the nymphaeum

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Nymphaem of the Tritons

Hierapolis, Phrygia, Turkey

3rd century CE

70 m long

The Nymphaem of the Tritons, along with the Nymphaeum near the Temple of Apollo, was one of the two large monumental fountains of the city. The building was composed of a basin 70m long, opened onto the street, and had a façade with two flaps, on which were niches to accommodate statues.
The systematic excavations of the monuments began in 1993, lead to the recovery of the elements of the marble architectural and figured decoration, which had collapsed in the large basin and was covered by layers of travertine. Of particular interest were the slabs with battles between Greeks and Amazons and reliefs with personifications of rivers and springs. The style of the reliefs, the architectural elements, and the dedication to the Emperor Severus Alexander Severus engraved on the architrave, allow its construction to be dated to the first half of the 3rd century CE.

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Nymphaeum of Perge

Perge, Pamphylia, Turkey

21 by 9 m.


At the northern end of the colonnaded street stands a beautiful nymphaeum, called the fountain of Hadrian, because of the date of its of construction. This name also helps to distinguish this fountain from the other one, situated on the southern part of Perge. Hadrian’s nymphaeum is supported by the southern slope of the Acropolis hill and marks the starting point of a canal that distributed the water to various districts of the city.

The Hadrian’s nymphaeum was erected on a U-shaped plan and its base has the dimensions of 21 by 9 meters. This two-storied building was once also used as a gateway to the acropolis. There were two entrances to the structure and between them was a decorative façade with a statue of Cestros - the god of Kaistros river. 

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Nymphaeum of Athens

Athens, Greece

140 CE


The nymphaeum was a large, semicircular and elaborate fountain facing north towards the Panathenaic Way.

Construction began under Hadrian and was completed around 140 CE under Antonius Pius. It was built over the remains of the Mint which had previously occupied this site.

The walls of the fountain had niches decorated with statues of the Antonine imperial family and its lower part was formed by basins, pools and springs fed by the city’s Hadrianic aqueduct

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A so called temple of Minerva Medica, Rome

Actually this is a nymphaeum constructed in the 4th century CE.

In any case anyone who has travelled to Rome with a train has seen a glimpse of this building. I had always wanted to have a closer look at it and decided to visit the temple last year, Had to say that it was a bit of anticlimax due to construction works.

Rome, July 2015

Nymphaeum of Alexander Severus

Rome

208-235 CE


A monumental water fountain, built by Alexander Severus and located at a fork between the Via Tiburtina and the Via Labicana. The fountain is reconstructed as a two-storied façade with a wide central niche and arched openings on each side; its design thus evokes a triumphal arch. Statues occupied the niches.

A large central niche was occupied by a sculpture; further above, on the attic, rested a four horse chariot. Two marble groups featuring weapons and armour taken from barbaric populations as a trophy of war were located under two arches on either side, while below a series of niches, where other statues stood, ran all around the quadrangular base; the latter was surrounded by a large basin, the water gushing from several outlets on the sides was collected.
There are two groups of statues popularly called ‘Mario’s Trophies’, as they were believed to celebrate the victories of general Gaius Marius over the Cimbri and the Teutons.

Nymphs Listening to the Songs of Orpheus by Charles François Jalabert, 1855. Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland.

The natural grotto, and fresh, flowing water in this painting, are classical characteristics of nymphaeum. Note, too, the recline postures of the nymphs, which is reminiscent of the depictions of nymphs on ancient Roman reliefs.

The Spring of Arethusa, Island of Ortygia, Syracuse, Sicily.

Arethusa was a daughter of Nereus, and an attendant of Artemis. She was courted by the river god Alpheus, but spurned his advances, determined to remain a virgin in the service of the goddess. Artemis offered Arethusa sanctuary at her birthplace, the Island of Ortygia. The freshwater spring where the nymph dwells is home to one of the only thickets of wild papyrus remaining in Europe. Papyrus writing material has been produced in Syracuse since the 18th century, and Syracuse is home to the International Papyrus Institute.

Nymph. Roman; bronze; 1st century CE. Unknown provenance, private collection.

“The idea that rivers are gods and springs divine nymphs is deeply rooted not only in poetry but in belief and ritual; the worship of these deities is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality.”

~ Walter Burkert, Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

The benefits of pure, flowing waters were recognized and valued to the point that people not only made offerings of gratitude to the spirits of the place, but sought their assistance in matters of health in general and conception in particular. A nymphaeum was originally a grotto near a river or natural spring which was regarded as the habitation of a nymph or nymphs. Eventually, articifial grottos were designed for fountains, and as garden features.

LIKE NEVER BEFORE

(During Blood of Olympus, Piper POV, inspired by letterstopercyjackson’s recent Jasiper post: 

Can we take a minute appreaciate Piper and Jason’s relationship?

Jason was an orphan until his 15-16 years (when he met Thalia), he probably never had anyone to tell him “I love you” right on his face (Reyna perhaps did love him, but never said anything). Then he starts dating this girl he met because of a goddess’ plan on saving the world and… 

She tells him: "I love you" right when they are drowning and he doesn’t have the chance to reply her - or even look shocked/surprised. This girl’s I love you is the first I love you the boy listened his whole life. I don’t think Jason will ever forget it.)

Knock, knock.  Knockknockknock.

The sound comes quietly and cautiously, and Piper is quite certain if she had been asleep, she’d never have heard it.  Unfortunately, she’d been up all night, tossing and turning, torn between rest and horrible nightmares.  

Piper didn’t know if she should open the door or not.  What if it was another stowaway monster?  That’d happened more than once.

She swung her legs out of her bed, and paced in her dark cabin.  The knocking persisted, more frantically now, but no louder.  She reached for the knob, but faltered.  

“Piper?  Are you awake?”  came an impossibly soft whisper.

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anonymous asked:

I feel like Piper's flaw might be selflessness. Like the whole books she doesn't do anything for her. She works to bring down giants even if she can't get her dad, she erases his memory bc that's what's best for him, she wants to get Nico bc that's what's best for Nico, & she does a lot of other stuff like that. It is good thing in small doses but she has a lot of guilt & regret esp. about Leo and percabeth in Tartarus.

NOW THIS I CAN GET BEHIND. LET’S DISCUSS???

i had to find this one post that’s been floating around my dash but THIS look at it!!! it highlights some p selfless things she’s done w/o asking anything in return/expecting anything back.

she is absolutely one of the most selfless characters!!!!! and more often than not it gets her into eXTREMELY DEEP SHIT? (pretty much ANY scene where she’s defending someone–in MoA w/ the nymphaeum being the most memorable.)

and you’re absolutely right: it’s good in small doses, bUT BIG ONES…YIKES.
Y I K E S.

I NEED 100% MORE OF THINGS LIKE THIS IT’S SO ACCURATE and on a sadder note: ties in very well with the self esteem issues. at the start, perhaps out of guilt/uneasiness that she wasn’t doing enough–or doing things the same as the other heroes–she puts that extra mile in because she wants to be good. she wants to be a hero too. she’s selfless without thought on it but gOD, does she take the losses hard and try and make up for all that.

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For all of my Heroes of Olympus fans out there, the nymphaeum where Percy, Jason and Piper almost drowned and the statue from which a trap door leading to Archimedes’ underground workshop opened up