the matilda effect

The Matilda Effect

The Matilda effect is the systematic repression and denial of the contribution of women scientists in research, whose work is often attributed to their male colleagues. This effect was first described in 1993 by science historian Margaret W. Rossiter.

It is named after the U.S. women’s rights activist Matilda Joslyn Gage, who first observed this phenomenon at the end of the 19th century. The Matilda effect is related to the Matthew effect, which states that eminent scientists will often get more credit than a comparatively unknown researcher, even if their work is similar.

Rossiter provides several examples of this effect: Trotula, an Italian physician (11th–12th centuries), wrote books which were attributed to male authors after her death, and hostility towards women as teachers and healers led to her very existence being denied. Known cases of the effect from the 20th century include Rosalind FranklinLise Meitner and Marietta Blau.

[from Wikipedia]

“I was massively into Roald Dahl, but wasn’t everyone? The book Matilda had a huge effect on me: she loves books and is able to sort shit out. This idea that a child with an active imagination, engaged with reading and libraries, is a good thing. She’s much younger than most superheroes, and really like books. If you like books and you’re young then that’s the one to read.

morethanprinceofcats  asked:

A while ago I was thinking about the timeline with Lyanna being abducted by Rhaegar (i'm certain we're going to learn she ran off with him, but with that power dynamic and age gap I'm still not gonna call it consent, sorry George) and Ned coming back with a baby after she's died and it struck me as weird that no one's wondered in universe if Ned's bastard might be Lyanna's. The known story is that Lyanna was raped; the timeline adds up; Ned never says a word.

I get, realistically speaking, that people overlook things that seem obvious all the time (and this is far from the only narrative in ASOIAF that strikes me as unrealistic that I recognize is the narrative because it’s gotta be), and that a nobleman having a bastard seems more likely than a Secret Targaryen Prince, but Ned’s secrecy on the matter + the understanding of Lyanna’s story being what it is makes it seem like the obvious conclusion to me?

tl;dr Ned goes off to save his raped baby sister, comes back with her body and a newborn baby and a stony refusal to discuss who the mother was. It’s just weird to me that there haven’t been rumors about that. I’m not asking if you know why there aren’t rumors, because I get that it’s mainly obvious to us because of our access to Ned’s inner monologue and all those weird visions. I just wonder if you or anyone else also thinks this looks like something people might have gossiped about.

Yeah, it strikes me as a realistically irrational thing. People will always prefer to chase around red herring life-sized scandals than to question the big picture. You can run your mouth speculating about an affair and nobody really cares. But Ned is the king’s best friend, a powerful person who’s well-liked in his community; if you just casually accuse him of treason, people might care. 

So I kind of understand why there’s not gossip. It does seem like the kind of thing that might occur to someone like Tyrion or Maester Aemon, and there’s an outside possibility that Varys put two and two together but has so far left well enough alone.

It kind of reminds me of the Trunchbull effect?

Matilda said, “Never do anything by halves if you want to get away with it. Be outrageous. Go the whole hog. Make sure everything you do is so completely crazy it’s unbelievable…”

Professional flop Ned Stark shot the moon and got one over on everyone