the noble prophet

6

“Say,  "O  disbelievers,

I  do  not  worship  what  you  worship.

Nor  are  you  worshippers  of  what  I  worship.

Nor  will  I  be  a  worshipper  of  what  you  worship.

Nor  will  you  be  worshippers  of  what  I  worship.

For  you  is  your  religion,  and  for  me  is  my  religion.”

– The Noble Qu'ran | Surah Al-Kafirun [109:1-6]


“It is narrated by Muslim that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to recite this Surah with Surah Al-Ikhlas in two raka'at following tawaf of the Ka'bah; it is also narrated by Muslim that he used to recite them in the two raka'at of fajr prayer; and Imam Ahmad narrates that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam used to recite them in the two raka'at before fajr prayer and in the two raka'at of maghrib prayer.”

Blessed birthday of the humble Imam of Ahlulbayt (as), Hazrat al Hassan al Mujtaba (as) that in human perfection was reminiscent of His father Hazrat Ali (as) and a perfect example of His noble grandfather Prophet Muhammad (saw).

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijja are blessed days, which we frequently neglect. The Noble Prophet, Peace and Blessings of God be upon him, said, “There are no days in which righteous deeds done during them are more beloved to God than these days,” referring to the first ten days of Dhul-Hijja.

During these blessed days we should try to exert ourselves in worship, for the ‘Ulama’ mention that the virtue of these days surpass even the virtue of the days of Ramadan. Among the indications of the distinction of these days is the special mention made of them as a group or individually in both the Qur’an and the Sunnah. In the Qur’an, God says, “I swear by the Dawn, the Ten Nights, the Even and the Odd.”

Bearing these and many other virtues of these days in mind, we should be especially diligent in increasing our righteous acts during them. The following acts are especially recommended:

1. We should try to fast as many of the first nine days as possible. We should make an extra effort to fast the Day of ‘Arafah. It is related in Sahih Muslim that the Noble Prophet, Peace and Blessings of God be upon him, said, “I anticipate that Fasting the Day of ‘Arafah will atone for the sins of the previous and coming year.”

2. We should carefully monitor our speech, what we listen to, and what we allow our gaze to fall on during these days, again, especially on the Day of ‘Arafah. The Noble Prophet, Peace and Blessings of God be upon him, said, “[Concerning] the Day of ‘Arafah, whoever controls his hearing, gaze, and speech on that day, he will be forgiven.”

3. We should be excessive in repeating the declaration of Tawhid, with special emphasis on the phrase, “La ilaha ilallah, Wahdahu La Sharika lah, Lahul Mulk, wa lahul Hamd, biyadihi Khayr, wa Huwa ‘ala kulli Shayin Qadir: There is no God but Allah. He is alone without partners. His is the dominion, and unto Him is all praise. With Him is all good, and He over all things has power.” Imam Tirmidhi relates that this was the supplication the Prophet, Peace and Blessings of God be upon him, repeated more than any other on the Day of ‘Arafah.

4. We should pray for forgiveness and liberation from the Hellfire during these days, especially the Day of ‘Arafah. Imam ‘Ali, May God be pleased with him, related, “God liberates people from the Hellfire everyday. And there is no day when more people are liberated from the Hellfire than the Day of ‘Arafah.”

During this blessed season, let us all strive to renew our commitment to our faith. May each year when these blessed days return find you all in the very best of states. May your life be dominated by the remembrance of God. In all that we do, May He be glorified.

—  Imam Zaid Shakir

The brothers and sisters in England, America and the West in general when they hear of a death they say ‘inna lillah wa inna ilayhe raaji'oon’, which is good Alhamdulillah, this is from the sunnah. 

But they thereafter neglect to say duaa for the mayit (the dead person) We should also say duaa for them such as, Allahu yarhamahu (May the Rahma of Allah be upon him) Allahu yarhamahaa (May the Rahma of Allah be upon her) Allahumma ighfir lu (Oh Allah forgive him) Allahu ighfir laha (Oh Allah forgive her) Etc because saying duaa for the dead when the news reaches  us is the way of our noble Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم

 The daleel for this is the hadith of oum Salama رضي الله عنها when abu Salama died the prophet said: 

 'الَّلهُمَّ اِغْفِرْ لِأَبِي سَلَمَة و آرْفَع ْ دَرَجَتُه ُفِي المَهْدِيِّيْن وآِفْسَحْ لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ و نَوِّرْ لَهُ فِيْهِ وآخْلُفْهُ ِفي عقبِهِ’ رواه مسلم ’

Allahumma ighfir lu, forgive Abi Salama and raise his ranks amongst those who were rightly guided, and make his grave spacious and bright for him, and make his relatives remain upon good’ Reported by Imam Muslim 2/634

Please pass on, so you can help correct this misunderstanding amongst some of our brothers and sisters in the west. 

- Umm Abdillah Shaheeda Al-Biritaaniya student of Sh. Muqbil رحمه الله  

The Prophet’s Manners

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah summarized the extent of the Prophet’s noble manners by saying:

The Prophet ﷺ used to greet the children when he passed by them. Sometimes, a little girl would take him by the hand and he would allow her to lead him wherever she wanted. He used to lick his fingers after eating. He would be in the service of his family when at home.

Never would he become angry because of something personal. He used to repair his own sandals and mend his own torn clothes. He would milk his goat himself for his own family. He would feed his own camel. He used to eat with his servants, sit in the company of the poor people, and personally take care of the needs of widows and orphans.

He would be the one to initiate the greeting when meeting people. He would respond to the humblest of invitations.

He lived a very modest lifestyle, a man of soft manners, naturally kind, easy to get along with, having a pleasant smile on his face, gracefully humble, extremely generous but not wasteful. Soft-hearted and gentle in his dealings with each and every Muslim, lowering the wings of humility to the believers, bearing their companionship in such a gentle way.

Reference : Madarij-us-Salikeen

Muharram/Ashura

Recommended Deeds on the Day of ‘Āshūrā

1)  The noble Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam has exhorted and encouraged his Ummah to fast on this day. 

Abū Qatādah radhiyallāhu 'anhu narrates that the noble Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam was asked regarding the fast of the day of 'Āshūrā. The noble Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam replied, “It is a compensation for the (minor) sins of the past year.” (Muslim)

NOTE: It must be borne in mind that wherever a promise of forgiveness of sins is made upon the fulfilment of some action, it is only the minor sins that are forgiven. The major sins are not forgiven without true tawbah (repentance).

2)  One should also observe the fast of the 9th or 11th Muharram.

 Ibn 'Abbās radhiyallāhu 'anhu said, “When Rasūlullāh sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam observed the fast of the day of 'Āshūrā and ordered (his companions radhiyallāhu 'anhum) to fast, they said, 'O Rasūlullāh sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam! It is a day revered by the Jews and Christians.’ Rasūlullāh sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, 'The coming year, if Allāh wills, we will fast on the ninth (also).’” (Muslim)The noble Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam thereafter encouraged his companions radhiyallāhu 'anhum to also fast on the 9th or 11th Muharram. He sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, “Should I live until the coming year, I will definitely fast on the ninth (also).” (Muslim)

In another narration the noble Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam said, “… Fast a day before it or a day after.” (Al-Bayhaqī)'Allāmah Ibn 'Ābidīn Ash-Shāmī rahimahullāh has mentioned that to fast only on the day of 'Āshūrā is makrūh tanzīhī.

3)  One should be generous to one’s family and dependants and spend more on them than is normally spent.

 Abū Hurayrah radhiyallāhu 'anhu reports that Rasūlullāhsallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam said, “One who generously spends on his family on the day of 'Āshūrā, Allāh will increase (his provision) for the whole year.” (Al-Bayhaqī, At-Targhīb wat-Tarhīb) This hadīth is not very authentic according to the science of hadīth. However, scholars of hadīth like Bayhaqī rahimahullāh and Ibn Hibbān rahimahullāh have accepted it as reliable.These are the only actions supported by ahādīth. 

Acts to Refrain From

1)  It is absolutely clear that the significance of the day of 'Āshūrā is from the time of the noble Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam. However, many people regard this day as the day of mourning the martyrdom of Husayn radhiyallāhu 'anhu. The martyrdom of Husayn radhiyallāhu 'anhu was indeed a great tragedy, but Islām is not a religion of perpetual mourning. 

Abū Sa'īd radhiyallāhu 'anhu relates that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam has cursed mourners and those who listen to them. (Abū Dāwūd)

The pages of Islāmic History are filled with the blood of the martyrs. Should we begin to mourn the martyrdom of the Sahābah radhiyallāhu 'anhum alone, every other day would be a day of mourning. Thus, to attribute the significance of 'Āshūrā to the martyrdom of Husayn radhiyallāhu 'anhu is baseless. Therefore, the host of baseless customs with regard to his martyrdom - mourning, lamenting and displaying grief - must be discarded. If mourning were permissible, then the day of the demise of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam would have been more worthy for mourning and lamenting.

2) The following misconceptions with regard to 'Āshūrā are baseless:.   

- This is the day in which Ādam 'alayhis salām was created..   

- This is the day in which Ibrāhīm 'alayhis salām was born..   

- This is the day on which Qiyāmah will take place..   

- Whoever has a bath on the day of Āshūrā will never get ill.

3) Some regard the tenth of Muharram as a day of 'Īd. They indulge in adornment, applying surmah (collyrium), wearing new clothes, spending lavishly and cooking a particular type of  meal which is not generally prepared. All these actions are regarded as sunnah according to their belief, whereas no authentic narration sanctioning and permitting such actions can be found.

4) Another misconception is that the month of Muharram is an unlucky month; hence marriage ceremonies should be avoided in this month. This concept is again contrary to the teachings of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam.  Let us observe this great day according to the way of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam and the Sahābah radhiyallāhu 'anhum and refrain from all innovations which deprive us of the blessings from Allāh ta'ālā. 

May Allāh ta'ālā guide us all upon the Straight Path and save us from every act which brings His displeasure. Āmīn. 

Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) summarized the extent of the Prophet’s noble manners by saying:

“The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to greet the children when he passed by them. Sometimes, a little girl would take him by the hand and he would allow her to lead him wherever she wanted. He (peace be upon him) used to lick his fingers after eating. He (peace be upon him) would be in the service of his family when at home.

Never would he become angry because of something personal. He (peace be upon him) used to repair his own sandals and mend his own torn clothes. He would milk his goat himself for his own family. He would feed his own camel. He used to eat with his servants, sit in the company of the poor people, and personally take care of the needs of widows and orphans.

He would be the one to initiate the greeting when meeting people. He would respond to the humblest of invitations.

He (peace be upon him) lived a very modest lifestyle, a man of soft manners, naturally kind, easy to get along with, having a pleasant smile on his face, gracefully humble, extremely generous but not wasteful. Soft-hearted and gentle in his dealings with each and every Muslim, lowering the wings of humility to the believers, bearing their companionship in such a gentle way.”

[Madaarij As-Saalikeen, 3/111-112]