the sacrifice of jesus christ

Understanding the Latin Mass

I hope this post helps you understand the Traditional Catholic Mass, which has done so much for my relationship with Jesus! As Cardinal Newman said, “I could attend masses forever and not be tired. It is not a mere form of words – it is a great action, the greatest action that can be on earth… He becomes present on the altar in flesh and blood, before Whom angels bow and devils tremble.”

The different parts of the Mass and their meanings, in two halves:


INTROIT: “Entrance” Prayer to hasten God’s advent
KYRIE: Greek, A cry to the Trinity for mercy
GLORIA: Angelic Hymn, an exultation of praise
COLLECTS: Prayers of the day
EPISTLE: Letters and teachings of Apostles
GRADUAL: Psalm to unite prayers with instruction
ALLELUIA: Hebrew, “Praise the Lord”
GOSPEL: The words of Christ
SERMON: Explanation of the Gospel
CREED: “I believe” Profession of faith.


OFFERTORY ANTIPHON: Preparation for oblation (sacrifice)
OFFERTORY: Bread, wine, & hearts of people offered to God
SECRET: Prayer that the offerings are worthy
SANCTUS: “Holy, holy, holy” Canticle of the Angels
PRAYERS OF REMEMBRANCE: Prayer for the living
PRAYERS OF OFFERING: Petition for peace, deliverance, to get to heaven
CONSECRATION: Action of Christ. Bread=body, wine=blood
PRAYERS OF OFFERING: Recalls the old law sacrifices, remember Calvary
PRAYERS OF REMEMBRANCE: Prayer for the dead in purgatory
DOXOLOGY: All things sanctified & blessed through Cross of our Redeemer
PATER NOSTER: “Our Father” Preparation for Communion
BREAKING OF THE HOST: Imitates Savior who broke bread for the Apostles
AGNUS DEI: Christ is the Lamb from the Old & New Testament prophets
COMMUNION: The infinite God, in His infinite love, grants an infinite gift
POSTCOMMUNION: Prayer of thanksgiving for the Body and Blood
DISMISSAL: Priest dismisses the people, sends them out into the world
BENEDICTION: Priest humbly thanks God for allowing participation in sacrifice
LAST GOSPEL: Summary of the benefits we partake through Christ’s Sacrifice


The chapter in Voyager where Jamie arranges to be caught by the English, so that the price on his head can go toward Lallybroch, is entitled “Being now justified by His blood.”

This isn’t just a random title:

Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!
– Romans 5:9

Here St. Paul refers to Jesus Christ - whose sacrifice (and blood) redeems us from sin.

Just as Jamie’s sacrifice saves his estate, and his family, from the wrath of the English.