John Everett Millais, The Martyr of the Solway, 1871, oil on canvas, 70.5 × 56.5 cm, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Source
This is a depiction of Margaret Wilson, a Scottish martyr who was sentenced to death by drowning. As one of the Scottish Presbyterian Covenanters, she had refused to acknowledge James VII as head of the church, and so along with Margaret McLachlan, eighteen-year-old Wilson was tied to a stake in the Solway Firth. X-rays have revealed that Millais originally painted the female martyr as a nude.
was an English painter and illustrator, and founding member of the
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. His most famous and appreciated Pre-Raphaelite
come from the 1850s and became influential on later generations of
painters both for their technique and aesthetic. Most of the paintings
included here are later works in which he moved away from the earlier
medievalist style he had cultivated, and instead moved towards a hybrid realist–academic technique focusing on portraiture and popular contemporary and sentimental scenes.