In the 47 years since humans first stepped on the moon, space-helmet technology hasn’t exactly made a giant leap. But the prospect of exploring Mars has NASA’s designers scrambling for their drawing boards. “The requirements are different from anything we’ve done before,” says Dave Lavery, who leads NASA’s Solar System Exploration Program. They include durability (to withstand abrasion in wind storms), flexibility (for yearlong missions), and field of view (for 360-degree visibility).
Past — 1960s & ‘70s (Top) : The iconic bubble helmet worn by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin was built to withstand the moon’s extreme temperature swings and protect astronauts’ eyes from solar glare and radiation. At the back, the helmet’s fitted shape cushioned the head in case of an emergency during launch or landing.
Present (Middle) : Today’s helmet is almost identical to the Apollo era’s—bulbous and locked solidly into the neck of the suit—except that this one has cameras and lights. Since the International Space Station circles the Earth every 92 minutes, astronauts might be suddenly plunged into darkness during a spacewalk, so lights are a must.
Future — 2030s & '40s (Bottom) : On Mars, visibility and range of motion will be extremely important. That’s why the helmet for the BioSuit—one of the contending designs for a Mars mission—moves freely with the astronaut’s head, like a motorcycle helmet. It will also have a heads-up display with information on navigation, logistics, scheduling, situational awareness, and life support.
This image, acquired on Nov. 24, 2015 by theHigh Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the western side of an elongated pit depression in the eastern Noctis Labyrinthus region of Mars. Along the pit’s upper wall is a light-toned layered deposit. Noctis Labyrinthus is a huge region of tectonically controlled valleys located at the western end of the Valles Marineris canyon system.
Spectra extracted from the light-toned deposit by the spacecraft’s Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) instrument are consistent with the mineral jarosite, which is a potassium and iron hydrous sulfate. On Earth, jarosite can form in ore deposits or from alteration near volcanic vents, and indicates an oxidizing and acidic environment. The Opportunity rover discovered jarosite at the Meridiani Planum landing site, and jarosite has been found at several other locations on Mars, indicating that it is a common mineral on the Red Planet.
The jarosite-bearing deposit observed here could indicate acidic aqueous conditions within a volcanic system in Noctis Labyrinthus. Above the light-toned jarosite deposit is a mantle of finely layered darker-toned material. CRISM spectra do not indicate this upper darker-toned mantle is hydrated. The deposit appears to drape over the pre-existing topography, suggesting it represents an airfall deposit from either atmospheric dust or volcanic ash.
The University of Arizona, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona/ Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
This post is about the colors and their associations, specificially within astrology.
Ruling planet is Mars. Element is fire. Zodiac signs are Aries and Scorpio. This color brings physical love and passion as well as assisting with career and business goals. Helps with the healing of muscle injury.
Ruling planet is Mercury and Chiron. Zodiac signs are Virgo and Gemini. Used for favorable decisions and success. An aid in telepathic communications between willing parties, it should not be used to invade another. Mercury likes to play tricks, especially upon persons using her incorrectly.
Ruling planet is the sun. Zodiac sign is Leo. Encourages understanding and quick monetary gain. Promotes safety and power of the male.
Ruling planet is the sun. Zodiac sign is Leo. Used in a long doleful period, wealth, imagination and acclaim.
Ruling is Venus. Zodiac signs are Taurus and Libra. Brings forth friendship, passion, romantic love, peace and flirtation.
Ruling planet is Venus. Element is Earth. Zodiac signs are Taurus and Libra. Greatly associated with Mother Earth. Green works well with orange candles. When used together, obstacles can be removed and hidden passages can be reveled.
Ruling planet is Mercury. Element is water. Zodiac sign is Virgo and Pieces. Great for calming ones self and to calm troubles in home life.
Ruling planet is Jupiter. Zodiac sign is Sagittarius. Works for honor, recognition in acquiring wealth and respect, improve chances at winning lawsuits, a gate to hidden knowledge and acquiring influential and powerful allies. Related to power; works well with yellow, orange and green candles.
Ruling planet is Saturn. Stops situations or people from doing harm, draws Saturn’s power and induces extreme, deep meditation.
Ruling planet is the moon. Zodiac sign is cancer. Aids in telepathy, clairaudience, astral energies and intuition.
Ruling planet is Pluto. Zodiac sign is Capricorn. Influences friendship and special favors. Works well on physical planes, grounding and stabilization.
Ruling planet is Saturn. Zodiac sign is Capricorn and Aquarius. Attribute to Saturn, known as the teacher. Must be very cautious when selecting this color because; Saturn is used for retribution when we have been done wrong by. This power of magic must not be misused ever, even when bad is being done upon you. Black candles are not used very often.
Ruling planet is the moon. Zodiac sign is Cancer. Represents the Goddess and the highest form of purity. One’s high self, peace and virginity. White is the best color for cleansing and absorption. White can also be used as a substitute for any other color.
The exuberant life force that erupts from the Aries is spirited, radiant, wild, and free. Startling self assertion, crackling intuition, and a fireball of energy streak through life and lead with a fire dance of colour, creativity, and peril. Blood red is the colour of Aries and ruling planet Mars governs the bloodstream and fevers. The Aries temperament is aggressive in its quest for new experiences, reckless in its abandon for discovery, excitable, and flammable. The individual’s unique and daring style is flashy and embarks through territories where angels fear tread. A restless and novel expression is the spark that sets alight the whole cosmic inferno. There is little life could throw at the Aries that intimidates or confronts. The individual faces her demons head on and rarely indulges in emotional concerns of martyrdom.
Aries burn all their bridges, but these become torches that light new ways. Steven Forrest refers to Aries as the ‘life force’, the will to exist. And the Aries is built of will, it’s a coursing indwelling vital energy that drives fear and demons away. The individual relishes in provoking the environment for a destructive response and pushing the dominoes down the stairs to reap havoc. Life is flighty, fun, and relished in the midst of chaos for Aries. The individual is a formidable trailblazer who develops new insights and pockets of revelation. Aries is the expression of the purist humanistic instinct, the primitive reactions of man, a groundbreaker who reads more maps than books. Her inner and outer landscape is wide and filled with memories of discovery and innovation. There is combustion in her body, a flame that sizzles on the tip of twirlers, she is a fireball that spins through the sky, her mind and body operate a million miles an hour.
Aries people typically ignore the wisdom and plights of their elders in her blissful worldly search. She wants to indulge in every spice and experience the thrill of every freefall, trampoline, and sky jump. It’s like she is standing on a cloud top with one foot teetering off the edge, ready to drop into a new wicked wonderland at any impulsive moment. The love of her life and most incandescent romance is that with herself, the fight for her identity, and the charge to realise how much of life she can saturate herself with. Aries teaches the zodiacs to raise their cosmic swords in battle, a warrior goddess with a heart of iron as we conquest our darkest fears and most vicious terrors. The world is never the same after the Aries flame has erupted and splayed blood red paint on every flickering lantern.
Unlike the constellation of meteorological satellites that surround planet Earth to capture every storm and provide data for future forecasts, no spacecraft fly around Mars solely to measure weather conditions on the red planet.
Red- color of the planet Mars. It keeps you alert and it also can work as a detoxifier for your psyche.
Pink. Lighter than Red. It has psychologically been used by people seeking affection and engender unconditional love.
Yellow-the Mercurial color. It's good to wear if you are feeling down or shy because it brings feelings of optimism. It cleanses waste from our body and even helps with skin issues.
White, Silver, Grey- colors of the moon. White is pure and instills peace. White on its own can be passive. Grey is a bridge between black and white and allows subtle moods and emotions to come in. Silver is versatile. It allows optimism in the present and makes you reflect on the past. It holds the cold charm of the moon at night.
Hues of Orange and Gold- colors of optimism and warmth. Orange deals with bringing the passive emotions and feelings out in the open. It inspires creative energy and confidence. Both Gold and Orange should be the colors you surround yourself with if you are emotionally distraught. It can also increase appetite.
Earthy colors- Dark brown, green, and navy blue. Blue helps with self-confidence and calms your nerves. Green helps heal and balance. It helps boost your nervous system if you are afraid of a nervous breakdown or anxiety.
Pastel shades of blue and green- ruled by Venus and are symbolic for femininity. They are also subtle symbols for regeneration, balance and fertility. Soft blue encourages relaxation. Light greens are alerting so they will subtlety encourage healing and balance in life.
Hues of dark red to maroon. They reflect the hues of autumn. They give power, strength and sociability-even sexually. They promote a feeling of warmth.
Hues from dark blue to purple. They reflect the cooler side of the color spectrum. They are helpful with calming anxiety. Purple helps with creative energy and promote spirituality. Those who usually seek out this color are trying to find a meaning to life's journey. They want a greater understanding.
Black, dark gray and brown- colors of someone ruled by Saturn. They represent power and set boundaries. They can promote understanding of the harder things in life to grasp like death. They can also keep negative energy away.
Turquoise blue. It promotes peace and tranquility, works as a de-stressor, can relieve insomnia, cool down the nervous system and calm the mind. Hospitals actually utilize this color and its qualities.
a soft pea-green, violet and indigo. They are tones of Neptune and they promote positive thinking that allows you to see your self-worth. Violet is the color of the crown chakra and can help you achieve creativity and psychic perception. It helps heal the head.
(Requested by an anon who was wondering the colors of the zodiac.)
Little remained of the canvas. Tatters floated along the edge of the hole it once covered. This granted Watney an unobstructed view of Mars from orbit. The red planet’s crater-pocked surface stretched out seemingly forever, its thin atmosphere a slight blur along the edge. Only eighteen people in history had personally seen this view. “Fuck you,” he said to the planet below.