll see more often than not?
    • pairings that include adrien or marinette

im tired of seeing people be dismissive of alyanette, adrinino, and ninette. i’m tired of having to literally claw through the tags for chlonette or lilanette. im tired of seeing artists and writers get tens of thousands of notes on their lovesquare art and struggle to get 200 notes on art with pairings that disrupt the lovesquare. 

it’s disheartening. it’s annoying. it’s isolating. and it feels like a lot of people don’t even care so i guess im done

anonymous asked:

So, I've wanted to write a book for a while now. I have an idea and a basic plot, but I don't quite know how to start it. Any advice?

Wow… you’re at the Exciting Part. :)  …No, seriously: this is the point from which everything flows, from the novelist’s point of view. It’s an exciting place to be, and at the same time SO intimidating, because GOD can anything happen from here onward.

(I’m assuming that we’re talking about fiction, BTW.)

Anyway. After 50+ books I know what I do at this point – pretty much – but that’s not going to do you a lot of good, since many of the opening moves in the game for me are now accordioned together into something that happens very fast and in which the individual movements and sequences can be kind of difficult to tease out for an observer. Let me instead describe to you how I would work this kind of situation out when I first got started selling books to editors.

Keep reading

In the simplest form, I want you. I want everything about you from your contagious laugh, to the way your eyes squint when you smile. I want to be the last thing you think about at night and the first thing you want in the morning. I want your soft goodnight kisses while you run your hands through my hair, only to wake up past sunrise to our bodies intertwined. I want to cook you your favourite meal so many times that I no longer need the recipe. I want to take you on adventures that you remember without coming across pictures we took. I want to wake up to you wrapped in my arms wearing nothing but my sweater. I want you to meet my friends and family so they can see why I’m so crazy about you. I want to spend my Sunday’s with you binge watching your favourite Netflix series. I also want you at your lowest. I want to be here for your hard times and struggles, just as much as I want to see you overcome difficult obstacles and accomplish your biggest goals. I want this. I want us. I want you.
—  05/15/16
Sigil Activation/Use

When you create a sigil, you’re investing it with a certain amount of emotional importance. When you hear practitioners of magic referring to the “energy” of a sigil, ritual or spell, this emotional investment is often what they’re talking about. For a sigil to be effective, however, it requires more than just the energy invested in the creation. It needs to be “activated.”

People are divided upon how exactly you should do this. You’re looking for an intense transcendental experience where you can focus on this image and force it through your mind into the magical world while you are fully conscious. Pain, meditation and orgasm are some popular methods. Combine the intense experience with a good solid look at the sigil. Then close your eyes and think of it. Project it into your minds eye and out into the cosmos. Then destroy the paper it is drawn on and forget all about it.

Charging the sigil means infusing it with your energy. You have to get yourself to a point where you are full of energy but not really thinking anything, and then pour this energy into your sigil. There are several good ways to charge your sigil:

a) Meditation

The simplest form of meditation is to hold the image of the sigil in front of your eyes and stare intently at it. Try to get into a state of “not-thinking” but at the same time obsessively concentrating on the image of the sigil to the exclusion of everything else. Not the meaning of the sigil, but simply the graphic image itself as pure abstract, unconnected to any meaning – a picture and nothing more.

b) Masturbation

No really. Masturbate while visualizing the sigil in your mind’s eye. With the masturbation method you’re likely to get yourself to a point when you’re full of energy and no thought (orgasm). Hurrah! At the point of orgasm, visualize the sigil becoming big and bright and then exploding/disintegrating into nothingness. That’s it! Sigil charged!

c) Wild dancing

If you don’t like masturbating but do like dancing, pour yourself into wild wanton dancing – leap everywhere, go wild, spin round and round, get out of breath – it doesn’t even have to be to music. You just have to get to a point where you feel full of adrenaline and power and tingly and aren’t really thinking anything. Then visualize the sigil in your mind’s, eye, see it becoming big and bright and then let it explode/disintegrate into nothingness. And stop dancing.

d) Burn it

Light one side of it, and then place it carefully in a fire proof container, making sure not to singe yourself in the process. Watch as it burns, and imagine that all of the emotional investment you’ve placed in the sigil, as well as the idea it represents, is being transformed into a new form made of the universal forces of light and heat. Imagine that light and heat radiating out from this moment, into your past and future. Imagine the glow of the sigil’s tiny light spreading across your entire life. Watch it until the flame goes out.

There is also the “under-the-nose” method: If you prefer, instead of destroying the sigil you can put the sigil where you can see it all the time it will just fade into the background and you won’t really ‘see’ it, but your subconscious will. Paint the sigil somewhere visible on your body with water-soluble paint, then take a bath and let it slowly dissolve away while watching it. This is especially useful for magical work such as healing the body. Draw the sigil on paper or cloth with disappearing ink and stare at it as it slowly evaporates. ETC

Finally, it’s important to separate yourself from the magical ritual you’ve just done. Don’t do any meditation, other magical operations, or talk about the working with anyone. At least, not the first time you do a sigil – you need to find out what works for you. The idea is to shut the doors to the subconscious. It also keeps it from easily floating back into the conscious mind until the short term memory dumps it, which according to psychologists takes about three hours.

In the coming days, you’ll start to see little things that are eerily evocative of the sigil you activated. Don’t deny these. Don’t dismiss them, even if they seem minor. This is the process starting to work, bit by bit, to bring your intention into reality. The more open you are to these changes, the faster the magic will come into effect. It’s important, however, to note that your decisions play a hugely important part in how effective the sigil will be. If your sigil is about meeting a new romantic partner, for instance, you might want to think about going out to a place where that could plausibly happen. Staying inside your home, with curtains drawn and lights out, not answering the door, is actively working against the thing you want. Don’t count on the sigil to do the work for you.

If you’re uncertain about the whole “magic thing,” start with something minor and irrelevant. In fact, a great way to test the effectiveness of sigil magic is simply to create an activate a sigil that is of both fairly unlikely and of absolutely no consequence. You’ll soon be surprised at how utterly powerful sigils can be.


Study Methods (smut) // Zach Dempsey x Reader

Originally posted by zachdempsey

A/N I’m back! I had fun writing this because I’m a biochem major hehe

Prompt: I need a zach!biology tutor smut that isn’t too cliche

“Anaerobic processes?”

“Don’t need oxygen.”


“Need oxygen!” You exclaimed excitedly.

Zach was helping you study for your upcoming biology exam since he was the top student in the class. 

“See, I knew you had it in you!” Zach flashed his heart-stealing smile.

You’ve only met him this year, but you guys would call each other friends. He would say hi to you in the halls and you’d reciprocate. After lunch he would walk with you to biology, ditching his jocks just to spend time with you. But you were oblivious to all this. Oblivious that it was a big deal for Zach to avoid his friends not to flirt with a girl, but just win her over through his kindness. Everyone knows Zach Dempsey is one of the hottest guys in the school, but you tried not to make your feelings for him obvious. You fell for his passion for the subject you hated and his generous soul. The looks were just a bonus.

Zach flipped through his notebook. “Let’s move on to the organelles of a cell.”

You sighed. “Zach, this is my weakest area!”

“How can I make you understand it then?”

A daring idea popped into your head. “What if we made it into a game?” He raised his eyebrow in interest. “What if every question I get right, you take off a piece of clothing and vice versa?”

You smirked. Zach was surprised at your sudden boost of confidence in your words. To him you were just a quiet girl, but this side of you turned him on.

“O-okay,” he stuttered. “First question, what is the mitochondria considered?”

“That’s easy,” you scoffed. “The powerhouse of the cell.”

Zach nodded his head and took off his varsity jacket. “Next, where does a vesicle travel after the rough ER?”

Your mouth dropped open. “You can’t expect me to know that!”

“Exactly, I don’t expect you to,” Zach deviously grinned.

“I don’t know the cytoplasm.”


You looked down at the t-shirt and shorts you were wearing. Since the shirt was long enough to cover your butt, you decided to slip those off. Zach’s pupils dilated with need. 

He cleared his throat. “What types of T cells exist in the immune system?”

“Helper and cytotoxic T cells,” you answered confidently.

He grabbed the hem of his shirt and pulled it off. Zach dropped it on the side of your bed, revealing his toned abs. You gulped as he ran his hands through his hair. His muscles flexed while turning the pages of the book. 

“What is the simplest form of a sugar?”



You took off your shirt and tossed it at Zach playfully. He laughed and put it on the ground next to his. 

He clenched his jaw as he looked at you up and down in hunger. “Basic unit of life?” 

“Zach, that’s easy.”

He got off the chair across your room and crawled towards you on your bed. You scooted till your back hit the headboard. Zach’s face was right in front of yours till your noses rubbed. 

“So what’s the answer?”

“A cell,” you spoke lowly.

His hands went down to his belt buckle but you stopped him. 

“Let me do it for you.”

You removed his hands and unbuttoned his jeans, purposely gliding your hand against his crotch. He groaned and kicked off his pants.

“Zach?” He stared into your eyes. “You can kiss me, you dork.” 

He smirked then smashed his lips against yours with lust and aggression. He moved himself in between your legs, grinding his boner against your aching core. You whimpered and pulled him closer to you as you scooted to lay down on your bed. He sucked on the sensitive skin on your neck while unclipping your bra. Zach bit the skin near your collarbones while massaging your breasts. He took your nipples between his fingers and pinched them, causing you to arch your back in pleasure. He licked a strip down from your chest to your stomach, pecking the skin above your underwear. He slid them down your legs and pushed your legs open. He gripped your thighs and blew on your soaking center. You moaned loudly as you felt his tongue lap at your folds. He hummed against your clit while sucking on the sensitive bud. You felt yourself on the edge.

“Zach! I’m about to-”

“C’mon baby.” He inserted two fingers in you, pumping in and out rapidly.

“Zach!” you screamed and came all over his fingers.

He sucked the juices on his fingers and met your lips, tasting yourself. You bit his bottom lip and forcefully flipped him over so you were on top. 

“You’re not the only one that gets to have all the fun.” 

You dragged his boxer briefs down, his dick springing up. Zach sighed in relief at the release of pressure. Your fingers grabbed him and rubbed it up and down. You kissed the tip and put him in your mouth as much as you can.. Zach clenched his hand against the sheets while guiding your head to go deeper, feeling it hit the back of your throat. He suddenly pushed you off and pushed you against the bed with him hovering over you. His swollen lips locked with yours as he pushed himself in you. You yelled in pleasure at the new feeling. Zach grabbed onto the headboard above you with his right hand and placed his left beside you. You grabbed onto his biceps, your fingernails sinking into his muscles every time he pounded into you. 

“(Y/N) fuck,” he moaned. 

You sucked on his exposed neck. 

“Baby, I’m about to cum.” 

“Me too, Zach.” 

He went faster, causing your headboard to hit the wall repeatedly. Your chest pressed against his as you screamed and came for the second time. Zach kissed you roughly as he pulled out and came on your stomach. He cleaned you up and cuddled into your side, being the small spoon. You played with the strands of his hair.

“Zach, this was a bad idea.”

He looked up at you in confusion. “What do you mean?”

“I forgot everything we studied.” 

He laughed and ran his fingers over the fresh bruises on your neck and chest. “Then let’s study again tomorrow.” 

Different Types of Magic

A note by the poster: this list is not extensive; these are not the only varieties of magic that exist or can be used, but are merely examples of some of the more common or well-known branches of practiced magic.


In this particular  type of magic the Elements of Fire, Earth, Air and Water are given their own directional focus to create added power and give extra energy to your spells. You will no doubt find that you tend to favor one particular direction, but you should be able to use all of them.


Perhaps the simplest form of magic is that which involves color. This method of working is also used in conjunction with various other forms of magic. Color can enhance, alter and completely change moods and emotions and therefore can be used to represent our chosen goal. At its simplest, it can be used alone and in dressing an altar. 


Herbal magic is often used alongside many other forms of magic. Used as talismans and amulets – for example in a pouch or bag – herbs become protective; the oil from herbs can also be used in candle magic. There are many different types of herbs available for use in this way. Each herb has its own specific use, but frequently is used along with many other herbs and oils to produce a desired result.


In candle magic, man discovered the ability to control light and this is one of the oldest forms of magic as well as one of the most simple. Using candles to symbolize ourselves and our beliefs means that we have access to a power beyond ourselves. Candle magic also forms an effective back-up for most other forms of magical working.


Every stone or gem has its own attribute which can be used in magic. Crystals are used extensively in healing because of the vibrational impact they can have. Because of this, they lend themselves to the enhancement of any spell making or magical working. Even ordinary stones have their own power and can be used as repositories for all sorts of energies and powers.


Knot magic works partly with the principle of binding, which is a type of bidding spell, and also with that of weaving. It utilizes ribbon, rope, string, yarn, or anything that can be knotted or plaited to signify our aspiration. It is a type of representational magic, and is used in conjunction with many of the other forms. The techniques of color, form and use of energies are all used in its practice.


Representational magic involves using an object that represents something or someone for whom you are working the spell. It helps in concentrating the energy and visualizing the desire and the end result. Representational objects should never be used for negative purposes. [This is an opinion of the book’s original author, and not one that is shared by the poster.]


In this system different symbols, rather than objects, are used to represent various ideas, people or goals. These symbols can be personal to you, or such things as Tarot cards, runes, sigils, or numerology. You will often use symbolic magic in your magical workings and will soon develop your own preferred symbols.

Talismans, Amulets and Charms

These devices use all the other forms of magic in their formation, but principally representational and symbolic magic. They are ‘charged’ (given power) magically and usually are worn or carried on the person for protection or good luck. Many are worn around the neck, perhaps as jewelry, or carried in a pouch and incorporate crystals, herbs or other magical objects. There are many types of each of these objects and you will gradually learn to differentiate between them.

[“The Ultimate Book of Spells” by Pamela J. Ball]


Kaandra Willowshade – the Defender of Reaper’s March

Bosmer, or Wood Elves, hail from the province of Valenwood in Southwestern Tamriel. Rejecting the formalities of the civilized world, the Bosmer discarded lavish living for a life in the wilderness, among nature, the trees, and animals. In fact, their major cities are actually located in giant walking trees that roam the forest province of Valenwood.

The main religion in the forests of Valenwood is that of the Forest Gods and ancestor worship. According to legend, the Bosmer witnessed the death of Yffre, the first of the Ehlnofey to die. In his passing, his spiritual energies formed an Earthbone, a natural law, to limit certain aspects of the world. Yffre’s Earthbone placed a limit on the ability of a being to change its form and nature, as previously they could change them at will. However, the Bosmer, having witnessed the formation of the Earthbone, learned how to manipulate it to avoid its restrictions. The most notable of their uses of this ability is the Wild Hunt, a ritual known only to the shaman of Valenwood. This act is reserved to protect Valenwood from invading forces, the ritual permanently transforms all participants into mindless, blood-thirsty monsters, who will then consume all of their enemies and then themselves. The Bosmer have noted that all monsters in the world were born from previous Wild Hunts. And is also enacted at the end of each era as a ritualistic practice within Valenwood.

The Bosmer are said to have made a Pact with Y'ffre, the Forest Deity. The Bosmer became religiously carnivorous and cannibalistic as a result of the Green Pact, a central portion of the Bosmer faith. The Green Pact is never explicitly shown, but in its simplest form, it sets these rules down: Bosmer may only consume meat-based products and are forbidden to harm any plant for their own betterment. The Green Pact has also heavily impacted Bosmeri cuisine, combat, and weaponry. They have developed methods of fermenting meat and milk to develop powerful alcoholic beverages and weapons such as bows are often made of treated and shaped bones. Most notable about Bosmeri combat is their stipulation that a combatant must consume an enemy’s corpse within three days of killing them. Their families are allowed to help eat the kill. This has led to changes in approaches to combat, such as fasting and planning family feasts following a battle.

Lesson 7: Demons

By: Admin Vorst

Live class date and time: To Be Determined

Demonologist, demonolator and Satanists.

Demonologist study demons.

Demonolators study demons and worship them as divine beings.

Satanists adhere to Satan and or may not include demons in their religion or practice.

These terms can overlap,but don’t need to.

With this I’d like to quickly introduce myself. Hi, I’m Vorst and I’m both a Satanist and a demonolator, though Satan is my God, above everyone else. I’m also oath-bound to Him, which means I’ve promised to worship Him my entire life.

With this a warning: don’t make oaths for the fun of it. Changing your mind can happen, and in experience: neither gods nor demons will take kindly to oath-breakers.

Where does the word ‘demon’ come from?

The word comes from the Ancient Greek word 'δαιμον’, which the Romans also wrote as 'daemon’ later on in their own literature.

The meaning of the word 'daemon’ is: a spirit between gods and Man. You can see that the Greeks nor the Romans ever saw daemons as malicious spirits.

That changed with the rise of Christianity and Abrahamic religions in general. In contrary to Roman tactics, some of the now newly conquered Christian countries slowly began to forbid and shun any worship of gods and spirits outside of their own pantheon.

To the eyes of the Christian in these places, foreign beliefs were seen to be evil, corrupt and disfigured. Their gods being viewed as evil beings, out there to ruin people’s lives. They were to be portrayed as such that no one would ever want to associate themselves with these deities, and so previously normal words to describe certain entities had now gotten a sinister meaning.

That is the reason why people in modern times have taken it upon themselves to use 'daemon’ again instead of 'demon’, to distinguish themselves from the people who see them as solely malicious.

What are demons?

In modern shows and TV-series most hold on to their favourite stereotypes: terrifying evil creatures constantly possessing humans. In the more obscure films and media forms, they’re starting to slowly get to the truth of demons, usually portraying their wit and intelligence. This is most likely due to Christianity becoming less influential - and the fact that controversy is a great hit in everything.

Darker parts of the human self. Our darker emotions, such as fear, anger and sadness are seen as our personal demons. But also addiction, violent behaviour and sexual acts, as demons themselves are often associated with exactly these. These inner demons, as they are called, are obviously not the demons I will be discussing.

In reality, the entities known as demons are spirits and/or gods from ancient times. Most of the time, however, there is a line between when an entity is considered a demon, and when a god. Satan, per example, is referred to being both “the God of this world” and the king of demons. Some say he is not a demon, and some say he’s a demon but not the leader.

Another example of this is Astarte. Both seen as the female counterpart of the demon Astaroth, but she is also known as the Middle Eastern goddess Ishtar, worshipped from the Bronze Age in the ancient Levant among the Canaanites and Phoenicians.

Another example being Beelzebub, the Lord of Flies, as Biblical scholar Thomas Kelly Cheyne suggested that it might be a corruption of the name Ba‘al Zəbûl, “Lord of the High Place” (i.e., Heaven) or “High Lord” - a god previously worshipped.

The line between whether demons are gods or spirits is fairly vague. It is also worth noting that some have mentioned that some, like Astarte, might take offence to being referred to as a demon, so do be aware when contacting them and ask them what they want to be referred to as.  


When people do feel like they’re possessed it’s usually either that they’re not well in touch with their inner selves, or that they’re influenced by negative energy of maybe a spirit. Though it is far more often the first scenario that’s causing the sensation. Of course, this excludes people with mental issues, who I advice to seek professional help in these cases. Also, therapists can help too.

Are demons evil?

Demons are as equally evil as gods are, as demonolators see them as divine beings. We all know gods of war, and yet they were worshipped. We know of gods who have murdered, assaulted and committed various human crimes and were and/or are still worshipped. There are various reasons for this, one being that gods can never be wrong, as they are not bound by human rules and transcend human morality. This, however, is more of a philosophical idea so I will not elaborate on that now.

Because demons are often portrayed as having characteristics similar to humans, one could never fully call a demon solely evil, nor could they ever be solely good.

This will probably make you wonder:

Is it reasonable to fear demons?

Absolutely. Whereas not per se evil, all are capable of acting hostile - this being their one trait everyone agrees on.

Demons are ancient and powerful entities that often care not for human problems. They often view humans as either acceptable or downright worthless to them.

And why would they in any other way?

In most religious practices, a god grants a human their prayer to come true when the human has presented themselves favourable to said god.

In the case of demons? They require no worship. Some gods don’t need worship either, but in the case of demons they appear completely separate from humanity. Despite that, as demons are closer to the raw core of human emotions than the general god would be, demons feed on the strongest of feelings: sadness, anger, fear, love and happiness. Demons are seen as spiritual predators in this regard.

As they require nor seem to desire an active response from humans, they are not inclined to mix themselves with mortals.

This does not mean a demon will never be genuinely kind. They will be. But do note that demons are skilled tricksters in getting what they want through fake promises and sweet lies.

When assured a demon expresses interest, kindness and acceptance a mutual agreement can be agreed on.

Banishing a demon?

So before I go into working with them, I’ll discuss how to get rid of them. First of all: ask them to leave. Be polite. Maybe they’re just simply approaching you.

If that does not work, try salt or spells to make others distance yourself from you.

You could also try and evoke another authority figure, like your god, to protect you.

Don’t engage them in a fight. Antagonized demons are the last you would want.

Working with demons?

Demons are wise teachers and are willing to share their secrets when either politely asked or forced to do so.

Either way seems to work fine, and have different names as well.

Evoking a demon is the act of forcefully conjuring a demon in your space, as in shown and described in the book of the Lesser Key of Solomon.

Invoking a demon is the act of inviting a demon in your space. You leave it up to the demon whether or not they show up.

The latter is obviously far more polite; modern demonolators prefer that one and I will be discussing that one the most.

Invocation differs from person to person. But, I will now state the general idea of doing this safely.

Always go for an invocation and never an evocation. This is personal advice. Demons will not be pleased if you force them. When casting a circle, during invocation the demon will be inside the circle together with you, with positive energy.

During evocation, the demon will be trapped inside the circle, the person outside looking in. Honestly, it’s terrible to start an acquaintanceship like that.

In order to prevent antagonizing the demon, be polite and go for an invocation. An invocation can be as difficult as you want it to be, in its simplest form it can even be as small as a prayer.

In my case, I cleanse my room, surround myself with a mental barrier (or through a smell I associate with Satan) where I invite the demon in. Then I draw a general summoning circle in the air. This can be done with a ritual knife, athame, wand or you hands. When using a sharp object do remember not to stab it in the air as if it’s an attack.

We don’t tend to attempt to knife our guests.

Afterward, or during, I say the Enn for the specific demon I wish to invoke.

Enns are short sentences in an unknown language, claimed to be demonic, of invitation, admiration or requests of protections. There are various theories on how they were found. The first demonolator who wrote them down was Alexander Willit in the 16th century. Later, other demonolators used them in their practice too. We know it is a language, with grammar, but we do not know the grammar itself yet. We do know the meaning of some sentences. Because we know little, we also do not know how to correctly pronounce these enns. Say it how you want.

Some examples of this language and their translation: “Ganic Tasa Fubin Flereous” could be translated as Fire protect the flame, Lord Flereous, per example. Another example is the enn for Barbatos, which is: “Eveta fubin Barabatos”.

After that, I go and meditate until I feel a presence. When I do, I politely try to communicate with the demon, mentally or verbally. There are various ways a demon can show itself depending on your spiritual state. Experienced demonolators reported manifestations so strong they initially thought someone had broken into their house.

When done, I thank the demon and end the invocation. This can be as simple as saying goodbye and as complex as an entire ritual. Do what you feel works best.

Originally posted on another blog, it was moved here.

Different Forms of Magick

Magick can come in various forms, with various techniques and uses. There is no right or wrong form, just whatever works best for you. You may find you want to use few, many or even all forms you encounter. There’s no limit. The only thing I would say is fear or doubt of your own ability may not provide the best results when working.

I’m going to list some, though I am in no way an expert on all, nor do I know all forms magick takes. But at the very least, I hope this will be an interesting if not useful read.

• Colour Magick - some would say this is one of the simplest forms of magick. It is often used together with others, but can be effective when used alone. Colour can enhance or change moods and emotions, it can be used to represent your goal and even something as simple as dressing your alter in a specific colour can have an effect.

• Herb magic - this can also be used alongside many other forms, for instance with talismans and amulets. The oil from herbs can be used to dress yourself or candles. You can even combine many herbs and oils together to create the desired effect.

• Candle magick - one of the oldest and simplest forms of magick, they can be used in many ways. They can be used to attract or repel, used as an offering, used to form your circle, to represent elements when placed using different colours and locations, or even just to represent the element of fire solely.

• Crystal magick - crystals and stones have their own energies and can be used in many ways. They can be used for protection, healing, enhancement, enchantment, to aid in meditation any many more ways. Even ordinary stones can be charged for use in different ways, an example would be rune stones.

• Knot magick - strangely although this is a simple and versatile form, I’ve found few people know of it. It can be used in weaving, knitting, crocheting, just plain knots or intricate knots. You can use anything that can be made into a knot, whether you choose rope, ribbon, cord, wool, string. At its simplest it’s knots in a cord, but you can make it more intricate with uses of different colours, shapes, changing the pattern in places and even weaving in symbols.

• Representational magick - magick is ever changing and flowing, and I wasn’t sure if I wanted to add this or not, but history is important and unfortunately a lot has been lost. Representational magick can now be used to describe what you’re using a tool or ingredient for, an example would be that a purple candle is used to represent spiritual power. But there was a time, if not still, that it was used to describe a form all of it’s own. A good example would be the use of poppets, dolls fashioned by the witch to represent a person. With witch hunting and bad portrayal in media this has come to be seen as a negative practice, when it can be used for many things.

• Symbolic magick - unlike representational magic which would use items, this uses shapes, sigils and symbols. They can be used to represent anything, and while there are many you may know as standard, planetary for example, you yourself are free to create your own. Many years ago when a witch would have to hide their workings, they would even come to develop their own alphabet for their book of shadows.

• Elemental magic - with this magic the elements are called upon to add power to workings. You may find yourself favouring one in particular, and it may not be one that would be traditionally fitting for you. For example I am a Gemini, typically an air sign, but I favour working with fire.

• Talisman, amulet and charm magick - this uses a lot of other forms. There are many uses for them, luck and protection being very well known. They are fashioned as jewellery, carried around in a pouch and can even be made into key chains and phone charms. This form of magic can be as simple as a necklace made with a single stone or as intricate as you like, including symbols, containers for herbs many different stones that compliment each other, use of colour and different metals, even the shape it takes can have an effect.

• Divination magick - divination magick can come in many different forms. From tarot, scrying, crystal balls, palmistry to tea leaves and many more. You may find one works better for obtaining answers than another, it’s not uncommon to find one is more successful for you personally. Most people will think of it as “future telling” thanks to how media has portrayed it, but that is just one aspect of it. You can use it to seek answers, to find things that are lost, and to find information to guide you. You may choose to use to obtain the meaning behind dreams. There are many uses besides seeing the future, and you may find you use divination in a completely different way to others.

☆☆Thank you for reading, and please let me know if there’s any forms you think I should add☆☆

anonymous asked:

If You dont mind could you please talk about Shiro's dark humour ? Like in s2e1 keith says that Shiro changed his life to which shiro responds 'yeah if it wasnt for me you wouldnt be in this situation so you're welcome' and later on he responds to Keith being worried about him with 'my wound is getting bigger and bigger' to 'lighten the mood'. I think it says a lot about him but id love to hear your thoughts

Honestly as bad as it sounds I think that it’s a really heartening thing to hear? I really hope we hear more of Shiro’s bleak humor going forwards, I think it’s very important.

Because Shiro’s got kind of a thing where… he’s pretty heavily sidelining his own mental health for the benefit of his team. He wants to be there for everyone but we see things like in s2e5 where he catches Allura coming back to the bridge and urges her to take care of herself and rest- in a feat of flagrant hypocrisy because he basically just sat in the bridge and kept watch the entire time everyone else was taking a break.

It’s at a point where I don’t think Shiro actually realizes how bad he’s doing. He’s just not looking at his own psychological state. And when he does think about it… every single Lion and paladin is integral to the team, except Shiro is firmly of the opinion that he’s the only one who needs to set up a potential replacement. Shiro is the first one to unsubtly suggest he might be less worthy of the Black Lion than Zarkon- and he’s the one who takes Black connecting with Keith to save him as not proof that Black cares about him enough to open her doors to someone other than her bonded paladin if he’s in danger, but proof that Keith is a better candidate than he is.

Shiro even joking about not doing okay is important. It’s because he’s actually acknowledging that he’s not doing okay in the first place. I actually would not be surprised if the positive healing process for Shiro involves him actually seeming less okay, because it’s him dropping his performative image as the consummate Black Paladin, team leader, super reliable guy who has no problems- because it’s a problem for the whole team if Shiro is burying his issues. If he can trust these people to have his back in a life-or-death firefight he can trust them enough to not try and shoulder through his problems alone.

“Alone” is not how Voltron does things. In the simplest form, that’s just now how the combining robot works. 

This image shows a collection of diatoms at a magnification of 200. Diatoms are aquatic, photosynthetic protists and are one of the simplest forms of phytoplankton. They are abundant in nearly every habitat where water is found – oceans, lakes, streams, mosses, soils and even the bark of trees. Nearly all diatoms are microscopic; cells range in size from about 2 microns to about 500 microns (0.5 mm), or about the width of a human hair.

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The best part about liking someone

Falling into them and not even stopping yourself because everything just feels right. The more you get to know them, the harder you begin to fall. It’s such a beautiful process. Once you begin to like someone, everything just sort of falls in line with it. And you see no flaws, no mistakes, no imperfections, all you see is beauty.. Just beauty, in its simplest form, but also at its most amplified.

I don’t know how good this is but I finally got inspiration to write!!!

((I hope you like it anon!))

Word Count: 2,483

Warning: None…well…possibly bad ending…possibly bad writing…I’m not too sure how this turned out…

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The thing I fear most about the singularity is the loss of nuance and mystery. The eradication of the unexplainable deliciousness of awe.

I went to a Buddhist temple once. I didn’t care much about Buddhism anymore, but the building and the landscaping were like a magnet. There was this sweet old monk sitting on a little-raised platform in front of maybe 100 people, reading from a big book. His words were like music. But he could never get more than a few words out before he was interrupted by some young guy who wanted to parse out the exact meaning and translation of one or two terms. Then little arguments and discussions would ensue for 5, 10,  sometimes 15 minutes. The old monk would nod and sit quietly while everyone hashed it all out.

Eventually, one of the other monks would quash the whole debate and the old, mostly toothless, Buddha would clear his throat and read a few more magic words. Of course, someone would interrupt and so on…

It was like seeing a beautiful woman loosen the belt on her silken robe only to be interrupted by having to fill out a bunch of paperwork. Suddenly, I realized this was life. Right here in front of me in it’s simplest form. Inexplicable beauty butchered by shitheads. I began to chuckle. Then I began to laugh and then I couldn’t stop. Everyone was silent except for me cackling. I still couldn’t stop. It was like some kind of well of laughter had opened up inside of me. I apologized and began to excuse myself, but the old monk slammed the book shut. “HA!” he yelled and leaped to his feet. Startled, I was silent. The old monk put his hands together as if moving in slo-motion and bowed to me with this booming look of love and I just burst into tears. Again, I couldn’t stop. Then after sobbing a bit, I started laughing again. Then sobbing - then laughing again. Finally, not wanting to be a nuisance I made my way over to the door and a couple skinny old monks took me through a side door out into the large garden. They led me over to a bench by a pine tree. The old monk was already sitting there! He must have ducked out when I was carrying on.

I sat down opposite of him and he nodded at me. We sat for a bit in silence. After a while, he turned his head towards the tree. I followed his gaze and saw a mockingbird on the lowest branch closest to us. The bird began to sing and it was startling. Perhaps it was the silence but the song pierced right through me. The bird went through its rounds of several different calls. And I’ll never be able to explain it, but then it was like I was everything. And it wasn’t weird at all. It was obvious and simple. Then the bird stopped singing and flew away. I stood up and bowed to the old man and he nodded and sparkled in some inexplicable magical way and off I went. I had a wonderful evening. I wandered around as the summer day came to an end, watching the people and the trees and the birds.

I went to a  Chinese restaurant and had hot tea and the best hot-n-sour soup I’d ever had in my life. I contemplated becoming a homeless beggar there and just living off that soup and maybe sweeping the sidewalk of the Buddhist temple and garden. Of course, I’d gone down the road before. It was a good and nourishing road, but it was time to set off for new lands.

111 or More Methods for Outlining your Story

Just in time for NaNoWriMo this year, an E4W masterpost to beat all my others.

There are as many methods for outlining, as stories created with or without an outline, but here is a masterlist of story templates, outlining techniques, narrative or plot devices, plotting or pantsing appropriate tools, and much much more.

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Hebrew in ~300 words עִבְרִית בְּכְ־300 מִּלִּים

Attention! I made some mistakes on the original post due to how similar the vowel points look on the HTML editor, hopefully enough people will see this on my blog and see that I’ve fixed them. Sorry :(

As a part of this post about beginning to learn a language, I’d decided to translate 300 basic words and phrases into Hebrew.

Note: all words will be written in defective spelling (ktiv haser) and with vowel points for ease of pronunciation

A hyphen (מָקָף) indicates the preposition / conjunction is immediately attached to the next word, and a dot underneath the hyphen is a dagesh, a bowel point indicating change in pronunciation of ב, כ, פ from the expected mid-word soft pronunciations (v, kh, f) to the hard ones (b, k ,p, respectively).

First Verbs

Verbs are given in their simplest form: 3rd person, male, past tense. modal verbs are exceptional in Hebrew, so they are given in their most common form.

  1. be - no equivalent. The subject and the complement are simply put one after the other in the case of an adj. (which is conjugated according to number and gender), and connected with a 3rd person pronoun conjugated accordingly in case of a noun complement (הוּא/הִיא; הֵם/הֵן)
  2. there is - יֵשׁ, past הָיה
  3. have - יֵשׁ לְ־ (there is to subj.) past הָיָה לְ־
  4. do - עָשָׂה
  5. go - הָלַךְ
  6. want - רָצָה
  7. can - m יָכוֹל / f יְכוֹלָה
  8. need - m צָרִיךְ / f צְרִיכָה
  9. think - חָשַׁב
  10. know - יָדַע
  11. say - אָמַר, הֵגִיד
  12. like - אָהַב (same as love)
  13. speak - דִּבֶּר
  14. learn - לָמַד
  15. understand - הֵבִין


  1. that (as in “I think that…” or “the woman that…”) - ּשֶׁ־ (i think that…, the woman that… all tenses), הַ־ּ (the woman that… alternative tpresent tense)
  2. and - וְ־
  3. or - אוֹ
  4. but - אֲבָל
  5. because - in decreasing order of frequency - כִּי, בִּגְלַל שֶׁ־ּ, מִשֹּוּם שֶׁ־ּ, (מִ)כֵּיוָן שֶׁ־ּ, etc.
  6. though - in decreasing order of frequency - לַמְרוׁת שֶׁ־ּ, עַל אַף שֶׁ־ּ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁ־ּ, etc.
  7. so (meaning “therefore”; e.g. “I wanted it, so I bought it”) - אַז, לָכֵן
  8. if - אִם


When used with pronouns, Hebrew prepositions are always conjugated with a specific ending for each pronoun.

  1. of - של
  2. to - אֵל (direction), לְ־ (all other uses tbh)
  3. from - מִ־ּ
  4. in - ְבְּתוֹך (inside), בְּ־ (in general)
  5. at (a place) - בְּ־
  6. at (a time) - בְּ־
  7. with - עִם (with a noun), אֵת (with a pronoun, conjugated as ָאִתִּי, אִתְּך, etc.)
  8. about - עַל
  9. like (meaning “similar to”) - כְּמוֹ, כְּ־
  10. for (warning, this one has several meanings that you need to take care of) - בִּשְׁבִיל (intended to)
  11. before (also as a conjunction) - לִפְנֵי/לִפְנֵי שֶׁ־ּ
  12. after (also as a conjunction) - אַחֲרֵי/אַחֲרֵי שֶׁ־ּ
  13. during - תּוֹךְ כְּדֵי
  14. bonus: direct obj. marker - אֵת (used with a defininte noun, conjugated ָאוֹתִי, אוֹתְך but אֶתְכֶם, אֵֶתְכֶן

Question Words

  1. who - מִי
  2. what - מָה
  3. where - אֵיפֹה
  4. when - מָתַי
  5. why - לָמָּה
  6. how - אֵיךְ
  7. how much - כַּמָּה
  8. which - אֵיזֶה


  1. a lot - הַרְבֵּה
  2. a little - קְצַת, מְעַט
  3. well - טוֹב
  4. badly - רַע
  5. only - רָק
  6. also - גַּם
  7. very - מְאֹד
  8. too (as in “too tall”) - מִדַּי (lit. (more) than enough)
  9. too much - יוֹתֵר מִדַּי
  10. so (as in “so tall”) - m כָּזֶה, f כָּזֹאת; or כָּל כַּךְ
  11. so much - כָּל כַּךְ הַרְבֵּה
  12. more (know how to say “more … than …”) - יוֹתֵר
  13. less (know how to say “less … than …”) - פַּחוֹת
  14. than - מִ־ּ
  15. as … as … (e.g. “as tall as”) - … כְּמוֹ …
  16. comparative (more, -er) - יוֹתַר
  17. superlative (most, -est) - הֲכִי
  18. now - עַכְשָׁו, כָּעֵת
  19. then - אַז
  20. here - פֹּה, כָּאן
  21. there - שָׁם
  22. maybe - אוּלַי
  23. always - תָּמִיד
  24. usually - בְּדֶרֶךְ כְּלַל
  25. often - הַרְבֵּה, לְעִתִּים קְרוֹבוֹת
  26. sometimes - לִפְעָמִים, מְדֵּי פַּעַם
  27. never - אַף פַּעַם (used with neg. verb / copula)
  28. today - הַיּוֹם
  29. yesterday - אֱתְמוֹל
  30. tomorrow - מַחַר
  31. soon - תֵּכֶף
  32. almostֹ - כִּמְעַט
  33. already - כְּבָר
  34. still - עָדַיִן
  35. even - אַפִלּוּ, אַף, גַּם
  36. enough - מַסְפִּיק


  1. the, a (technically articles) - הַ־ּ, no indef. article 
  2. this - m הַזֶּה, f הַזֹּאת
  3. that - m הַזֶּה, f הַזֹּאת or  m הָהוּא, f הָהִיא
  4. good - טוֹב
  5. bad - רַע
  6. all - כָּל הַ־ּ
  7. some - כַּמָּה
  8. no - שׁוּם
  9. any - שׁוּם
  10. many - הַרְבֵּה
  11. few - קְצַת, מְעַט
  12. most - רֹב הַ־ּ
  13. other - אַחֵר
  14. same - m אוֹתוֹ הַ־ּ , f אוֹתָה הַ־ּ
  15. different - שׁוֹנֶה
  16. enough - מַסְפִּיק
  17. one - m אֶחָד, f אַחַת
  18. two - m שְׁנַיִם, f שְׁתַּיִם
  19. a few - כַּמָּה
  20. first - רִאשׁוֹן
  21. next - הַבַּא (in time), לְיַד, עַל יַד (both in place)
  22. last (meaning “past”, e.g. “last Friday”) - שֶׁעָבַר, הַקּוֹדֵם
  23. last (meaning “final”) - הָאַחֲרוֹן
  24. easy - קָל
  25. hard - קָשֶׁה
  26. early - מֻקְדַם
  27. late - מְאֻחָר
  28. important - חָשׁוּב
  29. interesting - מְעַנְיֵן
  30. fun - כֵּיף, כֵּיפִי
  31. boring - מְשַׁעֲמֵם
  32. beautiful - יָפֵה
  33. big - גָּדֹל
  34. small - קָטַן
  35. happy - שָׂמֵחַ
  36. sad - עָצוּב
  37. busy - עָסוּק
  38. excited - מִתְרַגֵּשׁ, נִרְגָּשׁ
  39. tired - עָיֵף
  40. ready - מוּכָן
  41. favorite - הָאָהוּב עַל …
  42. new - חָדָשׁ
  43. right (meaning “correct”) - (e.g. a right answer) נָכוֹן; (e.g. to have the right answer) צוֹדֵק
  44. wrong - לֹא נָכוֹן, שָׁגוּי; טוֹעֶה
  45. true - נָכוֹן


Conjugated as:

  1. subject
  2. ‘singular’ prepositional ending - בְּ־, כְּ־, לְ־, מִ־ּ, עם, את, של, בשביל, etc.
  3. ‘plural’ prepositional ending - עַל יְדֵי, אַחֲרֵי, מְאֲחוֹרֵי, עַל, אֵל, etc.

ס stands for the preceding prepostion

  1. I
    1. אֲנִי
    2. סִי
    3. סַי
  2. you m
    1. אַתָּה
    2. סְךָ
    3. סֶיךָ
  3. you f
    1. אַתְּ
    2. סָךְ
    3. סַיִךְ
  4. he
    1. הוּא
    2. סוֹ
    3. סָיו
  5. she
    1. הִיא
    2. סָהּ
    3. סֶיהָ
  6. * it
    1. m זֶה f זֹאת
  7. we
    1. אֲנַחְנוּ
    2. סָנוּ
    3. סֶינוּ
  8. you (pl.) m
    1. אֲתֶּם
    2. סְכֵם
    3. סֶיכֵם
  9. ** you (pl.) f
    1. אַתֶּן
    2. סְכֵן
    3. סֶיכֵן
  10. they (pl.) m
    1. הֵם
    2. סָם
    3. סֶיהֵם
  11. ** they (pl.) f
    1. הֵן
    2. סָן
    3. סֶיהן

* There is no neuter gender (it), so inanimate nouns are referred to by the corresponding male or female third person pronouns and conjugations

** Many speakers these days make no distinction between male and female second and third person pronouns (you, they), so these conjugations are gradually becoming obsolete.


Hebrew nouns come in two genders, masculine and feminine, however unlike many other languages, the definite article is identical for all genders and inflections, therefore it is not included.

  1. everything - הַכֹּל
  2. something - מָשֶׁהוּ
  3. nothing - כְּלוּם
  4. everyone - כֻּלָּם
  5. someone - מִישֶׁהוּ
  6. no one - אַף אֶחָד / אַחַת (used in negation)
  7. (name of the language you’re studying) - עִבְרִית
  8. English - אַנְגְּלִית
  9. thing - דָּבָר
  10. person - בֵּן אָדָם (lit. son of Adam)
  11. place - מָקוֹם
  12. time (as in “a long time”) - זְמַן
  13. time (as in “I did it 3 times”) - פַּעַם
  14. friend - חָבֵר
  15. woman - אִשָּׁה
  16. man - אִישׁ
  17. money - כֶּסֶף
  18. country - מְדִינָה
  19. (name of your home country) - ישְׂרָאֵל
  20. city - עִיר
  21. language - שָׂפָה, לָשׁוֹן
  22. word - מִלָּה
  23. food - אֹכֶל
  24. house - בַּיִת
  25. store - חָנוּת
  26. office - מִשְׂרַד
  27. company - חֵבְרָה
  28. manager - מְנָהֵל
  29. coworker - קוֹלֶגָה
  30. job - עֲבֹדָה
  31. work (as in “I have a lot of work to do”) - עֲבֹדָה
  32. problem - בַּעֲיָה
  33. question - שֶׁאֱלָה
  34. idea - רַעֲיוֹן
  35. life - חַיִּים
  36. world - עוֹלָם
  37. day - יוֹם
  38. year - שָׁנָה
  39. week - שָׁבוּעַ
  40. month - חֹדֶשׁ
  41. hour - שָׁעָה
  42. mother, father, parent - אֵם, אַב, הוֹרֶה/הוֹרָה
  43. daughter, son, child - בַּת, בֵּן, יֶלֶד/יָלְדָה
  44. wife, husband - אִשָּׁה, בַּעַל
  45. girlfriend, boyfriend - חָבֵרָה, חָבֵר

More Verbs

  1. work (as in a person working) - עָבַד
  2. work (meaning “to function”, e.g. “the TV works”) - עָבַד
  3. see - רָאָה
  4. use - הִשְֹתַּמּשׁ
  5. should - הָיָה צָרִיךְ
  6. believe - הֶאֱמִין
  7. practice - הִתְאַמֵּן (practice a skill), פָּעַל (practice one’s beliefs) 
  8. seem - נִרְאָה, נִדְמָה
  9. come - בָּא
  10. leave - עָזַב
  11. return - חָזַר
  12. give - נָתַן
  13. take - לָקַח
  14. bring - הֵבִיא
  15. look for - חִפֵּשׂ
  16. find - מָצַא
  17. get (meaning “obtain”) - הֵשׂיג
  18. receive - קִבֵּל
  19. buy - קָנָה
  20. try -  נִסָּה
  21. start - הִתְחִיל
  22. stop (doing something) - הִפְסִיק
  23. finish - סִיֵּם, גָּמַר
  24. continue - הִמְשִׁיךְ
  25. wake up - הִתְעוֹרֵר
  26. get up - קָם
  27. eat - אָכַל
  28. happen - קָרָה
  29. feel - הִרְגִּישׁ
  30. create (aka “make”) - יָצַר, עָשָׂה
  31. cause (aka “make”) - גָּרַם לְ־
  32. meet (meeting someone for the first time) - פָּגַשׁ, נִפְגַּשׁ
  33. meet (meaning “to bump into”) - פָּגַשׁ
  34. meet (an arranged meeting) - נִפְגַּשׁ
  35. ask (a question) - שָׁאַל
  36. ask for (aka “request”) - בִּקֵּשׁ
  37. wonder - תָּהָה
  38. reply - הֵגִיב
  39. mean - אָמַר
  40. read - קָרַא
  41. write - כָּתַב
  42. listen - הִקְשִׁיב
  43. hear - שָׁמַע
  44. remember - זָכַר
  45. forget - שָׁכַח
  46. choose - בָּחַר
  47. decide - הִחְלִיט / הֶחֱלִיט
  48. be born - נוֹלַד
  49. die - מֵת
  50. kill - הָרַג
  51. live - חַי
  52. stay - נִשְׁאַר
  53. change - שִׁנָּה (for someone to change something), הִשְׁתָּנָּה (for something to change itself)
  54. help - עָזַר
  55. send - שָׁלַח
  56. study - לָמַד
  57. improve - שִׁפֵּר (for someone to improve something), הִשְׁתַּפֵּר (for somthing to improve itself)
  58. hope - קִוָּה
  59. care - הָיָה לְ־ אִכְפַּת (word or word, there-was to-subj. care)


  1. hello - שָׁלוֹם
  2. goodbye - שָׁלוֹם / לְהִתְרָאוֹת
  3. thank you - תּוֹדָה
  4. you’re welcome - אֵין בְּעַד מָה, עַל לֹא דָּבָר
  5. excuse me (to get someone’s attention) - סְלִיחָה
  6. sorry - סְלִיחָה
  7. it’s fine (response to an apology) - זֶה בְּסֶדֶר
  8. please - בְּבַקָּשָׁה
  9. yes - כֵּן
  10. no - לֹא
  11. okay - אוֹקֵיִי, בְּסֶדֶר, סַּבָּבָּה (slang)
  12. My name is _____ - קוֹרְאִים לִי _____
  13. What’s your name? אֵיךְ קוֹרְאִים לְךָ/לָךְ?
  14. Nice to meet you. - נָעִים לְהַכִּיר
  15. How are you? - מָה שְׁלוֹמְךָ/שְׂלוֹמֶךְ?, מָה קוֹרֶה?
  16. I’m doing well, how about you? אֲנִי בְּסֶדַר, מָה אִתְּךָ/אִתָּך?
  17. Sorry? / What? (if you didn’t hear something) - סְלִיחָה / שׁוּב?
  18. How do you say ______? - אֵיךְ אוֹמְרִים _____?
  19. What does ______ mean? - מָה _____ אוֹמֵר?
  20. I don’t understand. - לֹא הֵבָנְתִּי.
  21. Could you repeat that? אַתָּה/אַתְּ יָכוֹל/יְכוֹלָה לַחְזֹר עַל זֶה?.
  22. Could you speak more slowly, please? אַתָּה/אַתְּ יָכוֹל/יְכוֹלָה לְדַבֶּר יוֹתֵר לְאַט?
  23. Well (as in “well, I think…”) -  not really one word as in English. טוֹב can be said, but oftentimes simple filler sounds are used (אֶמממ, אֶההה, etc.)
  24. Really? - בֶּאֱמֶת?
  25. I guess that … - -אֲנִי מֵנִיחַ/מְנִיחָה שֶׁ.
  26. * It’s hot. (talking about the weather) - חַם.
  27. * It’s cold. (talking about the weather) - קַר.

* As these are one word sentences, they’re rarely said as is, usually coupled with a preposition indicating who or what is cold. (E.g. I’m cold - קַר לִי; It’s cold outside - קַר בָּחוּץ