“I would rather die on my feet than live on my knees.” Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata, whose Zapatista peasant army fought a long guerrilla campaign south of Mexico City. This picture was taken in Mexico City in 1914, after the revolutionaries captured the capital. However, the victors soon fell out, and Zapata allied with Pancho Villa against the liberal Constitutionalist faction. He did die, assassinated in 1919, but still has an iconic legacy in Mexico today.
A Mexican revolutionary opens fire. Around 300 people, Americans and Mexicans, died during the American Punitive Expedition. This was a drop in the bucket during the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920, which left over 1,300,000 Mexicans dead.
Diego Rivera spent more than a decade in Europe developing his own style of cubism infused with symbols of his Mexican nationality. After his return to Mexico in 1922, he joined fellow creative thinkers and state officials in concerted efforts to revitalize and redefine Mexican culture in the wake of the Mexican Revolution. Rivera is well known for his murals, but less for his other works such as this painting, Sun, design for H.P. (Horsepower). See other works by Diego Rivera in our collection.
Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary warlord, bandit chief, and politician. Known to his friends as La Cucaracha (the Cockroach), his depredations of the US border during the Mexican Revolution provoked the American Punitive Expedition to catch him. Villa eluded his pursuers, but gave up his war in 1920 when he joined the Mexican government. Mexican President Obrégon, however, soon had his old enemy assassinated. When VIlla drove home from a mistress’s house one night, assassins with automatic weapons riddled him with bullets.
Emiliano Zapata, leader of the Liberation Army of the South, better known simply as the Zapatistas. One of the principal groups fighting in the Mexican Revolution, the far-left force was mostly drawn from the poor peasants of southern Mexico. Drawn together by the charisma of their leader, despite having been a major player for much of the past decade, the army didn’t last very long following his assassination in 1919.
Cancer is an Adelita. Adelita was a name commonly given to female soldiers during the Mexican Revolution. I have always loved the contrast of seeing women in their beautiful early 1900′s dresses casually wielding huge rifles. Also, in this series I mean for characters to have the anthropomorphic features of their zodiac counterparts. I wasn’t sure if making a CRAB PEOPLE would look good, so I made her accessories look like chitin.
Unknown, "Untitled (Señorita Ma Gonzales Garcia),” n.d. Photographic postcard. Collection of Mexican Revolution photographs, Collection 026. UCR Library, Special Collections & University Archives, University of California, Riverside.
“Cebimde bir kurşun var. O, kardeşlerimden birinin hayatına son veren kurşun. Hepimizin öldürülmüş bir kardeşi yok mu? Benim kardeşim başına sıkılan bir kurşun ile öldürüldü. Peki, o kurşunu ve o silahı ona kim verdi? Daha güçlü biri. Peki ona kim verdi? Daha güçlü biri. Kardeşimi öldüren o kurşunu cebimde taşıyorum. Zapatistaların ceplerinin büyük olması ceplerinde kurşun taşıdıkları için değil. Kardeşlerini taşıdıkları için.”
René Clement -
en la Selva Lacandona, 1995