“Then she saw a star fall, leaving behind it a bright streak of fire. ‘Someone is dying,’ thought the little girl, for her old grandmother, the only one who had ever loved her, and who was now dead, had told her that when a star falls, a soul was going up to God.”
— from The Little Match Girl by Hans Christian Andersen, in Andersen’s Fairy Tales
I changed the Andersen story a little - I’m hardly the first to do this to an Andersen, as any Disney aficionado could tell you - because when I was really little, I read it shortly after reading A Christmas Carol by Dickens and thought the Little Match-Seller Girl and Mister Scrooge existed in the same continuity. I remember being upset that Scrooge, after a whole life of being awful, got this wonderful new lease on life after the intervention of three ghosts while this poor little girl got three hallucinations before dying of cold in the streets. Anyway, I decided to put a little Dickens into the story by laying out her past, present, and future in her hallucinations. It was a neat little way to give our protagonist a context. Unfortunately, it didn’t make the story any happier, and the Andersen version won out in the end.
In a corner formed by two houses, of which one advanced more than the other, she seated herself down and cowered together. Her little feet she had drawn close up to her, but she grew colder and colder, and to go home she did not venture, for she had not sold any matches and could not bring a farthing of money: from her father she would certainly get blows, and at home it was cold too, for above her she had only the roof, through which the wind whistled, even though the largest cracks were stopped up with straw and rags.
The Little Mermaid, and Little Match Girl are based on the source materials of the same names. Frozen is loosely based on The Snow Queen, and Fantasia 2000 features Piano Concerto No.2 which tells the story of The Steadfast Tin Soldier, based on the Hans Christian Anderson story of the same name.
Also worth noting, none of the adaptations take place in Denmark, their country of origin (except maybe the Piano Concerto No.2). The Little Mermaid takes place in Central America, The Little Match Girl takes place in Russia, and Frozen takes place in Norway.