the most accurate way i see them

Background of characters?

Sooo I am very curious on each characters backstory so here is a list. I’d love to receive more thoughts on this as well! 

So far we know Neil is jewish with two parents who are divorced from an unknown reason. His dad is very dorky and nerdy while his mother, from comments made by Neil, is his preferred parent. 

Dolph Houston is american, but was raised in a German army base and whose surname pertains to Scotland. No need to mention who he was modeled after.

David is 24 and one of the only characters alongside Max to have his age confirmed. He is also potentially Canadian after season 1 episode 6 with the comment made about his “papers” by Dolph. It is David’s reaction that leads me to believe this. We know after the end of season 2 that he isn’t blind to the realities of the world but rather chooses to see the bright side of things and tries to get others to see the same. 

Max is of Indian descent with parents who are potentially abusive. He flinches back when people get in his face, he is already cynical at the age of 10 for pete’s sake and by the end of season 2, we know for a fact that they practically abandoned him at the camp. 

Gwen I am unsure on. I looked up all her nicknames and most of them originate from Welsh (aka Britain). We know she is a fan of Doctor Who and “wants to have his British babies.” But her skin ton has me a bit unsure until I looked up anglo-indian, which is a mix of Britain and India. Now this is just heavily perceived and in no way accurate without confirmation. (Although I can definitely see her being Hispanic as well.)

Harrison has made hints multiple times that he can use actual magic but when he makes objects disappear, he has difficulty bringing them back. By the finale of season 2, we learn his parents are terrified of him because he made his brother disappear. 

EDIT: Okay, Harrison is totally Bill Cipher reincarnated as a human.

Nerris - I didn’t realize she was female until the last episode and I feel bad, but she wasn’t a character I cared for until the finale. After having seen her parents, I realized her entire family is made up of cinnamon rolls. They are the one and only perfect family. 

Preston Goodplay lives with his grandma and tends to shout a lot because of her bad hearing. His last name as far as I can tell is just purely a play on words, or a pun if you will. 

Nikki used to be a Flower Scout but after her traumatic experience of being driven out, she now seems to have an illness whenever she is near anything prim and proper. And her mom is a gold digger. Enough said.

Neil Armstrong Jr. “Space kid” - has always been so bazaar with his obsession with space but we later learn it is because his Uncle is Buzz Aldrin and his great grandpa is the actual Neil Armstrong. As his uncle commented: “Rocket fuel runs through his veins!”  For those don’t know, Aldrin is an American engineer and astronaut who was the second person to land and walk on the moon.

Gaylord Nurfington “Nurf” was sent to the camp to enroll for behavioral correction while his mom was in jail. He acts crude and bullies the other children, but you learn the reasoning for his behavior is because he was stereotyped into being a problem child at a young age. He was sent to a facility to work out his problems, only to become worse by the influence of other kids. it is also revealed that he explored his sexuality in the past with a boy named Chris.

Meredith Miller "Ered“ - Ered is stereotyped into the cool kids category. It is confirmed she uses people for her own gain and performs poorly in school, hence the bad grades. Ered’s parents are two male agents of the government that have been keeping an eye on Campbell to validate his legitimacy.

Cameron Campbell is the founder of Camp Campbell, which he named after himself. He is a wanted man by the federal government and is always on the run. Apparently he is rich and powerful and at one point had been the prime minister of Thailand. 

jermy Fartz - Nope.

My Spells and More Masterpost

This is updated very often, so click here to see the most updated version!

UPDATED 9/26/2017

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Assorted Spells

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Assorted Posts

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Helpful Posts For Beginner Witches

More Practical Posts

Hellenic Polytheism Posts

Tarot

Honestly,

shout out to @losersclubbb because this is something they made me think of. This is very long and I’m not the least bit fucking sorry!

Okay, but IMAGINE if “It” was a TV show, or a Netflix/Hulu/SOMETHING series. Like “Stranger Things”, each episode is about an hour, and it’s a sci-fi crime show. It shows how the kids all meet up, and there’s more time to develop their characters and reveal their back stories and get things made more accurately. The whole series is just in depth on their lives, and a little less outright horror and more head-scratching mystery. 

Like they all decide the Loser’s Club is a crime solving group, dedicated to finding the missing kids and taking care of each other. Like every few episodes there’s a filler where you just find out more about the target character of that episode while they’re out doing normal kid things, and to reign it back to remind you it’s technically suspense/crime, at the end of the filler episodes they’re brought back to reality by a Pennywise sighting, or a red balloon. 

When I say backgrounds I mean backgrounds- on everyone! The Bower’s Gang is NOT exempt because they deserve to be recognized wholly as King made them to be. Their parents will be included too so we can see how they were raised! Know who else isn’t exempt? PENNYWISE AND HIS FUCKING UNIVERSE PIE HOLE. The kids will unravel much more about him in the show than in the movie, including his backstory and how he came to be. And including that nightmare fest in his face. 

Speaking of, they find out mid-series that he’s NOT human, that these crimes are being committed by another entity entirely. They had no idea at first, thinking this mad man was just appearing dressed as a clown or leaving balloons. Once they know more about who they’re dealing with, he decides to let them know about what he knows- turning into their worst fears and taunting them. He taunts them for their most canon fears in the book, Richie and clowns and werewolves, Eddie and disease and his sexuality, (which, by the by, he’s GAY), Beverly and adulthood and her father, etc, etc, etc.! 

It shows them most detailed in kicking his ass in the sewers as a final show down kinda thing, taking up at least a full episode, preferably two, that way the final showdown with the kids is like its own movie. Any time they interact with him, it should have at least a few moments from Penny’s POV, chasing the kids, getting into their heads, seeing exactly the thoughts that give them their fears. (Also since this is really me and I’m biased, I want Eddie to be crushing on Richie, and Richie crushing back, but they don’t date because that’s not super accurate by any means, but the tension and the love is THERE)(And Pennywise is an asshole and uses that to his advantage of FUCKING COURSE)

ANYWAYS YEAH. They have the season finale two-episode special on kicking his ass and the blood oath. Then when the season comes back as adults, it’s all over again- just as much detail into their adult lives, what they’ve been up to, what they’ve missed. Falling back into familiar friendships, relearning the town and Pennywise and each other. I fully support the idea of Reddie becoming an unspoken thing as it’s canon they kinda do and Eddie is very unhappily married. They basically just have touching scenes and yes some filler episodes but not as many and they aren’t as light hearted, more to get the drama of their personal lives and “normal” lives outside of this fleshed out. 

Stan does die before the reunion, and they take a whole episode for him and his story, showing flashbacks of his life as he would think back on them after getting that call, all of his important moments and achievements captured because he is such a beloved and valuable part of the Loser’s Club even if he isn’t in the story as long. They do show him die, and the trauma of it, because his death should not be understated or glossed over. They take another whole chunk of the reunion episode itself for the Losers themselves to reminisce on him and how much they adored him and how much they’ll miss him, going over his proudest moments, and his silliest. 

Eddie does die in the sewer showdown part 2, in Richie’s arms as in the book, but HE FINISHES HIS FUCKING LAST WORDS AND GUESS WHAT HE’S CONFESSING HE’S BEEN IN LOVE WITH RICHIE THIS WHOLE TIME, AND RICHIE SAYS THAT’S WHY HE NEVER GOT MARRIED, THAT HE MAY HAVE FORGOTTEN LIKE THEY ALL DID, BUT THAT HIS SOUL DID NOT AND IT WAS WAITING FOR HIM. THEY ALSO DO NOT LEAVE HIM IN THE FUCKING SEWER. 

THEY BEAT THAT HONKY SIX PIECE CHICKEN MCNOBODY BALDY MONSTER, THEY GET OUT, THEY HAVE A FUNERAL FOR EDDIE, AND RICHIE GETS THEM MATCHING PROMISE RINGS AND BURIES ONE WITH EDDIE AND WEARS THE OTHER ONE AND VISITS HIM EVERY GODDAMN YEAR. THE LOSERS ALL STAY FRIENDS AND THE SERIES ENDS ON 2 FILLER EPISODES, EACH DEDICATED TO THE REMAINING KIDS MAKING THEIR LIVES BETTER- BEVERLY AND BEN GET MARRIED BY THE WAY, AND A BONUS EPISODE OF THEIR FONDEST MEMORIES ALL PUT TOGETHER LIKE A VINTAGE HOME VIDEO, GRAINY AND SLIGHTLY DISCOLORED SOMETIMES, BUT FILLED WITH LAUGHTER AND JOY AND SHENANIGANS, BECAUSE THESE KIDS ARE NOT THEIR TRAUMAS, NOT THEIR FLAWS. THESE KIDS ARE NOT JUST MONSTER KILLERS, THEY ARE HUMAN, AND THEY HAD BEAUTIFUL TIMES TOO. 

BONUS BONUS, THE CREDITS SHOW THE SAME NOSTALGIC VIDEO OF THE CAST INTERACTING AND BEING THEMSELVES BEHIND THE SCENES AND IT’S SO TOUCHING THAT EVERYONE FUCKING CRIES WHEN THE SERIES IS OVER, TEARY KIDS AND ADULTS ALIKE ALL HUGGING AND LAUGHING AND SAYING THAT THIS WAS THE BEST PROJECT OF THEIR LIVES. EVERYONE WATCHING AT HOME IS FUCKING OBLITERATED IN A MESS OF TEARS AND EMOTIONS. THE FUCKING END. 

PSA: don’t take the Inuit out of Irene Baker!!! I see tons of people respecting and accurately depicting the Bangladeshi in Nadiya, but they’re still drawing Irene as 1) white most of the time and 2) just overall NOT Inuit. Native people get pushed aside way too much, don’t let our few points of representation get away by the fans.

Also: just drawing her with darker skin does not automatically make her Native. There are actual prominent features for them that can be done with 0.5 seconds of looking at a picture of an actual Inuk.

Irene is a northern Native!

Some Thoughts: Navy, the Ruby Squad, and what it holds for the Crystal Gems

Anonymous said:
If you’ve seem “Room For Ruby”, what are your your thoughts on Navy now?

Now that we know the whole truth, it’s debatable whether Steven was copying Navy’s mannerisms– 

or Navy was copying Steven’s.

In fact, now that we know the whole truth, it’s a little difficult not to put context into the things Navy was saying.

“All the other Rubies are mean to me. I just want to be somewhere where I can be myself.”

“It’s almost like, it’s always changing!”

In hindsight, it’s worth noting that these words are exactly what the Crystal Gems would have wanted to hear from her: Earth as a place where things can change, where gems can grow and be who they want to be. I raised an eyebrow when she talked about the other Rubies’ being mean to her because when we analyse their dynamics it seems rather farfetched that Navy would declare she felt this way. 

To me, this indicates there’s more than meets the eye in this episode. A lot of moments felt very discordant with how we expected things to play out, not only with Navy, but also with the Crystal Gems and how they were acting. 

I think this episode holds some implications for how the Ruby Squad operates as well as what it’ll be like when we see the Rubies next time. Given that, let’s get to it.

1. We don’t give the Rubies enough credit

When last we saw them, the Ruby Squad, they were almost successfully ambling towards each other in Adventures in Light Distortion. That means upon getting tossed into outer space, they individually decided that they had to get back to one another. 

In Room for Ruby, we find out that all along, Navy’s goal was to get back the Ruby Ship. Somewhere up in space, either she or the Squad put together a plan with several contingencies. And getting their ship back is a smart move for the Rubies because they’re currently adrift in space with no means of propulsion. Getting the ship back would be the fastest way to reconvene and regroup. 

At the heart of it, we can’t forget that Rubies are soldiers. That means they’re trained to survive in the most chaotic circumstances. In those moments, it’s doubtful that another gem will be present and serving as commander, which is why it’s significant that Doc is the clear-cut leader. 

Meanwhile, it’s become a bit of an inside joke that nobody trusts Rubies to do anything right in the show, everyone says as much, “Man, Rubies are dumb.”  It’s odd then that the exact opposite is being done. Rubies are trusted with their own missions. If they weren’t to be trusted at all, then another gem would be coming along to supervise.

It’s believable that a single Ruby could serve as guard to a gem as rare and important as Sapphire, both in The Answer, and even in the modern Gem Heist. In both cases, there is no other gem making sure the Rubies get the job done. 

These instances stand in sharp contrast to Holly Blue’s role in the lives of the Famethyst, gems perceived to be of much higher standing than Rubies. Their being Earth gems plays a factor in this infantilisation, but the Rubies aren’t just innocuous foot soldiers either.

As mentioned, they’re trained to survive, and that requires a certain degree of autonomy and resourcefulness, training and preparing. Homeworld trusts them to go on missions successfully, and it’s no surprise that the Rubies expected to successfully complete their Earth mission. 

Rubies aren’t innocuous. Eyeball knew exactly how to approach meeting Rose Quartz; she went for the kill the moment it was confirmed. Navy planned exactly how to deceive the Crystal Gems. 

That Garnet saw it as a possibility prior to the end of the episode means hearkens back to how her future vision works. Garnet explores paths that she feels are within the realm of plausibility. That’s why she didn’t see Pearl’s deception in Cry for Help, because she found the idea too implausible to entertain and explore. But Garnet herself said “Not all of them” in response to the idea that “Rubies are dumb.” She would know firsthand that there’s more to a Ruby than the bumbling outer appearance.

@thelightwithinthedark said:
What can you say about Garnets monotone reaction when Navy stole the Ruby ship?

While I don’t think “monotone” was the most accurate way to describe Garnet’s reaction when she realised Navy deceived all of them, I do agree that there seemed to be a lack of concern now that a potentially dangerous group of gems now has access to a reality-bending ship. 

It appears she is either running through some possibilities or she doesn’t see this as a huge setback or threat for the CGs. These aren’t mutually exclusive, but that they aren’t jumping to action could also be indicative of their knowing that they don’t have the resources to go after said reality-bending ship. Garnet isn’t the type to openly worry, and from her standpoint, there is nothing they can do, unless at one point someone placed a tracking device on the ship. So worrying wouldn’t have done anything and preparations for the future don’t have to be done immediately.

And I feel that fits in perfectly with the theme of the show, which always says not to judge or presume things about other individuals. It was easy to label the Rubies as adorable and ‘smol’ and therefore harmless; just as it was initially easy for many to paint Jasper as filled with bloodlust. It’s consistent that the Rubies, initially portrayed as comic relief in Hit the Diamond, would have a lot more going underneath.

They are a cohesive unit that trusts one another and trains future Rubies. Earth wasn’t their first mission and they’re determined not to make it their last. They have all the skills a resource-deprived civilisation can equip them with so that more resources aren’t wasted. And I’ll be talking about those special set of skills next.

2. Room for Ruby emphasises differentiation among the members of the Ruby Squad

Keep reading

kitty-litter-ivy  asked:

Do you have any tips on drawing cats? Btw I love your art! :)

(HEADS UP THIS IS A LONG ONE. I’m also adding a disclaimer right now that this is assuming you want to draw cats as accurately as possible, and is not meant to put down anyone’s art style for not being 100% anatomically accurate. Stylization can definitely break the rules, but it’s best to know the rules before you break them, imo. Okay, on to the real answer.)

My number one piece of advice:
I know I always say this but…Always use photo references. No matter what, this WILL be the best, fastest, most accurate way to learn to draw cats (and everything else)

But aside from that, let’s see…

-Cat tails move in ways you wouldn’t really intuit or expect. They’re very rarely held in an elegant curve or swoopy, swishy “S” shape how people often draw them. (it’s fine to draw them that way if that’s what you’re going for. Nice swoopy tails can be a great way to accentuate a line of action if you’ve got one going, so don’t shy away from it just because it’s not 100% accurate to the anatomy) But if you ARE looking to be as accurate to life as possible, take a look at a bunch of cat pictures. You’ll notice the tails will often sort of resemble old, low-poly 3D models. Kinda like sticks with a couple breaks/joints. They curve and kink in really weird ways sometimes. I find this most noticeable in action shots, particularly jumping/leaping.

-Cats have surprisingly simple chests. (This one is… hard to explain) I find when drawing cats from the side or at a ¾ angle, cats have this really elegant, easy to draw sort of “soft L” shape starting from the bottom at the chin and ending where the front leg intercepts it. I find it most noticeable on photos of sitting or crouching cats. I hope that makes at least some sense???

-The length from the hock/ankle to the toes is a LOT shorter than many artists seem to realize. I see a lot of artists draw cats’ rear legs with almost deer-like proportions, their femurs/fibulas/tibulas will be super short and their metatarsals are SUPER LONG. (Sometimes I even see people draw cats with their hocks practically level with their elbows! That’s about where their knees should be!) Photos of cats just walking or standing are good references for this detail.

-The general shape of a cat is a rectangle. A long rectangle with little leggies underneath it, a head/neck sticking out one end and a tail sticking out the other. Sometimes you’ll see people draw cats with a really deep ribcage and a really pronounced “tuck” (slope from the ribcage up to the crotch) but I find that to be a far more canine type feature than feline. Real cats, even the skinny oriental types, have really rectangular guts. When standing in a natural position the line from the elbow to the knee is practically straight. The elbow and the knee very nearly always line right up with the belly.

-When a cat sits down, its hind legs kind of disappear. So back to that rectangle shape, right? One of the reasons they appear that way (aside from needing somewhere to put their guts) is that they have this really weird flap of skin that runs from roughly the back of the ribcage to the knee. This is difficult to see on photos of house cats because their fur is so thick, but it’s VERY noticeable on photos of lions. I’m not honestly sure exactly what the function of this flap of skin is (I don’t believe it contains any muscle) but when a cat sits down that flap kind of lays over the knees almost like a blanket, creating this near seamless space between body and leg. Just Google “sitting cat” and try to draw an imaginary line around the hind leg. It’s more difficult than you’d think!

I think that’s all I’ve got for now! I hope those are useful to you! They sound really complex and scary now, but if you go through some images on Google and just try to draw what you see it’ll all start making sense. :)

Te/Ti: Observations and a sort of analiysis

SUBMITTED BY E-MAIL

I’ve been typing characters and people for a long time now, but for some reason, Te vs. Ti still trips me up from time to time. Usually I just go by default “He’s ESFP so he uses Te…..He’s blunt and tells it like it is” Likewise “She’s INFJ so she uses Ti…….She’s blunt and tells it like it is”. So yeah, kinda shallow and not much difference there. 

First, we need to rectify some of the common descriptions.

Ti is is often described as a mental blue print, inner logical consistency and categorizing things. I find this true, but mostly in NTP types. NTPs are usually easy to spot. Have you ever seen one getting their hands on the latest technological gizmo? They won’t stop at telling you this is awesome and describing one or two of its core feature, no. Instead get ready for a long exposé of every single thing this gadget does, how it compares to previous gadgets and what it means for future development and of course then ins and outs on how this thing works with a good chance of them repeating themselves several times. In either case, they always show some curiosity about how things work on every aspect but in more general terms, NTPs seem to really enjoy knowledge for its own sake. The more knowledge, the more power. They dislike quick judgements and shallow rationalization.

I find that this doesn’t really ring as true with STP types despite being Ti users too. STPs typically dislike academics and learning things that don’t amount to anything concrete real soon, if not now. So the whole “over-analytical, mental blueprint” definition doesn’t seem as accurate when describing them. The way I see STPs is that in their case, Ti is more like connecting mental wires together. They prefer to live in real time and fast-paced environment and situations, therefore stepping back and analyzing things for extended periods of time is not a preferred option, but rather connecting wires on the spur of the moment to figure out what makes the most sense, what will lead to desired results now. This is why I sometimes question whether someone is STP or a TJ type because of their wanting concrete results fast. Hence the King Leonidas GIF….ENTJ or ESTP? (I’m leaning towards ENTJ). For instance, when dealing with someone, an STP looks at their non-verbal: Posture, tone, ticks, movements, expression etc. which Se is excellent at spotting, then can come up with the best way to answer that person with lower Fe. But it is Ti that connects these two functions together. 

Now Te. As of all extroverted functions, this one is way easier to explain. It’s often describe as this really bossy, authoritative function that is geared towards results, organization and more than often, financial success. While I’m sure a lot of TJ types agree with this definition while they are tugging on the necktie of their business suit, not all TJ types can relate to it. Te simply looks at cause and effect in the external world. A+B = C. Don’t like the “C” result? Then fix either A, B or both. It’s just that simple. Anything else will over-complicate things and derail from the objective. Both Ti and Te go for logical arguments but Te prefers arguments that are concise, to the point and hopefully can’t be dispelled. Te is actually born out of fear and anxiety and its purpose is to understand the world around it in a very concrete, logical fashion in which one can then control their environment to not only to alleviate said fear and anxiety but to feel a sense of empowerment and competency. Thus the controlling businessman type cliché. Ti doesn’t seek to control but to understand and/or find the most logical course of action in the moment.

This is why TP types are typically better with improvisation. Because Ti is much more adaptable, what makes sense for that, won’t make sense for this because of different data filtered by Ti. This is more of a struggle for Te types who prefer to just tackle the problem without over-analyzing it. So for all their competence, Te users may look like fish out of water when dealing with on the spot problems. And this is often also because Ni and Si are slow functions that need a good deal of time to synthesize data. They don’t do well with improvisational fixes. So cue the anger and irritation as their sense of control and competency feels like it’s under attack.

This is why Te is better at organizing and implementing where Ni and Si can take time to work their magic and again is what links them often to the “corporate world” where these skills are paramount. 

Finally, let’s look at the way Ti and Te deal with people. Ti for all their detachment and often cynicism, have lower Fe so are often bound to seeing people as part of the equation. Therefore it’s important for them to be heard but they also tend to lose patience with others because of that. Ti types often feel the need to hammer people over the head with their logic until that person gets it. They have a “Why can’t you see how simple this is?” mentality. Which granted doesn’t have to be so harsh if the develop Fe better. Te types however prefer to dismiss illogical and irrational people. Te operates more on a “You don’t get it and I can’t make you get it, so moving on..” mentality. They see over-emotional or irrational people like obstacles that need to either be taken out of the equation or simply to be walked around (often with co-workers and in-laws, you know, people you can’t avoid). 

So in a pretty big nutshell, those are the differences I look for now. 

Because I am a petty and judgmental witch bitch.....

A while back I skimmed through parts of Huson’s Mastering Witchcraft (which I finally purchased and I will be doing more than just skimming), and made the following observation:

Damn, did he or no one else in forty-fucking-seven years not notice the three egregious mispronunciations in the reverse Lord’s Prayer?

Because it’s true. There are three major misspellings/mispronunciations in his phonetic rendering of the reverse Lord’s Prayer. Maybe it’s just because of who I am as a person. Maybe it’s because when I was a kid I would figure out how to say phrases backwards and record them, then reverse the recording so I could see what it sounded like (’Paul is dead,’ anyone?). But my first instinct when I see something like this written out is to go back through and check to see if it’s accurate, and I was grievously disappointed.

These are the mistakes:

  • tshaiga - this is supposed to be ‘against.’ It should be written tsnaiga.
  • mod-ngik - kigndom? No sir. It should be written mod-gnik.
  • Rertharf - BY FAR THE MOST EGREGIOUS. Frathrer? FRATHRER?! What is this??? The correct way would be Rethaf. Obviously.

Now, I’m giving him some leeway on one more - and that is “Neveh ni si za thre ni” - that comes out to “In earth as is in heaven.” The Lord’s prayer can differ from church to church, and sometimes new “official” translations can come out years later (spoken as an ex-Catholic). But I’m not thrilled with saying “in earth,” and I’m pretty sure it’s another mistake.

But seriously, am I the only person in forty-seven years to look through this and find these mistakes? Am I missing something??

I’m such a judgmental bitch.

averni  asked:

I understand that interrogation torture being ineffective is not a common knowledge and media doesn't really help with reinforcing the contrary among regular people, but what's been bugging me: don't torturers know that? I remember you saying that a lot of torturers justify doing this to themselves as necessary, but it just seems odd that none of them would notice the overarching pattern? Especially if it's an organisation where it's a long standing practice.

Good question. There’s actually a book due out later in September that I’m hoping could shed a little more light on these sorts of questions. (It’s by F Sironi who is a psychologist, has been a key player in numerous big human rights abuse trials and spent hundreds of hours interviewing torturers).

The truth is at the moment we don’t actually know an awful lot about torturers’ mind sets.

We know from both interviews and experiments involving pain and empathy with ordinary people that torturers develop profound mental health problems. And we know that broadly speaking they have similar symptom patterns to victims.

Most of the rest is basically what we can guess from interviews and trial notes.

I’m not a psychologist so while I can describe behaviour patterns I’ve seen across multiple interviews and works that analyse this kind of thing….be aware that my guesses as to why this might be the case are just that. I’m drawing from Fanon’s two interviews with torturers (and his interview with a torturer’s daughter), Rejali’s analysis of why torture continues, Cobain’s analysis of British torturers and Alleg’s account of his torturers. Some of these can show up together, some of them can’t.

1)      It becomes a point of pride that the group tortures, connected with their masculinity and ‘toughness’. Suggesting it doesn’t work is an attack on the close-knit group of torturers and risks being ostracised socially or physically attacked.

2)      Admitting torture doesn’t work means admitting the group/individual did something wrong, immoral and dangerous. This can be very difficult for people to do. It means essentially admitting they are the Bad Guy. I think this response sounds very similar to the sort of mental gymnastics sexual predators seem to go through to convince themselves that they personally aren’t rapists.

3)      Many torturers don’t seem to care about information. They see their victims as essentially bad people who deserve to be tortured. This seems especially prevalent when the attacks are against minorities or vulnerable people.

4)      Some torturers seem to see torture as a means of revenge for crimes, real or imagined. An example would be many of the American soldiers responsible for abuses in jails in Iraq brought up 9/11. The logic appeared to be that the victims were ‘close enough’ to the perpetrators that the attacks were justified.

5)      Some torturers appear to defend their actions simply because if they didn’t they might be out of a job.

6)      Genuine delusion about tortures effectiveness may play a part. Rejali quotes an example of a torturer who swore that this technique ‘worked every time’….as quoted by a victim who said nothing. The torturer did not appear bothered by this.

7)      One of the men responsible for the widespread torture by French troops during the Franco-Algerian war later said that torture undermined the French cause and produced no positive results. But he didn’t want to hold his troops back at the time because he felt that would be betraying them.


Essentially torturers form incredibly close knit mini-communities within larger structures, such as the police or army. They usually become ostracised from the rest of the community and much of their identity seems to rest on willingness to torture. In these cases rejecting torture means rejecting both the group and individual identity.

Torturers also tend to see themselves as acting to ‘defend’ their broader community/race/religion etc. They often see themselves as just, good, people punishing wicked people.

And they always have a vested interest in torture continuing and being accepted. If it doesn’t they may lose their jobs or worse be put on trial and end up in prison.

The woman whose book I am waiting for said that the torturers she’s interviewed over the years seem uniformly unwilling to confront what they did. They don’t want to do the hard work of looking at their actions and accepting they were in the wrong. Because that sort of therapy is intense and painful and hard.

So I don’t think it’s necessarily that they don’t notice the pattern. I think that the effect torture has on them means that after a while…they just don’t care.

If that seems difficult to understand think of how emotive and emotional arguments over whether torture for information is ‘right’ in newspapers get. Have you ever seen an argument half as emotive about whether dusting for fingerprints is a valid way of confirming someone’s presence at a crime scene?

If information was the point the ‘debate’ would not be so heated. If information was the point then we would simply use the methods that seem to produce results.

But it’s not about information. It’s not about finding the truth or protecting people or creating effective organisational structures.

It’s about fear and anger and ideas of ‘punishment’. It’s about our tendency to lash out. It’s about the fact that ultimately we often respond to perceived insults by wishing violence on other people.

We imagine it would be satisfying.

And we imagine that the people we see as our enemies are not people. We focus on the terrible things they’ve done (real or imagined) and tell ourselves they’re not really people.

They are people. All of them. Even the ones who have done terrible things. Even the ones we hate the most.

Even the torturers.

I’ve seen apologists rail against the idea of talking to a mass murderer over a cup of tea. The evidence strongly suggests it’s a good way to get accurate information. But that doesn’t account for human beings hating and wanting revenge.

Yes there is a pattern. And the pattern says that torture for information does not and can never work. But ultimately? I believe torturers do not want to see it.

Edit: There have been some good additions to this discussion and the recommendation of J Conroy’s book in particular is a good one. It’s not a book I’ve read yet but it’s recommended by a lot of people in the field. 

Edit 2: Damn there were a lot of typos in this.

Disclaimer

anonymous asked:

(2/2) Rick Riordan is one of the best children's and young adult authors in terms of representation in his books, and has only gotten better the farther along he goes. He genuinely cares about people's opinions and wants everyone to find representation in his books that's not only accurate but portrays them positively. The fact that people are spewing hatred at him for saying that he doesn't see a character in the way that some in the fandom do is disappointing.

Yeah, and I understand there’s more going on with this issue than the fact that Reyna is straight; some readers take issue with his justification and that’s totally fair. But I’ve seen bloggers telling him to ‘go choke’, 'die’, etc, and that’s way over the line, because I’d say he’s certainly one of the best, most aggressive authors out there working for diversity and inclusion.

Also, some people claim they’ve been blocked, but so have I…for like a year now, though I never attempted to contact him or anything haha, still a mystery. Just saying it’s probably not an attack or attempt to silence you, it’s happened in other instances.

Friendly Neighbour

Member: WonWoo // SEVENTEEN

Genre: Romance, Fluff, Drama & Angst(?)

Short Summary: Having her legs paralyzed from waist down was bad enough- finding someone who was willing to take care of her was even worse. Good thing that her lovely neighbor was always open at situations like these.


A/N: I’ve never actually known someone witch such a disability, so obviously, this will not be accurate in any way, most likely, so I hope you will excuse me if something. Just putting this here so you’ll know if you find something inaccurate or offensive, it was not intentional.


Words: 1048

She sat in her wheeling chair, being left in front of the big window seeing over the big inner garden of her house, a warm, woolly cloth draped over her unmoving legs.

Her mom was pacing back and forth as another one of the nannies, as she’d like to call them, had rejected the work offer and abandoned her job for something else. It seemed like in today’s society, nobody really wanted to spend their time on a person with a disability, and it didn’t matter to what severity it was.

She was no exception.

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anonymous asked:

What are your opinions on INFJ's??

Well, talking in general, they are usually very straightforward people, very direct when they express opinions, beliefs and value with close ones; but in a more large group of people they tend to find middle way or compromize, just to mantain harmony or simply because they don’t find the conversation/others necessarily worthy of arguments; but if you ask them directly they’ll answer sincerly.
Another thing, they are spontaneous, especially when they are at ease and find a connection (emotionally) with the other one. They could “let it flow” as long as they enjoy it, and as long as they see sincerity and coerence in the other (‘cause they observe accurately the other for deciding if worthy of trust). With close ones, they are very caring and search to cheer ‘em up, comforting and let them see things objectively, even if according to me when it comes to them (I mean INFJs oneself) it’s all another affair, completely. When they are down it’s you who have to find a way to make them think objectively and be positive, not only by words but especially actions (that they value most), instead of leaving them in worry of future events . But always remember to respect their space and silence, you can support them just being there without forcing things (this by my experience at least). Obviously they have to need it, they can manage thier things alone too, and support doesn’t mean finding solutions for them, just that in case you’re there (and it is even a thing not just with INFJ is valid).
Third point, when they think or talk, I find them very pragmatic and down-to-earth; the “mystical side” of them it’s found in the importance they give to feelings and meaning of life, through experience, connection with things/people, and what they find in it, like a journey. The fact that this can be connected to religion, spiritual/philosophical things, feelings, and other points of view, it’s just a personal choise and belief I think.

Now, this is a general opinion about INFJs, if I continue I think it would get too personal and focused too much on individual level. (they/them is for refering either her/him/other)

Though it has caused a lot of fandom ire can I just say that I love that they didn’t make Howard Stark overtly physically abusive? I understand it was because they were now making the marvel movies family movies and that would be pretty dark and hit too close to home but of what they did give us? Neglect and emotional abuse? It’s so blatant and so well done. Howard haunts tony in the franchise. Him never seeming to love Tony directly ties in to his to his insecurities. The way he casually berates tony directly ties in to Tony’s issues with his self-worth, especially because, to a degree, Howard was correct before Afghanistan. It’s been decades since his father past and with perfect clarity and anger Tony can list off the ways Howard failed him. The abuse he suffered in the MCU wasn’t overt but it was lasting. It irrevocably messed up Tony’s psyche and that’s seen throughout the MCU. The situation also allows for the fact that abuse victims oftentimes love their abuser as well as despise them. It allows the audience to see the way Howard held some affection for Tony in iron man 2, though detached and proprietary that affection may be, to show that abusers are capable of moments of softness. Of course this is undercut since he moments before yelled at the real-life child but it still counts. It’s accurate. It shines a light on those who suffer abuse in relationships that aren’t clear cut violence. And most importantly it focuses on Tony healing from his father’s abuse, instead of the weird trend of “getting revenge” on abusers that I see oftentimes in fiction. It shows him dealing with his issues and learning to let his father go, to acknowledge that his feelings for his father are valid and to understand the way they affected his life (break the cycle of shame). Honestly A+ all around no wonder so many people see themselves in Tony.

hogwart houses: day6

a/n: I am no way saying I’m accurate but this is from my observations of them and where I would see them work best!

Originally posted by somethinginkorean

dowoon would be housed as gryffidor. out of the five, I would consider him the most loyal and family-oriented, but I wouldn’t consider him a hufflepuff for the very fact that he puts himself out there a lot. while he considers himself shy, he’s constantly trying his best to be entertaining and genuinely sweet to all the members both publicly and privately. it’s being the type of friend that doesn’t judge but also is honest despite what kind of opinion he might have that shows his chivalry and strong heart. while having nerve is stereotypically associated with someone outspoken or aggressive, it takes having some kind of fear in the first place in order to be fearless. confidence is easy to fake, but courage is something you earn while conquering your fears, even if you’re just a shy kid trying to speak up.

Originally posted by jyplovesday6

wonpil and younghyun/brian would both surprisingly be housed as hufflepuff. to be fair, they both have defining qualities that would make them appropriate for slytherin. wonpil’s free spirit as well as younghyun’s creative ambition would both align with incredibly well with the serpent house, if not the best. however, they both go hand-in-hand with hufflepuff values for the fact that they both value hard work and dedication most of all. they’re not looking for a destination, but rather the journey to take and have. we know how dedicated younghyun is when it comes to keeping up with the band schedule as well as school, and how stubborn wonpil might be when he’s decided something is worth his time. however, they both work hard without complaint or the need to brag because they both see the value of everyone on their team, and constantly try to be understanding and fair. while their work habits work best for slytherin, it’s their sentimental hearts and loyalty to their team that make them hufflepuffs!

Originally posted by bapassion

jae would be housed as ravenclaw. out of the five, i believe he’s the most intelligent even if he has trouble communicating at what he wants to say. he’s wise, not because he’s the oldest, but because he’s interested in more than just what’s on the surface while understanding there is some kind of value there. his outgoing personality might not be someone might assume a ravenclaw would have, but its his unorthodox way of understanding the world and wanting to learn about it that makes him both uniquely original and accepting, two prided characteristics that make ravenclaws exactly who they are. it’s their wit and intelligence that makes them eccentric yet practical, being able to think outside the box yet seeing the possibilities of the box as well. plus, you have to be smart to understand the punchlines, and he’s in his own catergory of hilariousness.

Originally posted by busan-calling

sungjin would be housed as slytherin. he isn’t necessarily what it means to be cunning, but he’s crafty enough as well as a great leader. a big quality in slytherins is self-preservation, which can be seen as evidence that they’ll turn against you if seen in a negative light. however, it’s this quality that makes them uniquely clever and resourceful as well as brave and ambitious. slytherins have common traits with every house, but their complexity of processing a combination of those traits to push forward their own beliefs and ideals is what defines them as their own unique selves. their reputation for being defiant may cause people to view them as bad, but breaking rules is how you change a system in the first place. sungjin is ambitious, but smart; fearless, but cautious; dedicated, but flexible. he’s a perfect fit for the slytherin house and someone meant to lead.

anonymous asked:

This might sound odd but what do you think is the idea with Izuku's dad? Like we know he at one time he was there, he can breath fire (cool), is not around and doesn't seem to be around for much of Izuku's childhood (not cool) like do you have a personal theory about what happened to him? To me it just sounds like he walked out on them when Izuku was pretty young and Inko just works at night to cover expenses.

It’s an interesting question Anon, thank you for addressing this one to me. To begin with, families in BNHA, and adults in general, are a lot more present and active in their child’s lives than you would expect them to be in a manga like BNHA. I was really surprised when I saw how parents were different from each other, how they actually had their own characterization and ‘files’, and how families had their own different ways to function. Like, we actually know in what kind of environment most students from class A were raised in, and we even see a lot about their families and how accurate and real they are. Todoroki’s family is very dysfunctional and abusive, Yaoyorozu’s family is very wealthy, Uraraka’s family is struggling financially but is very loving, and I find hilarious that we actually know how Bakuparents ended up together. 

So in comparison, Midoridad (pft) being completely absent and Izuku living only with his mother is kinda baffling. We never saw Midoridad once, not even in a flashback. We do know he exists and has a quirk, but that’s all. It’s also canon that he’s working abroad so he probably send money to his family, but I find very suspicious how he never appears when Inko has a strong relationship with her son.

I also find odd how he’s referred to ‘Inko’s husband’ here but not as ‘Izuku’s father’, like even here, there’s absolutely not an once of relationship brushed between the two of them. Maybe it’s only to give All Might space to be this father figure to Izuku, but I find way too weird how we never saw him in comparison to the visibility and importance given to Inko and others’ parents. He is the main character’s father, so his non-attendance is quite peculiar. The contrast between how close Izuku is with his mother and how we don’t know anything about his father his meaningful, and his absence probably foretells something we are not to know for now.

Now it’s only me making suppositions, but for Midoridad to have never been shown, I guess there might be something with his appearance or relationship with Izuku and his mom we’re not supposed to see at this point of the story. If we saw his appearance, maybe we would establish links with others characters we shouldn’t know Izuku is related to, and Hori is keeping these revelations and plot twist for later. Maybe his relationship with Izuku is really bad; it’s possible he’s not proud, and even ashamed of his son for being ‘weak and quirkless’, like a parent would be with a disabled or even queer child. Maybe because of that he decided to distance himself from his family because he would fight with Inko on this matter. It would be very cruel, but it would unfortunately picture reality as well. If it happened, it probably hurt Izuku a lot and that’s why his presence doesn’t even seem to matter. Izuku doesn’t seem to miss his father, and never talks about him with his mom so they’re probably not very close. There isn’t anything in Izuku’s room that could suggest Midoridad send letters or anything to keep contact with him. I wonder if he even knows his child is currently studying, and doing really great at UA. Does it interest him at all? Izuku never heard a word about him on the matter, and doesn’t seem to either expect or want his father to be aware of that. 

On another hand, I also find interesting how despite his absence, Izuku is still doing really great and has grown to be mentally stable and strong. It also shows that Inko did great by herself, even if it must have been tough, and ‘fathers’ aren’t absolutely necessary in kids’ daily life (so I’m excluding All Might here as a father figure during Izuku childhood) and their development, especially ones of Endeavor’s kind. 

Those are only theories, but they wouldn’t be surprising, given how families have already been shown as abusive and dysfunctional in BNHA. If anything, the way he’s physically and emotionally absent from Izuku’s life, past and present, despite still being alive somewhere can, at least in my opinion, be seen either as rather suspicious, or either not at all. It could also contribute in picturing diverse families and prone diversity, as Izuku healthily growing without a father at home can attest.

anonymous asked:

Headcanons about the paladins and their s/o's and their lion? Can be nsfw if wanted or not just how is the lion around them?

Note: I’m using a couple of my headcanons for how I reference the Lions gender-wise. I do understand that they are semi-sentient Robot Lions. I still think that most of them have a sort of preferred way of being referenced. 

Shiro:
- The Black Lion is pretty stand-offish, honestly. 
- Like, he lets you in enough for you to know that you can call him “he” (even if it’s not entirely accurate), but not much beyond that.
- Likes you well enough, but is very attached to his paladin.
- Shiro kinda has mixed feelings. On one hand, great for his strong bond with the Lion. On the other, Shiro was kinda hoping to see a stronger reaction.

Keith:
- Red will let you tag along for a ride. But if you touch the controls, she’ll eject you.
- She lets her paladin pilot her and that’s it.
- Keith, the punk that he is, thinks it’s pretty funny. But he wouldn’t let Red throw you out so long as he’s present.
- All bets are off if you try to joyride alone.

Hunk:
- Yellow makes you feel safe, and he does that on purpose. 
- It actually makes Hunk feel really proud because his Lion wants to protect you as much as he does.
- Yellow still won’t let you pilot or anything. But likes your presence. 

Lance:
- Most likely to bang you in his Lion.
- Blue is Not Amused.
- In fact, she might lock him out for a couple of (non-emergency) days after it happens.
- She likes you. Just not what you and Lance do

Pidge:
- Green wants to know about you instantly
- Who is this that has their paladin so preoccupied all the time?
- They generally like you, and will sometimes even reach out as a means of probing your mind for information.
- It kinda tickles, honestly.

Breaking the One Damn Rule: Part 2

Read Part 1

Hydra is attacking and Pietro is coming to get you. Facing Hydra is only somewhat scarier than the fact the Avengers now know about Pietro’s forbidden relationship with you and your little bundle of joy on the way.

Warnings: Language, angst, violence, Pregnant!Reader

Pairing: Pietro x Reader

Words: 2,607

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If and when I choose to have children.

I’m gonna have an RPG themed baby shower :^) Get stat-enhancing and early level items for my young one and bestow upon them your foresight! What class will they be? What weapons, crafts, and masteries will they be drawn to?? ♥ 

Then for each birthday (til they think they have a cooler idea for a theme, pff. they wish.), we’ll see who was most accurate depending on how much they’ve achieved in each skill branch they’ve chosen to hone along the way. 

anonymous asked:

Regarding "angry Phil": I don't find it weird that he didn't go all Hulk during the video - we all know he's really good at controlling his emotions and generally prefers to project positive emotions over negative. As to why he may have found this game challenging when they first played it - you pointed out that he seemed to "get" the games a little bit slower than Dan, he also had some difficulties with the controler. I don't know, but maybe that combined with the fact that maybe the first(pt1)

time around Dan was a little bit less supportive and more “teasing” resulted in “rage Phil”? What do you think?

oh totally, i don’t think it’s surprising in the slightest that phil didn’t get angry in this video–not just bc it’s for an audience and he’s good at controlling his emotions and maintaining a generally neutral or positive face/comportment for videos, but also because, in his own words, they didn’t lose this time around and, to take that a bit further, he was already familiar w pretty much every single one of these games since they’d played them before. my point wasn’t that it was surprising to see him keep calm, just disappointing bc on a purely selfish level as someone who is interested in seeing more sides of him than just this sort of upbeat veneer he maintains for his content, i would’ve loved to see him get even a tiny bit frustrated or impatient w dan or whatever. 

as for the question of why he got angry at dan in the first place, i guess the most natural interpretation from all the info they gave us on the topic would be that he got angry that dan was faster/better than him but that seems very strange to me coming from them, since they’re quite supportive of each other and don’t seem to be competitive in that way. i guess the possibility you suggested (that the first time around dan was teasing phil a lot more) could be accurate as we have caught repeated glimpses of phil intuitively rolling his eyes when dan makes fun of him for certain things, so i could see him going to full rage as an extension of that in-the-moment irritation if dan kept up a stream of teasing banter about phil’s capacity to play the game. still seems weird though bc i would expect dan to read phil’s emotions and be a bit more compassionate and stop if he sensed phil getting truly worked up or angry! so it would be surprising to me if he continued doing something that was visibly annoying phil to the point of it escalating into full-on anger. dunno thoughhhh it’s definitely unclear from the info they gave us lol!

certainofuncertainty  asked:

unpopular opinion: iwaizumi isn't emotionally constipated or oblivious (at least not as badly as people make him out to be). he's one of the most mature, perceptive and emotionally intelligent characters in the series, and the way some people characterise him irks me.

STRONGLY AGREEEE

Send me more positive accurate Iwa perspective because we need more. THE WORLD NEED TO SEE THEM!! I am no kidding. How Iwa becomes this tsundere kind of character is beyond my understanding. He’s never shy of using his word, either it be compliments or assurance. He jokes, he chides (when necessary) and encourages others all the time. He’s so full of emotions and passion. I am all for flustered Iwa who’s more awkward when it comes to express his personal feeling like love. But he’d ALWAYS SAY IT. He’s action WITH words. Let the boy express. Let the boy loves volleyball just as much as his volleyball-crazy best friend. 

Totally oblivious Iwa is another mystery to me. I mean Iwa may not be portrayed as “perceptive” as Oikawa on the court to near manipulated, Iwa’s still very perceptive with people around him. He knows when his best friend is truly happy. He encourages the team during pinch. He reaches out and gives reassurance to Kindaichi right after he gets doubt in the match. He might even be the one who notices crushes or catches on low-key flirting among all of his friends. Would he act on them or be suave enough to put down any advance? Probably not. But he’d notice. i believe nothing else. 

Unpopular opinion ask meme.