the ocean is 6 miles deep

anonymous asked:

Did you know that much of the ocean's food chain depends on the moon? Algae move towards moonlight to the surface in the evening, and creatures who feed on them go after them, so on and so forth.

Originally posted by haidaspicciare

Well, you learn something new every day!  Here are some more ocean facts!

1. For starters, did you know that 94 percent of life on Earth is aquatic? That makes us land-dwellers a very small minority.

2. About 70 percent of the planet is ocean, with an average depth of more than 12,400 feet. Given that photons (light) can’t penetrate more than 330 feet below the water’s surface, most of our planet is in a perpetual state of darkness.

3. Fifty percent of the United States (in terms of our complete legal jurisdiction, which includes ocean territory) lies below the ocean.

4. The deep sea is the largest museum on Earth: There are more artifacts and remnants of history in the ocean than in all of the world’s museums, combined.

5. We have only explored less than 5 percent of the Earth’s oceans. In fact, we have better maps of Mars than we do of the ocean floor (even the submerged half of the United States).

6. The longest mountain range in the world is under water. Called the Mid-Oceanic Ridge, this chain of mountains runs through the middle of the Atlantic Ocean and into the Indian and Pacific oceans. It runs more than 35,000 miles long, has peaks higher than those in the Alps and it comprises 23 percent of the Earth’s total surface.

7. We didn’t send divers down to explore the Mid-Ocean Ridge until 1973 — four years after Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the moon — when a French-American crew of seven entered the 9,000-foot-deep Great Rift in the French submersible Archimede.

8. The ocean boasts an array of unusual geographic features, such as pillars that reach several stories high and chimneys that send up sulphuric acid. In the ocean-floor neighborhood of the Gulf of Mexico, brine pools mark the floor, along with underwater volcanoes that spew mud and methane, rather than lava.

9. These wonderful formations aren’t barren, either. Underwater hot springs that shoot water that’s 650 degrees Fahrenheit — hot enough to melt lead — boast a profusion of life, from 10-foot tall tubeworms to giant clams that function without digestive systems.

10. Many of the rules that apply on land are turned upside down in the ocean, some literally. Beneath the surface, often not far from popular vacation beaches, are underwater lakes, waterfalls and even upside-down lakes! 

11. Much of the life in the oceans, as on land, is invisible to the naked eye. For instance, if you’ve ever swallowed a milliliter of ocean water, know that you also gulped 1 million bacteria and 10 million viruses — give or take a few. No need to worry though, swimmers around the world swallow some ocean water during their ventures into the water, without ill effects.

12. Also living on hydrothermal vents are 140- to 160-foot long jellies, which use a process called chemosynthesis (think photosynthesis, but adapted to zero sunlight) to convert the hydrothermal water into simple sugars for food. Most striking are the extremes in which the jellies live. Temperatures vary drastically near the vents, so while the tops of the jellies enjoy lows of 37 degrees, their bottoms (at the vent) bask in a toasty 392 degrees — happy as clams, or jellies, rather.

13. Extreme temperatures aren’t the only seeming barrier to life, but again, the laws below the surface differ from those above. The immense pressure of the water on a human diving to greater depths is one of the biggest hurdles to exploring the deepest parts of the oceans — yet, at depths that would crush the Titanic like a Coke can, crabs, octopuses and tubeworms go about their business.  

14. But even the more familiar ocean creatures have interesting and unexpected traits and habits. Did you know that an octopus’s speed of travel never exceeds that of the surrounding waves? That same octopus employs amazing camouflaging talents — changing color, shape, and even its texture, pattern and brightness — to blend in to its surroundings.

15. Another example is the male squid, which turns a warm brown color to attract females, or white to warn away interloping males. Most intriguing is that the male never shows its white, aggressive side to the female. In a colorful show of marine multitasking, the male squid will turn the side facing his prospective mate the welcoming brown, while simultaneously turning sideways so that she can’t see he’s made his outward-facing flank white.

//JULY JAMS//

1 Don’t Save Me (Cyril Hahn Remix) by Haim
2 Bliss by The Maine
3 Paris by Magic Man
4 We’re The Kids by Parade Of Lights
5 Easy Now by Sir Sly
6 Settle Down by The 1975
7 Young Hearts by Strange Talk
8 All Of The People by Panama Wedding
9 Miracle Mile by Cold War Kids
10 Shot At The Night by The Killers
11 Punching In A Dream by The Naked And Famous
12 Orange County by Swim Deep
13 Got To My Head by Waters
14 Young by Air Review
15 All Night by Icona Pop
16 Miracle by Ghost Beach
17 Mason Jar by Smallpools
18 Lonesome Dreams by Lord Huron
19 We Move Like The Ocean by Bad Suns
20 A Sky Full Of Stars by Coldplay

check out this playlist on my 8tracks which is paigehahs

OK, this Pokemon subspecies thing may be the coolest bandwagon I’ve ever jumped upon. I may make more of these sometime, when I get the time…

The inspiration of this pic was this one, which inspired me to think about what an actual Wailmer would look like with orca markings, as well as the fact that to me, an orca Wailmer would evolve into a sperm Wailord. And then I decided to do some other whale species as well.

Orca Wailmer/Sperm Wailord have teeth in their lower jaw, as well as the baleen found in all Wailmers/Wailords. This allows them to take on larger prey than the schools of small swimming Pokemon that other subspecies usually eat. Orca Wailmer are intelligent and are frequently seen swimming together, using a collective Surf to knock Seels and Sealeos off their iceberg perches. More aggressive than other Wailmer, Orca Wailmer are the hardest to keep in captivity, and frequently suffer from emotional stress if kept for too long in aquarium tanks or other small bodies of water.

Which is to say nothing of Sperm Wailord, which are capable of fighting and preying on giant Tentacruel and can dive up to 6 miles below the ocean surface to hunt them down. (For comparison, the Marinara Trench, the deepest marine canyon on Earth, is nearly 7 miles deep.) Sperm Wailord are famously protective of their young, and will encircle newly birthed Orca Wailmers with their powerful tails facing outwards if threatened by intruding Orca Wailmers (which will cannibalize infants from other pods if possible). Sperm Wailord were once persecuted by ‘Wailers’ for their meat, blubber, and cranial oil, and their vicious defense was immortalized in one of the most famous works of historical Pokemon literature.

I also did several more subspecies based on two porpoises and two baleen whales. The Dall’s Wailmer is a streamlined and fast-moving subspecies, with a distinctive color scheme not unlike the Orca Wailmer but feeds primarily on Remoraid, Feebas, and other small fish. It’s also endangered, frequently subject to both hunting and accidental bycatch in fishing nets. As for the Harbour Wailmer, it is one of the smallest Wailmer subspecies, and frequently stays close to coastal areas and may even venture into rivers, making it easy to catch and train. In areas where both Dall’s and Harbour Wailmer live, their pods are known to mingle.

Right Wailord were targeted by wailers even more than Sperm Wailord, due to their abundant blubber which makes them float upon death; an urban legend claims that their right side always faced upward postmortem, hence the name. Their distinctive curved upper jaws have large growths caused by tiny, parasitic Binacles; they also have a distinctive V-shaped spray upon surfacing.

Gray Wailord are named for their grayish skin tone, with whitish streaks on their backs and faces. These markings vary between individuals, with no two Gray Wailord having the exact same pattern. Another frequently hunted subspecies, Gray Wailord are almost as aggressive in their defense as Sperm Wailord, and because they migrate frequently, they can only be held in captivity for several months at a time.

Submarine quotes

Aries: fuckin’ hell, you’re a serial killer

Taurus: I often wonder how people would react to my death

Gemini: my mum gave a handjob to a mystic

Cancer: my eyes are probably red, I was crying earlier

Leo: why don’t you go fuck yourself, you fucking big gay

Virgo: how deep is the ocean?

Libra: this is the time where you leave him and come with me

Scorpio: thanks for living on a fuckin’ hill

Sagittarius: you look mentally retarded

Capricorn: the ocean is 6 miles deep

Aquarius: i can’t let principles stand in the way of progress

Pisces: i’ve got a big heart